Exploration Seismology

This is the completely updated revision of the highly regarded book Exploration Seismology. Available now in one volume, this textbook provides a complete and systematic discussion of exploration seismology.

Exploration Seismology

This is the completely updated revision of the highly regarded book Exploration Seismology. Available now in one volume, this textbook provides a complete and systematic discussion of exploration seismology. The first part of the book looks at the history of exploration seismology and the theory - developed from the first principles of physics. All aspects of seismic acquisition are then described. The second part of the book goes on to discuss data-processing and interpretation. Applications of seismic exploration to groundwater, environmental and reservoir geophysics are also included. The book is designed to give a comprehensive up-to-date picture of the applications of seismology. Exploration Seismology's comprehensiveness makes it suitable as a text for undergraduate courses for geologists, geophysicists and engineers, as well as a guide and reference work for practising professionals.

Seismic Data Analysis

In addition to the developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set represents a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry-from time to depth, from 3-D to 4-D, from 4-D to 4 ...

Seismic Data Analysis

Öz Yilmaz has expanded his original volume on processing to include inversion and interpretation of seismic data. In addition to the developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set represents a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry-from time to depth, from 3-D to 4-D, from 4-D to 4-C, and from isotropy to anisotropy.

Seismic Data Interpretation Using Digital Image Processing

Bridging the gap between modern image processing practices by the scientific community at large and the world of geology and reflection seismology This book covers the basics of seismic exploration, with a focus on image processing ...

Seismic Data Interpretation Using Digital Image Processing

Bridging the gap between modern image processing practices by the scientific community at large and the world of geology and reflection seismology This book covers the basics of seismic exploration, with a focus on image processing techniques as applied to seismic data. Discussions of theories, concepts, and algorithms are followed by synthetic and real data examples to provide the reader with a practical understanding of the image processing technique and to enable the reader to apply these techniques to seismic data. The book will also help readers interested in devising new algorithms, software and hardware for interpreting seismic data. Key Features: Provides an easy to understand overview of popular seismic processing and interpretation techniques from the point of view of a digital signal processor. Presents image processing concepts that may be readily applied directly to seismic data. Includes ready-to-run MATLAB algorithms for most of the techniques presented. The book includes essential research and teaching material for digital signal and image processing individuals interested in learning seismic data interpretation from the point of view of digital signal processing. It is an ideal resource for students, professors and working professionals who are interested in learning about the application of digital signal processing theory and algorithms to seismic data.

Seismic Data Analysis

In addition to the developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set represents a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry-from time to depth, from 3-D to 4-D, from 4-D to 4 ...

Seismic Data Analysis

Öz Yilmaz has expanded his original volume on processing to include inversion and interpretation of seismic data. In addition to the developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set represents a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry-from time to depth, from 3-D to 4-D, from 4-D to 4-C, and from isotropy to anisotropy.

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material.

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.

Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing

1.1 Image Processing of Exploration Seismic Data The exploration seismic method is the most widely used and well-known geophysical technique among many exploration geophysical surveying methods. Such data can be processed to reveal ...

Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing

Bridging the gap between modern image processing practices by the scientific community at large and the world of geology and reflection seismology This book covers the basics of seismic exploration, with a focus on image processing techniques as applied to seismic data. Discussions of theories, concepts, and algorithms are followed by synthetic and real data examples to provide the reader with a practical understanding of the image processing technique and to enable the reader to apply these techniques to seismic data. The book will also help readers interested in devising new algorithms, software and hardware for interpreting seismic data. Key Features: Provides an easy to understand overview of popular seismic processing and interpretation techniques from the point of view of a digital signal processor. Presents image processing concepts that may be readily applied directly to seismic data. Includes ready-to-run MATLAB algorithms for most of the techniques presented. The book includes essential research and teaching material for digital signal and image processing individuals interested in learning seismic data interpretation from the point of view of digital signal processing. It is an ideal resource for students, professors and working professionals who are interested in learning about the application of digital signal processing theory and algorithms to seismic data.

Reflection Seismology

This book is a one-stop source of reflection seismology theory, helping scientists navigates through the wealth of new data processing techniques that have emerged in recent years.

Reflection Seismology

Authored by a geophysicist with more than 50 years of experience in research and instruction, Reflection Seismology: Theory, Data Processing and Interpretation provides a single source of foundational knowledge in reflection seismology principles and theory. Reflection seismology has a broad range of applications and is used primarily by the oil and gas industry to provide high-resolution maps and build a coherent geological story from maps of processed seismic reflections. Combined with seismic attribute analysis and other exploration geophysics tools, it aids geologists and geo-engineers in creating geological models of areas of exploration and extraction interest. Yet as important as reflection seismology is to the hydrocarbon industry, it’s difficult to find a single source that synthesizes the topic without having to wade through numerous journal articles from a range of different publishers. This book is a one-stop source of reflection seismology theory, helping scientists navigates through the wealth of new data processing techniques that have emerged in recent years. Provides geoscientists and geo-engineers with a theoretical framework for navigating the rapid emergence of new data processing techniques Presents a single source of reflection seismology content instead of a scattering of disparate journal articles Features more than 100 figures, illustrations, and working examples to aid the reader in retaining key concepts Arms geophysicists and geo-engineers with a solid foundation in seismic wave equation analysis and interpretation

Seismic Imaging Methods and Application for Oil and Gas Exploration

This book is a necessary resource for geophysicist working in the oil and gas and mineral exploration industries, as well as for students and academics in exploration geophysics.

Seismic Imaging Methods and Application for Oil and Gas Exploration

Seismic Imaging, Methods, and Application for Oil and Gas Exploration: Modern Seismic Methods for Hydrocarbon Exploration connects the legacy of field data processing and imaging with the new research methods using diffractions and anisotropy in the field of geophysics. Topics covered include seismic data acquisition, seismic data processing, seismic wave modeling and high-resolution imaging, and anisotropic Modeling and Imaging. Seismic Imaging, Methods, and Application for Oil and Gas Exploration: Modern Seismic Methods for Hydrocarbon Exploration is a necessary resource for geophysicist working in the oil and gas and mineral exploration industries, as well as for students and academics in exploration geophysics. Provides detailed methods that are used in the industry, including advice on which methods to use in specific situations Compares classical methods with the latest technology to improve practice and application in the real world Includes case studies for further explanation of methods described in the book

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

After all, how effective can the processing be if the data is acquired with geophones lying on ground with poor surface contact? ... Velocity is the other vital attribute that builds the foundation of exploration seismic technology.

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

This book introduces readers to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation, covering themes such as petroleum exploration and high resolution seismic data. It helps geoscientists and engineers who are practitioners in this area to both understand and to avoid the potential pitfalls of interpreting and evaluating such data, especially the over-reliance on sophisticated software packages and workstations alongside a lack of grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics. Chapters elaborate on the necessary principles, from topics like seismic wave propagation and rock-fluid parameters to seismic modeling and inversions, explaining the need to understand geological implications. The difference between interpretation of data and its evaluation is highlighted and the author encourages imaginative, logical and practical application of knowledge. Readers will appreciate the exquisite illustrations included with the accessibly written text, which simplify the process of learning about interpretation of seismic data. This multidisciplinary, integrated and practical approach to data evaluation will prove to be a valuable tool for students and young professionals, especially those connected with oil companies.

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration

IHRDC, Boston. Sheriff, RE. (1982) Structural Interpretation of Seismic Data. AAPG Continuing Education Course Note Series No. 23. Sheriff, R.E. & Geldart, LP. (1983) Exploration Seismology, Vol. 2: DataProcessing and Interpretation.

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration

This new edition of the well-established Kearey and Brooks text is fully updated to reflect the important developments in geophysical methods since the production of the previous edition. The broad scope of previous editions is maintained, with even greater clarity of explanations from the revised text and extensively revised figures. Each of the major geophysical methods is treated systematically developing the theory behind the method and detailing the instrumentation, field data acquisition techniques, data processing and interpretation methods. The practical application of each method to such diverse exploration applications as petroleum, groundwater, engineering, environmental and forensic is shown by case histories. The mathematics required in order to understand the text is purposely kept to a minimum, so the book is suitable for courses taken in geophysics by all undergraduate students. It will also be of use to postgraduate students who might wish to include geophysics in their studies and to all professional geologists who wish to discover the breadth of the subject in connection with their own work.

3 D Seismic Interpretation

Techniques such as AVO analysis, seismic inversion and amplitude analysis (see later chapters) all impose special requirements on the quality of the seismic data that may not be met by the initial processing for exploration screening.

3 D Seismic Interpretation

3-D seismic data have become the key tool used in the petroleum industry to understand the subsurface. In addition to providing excellent structural images, the dense sampling of a 3-D survey makes it possible to map reservoir quality and the distribution of oil and gas. Topics covered in this book include basic structural interpretation and map-making; the use of 3-D visualisation methods; interpretation of seismic amplitudes, including their relation to rock and fluid properties; and the generation and use of AVO and acoustic impedance datasets. This new paperback edition includes an extra appendix presenting new material on novel acquisition design, pore pressure prediction from seismic velocity, elastic impedance inversion, and time lapse seismics. Written by professional geophysicists with many years' experience in the oil industry, the book is indispensable for geoscientists using 3-D seismic data, including graduate students and new entrants into the petroleum industry.

Automated Pattern Analysis in Petroleum Exploration

Coffeen, J.A., 1978, Seismic Exploration Fundamentals: PennWell Publ. Co., Tulsa, OK. Coffeen, J.A., 1984, Interpreting Seismic Data: PennWell Publ. Co., Tulsa, OK. Dobrin, M.B., 1976, Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting, 3rd ed.

Automated Pattern Analysis in Petroleum Exploration

Here is a state-of-the-art survey of artificial intelligence in modern exploration programs. Focussing on standard exploration procedures, the contributions examine the advantages and pitfalls of using these new techniques, and, in the process, provide new, more accurate and consistent methods for solving old problems. They show how expert systems can provide the integration of information that is essential in the petroleum industry when solving the complicated questions facing the modern petroleum geoscientist.

Tau p a plane wave approach to the analysis of seismic data

PAUL L. STOFFA Introduction In exploration seismology, data are acquired at multiple source and receiver positions along a profile line. These data are subsequently processed and interpreted. The primary result of this process is a ...

Tau p  a plane wave approach to the analysis of seismic data

In exploration seismology, data are acquired at multiple source and receiver posi tions along a profile line. These data are subsequently processed and interpreted. The primary result of this process is a subsurface image of the exploration target. As part of this procedure, additional information is also obtained about the subsurface material properties, e.g., seismic velocities. The methods that are employed in the acquisition and processing of exploration seismic data are internally consistent. That is, principally near vertical incidence seismic waves are generated, recorded and subsequently imaged. The data processing methods commonly used are based upon a small angle of incidence approximation, thus making the imaging problem tractable for existing data processing technology. Although tremendously successful, the limitations of this method are generally recognized. Current and future exploration goals will likely require the use of additional seismic waves, i.e., both compressional and shear precritical and postcritical reflections and refractions. Also, in addition to making better use of seismic travel times, recent efforts to directly incorporate seismic amplitude variations show that the approach may lead to a better understanding of subsurface rock properties. In response to more demanding exploration goals, recent data acquisition techniques have improved significantly by increasing the spatial aperture and incorporating a large number of closely spaced receivers. The need for better subsurface resolution in depth and position has encouraged the use of 240, 512, and even 1024 recorded data channels with receiver separations of 5 to 25 m.

Static Corrections for Seismic Reflection Surveys

Static corrections are the concern of acquisition, processing, and interpretation staff. ... Schneider, W. A., 1971, Developments in seismic data processing and analysis (1968–1970): Geophysics, 36, 1043–1073.

Static Corrections for Seismic Reflection Surveys

This reference manual is designed to enable more geophysicists to appreciate static corrections, especially their limitations, their relationship with near-surface geology, and their impact on the quality of final interpreted sections. The book is addressed to those involved in data acquisition (datum static corrections), data processing (datum static and residual static corrections), and interpretation (the impact that unresolved static corrections, especially the long-wavelength or low-spatial-frequency component, have on the interpretation of the final section). Simple explanations of the underlying principles are included in an attempt to remove some of the mystique of static corrections. The principles involved are illustrated with simple models; these are supplemented with many data examples. This book details differences in approaches that must be considered among 2D, 3D, and crooked-line recordings as well as between P-wave and S-wave surveys. Static corrections are shown to be a simplified yet practical approach to modeling the effects of the near surface where a more correct wavefield or raypath-modeled method may not be efficiently undertaken. Chapters cover near-surface topography and geology; computation of datum static corrections; uphole surveys; refraction surveys; static corrections-limitations and effect on seismic data processes; residual static corrections; and interpretation aspects. An extensive index and a large list of references are included.

Seismic Hydrocarbon Exploration

The ultimate objectives of the processing of the seismic reflection data are explained in (Fig. ... importance of the processing work which is occupying a central position between the data acquisition and the data interpretation (Fig.

Seismic Hydrocarbon Exploration

This book presents the essential principles and applications of seismic oil-exploration techniques. It concisely covers all stages in exploration activities (data field acquisition, data processing and interpretation), supplementing the main text with a wealth of (>350) illustrations and figures. The book concentrates on the physics of the applied principles, avoiding intricate mathematical treatment and lengthy theoretical reasoning. A further prominent feature is the inclusion of a separate chapter on 3D surveying techniques and another, equally important chapter on seismic digital signals and the aliasing problem, which is presented in an accessible form. The book is designed to meet the needs of both the academic and industrial worlds. University students and employees of oil-exploration companies alike will find the book to be a valuable resource.

The Seismic Signal and Its Meaning

Shatilo, A. P., 1992, Seismic phase unwrapping: methods, results, problems: Geophysical Prospecting, 40, no. ... 1985, Exploration seismology Volume 2 – Data-processing and interpretation: Cambridge University Press.

The Seismic Signal and Its Meaning

This updated translation connects the literature and routine activities of geophysicists. It shows how practical problems have links to seismic data analysis theory. Phase and amplitude distortions to the seismic signal, the physical processes that it undergoes, and the interpretation methods to recover rock physics properties are explained. Filling the gap between theoretical literature and the routine activities of geophysicists in the oil industry, The Seismic Signal and Its Meaning is a translation of the second edition of Análise do Sinal Sísmico, published in Portuguese by Sociedade Brasileira de Geofísica (SBGf). For those performing acquisition, processing, and/or interpretation, this book will aid an understanding of how practical problems may have important links to seismic data analysis theory. With an emphasis on providing an objective description of the physical and mathematical aspects that support these links, the rules necessary for robust reservoir characterization are presented. With an extensive development of Gassmann’s (and Biot) theory, the book concentrates on phase and amplitude distortions to the seismic signal, the physical processes that it undergoes, and the interpretation methods to recover rock physics properties. Capturing 30 years of teaching and improvement as a part of Petrobras’ internal courses, the book is a modern treatment, reflecting the many advances that have occurred in geophysics. The book serves as both a text and a reference.

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration

This is followed by data processing and interpretation. Finally, seismic section map data are produced (Fig. 2). 3.2. Well lithology There are various types of wells. These include exploratory and development wells. An exploration well ...

Soft Computing and Intelligent Data Analysis in Oil Exploration

This comprehensive book highlights soft computing and geostatistics applications in hydrocarbon exploration and production, combining practical and theoretical aspects. It spans a wide spectrum of applications in the oil industry, crossing many discipline boundaries such as geophysics, geology, petrophysics and reservoir engineering. It is complemented by several tutorial chapters on fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms and geostatistics to introduce these concepts to the uninitiated. The application areas include prediction of reservoir properties (porosity, sand thickness, lithology, fluid), seismic processing, seismic and bio stratigraphy, time lapse seismic and core analysis. There is a good balance between introducing soft computing and geostatistics methodologies that are not routinely used in the petroleum industry and various applications areas. The book can be used by many practitioners such as processing geophysicists, seismic interpreters, geologists, reservoir engineers, petrophysicist, geostatistians, asset mangers and technology application professionals. It will also be of interest to academics to assess the importance of, and contribute to, R&D efforts in relevant areas.

The Consortium for Research in Elastic Wave Exploration Seismology Project CREWES

The overall objective of the Consortium for Research in Elastic Wave Exploration Seismology Project (CREWES) is to conduct advanced research in resource exploration and development.

The Consortium for Research in Elastic Wave Exploration Seismology Project  CREWES

Introduces an applied geophysical research group concentrating on the analysis and interpretation of multicomponent seismic data. The overall objective of the Consortium for Research in Elastic Wave Exploration Seismology Project (CREWES) is to conduct advanced research in resource exploration and development. Research activities are focused on improved acquisition, processing and interpretation of multicomponent seismic data, with the goal of obtaining 3-D geological images of the subsurface.