Fault Tolerant Message Passing Distributed Systems

This book presents the most important fault-tolerant distributed programming abstractions and their associated distributed algorithms, in particular in terms of reliable communication and agreement, which lie at the heart of nearly all ...

Fault Tolerant Message Passing Distributed Systems

This book presents the most important fault-tolerant distributed programming abstractions and their associated distributed algorithms, in particular in terms of reliable communication and agreement, which lie at the heart of nearly all distributed applications. These programming abstractions, distributed objects or services, allow software designers and programmers to cope with asynchrony and the most important types of failures such as process crashes, message losses, and malicious behaviors of computing entities, widely known under the term "Byzantine fault-tolerance". The author introduces these notions in an incremental manner, starting from a clear specification, followed by algorithms which are first described intuitively and then proved correct. The book also presents impossibility results in classic distributed computing models, along with strategies, mainly failure detectors and randomization, that allow us to enrich these models. In this sense, the book constitutes an introduction to the science of distributed computing, with applications in all domains of distributed systems, such as cloud computing and blockchains. Each chapter comes with exercises and bibliographic notes to help the reader approach, understand, and master the fascinating field of fault-tolerant distributed computing.

Fault tolerant Agreement in Synchronous Message passing Systems

Understanding distributed computing is not an easy task. This is due to the many facets of uncertainty one has to cope with and master in order to produce correct distributed software.

Fault tolerant Agreement in Synchronous Message passing Systems

The present book focuses on the way to cope with the uncertainty created by process failures (crash, omission failures and Byzantine behavior) in synchronous message-passing systems (i.e., systems whose progress is governed by the passage of time). To that end, the book considers fundamental problems that distributed synchronous processes have to solve. These fundamental problems concern agreement among processes (if processes are unable to agree in one way or another in presence of failures, no non-trivial problem can be solved). They are consensus, interactive consistency, k-set agreement and non-blocking atomic commit. Being able to solve these basic problems efficiently with provable guarantees allows applications designers to give a precise meaning to the words "cooperate" and "agree" despite failures, and write distributed synchronous programs with properties that can be stated and proved. Hence, the aim of the book is to present a comprehensive view of agreement problems, algorithms that solve them and associated computability bounds in synchronous message-passing distributed systems. Table of Contents: List of Figures / Synchronous Model, Failure Models, and Agreement Problems / Consensus and Interactive Consistency in the Crash Failure Model / Expedite Decision in the Crash Failure Model / Simultaneous Consensus Despite Crash Failures / From Consensus to k-Set Agreement / Non-Blocking Atomic Commit in Presence of Crash Failures / k-Set Agreement Despite Omission Failures / Consensus Despite Byzantine Failures / Byzantine Consensus in Enriched Models

Communication and Agreement Abstractions for Fault tolerant Asynchronous Distributed Systems

Understanding distributed computing is not an easy task. This is due to the many facets of uncertainty one has to cope with and master in order to produce correct distributed software.

Communication and Agreement Abstractions for Fault tolerant Asynchronous Distributed Systems

Understanding distributed computing is not an easy task. This is due to the many facets of uncertainty one has to cope with and master in order to produce correct distributed software. Considering the uncertainty created by asynchrony and process crash failures in the context of message-passing systems, the book focuses on the main abstractions that one has to understand and master in order to be able to produce software with guaranteed properties. These fundamental abstractions are communication abstractions that allow the processes to communicate consistently (namely the register abstraction and the reliable broadcast abstraction), and the consensus agreement abstractions that allows them to cooperate despite failures. As they give a precise meaning to the words "communicate" and "agree" despite asynchrony and failures, these abstractions allow distributed programs to be designed with properties that can be stated and proved. Impossibility results are associated with these abstractions. Hence, in order to circumvent these impossibilities, the book relies on the failure detector approach, and, consequently, that approach to fault-tolerance is central to the book. Table of Contents: List of Figures / The Atomic Register Abstraction / Implementing an Atomic Register in a Crash-Prone Asynchronous System / The Uniform Reliable Broadcast Abstraction / Uniform Reliable Broadcast Abstraction Despite Unreliable Channels / The Consensus Abstraction / Consensus Algorithms for Asynchronous Systems Enriched with Various Failure Detectors / Constructing Failure Detectors

Fault Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems

Another fault - tolerant wormhole - routing algorithm was presented in Boppana
and Chalasani , 1995 that relies on the ... have been used to provide fault -
tolerant message - passing services in distributed computing environments for
years .

Fault Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems

The most important uses of computing in the future will be those related to the global `digital convergence' where all computing becomes digital and internetworked. This convergence will be propelled by new and advanced applications in storage, searching, retrieval and exchanging of information in a myriad of forms. All of these will place heavy demands on large parallel and distributed computer systems because these systems have high intrinsic failure rates. The challenge to the computer scientist is to build a system that is inexpensive, accessible and dependable. The chapters in this book provide insight into many of these issues and others that will challenge researchers and applications developers. Included among these topics are: Fault-tolerance in communication protocols for distributed systems including synchronous and asynchronous group communication. Methods and approaches for achieving fault-tolerance in distributed systems such as those used in networks of workstations (NOW), dependable cluster systems, and scalable coherent interfaces (SCI)-based local area multiprocessors (LAMP). General models and features of distributed safety-critical systems built from commercial off-the-shelf components as well as service dependability in telecomputing systems. Dependable parallel systems for real-time processing of video signals. Embedding in faulty multiprocessor systems, broadcasting, system-level testing techniques, on-line detection and recovery from intermittent and permanent faults, and more. Fault-Tolerant Parallel and Distributed Systems is a coherent and uniform collection of chapters with contributions by several of the leading experts working on fault-resilient applications. The numerous techniques and methods included will be of special interest to researchers, developers, and graduate students.

International e Conference of Computer Science 2006

12-15 Lightweight Fault-tolerant Message Passing System for Parallel and
Distributed Applications JinHo Ahn' Dept. of Computer Science, Faculty of
College of Natural Science, Kyonggi University, San 94–6 Juidong, Yeongtonggu
, Suwonsi ...

International e Conference of Computer Science 2006

Lecture Series on Computer and on Computational Sciences (LSCCS) aims to provide a medium for the publication of new results and developments of high-level research and education in the field of computer and computational science. In this series, only selected proceedings of conferences in all areas of computer science and computational sciences will be published. All publications are aimed at top researchers in the field and all papers in the proceedings volumes will be strictly peer reviewed. The series aims to cover the following areas of computer and computational sciences: Computer Science Hardware Computer Systems Organization Software Data Theory of Computation Mathematics of Computing Information Systems Computing Methodologies Computer Applications Computing Milieu Computational Sciences Computational Mathematics, Theoretical and Computational Physics, Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Scientific Computation Numerical and Computational Algorithms, Modeling and Simulation of Complex System, Web-Based Simulation and Computing, Grid-Based Simulation and Computing Fuzzy Logic, Hybrid Computational Methods, Data Mining and Information Retrieval and Virtual Reality, Reliable Computing, Image Processing, Computational Science and Education

Distributed Systems for System Architects

The primary audience for this book are advanced undergraduate students and graduate students.

Distributed Systems for System Architects

The primary audience for this book are advanced undergraduate students and graduate students. Computer architecture, as it happened in other fields such as electronics, evolved from the small to the large, that is, it left the realm of low-level hardware constructs, and gained new dimensions, as distributed systems became the keyword for system implementation. As such, the system architect, today, assembles pieces of hardware that are at least as large as a computer or a network router or a LAN hub, and assigns pieces of software that are self-contained, such as client or server programs, Java applets or pro tocol modules, to those hardware components. The freedom she/he now has, is tremendously challenging. The problems alas, have increased too. What was before mastered and tested carefully before a fully-fledged mainframe or a closely-coupled computer cluster came out on the market, is today left to the responsibility of computer engineers and scientists invested in the role of system architects, who fulfil this role on behalf of software vendors and in tegrators, add-value system developers, R&D institutes, and final users. As system complexity, size and diversity grow, so increases the probability of in consistency, unreliability, non responsiveness and insecurity, not to mention the management overhead. What System Architects Need to Know The insight such an architect must have includes but goes well beyond, the functional properties of distributed systems.

Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Volume 17

Examples of Transparent Checkpointers Name Functionality Libckpt ( 9 ) Fault -
tolerance Libckp ( 26 ) Fault - tolerance ... Computing Platform Uniprocessors
Uniprocessors Uniprocessors Uniprocessors Message - passing distributed
systems ...

Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering  Volume 17

This work defines the discipline and serves as the starting point and reference for any electrical and electronic engineering research project. It covers all aspects of the field in around 1300 referenced articles.

Space Reclamation for Uncoordinated Checkpointing in Message passing Systems

[ 27 ] A. Borg , J. Baumbach , and S. Glazer , “ A message system supporting
faulttolerance , ” in Proc . 9th ACM ... [ 30 ] R. E. Strom , D. F. Bacon , and S. A.
Yemini , “ Volatile logging in n - fault - tolerant distributed systems , ” in Proc .
IEEE Fault ...

Space Reclamation for Uncoordinated Checkpointing in Message passing Systems

"Checkpointing and rollback recovery are techniques that can provide efficient recovery from transient process failures. In a message-passing system, the rollback of a message sender may cause the rollback of the corresponding receiver, and the system needs to roll back to a consistent set of checkpoints called the recovery line. If the processes are allowed to take uncoordinated checkpoints, the above rollback propagation may result in the domino effect which prevents recovery line progression. Traditionally, only obsolete checkpoints before the global recovery line can be discarded, and the necessary and sufficient condition for identifying all garbage checkpoints has remained an open problem. In this thesis, we derive a necessary and sufficient condition for achieving optimal garbage collection, and we prove that the number of useful checkpoints is in fact bounded by N(N + 1)/2 where N is the number of processes. Our approach is based on the maximum-sized anti chain model of consistent global checkpoints and the technique of recovery line transformation and decomposition. We also show that, for systems requiring message logging to record in-transit messages, the same approach can be used to achieve optimal message log reclamation. As a final topic, we describe a unifying framework by considering checkpoint coordination and exploiting piecewise determinism as mechanisms for bounding rollback propagation, and demonstrate the applicability of the optimal garbage collection algorithm to domino-free recovery protocols."--Page i.

Fault tolerance Implemented by Voting Protocols in Distributed Systems

Some distributed systems have characteristics that will rise new problems for fault
- tolerant computing that must be identified and solved . One characteristic is that
all communication is done by message passing , thus excluding ...

Fault tolerance Implemented by Voting Protocols in Distributed Systems


Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface

To overcome the high overhead drawbacks of current fault tolerant MPI systems ,
this paper presents TH - MPI for parallel cluster systems . ... 1 Introduction The
clusters of PCs have become popular platforms for computationally intensive
distributed applications . ... open source operation system , such as Linux , and
the availability of standard message passing systems , such as Message Passing
 ...

Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface


Parallel Architectures

An important requirement for message passing in a distributed system is the
ability to continue reliable operation despite the ... Using this property , this paper
presents a fault tolerance algorithm that guarantees the delivery of a message to
its ...

Parallel Architectures

Papers from the conference PARBASE-90 held in Miami Beach, Florida, March 1990, include discussions of a theory of conjunction and concurrency, space efficient list merging on a multiprocessor ring, scalable architectures for VLSI-based associative memories, and the extended G-network. No subject in

Proceedings

An Algorithm for Supporting Fault Tolerant Objects in Distributed Object Oriented
Operating Systems Ganesha Beedubail, Anish ... A simple message logging
scheme that pairs the logging of response message and the next request
message reduces the message ... tolerance for distributed system is primarily
addressed for process based systems with asynchronous message passing[5, 10
, 11, 7, 12, 13].

Proceedings


PARBASE 90 International Conference on Databases Parallel Architectures and Their Applications

This paper presents a fault tolerance algorithms that guarantees the delivery of a
message to its destination despite faults in ... An important requirement for
message passing in a distributed system is the ability to continue reliable
operation ...

PARBASE 90  International Conference on Databases  Parallel Architectures  and Their Applications

Annotation Proceedings of the March 1990 meeting held in Miami Beach, Florida. Thirty-three full papers and 50 short papers were selected from almost 200. No index. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

High Performance Computing and Communications

Keyword: message-passing system, fault-tolerance, message logging,
checkpointing, garbage collection. 1 Introduction With the remarkable advance of
processor and network technologies, message- passing distributed systems
composed of ...

High Performance Computing and Communications

Welcome to the proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on High- Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC 2006), which was held in Munich, Germany, September 13–15, 2006. This year’s conference marks the second edition of the HPCC conference series, and we are honored to serve as the Chairmen of this event with the guidance of the HPCC Steering Chairs, Beniamino Di Martino and Laurence T. Yang. Withthe rapidgrowthincomputingandcommunicationtechnology,thepast decadehas witnessed a proliferationof powerfulparallelanddistributed systems and an ever-increasing demand for the practice of high-performance computing and communication (HPCC). HPCC has moved into the mainstream of c- puting and has become a key technology in future research and development activities in many academic and industrial branches, especially when the so- tion of large and complex problems must cope with very tight time constraints. The HPCC 2006 conference provides a forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and governmentto address all resulting profound challenges and to present and discuss their new ideas, research results, applications, and experience on all aspects of HPCC. There was a very large number of paper submissions (328), not only from Europe, but also from Asia and the Paci?c, and North and South America. This number of submissions represents a substantial increase of contributions compared to the ?rst year of HPCC, which clearly underlines the importance of this domain. AllsubmissionswerereviewedbyatleastthreeProgramCommitteemembers or external reviewers. It was extremely di?cult to select the presentations for theconferencebecausethereweresomanyexcellentandinterestingsubmissions.

Formal Models and Semantics

In the term distributed computing , the word distributed means spread out across
space . ... The process models that are most obviously distributed are ones in
which processes communicate by message passing - a process sends a
message by adding it to a ... of most real distributed systems , but one often
studies distributed algorithms that are not fault tolerant , leaving other
mechanisms ( such as ...

Formal Models and Semantics

The second part of this Handbook presents a choice of material on the theory of automata and rewriting systems, the foundations of modern programming languages, logics for program specification and verification, and some chapters on the theoretic modelling of advanced information processing.

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - ...

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - Sense of direction and orientation - Synchrony in networks - Fault tolerance in distributed systems - Fault tolerance in asynchronous systems - Fault tolerance in synchronous systems - Failure detection - Stabilization.

SIAM Journal on Computing

A distributed system is a set of state machines , called processors , which
communicate either by shared variables or by message - passing . In the first
case ... In the study of fault - tolerant message - passing systems , it is customarily
assumed ...

SIAM Journal on Computing


Fault Tolerant Computing 23rd IEEE International Symposium On

[ 2 ] Y. M. Wang and W. K. Fuchs , " Optimistic message logging for independent
checkpointing in message - passing systems ... ( 7 ) R.E. Strom , D. F. Bacon ,
and S. A. Yemini , “ Volatile logging in n - fault - tolerant distributed systems , " in
Proc .

Fault Tolerant Computing  23rd IEEE International Symposium On

A digest of papers from FTCS 23, held in Toulouse, France, June 1993. In addition to 60 regular papers presented in 17 sessions, there are two sessions (five papers) devoted to practical experience reports, two sessions (five papers) devoted to software demonstrations, and a panel on limits in dependability. No index. Annotation copyright Book News