Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge

By exposing the colonial and imperial discourses that undergird the global debate on female circumcision, this important work creates a space for the marginalized to speak and mount their challenges and proposes strategies for creating a ...

Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge

By exposing the colonial and imperial discourses that undergird the global debate on female circumcision, this important work creates a space for the marginalized to speak and mount their challenges and proposes strategies for creating a transnational feminist movement that fosters genuine collaboration and partnership.

Female Circumcision

Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology. New York: Basic
Books, 1983. Giddens, Anthony. “Living in a Post—Traditional Society.” In
Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Traditions, and Aesthetics in the Modern Social
Order, ...

Female Circumcision

Bolokoli, khifad, tahara, tahoor, qudiin, irua, bondo, kuruna, negekorsigin, and kene-kene are a few of the terms used in local African languages to denote a set of cultural practices collectively known as female circumcision. Practiced in many countries across Africa and Asia, this ritual is hotly debated. Supporters regard it as a central coming-of-age ritual that ensures chastity and promotes fertility. Human rights groups denounce the procedure as barbaric. It is estimated that between 100 million and 130 million girls and women today have undergone forms of this genital surgery. Female Circumcision gathers together African activists to examine the issue within its various cultural and historical contexts, the debates on circumcision regarding African refugee and immigrant populations in the United States, and the human rights efforts to eradicate the practice. This work brings African women's voices into the discussion, foregrounds indigenous processes of social and cultural change, and demonstrates the manifold linkages between respect for women's bodily integrity, the empowerment of women, and democratic modes of economic development. This volume does not focus narrowly on female circumcision as a set of ritualized surgeries sanctioned by society. Instead, the contributors explore a chain of connecting issues and processes through which the practice is being transformed in local and transnational contexts. The authors document shifts in local views to highlight processes of change and chronicle the efforts of diverse communities as agents in the process of cultural and social transformation.

Women s Activism

18 S. Hale, 'Colonial discourse and ethnographic residuals: the “female
circumcision” debate and the politics of knowledge', in Nnaemeka, Female
Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge, p. 209. 19 C. Mohanty, 'Under
Western eyes: ...

Women s Activism

Women’s Activism brings together twelve innovative contributions from feminist historians from around the world to look at how women have always found ways to challenge or fight inequalities and hierarchies as individuals, in international women’s organizations, as political leaders, and in global forums such as the United Nations. The book is divided into three parts. Part one, brings together four essays about organized women’s activism across borders. The chapters in part two focus on the variety of women’s activism and explore women’s activism in different national and political contexts. And part three explores the changing relationships and inequalities among women. This book addresses women’s internationalism and struggle for their rights in the international arena; it deals with racism and colonialism in Australia, India and Europe; women’s movements and political activism in South Africa, Eastern Bengal (Bangladesh), the United Kingdom, Japan and France. Essential reading for anyone interested in women’s history and the history of activism more generally

Petro sexual Politics

Signs : Journal of Women in Culture and Society 29 , no . 2 ( 2003 ) : 15 . - . "
African Women , Colonial Discourses , and Imperialist Interventions : Female
Circumcision as Impetus . " In Female Circumcision and the Politics of
Knowledge ...

Petro sexual Politics


Civilizing Women

Civilizing Women is a riveting exploration of the disparate worlds of British colonial officers and the Muslim Sudanese they sought to remake into modern imperial subjects.

Civilizing Women

Civilizing Women is a riveting exploration of the disparate worlds of British colonial officers and the Muslim Sudanese they sought to remake into modern imperial subjects. Focusing on efforts to stop female circumcision in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan between 1920 and 1946, Janice Boddy mines colonial documents and popular culture for ethnographic details to interleave with observations from northern Sudan, where women's participation in zâr spirit possession rituals provided an oblique counterpoint to colonial views. Written in engaging prose, Civilizing Women concerns the subtle process of "colonizing selfhood," the British women who undertook it, and those they hoped to reform. It suggests that efforts to suppress female circumcision were tied to the continuation of slavery and the rise of commercial cotton growing in Sudan, as well as to concerns about infant mortality and maternal health. Boddy traces maneuverings among political officers, teachers, missionaries, and medical personnel as they pursued their elusive goal, and describes their fraught relations with Egypt, Parliament, the Foreign Office, African nationalists, and Western feminists. In doing so, she sounds a cautionary note for contemporary interventionists who would flout local knowledge and belief.

Body Migration Re constructive Surgeries

Manderson, L. (2004) 'Local Rites and Body Politics,' International Feminist
Journal of Politics, 6: 285–307. Manji, M. ... (2013) 'A Survey on Knowledge of
Female Genital Mutilation Guide Lines,' Nordic Federation of Societies of
Obstetrics and ...

Body  Migration  Re constructive Surgeries

Bringing together an international range of case studies and interviews with individuals who have had genital re/construction, Body, Migration, Re/constructive Surgeries explores the socio-cultural meanings of clitoral re/construction following female genital cutting (FGC), hymen reconstruction, trans and intersex bodily interventions; and cosmetic surgery. Drawing critical attention to how decisions around such surgeries are affected by social, economic and regulatory contexts that change over time and across spaces, it raises questions such as: How are bodies genderized through surgical interventions? How do such interventions express cultural context? How do women who have experienced female genital cutting respond to opportunities for clitoral reconstruction? How do female-to-male (FtM) trans people decide on how and where to undertake body modifications? What roles do cultural expectations and official regulations play in how people decide to have their bodies modified? Suggesting that conventional gender binaries are no longer adequate to understanding the quest for bodily interventions, this insightful volume seeks to give a greater voice to those engaged in gender body modification. It will appeal to students and postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Gender Studies, Social Studies, Sexuality Studies and Cultural Studies.

Ufahamu

Their knowledge about the significance of the age at which female circumcision
occurred and about the health risks of particular types of circumcision therefore
motivated the colonial government to pass additional laws that permitted “ minor
 ...

Ufahamu


Activists beyond Borders

132 On British attempts to regulate female circumcision in Sudan in 1946, see
Asma Mohammed A'Haleem, “Claiming Our ... 144 Bruce Berman and John
Lonsdale, “Louis Leakey's Mau Mau: A Study in the Politics of Knowledge,”
History and ...

Activists beyond Borders

Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink examine a type of pressure group that has been largely ignored by political analysts: networks of activists that coalesce and operate across national frontiers. Their targets may be international organizations or the policies of particular states. Historical examples of such transborder alliances include anti-slavery and woman suffrage campaigns. In the past two decades, transnational activism has had a significant impact in human rights, especially in Latin America, and advocacy networks have strongly influenced environmental politics as well. The authors also examine the emergence of an international campaign around violence against women.

Politics of Female Genital Cutting FGC Human Rights and the Sierra Leone State

... secret society, whose precondition for membership is Female Genital Cutting (
FGC), in Sierra Leone's post-war politics. The Bondo society is considered a
repository of gendered knowledge that bestows members with significant forms of
 ...

Politics of Female Genital Cutting  FGC   Human Rights and the Sierra Leone State

Politics of Female Genital Cutting (FGC), Human Rights and the Sierra Leone State: The Case of Bondo Secret Society provides a comprehensive analysis of contemporary post-war Sierra Leone politics through ethnographic examination of key cultural institutions like the Bondo society, the law, media and state actors. The book discusses historical, medical and socio-cultural underpinnings of the Female Genital Cutting (FGC) practice among members of the Bondo society in Sierra Leone by pointing out inherent and apparent tensions of a secret society dedicated to the continuation of long established gender practices at the counter-point of concerted international condemnation against the practice. Drawing on ethnography, the study highlights the complexity of FGC as practiced in Sierra Leone owing to the fact that it is interlaced in multifarious ways to politics, cosmology, community idioms of inclusion, medical metaphors and the sociological vernacular of people that practice it. In the Bondo society, some women have access to considerable forms of powers which endear them to political actors in Sierra Leone. On account of this and in a context of donor aid conditionality tied to efforts at ending FGC, a stage is therefore set where the local political elite ambivalently attend to competing interests from FGC adherents and eradication proponents in the high stakes politics of legitimatizing power. The book’s subtle and nuanced view of power handy to members of the Bondo society, however, does not lead to a vindication of FGC but is an attempt to go beyond blunt condemnation of the practice in order to explore the cultural and socio-political underpinnings that animate the practice.

Sudanese Women in the United States

New Political Science 23 ( 1 ) : 65 - 88 . Mahmood ... Beyond culture talk and
rights talk : comparative essays on the politics of rights and culture . ... Female
circumcision and the politics of knowledge : African women in imperialist
discourses .

Sudanese Women in the United States

This is a qualitative study of the experiences of circumcised Sudanese women in the United States. It looks into how immigration has affected the cultural perceptions of women, and in particular, their views on female circumcision. Questions and conversations with the women in this study focused on what has changed in their lives that resulted in a change of attitude or behavior.

African Women Writing Resistance

Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge : African Women in
Imperialist Discourses . Westport , CT : Praeger , 2005 . - , ed . Sisterhood ,
Feminisms and Power in Africa : From Africa to the Diaspora . Trenton , NJ : Africa
World Press ...

African Women Writing Resistance

African Women Writing Resistance is the first transnational anthology to focus on women’s strategies of resistance to the challenges they face in Africa today. The anthology brings together personal narratives, testimony, interviews, short stories, poetry, performance scripts, folktales, and lyrics. Thematically organized, it presents women’s writing on such issues as intertribal and interethnic conflicts, the degradation of the environment, polygamy, domestic abuse, the controversial traditional practice of female genital cutting, Sharia law, intergenerational tensions, and emigration and exile. Contributors include internationally recognized authors and activists such as Wangari Maathai and Nawal El Saadawi, as well as a host of vibrant new voices from all over the African continent and from the African diaspora. Interdisciplinary in scope, this collection provides an excellent introduction to contemporary African women’s literature and highlights social issues that are particular to Africa but are also of worldwide concern. It is an essential reference for students of African studies, world literature, anthropology, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, and women’s studies. A Choice Outstanding Academic Book Outstanding Book, selected by the Public Library Association Best Books for High Schools, Best Books for Special Interests, and Best Books for Professional Use, selected by the American Association of School Libraries

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation : California Couple Charged with Agreeing to
Circumcise Young Girls . ” Women ' s Health Weekly via ... Female Circumcision '
Controversy and the Politics of Knowledge , ” Ufahamu 22 , no . 3 ( Fall 1994 ) :
26 – 35 .

Female Genital Mutilation

"This book discusses the definition and types of FGM and explores the common justifications for the practice, along with the incidence in Africa, global laws, legal issues, rights and religion. Ethical considerations are examined, as are progress and therole of culture. The book concludes with thoughts on the movement from tradition to cultural evolution"--Provided by publisher.

Decentering International Relations

Nnaemeka , Obioma ( 2005 ) ' African Women , Colonial Discourses , and
Imperialistic Interventions ' in Obioma Nnaemeka ( ed . ) , Female Circumcision
and the Politics of Knowledge : African Women in Imperialist Discourses .
Westport CT ...

Decentering International Relations

Through engagement with a variety of theories, conversations with scholars, activists, and students, and consultation of IR syllabi and conference proceedings, the authors invite the reader to participate in an accessible yet provocative experiment to decentre the North/West when we learn, study and do IR.

Between Rites and Rights

The Politics of ( M ) Othering : Womanhood , Identity and Resistance in African
Literature . London : Routledge . — , ed . 2005 . Female Circumcision and the
Politics of Knowledge : African Women in Imperialist Discourses . Westport , CT ...

Between Rites and Rights

The study shows, in chronological fashion, how African women writers in the past five decades have introduced a new, autobiographical discourse around their experience of excision, bringing nuance and vitality to the FGM debate.

Women s Spaces Women s Visions

The Challenges of Border - Crossing : African Women and Transnational
Feminisms . ” In Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge : African
Women in Imperialist Discourses , ed . Obioma Nnaemeka , 3 - 18 . Westport , CT
: Praeger ...

Women s Spaces  Women s Visions


African and Asian Studies

Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge - African Women in
Imperialist Discourses . Connecticut : Praeger Publishers . 2005 . 288 pages .
Price : not stated . ISBN 0 - 89789 - 864 - 8 This book is full of intellectual fire -
works , which ...

African and Asian Studies


Bibliographic Index

Bibliographic Index


Wagadu Volume 6 Journal of International Women s Studies Volume 10 1

The justification for British colonial rule and the arguments of the growing Kenyan
political parties were also “double-edged swords. ... only the patent fact that in
this regard we have greater knowledge than is possessed by the people and that
we cannot allow stupidity, prejudice, ... Only later did the government address
female circumcision as a political and moral issue.101 In years to follow, the
colonial ...

Wagadu Volume 6 Journal of International Women s Studies Volume 10 1

Women's Activism for Gender Equality in Africa This volume on Womens Activism for Gender Equality in Africa is a special collaboration between the Journal of International Womens Studies (JIWS) and Wagadu, two open-access journals that address gender issues within a transnational and cross-cultural context. Using interdisciplinary feminist and activist approaches these essays explore individual and collective actions undertaken by African women in cultural, social, economic, historical and political contexts. In revealing the diversity of African womens activism, the underlying issues around which womens social change work develops, and the impact that work has on individuals and communities, this volume has significance for women and men throughout the world.

Female Genital Mutilation

Chapter Eleven Legislative action to eradicate FGM in the UK Sadiya
Mohammad Introduction Over the past three or four decades , FGM has ... On the
other hand , it has been argued that legislation against FGM , without robust
political commitment and other proactive ... This review has formed the basis of
the knowledge needed to fully examine the practice of FGM both in the UK and
abroad . It involved ...

Female Genital Mutilation

Looks at both the physical and mental needs of women and girls who have had, or are at risk of having, female genital mutilation; explores cultural, ethical, medical, legal, and human rights issues; and discusses legislation and prevention efforts in theUnited Kingdom designed to eradicate the practice.