Fire and Polymers V

This volume addresses recent advances in fire retardancy and examines progress that has been made in controlling fires.

Fire and Polymers V

This volume addresses recent advances in fire retardancy and examines progress that has been made in controlling fires.

Fire and Polymers

This text represents the state of the art in the field of fire and polymers, with specific emphasis on non-halogen approaches to flame retardancy, including additives and intrinsically fire-retardant polymers (fire-smart polymers).

Fire and Polymers

This text represents the state of the art in the field of fire and polymers, with specific emphasis on non-halogen approaches to flame retardancy, including additives and intrinsically fire-retardant polymers (fire-smart polymers). It is divided into six sections: noncomposites, fire-smart polymers, polyurethanes, non-halogen (ecofriendly) flame retardants, halogen flame retardants and assessment and performance of flame retardant polymers.

Fire and Polymers IV

This book presents the state of the art of fire retardancy of polymers in 2005.

Fire and Polymers IV

This book presents the state of the art of fire retardancy of polymers in 2005. Authors are international leaders in the field. There is extensive coverage of the fire retardancy due to polymer nanocomposites as well as other important areas.

Fire and Polymers VI New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science

Provides the latest research in flame retardant chemistry, stemming from the 2012 ACS symposium on the subject.

Fire and Polymers VI  New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science

Provides the latest research in flame retardant chemistry, stemming from the 2012 ACS symposium on the subject.

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials

This book includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA, etc.

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials reviews the latest scientific developments and technological advances in the design and manufacture of fire retardant polymers and composite materials. Fire retardant polymeric materials are used in a broad range of applications in fields such as aviation, automotive, computer, construction, electronics, and telecommunications. It is essential to have a better understanding of the scientific technology used in the design and manufacture of fire-resistant materials and their end products. This book includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA, etc. Provides cutting-edge research in flame retardant materials, relevant to both scientific and industrial applications Presents the latest and most up-to-date fire retardant technologies Discusses the most popular fire retardant polymer systems Includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

This book will appeal to professionals, materials scientists and engineers looking for novel ways to eliminate fire hazards and improve flame retardancy of materials, with a special interest in sustainable development.

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

The use of polymers is restricted by their flammability - they may indeed initiate or propagate fire. Fire Retardancy of Polymers focuses on mineral additives from either micro- or nano-composites for application in fire retardants. With the use of fire retardant additives containing halogen or phosphorus compounds in decline, the need for other systems is evident. The major materials that are used are alumina trihydrate or magnesium hydroxide which account for more than 50% by weight of the world-wide sales of fire retardants. Recent works have shown that such halogen-free compounds may give enhanced fire retardancy to polymeric materials when used in low levels, alone, or in synergistic mixtures. The corresponding fire performance depends on the dispersion of the mineral filler, with micrometer-scale dispersion leading to the best performances. Specialists discuss these new applications of mineral fillers with particular emphasis on action mechanisms, new materials including textiles, toxicology and hazards. With extensive references, this book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date view of these applications. This book will appeal to professionals, materials scientists and engineers looking for novel ways to eliminate fire hazards and improve flame retardancy of materials, with a special interest in sustainable development.

Fire and Polymers II

Presents approaches to increasing the effectiveness of flame retardancy in polymers.

Fire and Polymers II

Presents approaches to increasing the effectiveness of flame retardancy in polymers. Discusses non-halogen flame retardants, including phosphorus, metals, and metal compounds. Describes the use of char forming materials and the effects of surface changes on flammability. Provides a discussion on the state-of-the-art of smoke and toxicity issues. Reviews the latest tools and models for fire performance assessment. Examines regulation, corrosivity, recycling, environmental questions, and real scale performance assessment issues in the U.S. and Europe.

Fire and Polymers

This new volume provides an examination of this important research.

Fire and Polymers

As the focus of fire research shifts from improvements in flame extinguishing to the development of fire-retardant and fire-resistant materials, polymers are playing an increasingly important role. This new volume provides an examination of this important research. Among the topics covered in its 34 chapters are: toxic smoke and particulate matter; fire retardants and fire retardant commodity plastics; fire retardancy in engineering plastics; fire and cellulosics; and fire performance, testing and risk. Contributions come from sources as diverse as the Center for Fire Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Swedish National Testing Institute, the USDA Forest Products Lab, as well as major universities all over the world.

Fire and Cellular Polymers

Delegates accepted that there was a continuing need for major growth in the use of cellular polymers and therefore intensified research into development of improved test procedures, fire retardants and smoke suppressants was required.

Fire and Cellular Polymers

This conference, organised jointly by QMC Wolfson Fire & Materials Centre (Queen Mary College) and the Fire Research Station, held at the Tara Hotel in London, UK, was well attended by a wide range of experts in the production and use of polymer foams. Other experts concerned with research, development, testing, specifying, approving and purchasing products incorporating polymer foams for use in the construction, engineering and furniture industries were also present and contributed to the several valuable discussions on specific topics. The conference was successful and achieved its aim of infonning delegates of the fire characteristics of these materials and how they can be assessed in the light of the latest knowledge and technology. The papers presented a wide-ranging review of the main important cellular polymers and their applications in different environments where fire hazards have been encountered. Delegates accepted that there was a continuing need for major growth in the use of cellular polymers and therefore intensified research into development of improved test procedures, fire retardants and smoke suppressants was required.

Towards Bio based Flame Retardant Polymers

Sustainable development has become a great concern in modern society.

Towards Bio based Flame Retardant Polymers

Sustainable development has become a great concern in modern society. The authors of this brief describe how one strategy to reach this objective is to replace oil-based materials with bio-based materials. They emphasize the great efforts that have been made to synthesize new bio-based polymers or additives or to replace glass fibers by natural fibers in composites. Flame retardancy is one of the most desired properties for many applications in wires and cables, building, transport, electric and electronic devices. The authors of this fascinating and timely brief summarize this important field in three parts. The flame retardancy of biobased polymers, the flame retardancy of natural fibers composites, and the synthesis and efficiency of biobased flame retardants.

Fire and Polymers

This new volume provides an examination of this important research.

Fire and Polymers

As the focus of fire research shifts from improvements in flame extinguishing to the development of fire-retardant and fire-resistant materials, polymers are playing an increasingly important role. This new volume provides an examination of this important research. Among the topics covered in its 34 chapters are: toxic smoke and particulate matter; fire retardants and fire retardant commodity plastics; fire retardancy in engineering plastics; fire and cellulosics; and fire performance, testing and risk. Contributions come from sources as diverse as the Center for Fire Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Swedish National Testing Institute, the USDA Forest Products Lab, as well as major universities all over the world.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition

More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth ...

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition

When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

This is part of the important trend toward a safer environment and sets a pattern for future example.

Flame   Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. Fire statistics in the United States (Report on the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, "America Burning," 1973) emphasized the vast devastation to life and property-12,000 lives lost annually due to fire and these deaths are usually caused by inhaling smoke or toxic gases; 300,000 fire injuries; 11. 4 billion dollars in fire cost of which 2. 7 billion dollars is related to property loss; a billion dollars to burn injury treatment; and 3. 3 billion dollars in productivity loss. It is obvious that much human and economic misery can be attributed to fire situations. In relation to this, polymer flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. The development of flame-retardant polymeric materials is a current example where the initiative for major scientific and technological developments is motivated by sociological pressure and legisla tion. This is part of the important trend toward a safer environment and sets a pattern for future example. Flame retardancy deals with our basic everyday life situations-housing, work areas, transportation, clothing and so forth the "macroenvironment" capsule within which "homosapiens" live. As a result, flame-retardant polymers are now emerging as a specific class of materials leading to new and diversified scientific and technological ventures.

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

Covers the following topics: Strategies; Intumescence: Mechanism studies; New intumescent polymetric materials; Flame retarded intumescent textiles; Intumescence - an environmentally friendly process?

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

Covers the following topics: Strategies; Intumescence: Mechanism studies; New intumescent polymetric materials; Flame retarded intumescent textiles; Intumescence - an environmentally friendly process?

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. The book covers all of the key issues on the behaviour of composites in a fire.

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. The book covers all of the key issues on the behaviour of composites in a fire. Also covered are fire protection materials for composites, fire properties of nanocomposites, fire safety regulations and standards, fire test methods, and health hazards from burning composites.

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

This book covers the latest developments in new fire retardancy systems for engineers needing to use fire safe materials in their projects.

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

The latest developments in fire retardancy of polymeric materials, including new systems, formulations and test-methods are detailed in this book.

Fire and Flame Retardant Polymers

Fire and Flame Retardant Polymers


Halogen Free Flame Retardant Polymers

This book presents an overview of recent academic and industrial research efforts concerning halogen-free flame-retardant (FR) polymers and their nanocomposites.

Halogen Free Flame Retardant Polymers

This book presents an overview of recent academic and industrial research efforts concerning halogen-free flame-retardant (FR) polymers and their nanocomposites. It summarizes the synthesis methods for various types of halogen-free FR polymers and their nanocomposites, and critically reviews their flame-retardant behavior, toxic-gas evolution during combustion, and inhibition methods. In turn, the book discusses the importance of metal oxide nanoparticles, nanoclay, and graphene in flame inhibition and addresses the FR properties of various FR compounds containing polymers, their FR mechanisms, and fire toxicant releasing and inhibition methods in detail. It systematically covers the synergetic effects between different FR compounds, and explains the significance of thermal stability and melt dripping for polymers’ FR properties. The fundamental concepts described here are essential to understanding the FR behaviors of various polymers and their nanocomposites, and to developing efficient, environmentally friendly FR polymers and nanocomposites for a wide range of applications. This book is ideally suited for researchers in the fields of polymer science and engineering, and for graduate students in chemistry and materials science.

Fire Retardancy Behavior of Polymer Clay Nanocomposites

M. Hirschler, Fire performance of organic polymers, thermal decomposition, and chemical composition. in Fire and Polymers: Materials and Solution for Hazard ...

Fire Retardancy Behavior of Polymer Clay Nanocomposites

This thesis investigates the early ignition behavior of polymer/clay nanocomposites, which are perceived as potential eco-friendly flame retardant systems. It examines the correlation between clay structural chemistry and high-temperature transformations with clay-assisted decomposition of organic macromolecules. In particular, it investigates the unique effects of metal ions like Mg2+, Al3+ and Fe3+ that are inherent in clays (smectite) on the combustion and thermo-oxidative decomposition of polyamide 6. The results indicate that metal ions present on/in montmorillonite platelets have preferential reactivity towards peroxy/alkoxy groups during polyamide 6 thermal decomposition. Lastly, a simple solution in the form of a physical coating on clay surface is proposed, based on the role of polymer–clay interfacial interaction.