The Acheulian Site of Gesher Benot Ya aqov Volume IV

Experimental knapping suggested that the façonnage of a biface produces 110 flakes on average, and consequently the knapping of the ... as evidenced by the very large amount of éclat de taille de biface, there is only one flint handaxe.

The Acheulian Site of Gesher Benot Ya   aqov Volume IV

This manuscript is the 4th Volume of the Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY) monograph sub-series. The goal of the book is to publish the lithic assemblages originating in the excavations of the Acheulian site at Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY), Israel. The authors provide the readers with detailed descriptions of the lithic assemblages, illustrations (maps, photographs, drawings) and complete inventory of the artifacts that were excavated during the seven field seasons of 1989-1997 (two in 1997) under the directorship of Prof. Naama Goren-Inbar. This manuscript includes the classification of Large Cutting Tools (bifaces: handaxes and cleavers), Cores and Core Tools, and Flake Tools made of three different raw materials (flint, basalt and limestone). This major classification system enables, in addition to the characterization of the assemblages, intra and inter assemblage analyses and comparisons. It forms the foundation and means with which the GBY cultural sequence can be investigated and compared with other Levantine, African and Asian Acheulian entities. From a methodological perspective the authors apply a detailed attribute analysis to all lithic items, a method that integrates morpho-technoogical and stylistic observations culminating in better understanding of the Acheulian realm as documented by the analysis. This analysis is aimed to refine and improve the understanding beyond that of types and their technology and to allow describing the reduction sequence (chaîne opératoire) of some of the major components of the lithic asemblages. The unique record of diverse data from GBY provides insight into hominin behavior (through time) along the margins of the paleo-Lake Hula, and sheds light on processes that led to the colonization of other parts of Eurasia. The book will be of interest to academics and students in all disciplines of Quaternary studies, and to archaeologists using GIS for intra-site spatial analysis.

Origini XXXIV 2012

... where spindle whorls show a reduction in size suggesting a shift toward the production of finer textiles. At Tell Zeidan, a complex of kilns on the south mound, and a flint-knapping workshop on the northeast mound indicate ...

Origini   XXXIV 2012

THIS ISSUE CONTAINS “FIFTY YEARS OF EXCAVATIONS AND RESEARCHES AT ARSLANTEPE-MALATYA (TURKEY). A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF THE EARLIEST CENTRALISED SOCIETIES” Proceedings of the International Conference held in Rome on 5-7 December, 2011 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Sapienza University expedition at Arslantepe.The volume is organised in five thematic sections, each referring to a topic on which the excavations at Arslantepe have obtained results, and presenting contributions by both members of the Arslantepe team and other scholars working on the same topic in other sites or regions of the Near East. The objective was to relate the Arslantepe achievements with other outcomes, in the framework of the current debate. Thematic sections in the volume: THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL COMPLEXITY IN THE LATE CHALCOLITHIC (5TH AND 4TH MILLENNIA BC) Arslantepe in the 5th and 4th millennia M. Frangipane, F. Balossi Restelli, M.B. D'Anna and P. Guarino, H. Pittman, H. Çaliskan Akgül, G. Siracusano and L. Bartosiewicz Late Chalcolithic developments in other regions of the Near East G. Stein, S. Pollock, J. Oates, P. Butterlin, B. Helwing, S. Gülçür. ARSLANTEPE IN THE EARLY BRONZE AGE: FAR-REACHING CHANGES AND THE RISE OF NEW SOCIETIES M. Frangipane, G. Palumbi, P. Piccione and C. Lemorini, Y.S. Erdal, R. Laurito. ON THE MARGINS OF EMPIRES: MALATYA AND THE HITTITEWORLD M. Liverani, C. Alvaro, F. Manuelli, S. de Martino, C. Mora and L. d'Alfonso, S. Mazzoni, A. Archi. ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS, AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE MALATYA PLAIN S. Dreibrodt, C. Lubos, J. Lomax, T. Schroedter and O. Nelle, L. Sadori and A. Masi, G. Liberotti and R. Quaresima. CONSERVATION AND EXHIBITION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES M. Özdögan and Z. Eres, D. Mangano.

Flint Daggers in Prehistoric Europe

Clearly, strategies had been put in place to communicate the knowledge of flint dagger production from generation to ... volume; Shoda & Frieman 2010) – is that they were intentional copies, that is skeuomorphs (Frieman 2010, 2012b), ...

Flint Daggers in Prehistoric Europe

For more than a century flint daggers have been among the most closely studied and most heavily published later prehistoric lithic tools. It is well established that they are found across Europe and beyond, and that many were widely circulated over many generations. Yet, few researchers have attempted to discuss the entirety of the flint dagger phenomenon. The present volume brings together papers that address questions of the regional variability and socio-technical complexity of flint daggers and their production. It focuses on the typology, chronology, technology, functionality and meaning of flint and other lithic daggers produced primarily in Europe, but also in the Eastern Mediterranean and East Asia, in prehistory. The 14 papers by leading researchers provide a comprehensive overview of the state of knowledge concerning various flint dagger corpora as well as potential avenues for the development of a research agenda across national, regional and disciplinary boundaries. The volume originates from a session held at the 2011 meeting of the European Association of Archaeology but includes additional commissioned contributions.

Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1

Pigeot N (1990) Technical and social actors: flintknapping specialist and apperentices at Magdalenian Ettiolles. Archaeol Rev Cambridge 9(1):126–141 Psouni E, Janke A, Garwicz M (2012) Impact of carnivory on human development and ...

Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1

This volume presents the first of two proceedings from the International Conference on the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans, which took place in Tokyo in November 2012. Focussing on a highly innovative working hypothesis called the ‘learning hypothesis’, which attempts to explain the replacement as a result of differences in the learning abilities of these two hominid populations, the conference served as the latest multidisciplinary discussion forum on this intriguing Palaeoanthropological issue. The present volume reports on outcomes of the conference in three major sections. Part 1 provides an archaeological overview of the processes of replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by modern humans. Part 2 consists of archaeological and ethnographic case studies exploring evidence of learning behaviours in prehistoric and modern hunter-gatherer societies. Part 3 presents a collection of papers that directly contributes to the definition, validation and testing of the learning hypothesis in terms of population biology and evolutionary theory. A total of 18 papers in this volume make available to readers unique cultural perspectives on mechanisms of the replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by modern humans and suggested relationships between these mechanisms and different learning strategies.

Archaeological Concepts Techniques and Terminology for American Prehistoric Lithic Technology

And, see MacDouglas (2012) and Gould (1980). S RS R T RT 1 - Percentage crystallinity 2 - Average crystal size 3 - Range in crystal size 4 - Abundance ofimpurities. These factors influence fracture mechanics in flintknapping (Gooddale, ...

Archaeological Concepts  Techniques  and Terminology for American Prehistoric Lithic Technology

Archaeological Concepts, Techniques, and Terminology for American Prehistory Lithic Technology by Wm Jack Hranicky is a 600-page comprehensive publication that encompasses the study of American prehistoric stone tools and implements. It is a look-up volume for studying the material culture of prehistoric people and using its concepts and methods for researching this aspect of archaeology. There are over 3000 entries which are defined and illustrated. It also has an extensive set of references and an overview for the study of stone tools.

Palaeolandscapes in Archaeology

... symbolic and mundane caches, flint-knapping activities, food processing, consumption and disposal areas, and human burials (Maher 2016; Maher et al. 2012). The immense size of the site, as well as its richness in stone tools, fauna, ...

Palaeolandscapes in Archaeology

What can we learn about the ancient landscapes of our world, and how can those lessons improve our future in the landscapes that we all inhabit? Those questions are addressed in this book, through a practical framework of concepts and methods, combined with detailed case studies around the world. The chapters explore the range of physical and social attributes that have shaped and re-shaped our landscapes through time. International authors contributed the latest results of investigating ancient landscapes (or "palaeolandscapes") in diverse settings of tropical forests, deserts, river deltas, remote islands, coastal zones, and continental interiors. The case studies embrace a liberal approach of combining archaeological evidence with other avenues of research in earth sciences, biology, and social relations. Individually and in concert, the chapters offer new perspectives on what the world’s palaeolandscapes looked like, how people lived in these places, and how communities have engaged with long-term change in their natural and cultural environments though successive centuries and millennia. The lessons are paramount for building responsible strategies and policies today and into the future, noting that many of these issues from the past have gained more urgency today. This book reaches across archaeology, ecology, geography, and broader studies of human-environment relations that will appeal to general readers. Specialists and students in these fields will find extra value in the primary datasets and in the new ideas and perspectives. Furthermore, this book provides unique examples from the past, toward understanding the workings of sustainable landscape systems.

The Manasseh Hill Country Survey Volume 5

2012). These are the main results from this excavation: The excavation focused on the group of circular and irregular ... flint knapping work area was found (Zutovski and Bar 2017), was identified beneath a circular building (W2O).

The Manasseh Hill Country Survey Volume 5

The book presents the results of a complete detailed archaeological survey of large parts of the Jordan Valley, one of the most important territories in the country for scholars of the Bible, archaeology, Near Eastern history and other aspects of the Holy Land.

The Rise of Metallurgy in Eurasia

The excavations in Trench 18 at Belovode during the 2012 and 2013 field seasons yielded evidence for a chipped stone ... this volume), the following Vinča culture phases can be assigned: techniques of flint knapping (Pelegrin 1998).

The Rise of Metallurgy in Eurasia

The Rise of Metallurgy in Eurasia is a landmark study in the evolution of early metallurgy in the Balkans. It demonstrates that far from being a rare and elite practice, the earliest metallurgy in the world was a common and communal craft activity.

Humans Animals and the Craft of Slaughter in Archaeo Historic Societies

Hodder, I. 2012. Entangled: An Archaeology of the Relationships ... York, CBA Research Report, vol. 125. Jayathilakan, K., Sultana, K., ... A history of flint-knapping experimentation, 1838–1976. Current Anthropology 19(2): 337–72.

Humans  Animals  and the Craft of Slaughter in Archaeo Historic Societies

In this book, Krish Seetah uses butchery as a point of departure for exploring the changing historical relationships between animal utility, symbolism, and meat consumption. Seetah brings together several bodies of literature - on meat, cut marks, craftspeople, and the role of craft in production - that have heretofore been considered in isolation from one another. Focusing on the activity inherent in butcher, he describes the history of knowledge that typifies the craft. He also provides anthropological and archaeological case studies which showcase examples of butchery practices in varied contexts that are seldom identified with zooarchaeological research. Situating the relationship between practice, practitioner, material and commodity, this imaginative study offers new insights into food production, consumption, and the craft of cuisine.

SOMA 2012

SOMA 2012


Lithic Technology in the Middle Potomac River Valley of Maryland and Virginia

Converse, Robert N. (1963) Ohio Flint Types. Special Publication, Archaeological Society of Ohio. Cook, Thomas G. (1976) Broadspear: Culture, Phase, Horizon, Tradition, or Knife. Journal of Anthropological Research, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp.

Lithic Technology in the Middle Potomac River Valley of Maryland and Virginia

The archaeological focus on a single geographical area offers an opportunity to present projectile point typology as a microtechnology even though some of the types have widespread distributions. The area of the Middle Potomac River Valley presents a physical artefact collection for a view of prehistory. This volume, which includes several hundred images of the investigation, artefacts and archaeological research compiled and recorded from over 30 years of work in the area, includes: -an overview of the Middle Potomac River Valley archaeology including the peoples and sites; -new data and interpretations for the lithic technology of the area; and -classification and typology of artefacts including the usage of projectile point, axe, celt, drill, and knife implements. This work will be of great interest to prehistory archaeologists, especially those working in the Middle Atlantic region of the United States.

Walking with the Unicorn Social Organization and Material Culture in Ancient South Asia

McNiven, I. J. 2012. Ritualized middening practices. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 20(4): 552–587. Milne, S. B. 2005. Palaeo-Eskimo novice flintknapping in the eastern Canadian arctic. Journal of Field Archaeology 30(3).

Walking with the Unicorn  Social Organization and Material Culture in Ancient South Asia

This volume, a compilation of original papers written to celebrate the outstanding contributions of Jonathan Mark Kenoyer to the archaeology of South Asia over the past forty years, highlights recent developments in the archaeological research of ancient South Asia, with specific reference to the Indus Civilization.

Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians Volume 1

... with the so-called Classic of the highlands: Teotihuacan I–IV and Monte Alban I–IIIB (Willey and Phillips 1958; F Peterson 1959). ... Our ceramic studies, our weaving analysis, flint knapping investigations, studies of salt ruins, ...

Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians  Volume 1

The sixteen-volume Handbook of Middle American Indians, completed in 1976, has been acclaimed the world over as the most valuable resource ever produced for those involved in the study of Mesoamerica. When it was determined in 1978 that the Handbook should be updated periodically, Victoria Reifler Bricker, well-known cultural anthropologist, was selected to be series editor. This first volume of the Supplement is devoted to the dramatic changes that have taken place in the field of archaeology. The volume editor, Jeremy A. Sabloff, has gathered together detailed reports from the directors of many of the most significant archaeological projects of the mid-twentieth century in Mesoamerica, along with discussions of three topics of general interest (the rise of sedentary life, the evolution of complex culture, and the rise of cities).

From These Bare Bones

Peresani, M. (2012) Fifty thousand years of flint knapping and tool shaping across the Mousterian and Uluzzian sequence ... Vol. 1 and 2, PhD thesis. Université Paris I. Vincent, A. (1993) L'Outillage Osseux au Paléolithique moyen: une ...

From These Bare Bones

A fundamental component of the study of worked osseous objects is the identification of the raw materials chosen to make them. In archaeological contexts many objects become degraded to the point where identification is very difficult and the way in which these materials decay during burial and upon excavation can vary greatly. Correct identification is crucial to the investigation of objects, their conservation and future curation. Above all, understanding raw material selection aids our understanding of human-animal interaction in the past both on pragmatic and symbolic levels since the choices made by artisans vary by cultural tradition as well as availability. The 20 papers presented here explore a wealth of information pertaining to the use of osseous materials over the long period of human craftsmanship and tool manufacture by exploring several key themes: · Raw material selection and curation within tool types · Social aspects of raw material selection · New methods of materials identification It is demonstrated that the issue of raw material identification has numerous implications for conservation work, reproduction of objects, the physical characteristics of the tool or ornament, availability of raw materials, the materials chosen for procurement and the cultural reasons that lie behind the choice of raw materials from particular species and skeletal elements to produce planned tool and ornament types. Together, these papers emphasize the need for confident and correct materials identification and demonstrate that functionality is by no means the only, nor necessarily the most important, factor in the selection of osseous raw materials for the fabrication of tools and other cultural objects.

A Welsh Landscape through Time

Thomas, J., 2012. ... 'Eight Ringditches at Four Crosses, Llandysilio, Powys, 1981–85', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 52, ... 'Prehistoric flint knapping at Holyhead', Transactions of the Anglesey Antiquarian Society, 94–5.

A Welsh Landscape through Time

Holy Island is a small island just off the west coast of Anglesey, North Wales, which is rich in archaeology of all periods. Between 2006 and 2010, archaeological excavations in advance of a major Welsh Government development site, Parc Cybi, enabled extensive study of the island’s past. Over 20 hectares were investigated, revealing a busy and complex archaeological landscape, which could be seen evolving from the Mesolithic period through to the present day. Major sites discovered include an Early Neolithic timber hall aligned on an adjacent chambered tomb and an Iron Age settlement, the development of which is traced by extensive dating and Bayesian analysis. A Bronze Age ceremonial complex, along with the Neolithic tomb, defined the cultural landscape for subsequent periods. A long cist cemetery of a type common on Anglesey proved, uncommonly, to be late Roman in date, while elusive Early Medieval settlement was indicated by corn dryers. This wealth of new information has revolutionised our understanding of how people have lived in, and transformed, the landscape of Holy Island. Many of the sites are also significant in a broader Welsh context and inform the understanding of similar sites across Britain and Ireland.

Prehistoric Stone Tools of Eastern Africa

2012. A twentyfirst century archaeology of stone artifacts. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 19:101–31. ... Industries of Olduvai Gorge,” in Olduvai Gorge, Volume 5: Excavations in Beds III, IV and the Masek Beds, 1968-1971.

Prehistoric Stone Tools of Eastern Africa

A detailed overview of the Eastern African stone tools that make up the world's longest archaeological record.

Between History and Archaeology Papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Characteristics of exceptionally large items for core exploitation made of chocolate flint. Romancing the Stones: a Study of Chipped Stone ... 2012: 125). Exeptionally large carinated cores were exploited with the use of antler drift.

Between History and Archaeology  Papers in honour of Jacek Lech

A collection of forty-six papers papers in honour of Professor Jacek Lech, compiled in recognition of his research and academic career as well as his inquiry into the study of prehistoric flint mining, Neolithic flint tools (and beyond), and the history of archaeology.

Flint Trade in the Protohistoric Levant

2002; Müller-Neuhof 2012). ... 1995], Beth-Shean [Bankirer and Marder 2012], Beit Yerah [Shimelmitz and Rosen 2014]). ... and only suggests a correlation between the striking platform preparation and the size of flint nodules; ...

Flint Trade in the Protohistoric Levant

Flint Trade in the Protohistoric Levant offers an in-depth case study of the production and exchange of tabular scrapers. Crossing cultural and ecological boundaries and traded from the desert to the settled zone, these tools encompassed both ritual and quotidian functions over the course of well over the two millennia of the existence of the exchange system. Analyses focus on the changing nature of the production systems, dynamics of value in changing contexts of production and use, ritual contexts and meaning. Extending throughout the Levant, the tabular scraper complex is compared and contrasted to other contemporary production and exchange systems (ceramics, chipped stone, ground stone, copper, beads), offering a rich picture of the complexities of late prehistoric trade, transcending linear evolutionary frameworks, and simple models. Adopting a chaîne opératoire approach to the use-life of the artifacts, the artifacts can be seen to transform over time and place, made, used, recycled, and ultimately discarded, each stage in its own cultural contexts. The rise and decline of this exchange complex reflects both the geo-political history of the region and the general role of lithic industries in these societies. Focusing on late prehistoric times in the Near East, the discussions will of relevance to all researchers interested in the role of exchange in the evolution of complex economies. It offers an analysis of exchange systems based on a matrix of factors which should be of interest to all researchers interested in the evolution of trade.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood

Fifth Thule Expedition 1921–4, vol. 6/2. Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel ... 'Apprentice flintknapping', in J. Sofaer Derevenski (ed.) ... 'Playing with Flint: Tracing a Child's Imitation of Adult Work in a Lithic Assemblage'.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Childhood

Real understanding of past societies is not possible without including children, and yet they have been strangely invisible in the archaeological record. Compelling explanation about past societies cannot be achieved without including and investigating children and childhood. However marginal the traces of children's bodies and bricolage may seem compared to adults, archaeological evidence of children and childhood can be found in the most astonishing places and spaces. The archaeology of childhood is one of the most exciting and challenging areas for new discovery about past societies. Children are part of every human society, but childhood is a cultural construct. Each society develops its own idea about what a childhood should be, what children can or should do, and how they are trained to take their place in the world. Children also play a part in creating the archaeological record itself. In this volume, experts from around the world ask questions about childhood - thresholds of age and growth, childhood in the material culture, the death of children, and the intersection of the childhood and the social, economic, religious, and political worlds of societies in the past.

Going West

At Uğurlu, Phases IV and III, Karanovo blades have a very interesting estimated length and width. ... for flint knapping, for example' (Krauß et al., 2014: 56), perhaps such knapping was in connection with local production.

Going West

Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- List of Figures and Tables -- Introduction -- Chapter 1 Northwest Anatolia: a Border or a Bridge Between Anatolia and the Balkans During the Early Neolithic Period? -- Chapter 2 Anatolia and the Balkans: the Role of the Black Sea Between 'East' and 'West' During the Neolithic Period -- Chapter 3 Whither the Aegean Neolithic? -- Chapter 4 Identifying the Earliest Neolithic Settlements in the Southeastern Balkans: Methodological Considerations Based on the Recent Geoarchaeological Investigations at Dikili Tash (Greek Eastern Macedonia) -- Chapter 5 Lithic Industries and Their Role in Neolithisation Models in Southeast Europe -- Chapter 6 Thrace, Post-6000 bc -- Chapter 7 The First Balkan Neolithic in the Lower Danube Plain and the Making of a Pottery Tradition -- Chapter 8 The Beginning of the Neolithic Way of Life in the Eastern Lower Danube Area: a View from the North -- Chapter 9 The Transition from the Mesolithic to the Neolithic Between Western Anatolia and the Lower Danube: Evidence from Burial Customs -- Chapter 10 Appendix: 14C Database for Southeast Europe and Adjacent Areas (6600-5000 cal bc) -- Index