A comprehensive guide, offering a toxicological approach to food forensics, that reviews the legal, economic, and biological issues of food fraud Food Forensics and Toxicology offers an introduction and examination of forensics as applied to food and foodstuffs. The author puts the focus on food adulteration and food fraud investigation. The text combines the legal/economic issues of food fraud with the biological and health impacts of consuming adulterated food. Comprehensive in scope, the book covers a wide-range of topics including food adulteration/fraud, food "fingerprinting" and traceability, food toxicants in the body, and the accidental or deliberate introduction of toxicants into food products. In addition, the author includes information on the myriad types of toxicants from a range of food sources and explores the measures used to identify and quantify their toxicity. This book is designed to be a valuable reference source for laboratories, food companies, regulatory bodies, and researchers who are dealing with food adulteration, food fraud, foodborne illness, micro-organisms, and related topics. Food Forensics and Toxicology is the must-have guide that: Takes a comprehensive toxicological approach to food forensics Combines the legal/economic issue of food fraud with the biological/health impacts of consuming adulterated food in one volume Discusses a wide range of toxicants (from foods based on plants, animals, aquatic and other sources) Provides an analytical approach that details a number of approaches and the optimum means of measuring toxicity in foodstuffs Food Forensics and Toxicology gives professionals in the field a comprehensive resource that joins information on the legal/economic issues of food fraud with the biological and health implications of adulterated food.
The Hidden Toxins Lurking in Your Food and How You Can Avoid Them for Lifelong Health
Author: Mike Adams
Pubpsher: BenBella Books, Inc.
Category: Health & Fitness
What's really in our food? Award-winning investigative journalist and activist Mike Adams, the Health Ranger,” is founder and editor of NaturalNews.com, the number one most visited natural health website in the world. With more than 5 million unique visitors a month, NaturalNews.com is the trusted source for health information for countless readers. Now, in an industry first, Adams and his team put the things we eat every day under the microscope to expose the hidden truth about the contaminants in our foods. Through incredible high-resolution microscope images, Food Forensics shows us what we can't see on our own and test levels of lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and more in common foods and additives, from cereals, soups, and other pre-packaged meals to fast food and medicinal herbs. Adams's tests reveal the differences between organic and non-organic foods, GMO and non-GMO certified foods, and more, plus which foods and brands are the cleanest. All test results adhere to EPA-approved lab protocols, exceeding even Consumer Reports levels of accountability, and have been verified by a third-party university lab. Food Forensics discloses how food contamination happens and why it matters, and provides valuable information on how you can protect yourself. If the FDA and the USDA won't safeguard us from food contamination, the Health Ranger will.
Release on 2017-07-28 | by James F. Carter,Lesley A. Chesson
Stable Isotopes as a Guide to Authenticity and Origin
Author: James F. Carter,Lesley A. Chesson
Pubpsher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Food forensics is a multi-disciplinary science involving advanced analytical techniques, plant and animal metabolism, and sophisticated data interpretation tools. This book explains how plants, and in turn animals eating those plants, assimilate stable isotopes and trace elements from their environments. It provides extensive reviews of the use of stable isotope and trace element measurements for the authentication of major food groups and how these can be used to detect fraudsters. The book emphasises the use of correct methods for sample preparation and measurement so that data can be compared to existing datasets, with a dedicated chapter discussing interpretations.
Release on 2016-02-25 | by Richard Evershed,Nicola Temple
The Science of Food Fraud Forensics
Author: Richard Evershed,Nicola Temple
Pubpsher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Horsemeat in burgers was hard to swallow, but there are far more sinister culinary crimes afoot... Chicken eggs that haven't come from chickens, melamine in infant's milk in China, nut shells in spices – these are just some examples of the food fraud that has occurred in recent years. As our urban lifestyle takes us further and further away from our food sources, there are increasing opportunities for dishonesty, duplicity and profit-making short-cuts. Food adulteration, motivated by money, is an issue that has spanned the globe throughout human history. Whether it's a matter of making a good quality oil stretch a bit further by adding a little extra 'something' or labelling a food falsely to appeal to current consumer trends – it's all food fraud, and it costs the food industry billions of dollars each year. The price to consumers may be even higher, with some paying for these crimes with their health and, in some cases, their lives. Sorting the Beef from the Bull is a collection of food fraud tales from around the world. It explains the role of science in uncovering some of the century's biggest food scams, and explores the arms race between food forensics and fraudsters as new methods of detection spur more creative and sophisticated means of committing the crimes. This book equips us with the knowledge of what is possible in the world of food fraud and shines a light on the shady areas of our food supply system where these criminals lurk.
Considering the need for robust and reliable techniques to identify food contaminants and adulteration, Food Toxicology and Forensics presents an overview of these subjects, as well as the analytical tools necessary to handle the complexity of the issues at play between them. It discusses the presence of foreign substances in food despite forensic analysis and supports the scientific community, laboratories, and regulatory bodies in their aim to identify food fraud. Topics include the forensic attribution profiling of food by liquid chromatography (LC), contemporary mass spectrometry (MS), tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS), the application of ambient ionization mass spectrometry (AIMS) techniques for the analysis of food samples, as well as modern probe technology for species detection using rapid and accurate forensic analysis. Includes toxicology and analytical methods for determination of certain toxicants in foods Discusses legal, economic, and biological issues of food adulteration and food fraud Presents the latest allergen measurement techniques and post review of allergen non-compliance cases Provides methods of validation of DNA biochip for species identification in food forensic science
Release on 2016-08-30 | by Amorim Antonio,Budowle Bruce
Author: Amorim Antonio,Budowle Bruce
Pubpsher: World Scientific
The use of genetics for the resolution of legal conflicts has recently been gaining a higher profile, largely as a result of scientific and technological advancements and the substantial broadening of applications. The theoretical framework underlying forensic genetics is the same irrespective of the materials and technology involved, however a great divide still exists in the manner and processes related to human and non-human analyses.This advanced handbook intends to overcome the historical barriers between the scientific fields of legal medicine, biodiversity and conservation, and food analysis by presenting a unifying, global perspective on the implications of genetic analyses on forensic affairs. This global perspective is presented in three parts: modes of inheritance and reproduction and taxonomic implications; current technological approaches and future perspectives; and a comprehensive systematization of the types of applications and organisms. Finally, a critical revision of the current investigative/expert systems and future perspectives is undertaken.This book provides a collection of international research, thereby constituting a reference platform for the forensic community and an advanced textbook for graduate students. It encompasses the theoretical bases of the field, and presents in the context of both perspectives of forensic action — probative and investigative — a comprehensive coverage of the current applications and technological state of the art.
Release on 2010-03-23 | by Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Pubpsher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems
This book presents a general introduction to the computational aspects of forensic science, covering the different tools needed for forensic investigations, the importance of forensics and biometrics, and the use of Benford’s law for biometrics and network traffic analysis. It specifically focuses on the application of these techniques in Africa, and how they can be of benefit in the investigation of crime in Nigeria in particular.