Framing Welfare Recipients in Political Discourse

"This book offers a compelling read, analysing how workfare is legitimated in the Central European context, through the innovative metaphor of "political farming.

Framing Welfare Recipients in Political Discourse


Whose Welfare An Analysis of Race Stigma and Otherization in US Welfare Discourse

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, London School of Economics (International Inequalities Institute), course: Inequalities and Social Science, language: English, abstract ...

Whose Welfare  An Analysis of Race  Stigma  and Otherization in US Welfare Discourse

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, London School of Economics (International Inequalities Institute), course: Inequalities and Social Science, language: English, abstract: On 22 August 1996, President Clinton signed into law the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), the most significant reform of the US welfare state in half a century. Since then, the press has generally claimed welfare reform to be a success despite complicated trends illustrating that for many in need of social assistance, life has gotten harder, especially for ethnic/racial minorities. As minority populations on the welfare rolls increase and become more diverse, and redistribution becomes increasingly essential to low-income individuals, it is important to analyze the ideologies and values of the US welfare state in comparison with their context. To do this, I analyze the social construction of welfare recipients in US news discourse from 1996 until 2012 using an integrated content and discourse analysis testing for presence of and patterns within stigamtizing, otherizing, and/or racialized associations with welfare recipients. Generally, my findings illustrate that stigmatization, otherization, and racialization remained prevalent within welfare discourse over the period of analysis; although functioning separately, they reinforced each other to ultimately portray welfare recipients, especially Blacks and Hispanics, as unlikely to warrant public support.

The Legal Tender of Gender

The rules—resting on the framing of welfare recipients by the state and dominant political discourses as lazy, work-avoidant, morally suspect and ...

The Legal Tender of Gender

Extensive welfare, law and policy reforms characterised the making and unmaking of Keynesian states in the twentieth century. This collection highlights the gendered nature of these regulatory shifts and, specifically, the roles played by women as reformers, welfare workers and welfare recipients, in the development of welfare states historically. The contributors are leading feminist socio-legal scholars from a range of disciplines in Canada, the United States and Israel. Collectively, their analyses of women, law and poverty speak to long-standing and ongoing feminist concerns: the importance of historically informed research, the relevance of women's agency and resistance to the experience of inequality and injustice, the specificity of the experience of poor women and poor mothers, the implications of changes to social policy, and the possibilities for social change. Such analyses are particularly timely as the devastation of neo-liberalism becomes increasingly obvious. The current world crisis of capitalism is a defining moment for liberal states – a global catastrophe that concomitantly creates a window of opportunity for critical scholars and activists to reframe debates about social welfare, work, and equality, and to reinsert the discourse of social justice into the public consciousness and political agendae of liberal democracies.

Dangerous Frames

Rather, the framing of Social Security has racialized—but not gendered—opinion ... Although political debates frequently treat race and gender separately, ...

Dangerous Frames

In addition to their obvious roles in American politics, race and gender also work in hidden ways to profoundly influence the way we think—and vote—about a vast array of issues that don’t seem related to either category. As Nicholas Winter reveals in Dangerous Frames, politicians and leaders often frame these seemingly unrelated issues in ways that prime audiences to respond not to the policy at hand but instead to the way its presentation resonates with their deeply held beliefs about race and gender. Winter shows, for example, how official rhetoric about welfare and Social Security has tapped into white Americans’ racial biases to shape their opinions on both issues for the past two decades. Similarly, the way politicians presented health care reform in the 1990s divided Americans along the lines of their attitudes toward gender. Combining cognitive and political psychology with innovative empirical research, Dangerous Frames ultimatelyilluminates the emotional underpinnings of American politics.

Racisms

So by media and politicians generating and sustaining the idea that (contrary to the statistics) welfare recipients were overwhelmingly single black mothers ...

Racisms

Combining key theoretical perspectives with contemporary case studies, this text will be invaluable in helping you to fully understand the complex issue of racism. With clear definitions and practical examples this is a solid resource when seeking to examine the way in which racisms have become part of social practices and institutions. Providing a clear and readable introduction to all of the key concepts, theories and debates, this fully revised new edition: Includes new chapters on Ethnicity and Immigration Has 30 new boxed case studies with a more international focus Contains new learning features including further reading and questions for reflection Racisms is an ideal introduction for undergraduates studying race and ethnicity, social divisions and stratification.

Framing Inequality

Curiously, my analysis of linguistic and verbal content shows that the racial implications of welfare reform were not an explicit part of political debate ...

Framing Inequality

Neoliberal policy approaches have swept over the American political economy in recent decades. In Framing Inequality, Matt Guardino focuses on the power of corporate news media in shaping how the public understands the pivotal policy debates of this period. Drawing on a wide range of empirical evidence from the dawn of the Reagan era into the Trump administration, he explains how profit pressures and commercial imperatives in the media have narrowed and trivialized news coverage and influenced public attitudes in the process. Guardino highlights how the political-economic structure of mainstream media operates to magnify some political messages and to mute or shut out others. He contends that news framing of policies that contribute to economic inequality has been unequal, and that this has undermined Americans' opportunities to express their views on an equal basis. Framing Inequality is a unique study that offers critical understanding of not only how neoliberalism succeeded as a political project, but also how Americans might begin to build a more democratic and egalitarian media system.

Politics Discourse and American Society

Nearly one - third of the poll questions in the corpus are framed in a way that discusses welfare , welfare recipients , or the welfare system as " problems ...

Politics  Discourse  and American Society

What is the purpose of public talk in a democratic society? Do the American people interact with their government in distinctive ways? Are the nation's mass media helpful or harmful to the democratic experience? In Politics, Discourse, and American Society, some of the nation's best young scholars take us beyond conventional perspectives to present original work on how politics is transacted in American society and how public communication affects those transactions. They also lay out directions for future research, thereby putting fresh ideas on the scholarly agenda. The authors ask whether the American president is genuinely powerful, if lawsuits have become a way of changing the nation's politics, whether public opinion polling is really objective, and whether politics can still be distinguished from pop culture.

Political Speech as a Weapon Microaggression in a Changing Racial and Ethnic Environment

The typical elected official frames illegal immigrants as criminals, welfare recipients, and taking jobs from Americans. Now, consider how the media frames ...

Political Speech as a Weapon  Microaggression in a Changing Racial and Ethnic Environment

Provides a penetrating examination of how political rhetoric from public officials creates tensions via microaggression cues due to changing demographics, campaign rhetoric, and the use of social media. • Explains how hostile rhetoric by public officials can lead to the marginalization of groups and a polarizing environment • Suggests that political discourse is used to accentuate cultural differences due to changing demographics in the United States • Illustrates that microaggression cues are a pervasive and damaging component of the U.S. political culture • Appropriate reading for anyone interested in or students of modern social movements, U.S. media and politics, race and ethnicity, political behavior, social psychology, and Latino American or African American studies

Holes in the Safety Net

... Rican women as welfare recipients began to guide political frames and political action on welfare. Before the mid-to-late 1960s, political discourse ...

Holes in the Safety Net

An overview of the role played by federalism in anti-poverty policy and in poverty law.

Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion

And the more these kinds of discussions take place, the more they reinforce themselves. For one thing, by repeatedly bringing up problems associated with ...

Immigration and the Politics of Welfare Exclusion

Why do some governments try to limit immigrants' access to social benefits and entitlements? This book reveals that such efforts have little to do with economic pressures but rather result from a political climate that rewards a punitive approach to immigration and multiculturalism.

Getting Tough

The belief that welfare recipients abused the system and shirked labor ... Politicians' rhetoric depicted recipients as “nonworkers” and an isolated type of ...

Getting Tough


Advances in Critical Discourse Studies

This politics of fear has helped to drive an evolving regime of income support based on stigmatising an ever increasing number of welfare recipient ...

Advances in Critical Discourse Studies

Advances in Critical Discourse Studies collects ground-breaking scholarship and cutting-edge research which reflects significant shifts in Critical Discourse Studies, exploring the field from theoretical, analytic and methodological perspectives. Innovative chapters analyse a diverse range of discourses including journalism, mass media, political communication, policy documents, interviews, photographic archive and official bodies. The chapters in Part I explore Critical Discourse Studies from the point of view of history, memory, identity politics, and discourse, analysing salient examples of how memory and recollection of the past shapes understandings and narratives of the present, and visions of future societies. Part II explores problem-oriented analysis in Critical Discourse Studies and examines the roles that discourse plays in the formation, perpetuation and transformation of class relations. Finally, Part III explores a methodological issue by looking at the benefits of reinforcing fieldwork and ethnographic analysis in Critical Discourse Studies. The case studies throughout the book demonstrate that analytic research contributes significantly to the in-depth and in-situ research of a variety of increasingly complex social, historical, political and economic contexts. This book was originally published as three special issues of the journal Critical Discourse Studies.

Mediated Shame of Class and Poverty Across Europe

... benefit recipients makes them, especially in Romanian, capable of framing ... from political troubles to the economic situation, sometimes in a single ...

Mediated Shame of Class and Poverty Across Europe

The key concepts of the book are media, class, poverty, and shaming. The contributors to this book examine how certain social relations and their cultural meanings in the media, namely class and poverty, are transformed into factual or moral attributes of people and situations. Class and poverty are not understood as certain things and actions, or concepts and numbers; both class and poverty are assumed to be, above all, particular social relationships or a set of relations between people, things and symbols. Without denying that contempt for the destitute Other is an affect found throughout history and in various socioeconomic contexts, the chapters in this book through their concern with the mediated gaze on class narrate predominantly the challenges brought about by the medias spectacular take on poverty and low status as they (at least) coincide with the neoliberal era. This volume will be essential reading for the scholars specialising in the study of media and social inequalities form the vantage points of Media Studies, Sociology, Anthropology or European Studies. .

Gender and American Politics

The policy chapters in this volume all address the importance of framing to ... debate was in many ways overdetermined by the way that welfare recipients ...

Gender and American Politics

List of Tables and Figures; Acknowledgments; 1. Introduction: Gender, Sex, and American Political Life, Jyl J. Josephson and Sue Tolleson- Rinehart; Part I. Political Behavior; 2. Gender and Political Knowledge, Michael X. Delli Carpini and Scott Keeter; 3. Gender and Political Participation, M. Margaret Conway; 4.

Administration and the Other

According to their research, women who were chronic welfare recipients had lower IQs ... playing a greater role in framing the discourse related to welfare.

Administration and the Other

The American state, with its various instruments of policy-making and implementation, has found itself wrestling with various policy challenges related to matters of marginalization. Administration and the Other uses historical cases to examine the social construction of groups in American policy and proposes using the various lessons that are often unspoken in discussions of the history and evolution of the field to launch a discourse of inclusion and connectivity.

Economic Inequality and News Media

Discourse, Power, and Redistribution Andrea Grisold, Paschal Preston ... and the Media: How Welfare Recipients and Journalists Frame the Welfare Debate'.

Economic Inequality and News Media

Economic inequalities have become increasingly prominent in public debate in the last decade as sluggish economic growth, declining or stagnant incomes, high unemployment, and state policy regimes orientated towards austerity dominate many core capitalist regions, often with extreme turbulence in the political arena. Debate over these issues unfolds in both the public sphere and within the academy, with the conversation developing from two disciplinary areas in particular: economics and political economy, and journalism and communication studies. Economic Inequality and News Media brings these fields together. In this interdisciplinary volume, Andrea Grisold and Paschal Preston build on a unique multi-country research project exploring how news media cover and frame issues of economic inequality. Taking media coverage of Thomas Piketty's best-selling Capital in the Twenty-First Century as a case study, this book addresses important blind-spots in the relationship between mainstream media and economics. It interrogates both the failure of economists' to engage with the evolving role of the media as well as journalists' tendency to overlook key aspects of economic processes and power that are politically relevant and of public interest. Grisold and Preston tackle this disconnect and argue for a multi-disciplinary approach in which they acknowledge the crucial role the mass media plays in creating and disseminating economic information. The book explores important questions such as: How do new forms of economic inequality, power, and privilege relate to prevailing theories and conceptualizations of the media? What roles do new trends and forms of economic inequality play in the typical narratives of mediated communication? How do we construct the story of inequality? This eye-opening and transdisciplinary book sheds new light not only on the relation between news media and economic inequality, but also on economic issues more broadly. In an evolving world experiencing the rise of ultra-nationalism, populism, and rampant economic uncertainty, Economic Inequality and News Media is a crucial investigation of the nuances of economic news media.

The Language of Money and Debt

In his 2013 paper, “Framing fraud: Discourse on benefit cheating in Sweden and the UK”, Lundström explicates the particular political experiences that ...

The Language of Money and Debt

This book analyses the language that ordinary people employ when discussing money, debt and financial behaviour. It documents and critiques this language from an array of disciplinary perspectives, with chapters on children’s books, government infomercials, television poverty porn, the emotional experience of being indebted, and more. In doing so, it addresses common underlying questions concerning definitions of money and value, and scrutinises how people construct, negotiate and articulate meaning in these domains. This wide-ranging edited collection will be of interest to students and scholars of linguistics, sociology, communication, literature and anthropology.

Poor News

Media Discourses of Poverty in Times of Austerity Dr. Steven Harkins, ... news media framing welfare recipients in a negative light while welfare cuts were ...

Poor News

Poor News examines the way discourses of poverty are articulated in the news media by incorporating specific narratives and definers that bring about certain ideological worldviews.

The Roma and Their Struggle for Identity in Contemporary Europe

The second analytical perspective involves questioning the discourse of 'welfare dependency', which stigmatizes welfare recipients through an intensive ...

The Roma and Their Struggle for Identity in Contemporary Europe

Thirty years after the collapse of Communism, and at a time of increasing anti-migrant and anti-Roma sentiment, this book analyses how Roma identity is expressed in contemporary Europe. From backgrounds ranging from political theory, postcolonial, cultural and gender studies to art history, feminist critique and anthropology, the contributors reflect on the extent to which a politics of identity regarding historically disadvantaged, racialized minorities such as the Roma can still be legitimately articulated.

Framing Inequality

In Framing Inequality, Matt Guardino focuses on the power of corporate news media in shaping how the public understands the pivotal policy debates of this period.

Framing Inequality

Neoliberal policy approaches have swept over the American political economy in recent decades. In Framing Inequality, Matt Guardino focuses on the power of corporate news media in shaping how the public understands the pivotal policy debates of this period. Drawing on a wide range of empirical evidence from the dawn of the Reagan era into the Trump administration, he explains how profit pressures and commercial imperatives in the media have narrowed and trivialized news coverage and influenced public attitudes in the process. Guardino highlights how the political-economic structure of mainstream media operates to magnify some political messages and to mute or shut out others. He contends that news framing of policies that contribute to economic inequality has been unequal, and that this has undermined Americans' opportunities to express their views on an equal basis. Framing Inequality is a unique study that offers critical understanding of not only how neoliberalism succeeded as a political project, but also how Americans might begin to build a more democratic and egalitarian media system.