Functional Foods

2 Economic Aspects of Functional Foods 2.1 Introduction1 Once taken to be an exclusively Japanese phenomenon , functional foods have meanwhile entered the mainstream and are here to stay . Despite drawbacks , the food industry in ...

Functional Foods

This report reviews functional foods from a multidisciplinary perspective focusing on safety, legal/policy aspects, economy, public perceptions and ethics. It attempts to clarify the main issues and provides comprehensive recommendations for policymaking, especially since functional foods are being introduced into society at a particularly sensitive moment when food has become a main issue in public debates and a focal point of political activity in Europe. Diet-related diseases have assumed epidemic proportions significantly affecting the quality of life while obesity is spreading to the majority of the adult population but also to young people. These foods assume a highly targeted solution to diet-related diseases with effective reduction of risk and improved physical and mental well-being, but are still faced with a host of unresolved issues.

Phytochemical Functional Foods

In this study , dietary habits and phytoestrogen consumption were assessed by a food - frequency questionnaire ... 10.5 Establishing appropriate intake levels for isoflavones Functional foods have no universally accepted definition .

Phytochemical Functional Foods

Plant foods are rich in micronutrients, but they also contain an immense variety of biologically-active, non-nutritive compounds that contribute to color, flavor and other characteristics. This book assesses the health benefits of phytochemicals, as well as the functional benefits of particular groups of phytochemicals such as phytoestogens, carotenoids and flavonoids. Chapters cover key safety and quality issues in developing phytochemical products, instituting appropriate intake levels, testing for safety and establishing health claims through clinical trials.

The Functional Foods Revolution

Policy developments were promoted initially by both the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the food industry. Both saw functional food as offering UK companies the potential for competitive advantages in international ...

The Functional Foods Revolution

Foods that promote human health - 'functional foods' or nutraceuticals - have caught the imagination of the global food industry. All the household-name companies are developing them as a key driver in their global strategies. They see the prospect of new markets and bigger margins, but the issues presented are fraught with complexity and difficulties. Distinguishing hype from real hope, the authors of this handbook explain the dilemmas and contradictions the industry faces. They present a wealth of detailed marketing, food policy and regulatory material from the leading markets world-wide and show how the hopes of the industry, and the consumer, may be dashed. The solution they offer is radical - nothing less than a new business model of what they term a healthful company.

Handbook of Fermented Functional Foods Second Edition

GABA and their agonists have been used in some medicines and are also commercially added in some functional foods for the improvement of brain metabolic function and hypertension.88,89 GABA production is known to occur in cheese ...

Handbook of Fermented Functional Foods  Second Edition

For centuries, people around the world have used fermentation to preserve and enhance the flavor of a wide variety of foods. Today, complex interactions of microbiota in the digestive tract are found to influence proper digestion, metabolism, and disease resistance. With greater emphasis on natural products and the role of food in health and wellbeing, food manufacturers are once again turning to fermentation not just for extending shelf life, but to create functional food products that take an active part in maintaining overall health. Featuring five new chapters and updating all data to reflect the latest research findings, Handbook of Fermented Functional Foods, Second Edition examines the health benefits of fermented foods as well as the processes and production techniques involved in manufacturing fermented food products. Maintaining the highest quality information and the easily accessible format of its predecessor, this edition includes new chapters on olives, tempeh, and the traditional fermented foods of China, Thailand, and India. It looks at the history of fermented foods and reveals the specific benefits of fermented milk, Kefir, yogurt, and cheese. Contributions cover fermented soy products, including Natto and Miso, as well as the fermentation of other vegetables such as Korean Kimchi and Doenjang and German sauerkraut. The book also explains the bioactivity and bioavailability of microorganisms and investigates the more recent practice of producing probiotic cultures to add to fermented foods for increased health benefit. Presenting new findings and interpretations that point even more clearly to the important role fermented foods play in our diet and overall health, this second edition demonstrates the current knowledge of fermented food production and reflects the growing credibility of probiotics in health maintenance.

Korean Functional Foods

prevention of cardiovascular diseases, 123–125 probiotic function of Bac. subtilis, 125–126 processing methods and ... 508 Future of functional foods in Korea, 539–552 aging population, 539–540 change in demand for functional foods, ...

Korean Functional Foods

Koreans believe the adage of food as medicine. Therefore, herbs or fruit ingredients such as ginger, cinnamon, adlay, mugwort, pomegranate, and ginseng are used for their therapeutic effects as much as cooking. This book provide information related to Korean functional food. It first describes the history and culture of Korean foods, and then compares Korean diet tables with other Asian countries and Western countries. Also, the book will cover detailed information of Korean functional foods such as kimchi, soybean products, ginseng, salt, oil and seeds. It also deals with its health benefits and processing methods, followed by rules and regulations related to its manufacture and sales.

Clinical Aspects of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

As a pivotal part of the research and development of “healthful food,” “functional foods and nutraceuticals” have been studied worldwide over the past 30 years [2]. Although we cannot definitively conclude that specific functional foods ...

Clinical Aspects of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

In the last three decades, revolutionary achievements have taken place in nutraceutical and functional food research including the introduction of a number of cutting-edge dietary supplements supported by human clinical trials and strong patents. Novel manufacturing technologies including unique extraction processes, bioavailability improvements through delivery technologies such as nanotechnology, and innovative packaging have been critical steps for their successful positioning in the marketplace and consumer acceptance worldwide. Nonetheless, mixed messages have emerged from both the scientific community and the media concerning the potential benefits of foods and nutrients in the treatment and prevention of disease. This confusion, in addition to existing marketed products making questionable health claims, have led health practitioners and consumers to become skeptical about nutritional claims of new and emerging food products. Clinical Aspects of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals provides an extensive overview of the clinical aspects of functional foods and nutraceuticals. It contains information on both nutritional challenges and potential health benefits of functional foods and nutraceuticals. In addition to exploring the underpinning science, the book also focuses on food innovation, functional foods in human health, food–drug interactions, functional foods in medicine, the seed-to-clinic approach, global regulatory frameworks, challenges, and future directions. The book provides an essential overview of the clinical aspects surrounding functional foods and nutraceuticals for key stakeholders, drawing links between areas of knowledge that are often isolated from each other. This form of knowledge integration will be essential for practice, especially for policy makers and administrators.

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

The third class of functional foods is synthetic food ingredients, such as inulin- type fructans, that serve as prebiotics (Crowe and Francis 2013). Inulin and oligofructose are well-studied prebiotics known to selectively stimulate ...

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Functional foods and nutraceuticals are food products that naturally offer or have been modified to offer additional health benefits beyond basic nutrition. As such products have surged in popularity in recent years, it is crucial that researchers and manufacturers understand the concepts underpinning functional foods and the opportunity they represent to improve human health, reduce healthcare costs, and support economic development worldwide. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations presents a guide to functional foods from experienced professionals in key institutions around the world. The text provides background information on the health benefits, bioavailability, and safety measurements of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Subsequent chapters detail the bioactive components in functional foods responsible for these health benefits, as well as the different formulations of these products and recent innovations spurred by consumer demands. Authors emphasize product development for increased marketability, taking into account safety issues associated with functional food adulteration and solutions to be found in GMP adherence. Various food preservation methods aimed at enhancing the quality and shelf life of functional food are also highlighted. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations is the first of its kind, designed to be useful to students, teachers, nutritionists, food scientists, food technologists and public health regulators alike.

Regulation of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

In terms of the function claims, health (functional) foods are classified into 27 categories as listed in Table 16.1. But based on chemical structures of active ingredients, all health foods basically fall into the following classes: ...

Regulation of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Regulation of Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: A Global Perspective offers a comprehensive resource for information on regulatory aspects of the growing and economically important functional food industry. Regulatory systems and definitions of key terms-food, supplement, drug, etc-vary from country to country. A thorough understanding of laws and regulation within and among key countries with regard to functional foods, herbal extracts or drugs, and nutritional supplements is critical to the direction of food companies that are developing products for these markets. International experts with legal and/or scientific expertise address relevant topics from quality issues, to organic foods to labeling. Innovative product development within the framework of existing regulations will be addressed in individual chapters. Overview chapters will discuss global principles, inter-country trading issues, and present a comparison of the laws and regulations within different countries graphically. A "must-have" handbook for research professionals, management, and marketing strategists in the worldwide functional foods/nutritional supplements business. Food technicians and engineers responsible for manufacturing quality in this industry should add it to their library to ensure that they have a thorough knowledge of the applicable legal requirements. The book will also serve as an indispensable shelf reference for lawyers in the food industry and government health professionals with regulatory responsibilities.

Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Third Edition

Another reason for the growing trend in functional foods is public education. People today are more nutrition savvy than ever before, the interest in health-related information being met by many informational resources.

Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods  Third Edition

This handbook compiles information on novel ingredients and functional food products from leading authors in their respective areas of expertise. It provides an evidence-based and authoritative review of the prophylactic properties exerted by food components, foods, and dietary patterns. It includes information on the chemical properties, dietary sources, intakes, efficacy, health effects, and safety of each bioactive compound, functional food, or nutraceutical. This edition contains many new topics, including inflammation relief, exercised-induced immunity, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia.

Functional Foods and Biotechnology

Biotransformation and Analysis of Functional Foods and Ingredients Kalidas Shetty, Dipayan Sarkar. immunemodulators, demonstrating great potential against a number of diseases. Further in-depth analysis could reveal the nutritive and ...

Functional Foods and Biotechnology

The second book of the Food Biotechnology series, Functional Foods and Biotechnology: Biotransformation and Analysis of Functional Foods and Ingredients highlights two important and interrelated themes: biotransformation innovations and novel bio-based analytical tools for understanding and advancing functional foods and food ingredients for health-focused food and nutritional security solutions. The first section of this book provides novel examples of innovative biotransformation strategies based on ecological, biochemical, and metabolic rationale to target the improvement of human health relevant benefits of functional foods and food ingredients. The second section of the book focuses on novel host response based analytical tools and screening strategies to investigate and validate the human health and food safety relevant benefits of functional foods and food ingredients. Food biotechnology experts from around the world have contributed to this book to advance knowledge on bio-based innovations to improve wider health-focused applications of functional food and food ingredients, especially targeting non-communicable chronic disease (NCD) and food safety relevant solution strategies. Key Features: Provides system science-based food biotechnology innovations to design and advance functional foods and food ingredients for solutions to emerging global food and nutritional insecurity coupled public health challenges. Discusses biotransformation innovations to improve human health relevant nutritional qualities of functional foods and food ingredients. Includes novel host response-based food analytical models to optimize and improve wider health-focused application of functional foods and food ingredients. The overarching theme of this second book is to advance the knowledge on metabolically-driven food system innovations that can be targeted to enhance human health and food safety relevant nutritional qualities and antimicrobial properties of functional food and food ingredients. The examples of biotransformation innovations and food analytical models provide critical insights on current advances in food biotechnology to target, design and improve functional food and food ingredients with specific human health benefits. Such improved understanding will help to design more ecologically and metabolically relevant functional food and food ingredients across diverse global communities. The thematic structure of this second book is built from the related initial book, which is also available in the Food Biotechnology Series Functional Foods and Biotechnology: Sources of Functional Food and Ingredients, edited by Kalidas Shetty and Dipayan Sarkar (ISBN: 9780367435226) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: https://www.crcpress.com/Food-Biotechnology-Series/book-series/CRCFOOBIOTECH

Current Advances for Development of Functional Foods Modulating Inflammation and Oxidative Stress

Some Turkish traditional functional foods with their health benefits were summarized in Table 1.3 (Gok, 2021). 1.5 Conclusion Traditional functional foods constitute an important part of food culture and have high consumption potential ...

Current Advances for Development of Functional Foods Modulating Inflammation and Oxidative Stress

Current Advances for Development of Functional Foods Modulating Inflammation and Oxidative Stress presents the nutritional and technological aspects related to the development of functional foods with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Specifically, analytical approaches for the characterization of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of healthy foods and functional constituents, as well as technological strategies for the extraction of compounds and fractions from raw materials to produce anti-inflammatory and antioxidant ingredients are addressed. In addition, the molecular mechanisms by which foods and their components can modulate inflammation and their oxidative stress effects on disease prevention are explored. Finally, clinical research addressing nutritional needs in pathological subjects with inflammatory diseases are considered. Covers methods of analysis and extraction of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds Offers an overview of the main anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds in foods Provides a guide on the mechanisms of action and health benefits of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant dietary bioactives

Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

According to a Canadian definition “The functional foods are similar in appearance to a conventional food consumed as a part of the usual diet that enhance physiological benefits which reduce the risk of chronic diseases beyond basic ...

Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Showcases the recent advances in microbial functional food applications across food science, microbiology, biotechnology, and chemical engineering Microbial technology plays a key role in the improvement of biotechnology, cosmeceuticals, and biopharmaceutical applications. It has turned into a subject of expanding significance because new microbes and their related biomolecules are distinguished for their biological activity and health benefits. Encompassing both biotechnology and chemical engineering, Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals brings together microbiology, bacteria, and food processing/mechanization, which have applications for a variety of audiences. Pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, and medical device development all employ microbial food technology. The book addresses the recent advances in microbial functional foods and associated applications, providing an important reference work for graduates and researchers. It also provides up-to-date information on novel nutraceutical compounds and their mechanisms of action—catering to the needs of researchers and academics in food science and technology, microbiology, chemical engineering, and other disciplines who are dealing with microbial functional foods and related areas. Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is: Ground-breaking: Includes the latest developments and research in the area of microbial functional foods and nutraceuticals Multidisciplinary: Applicable across food science and technology, microbiology, biotechnology, chemical engineering, and other important research fields Practical and academic: An important area of both academic research and new product development in the food and pharmaceutical industries Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is an ideal resource of information for biologists, microbiologists, bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, food technologists, enzymologists, and nutritionists.

Functional Foods Nutraceuticals and Degenerative Disease Prevention

Although the beneficial properties of functional food components have been joined to their antioxidant properties, this is only partly true. Apart from being strong antioxidants, these components are able to modulate biochemical ...

Functional Foods  Nutraceuticals  and Degenerative Disease Prevention

Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals and Degenerative Disease Prevention is a compilation of different segments of functional foods and nutraceuticals focusing on their mechanism of action in the human body leading to disease prevention. Numerous chapters deal with different functional foods in terms of their efficacy, highlighting the mechanism of action of their ingredients. The book focuses on the biochemistry and molecular biology of the disease prevention process rather than simply compiling the benefits of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Aimed primarily at an audience comprised of researchers, industry professionals, food scientists, medical professionals and graduate level students, Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals and Degenerative Disease Prevention offers a mechanism-based interpretation for the effect of nutraceuticals within the human body. Ultimately, the discussion of the biological effects of a variety of functional foods will provide a wholesome approach to the maintenance of health through judicious choice of functional foods.

Beneficial Microbes in Fermented and Functional Foods

LWT-Food Science and Technology 40(4) (2007): 669–675. Cencic, A., Chingwaru, W. The role of functional foods, nutraceuticals, and food supplements in intestinal health. Nutrients 2(6) (2010): 611–625.

Beneficial Microbes in Fermented and Functional Foods

This book focuses exclusively on the beneficial effects of microbes in food. The section on traditional and modern fermented foods covers the role of microbes and their diversity in fermented foods, interaction between the different microflora present in fermented food products, development of starter cultures to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of fermented foods, and factors and processes affecting the safety of various fermented foods. The second section focuses on microbes in and as functional foods: probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics.

Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging

Functional. Foods. for. Healthy. Aging. Aging causes many lifestyle changes, including those related to activity and food consumption. To address the impact of aging, patients and medical personnel often resort to natural therapies, ...

Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging

Nutrition and Functional Foods for Healthy Aging aims to equip anyone studying geriatric nutrition or working with aging adults with the latest scientific reviews of critical topics. The major objective of this book is to review, in detail, the health problems of the aged and how normal food, lifestyle, or nutritional and dietary supplements can help treat them. Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems are often quite distinct from those required for young people. The special nutrition problems of the aged are intensively researched and tested, especially as the elderly become a larger percentage of the population. Many chronic diseases and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged, and it is also widely known that many elderly people use foods and nutrients well above the recommended daily allowance, which can be detrimental to optimal health. Explains the evidence supporting nutritional interventions relevant to age-related diseases Reviews the macro- and micro-nutrient requirements of aging adults and their variables Describes how alcohol, drugs, and caffeine can impact deficiencies, also exploring functional food and dietary supplements that can be used for prevention and treatment

Functional Foods and Cardiovascular Disease

Food. Guide. (Health. Canada. 2007a). and. MyPyramid.(USDA.2009a),.as.well.as.other.dietary.patterns.such.as.Portfolio,. ... International.opposes.the.use.of.the.term.functional.fiber.on.food. labels.as.defined.by.the.Institute.of.

Functional Foods and Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease remains the number one killer in North America and around the world. The staggering medical costs involved in treating patients suffering from this disease demand an alternative approach to prevent or minimize its development. In Functional Foods and Cardiovascular Disease, international researchers reveal essential up-to-date information on the role that functional foods and nutraceuticals play in preventing the development of heart disease. Highlighting the physiological benefits of a host of functional foods, the book examines: The pathogenesis of coronary artery disease Genetic methods for enhancing bioactives in foods and new techniques for extracting bioactive components for developing functional foods Clinical and experimental evidence of the cardiovascular benefits of fish oils and plant oils, particularly flaxseed oil The importance of folic acid in homocysteine metabolism and its impact on cardiovascular disease Clinical and experimental evidence for the cardiovascular benefits of plant sterols The beneficial effects of wine, garlic products, eggs, fiber, cocoa and chocolate, and coffee and tea on cardiovascular health While there have been great improvements in treating coronary heart disease through surgery and medications, prevention through diet and exercise should remain an essential priority in maintaining the health of the aging population. Nutritionists, food scientists, and those working in the health industry will find that this book enhances their understanding of the potential role of functional foods in combating cardiovascular disease before more aggressive treatment is needed.

Genomics Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Nutraceuticals and functional foods have received considerable interest in the past decade, largely due to increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits associated with food and nutrition. A functional food is a fortified food ...

Genomics  Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Functional foods and nutraceuticals have received considerable interest in the past decade largely due to increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits associated with food. Diet in human health is no longer a matter of simple nutrition: consumers are more proactive and increasingly interested in the health benefits of functional foods and their role in the prevention of illness and chronic conditions. This, combined with an aging population that focuses not only on longevity but also quality of life, has created a market for functional foods and nutraceuticals. A fully updated and revised second edition, Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods reflects the recent upsurge in "omics" technologies and features 48 chapters that cover topics including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenetics, peptidomics, nutrigenomics and human health, transcriptomics, nutriethics and nanotechnology. This cutting-edge volume, written by a panel of experts from around the globe reviews the latest developments in the field with an emphasis on the application of these novel technologies to functional foods and nutraceuticals.

Handbook of Analysis of Active Compounds in Functional Foods

According.to.the.International.Food.Information.Council.Foundation.(IFIC,.Foundation,.2011),.functional. foods.are.“foods.or.dietary.components.that.may.provide.a.health.benefit.beyond.basic..n utrition.

Handbook of Analysis of Active Compounds in Functional Foods

Functional foods offer specific benefits that enhance life and promote longevity, and the active compounds responsible for these favorable effects can be analyzed through a range of techniques. Handbook of Analysis of Active Compounds in Functional Foods presents a full overview of the analytical tools available for the analysis of active ingredients in these products. Nearly 100 experts from all over the world explore an array of methodologies for investigating and evaluating various substances, including: Amino acids, peptides, and proteins, along with glutamine, taurine, glutathione, carnitine, and creatine Water- and fat-soluble vitamins and probiotics Terpenes, including hydrocarbon carotenoids and oxycarotenoids (xanthophylls) Phenolic compounds such as flavonoids, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, stilbenes, resveratrol, anthocynanins, isoflavones, tannins, ellagic acid, and chlorogenic acids Fibers and polysaccharides, including chitosan, insoluble dietary fiber, fructans, inulin, pectin, and cyclodextrins Phytoestrogens and hormones, with chapters on anise oil and melatonin Tetrapyrroles, minerals, and trace elements Lipid compounds, with discussions of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acids, lecithin, sterols, stanols, lipoic acid, and alliin Sweeteners, salt replacers, and taste-modifying compounds Each chapter describes the specific compound and its benefits, surveys the range of analytic techniques available, and provides ample references to facilitate further study. The book follows a convenient format with well-organized chapters, allowing readers to quickly hone in on specific topics of interest. This comprehensive reference provides a complete survey of the most cutting-edge analytical techniques available for researchers, industry professionals, and regulators.

Functional Food and Human Health

1.3.4 Fruits and Vegetables as Functional Foods Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables has proven to reduce the risk of cancer and heart-related diseases which are prevalent in industrialized countries and developing countries.

Functional Food and Human Health

Global health and the increasing incidence of various diseases are a cause for concern, and doctors and scientists reason that the diet, food habits and lifestyle are contributing factors. Processed food has reduced the nutritional value of our diet, and although supplementing foods with various additives is considered an alternative, the long-term impact of this is not known. Many laboratories around the world are working to identify various nutritional components in our daily food and their effect on human health. These have been classified as Nutraceuticals or functional food, and they may have preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of pathologies associated with modern dietary habits and lifestyles. This book addresses various aspects of this issue, revitalizing the discussion and consolidating the latest research on nutritional and functional food and their effects in in-vitro, in-vivo and human clinical studies.

Essentials of Food Science

Functional Foods Hopefully all foods are “functional” in that they provide aroma, taste, nutritive value, and perhaps “comfort.” Yet, the term “functional food” carries a different connotation: that those named foods provide benefit ...

Essentials of Food Science

Essentials of Food Science covers the basics of foods, food science, and food technology. The book is meant for the non-major intro course, whether taught in the food science or nutrition/dietetics department. In previous editions the book was organized around the USDA Food Pyramid which has been replaced. The revised pyramid will now be mentioned in appropriate chapters only. Other updates include new photos, website references, and culinary alerts for culinary and food preparation students. Two added topics include RFID (Radio frequency ID) tags, and trans fat disclosures. Includes updates on: food commodities, optimizing quality, laws, and food safety.