All macroscopic systems consist ultimately of atoms obeying the laws of quantum mechanics. That premise forms the basis for this comprehensive text, intended for a first upper-level course in statistical and thermal physics. Reif emphasizes that the combination of microscopic concepts with some statistical postulates leads readily to conclusions on a purely macroscopic level. The authors writing style and penchant for description energize interest in condensed matter physics as well as provide a conceptual grounding with information that is crystal clear and memorable. Reif first introduces basic probability concepts and statistical methods used throughout all of physics. Statistical ideas are then applied to systems of particles in equilibrium to enhance an understanding of the basic notions of statistical mechanics, from which derive the purely macroscopic general statements of thermodynamics. Next, he turns to the more complicated equilibrium situations, such as phase transformations and quantum gases, before discussing nonequilibrium situations in which he treats transport theory and dilute gases at varying levels of sophistication. In the last chapter, he addresses some general questions involving irreversible processes and fluctuations. A large amount of material is presented to facilitate students later access to more advanced works, to allow those with higher levels of curiosity to read beyond the minimum given on a topic, and to enhance understanding by presenting several ways of looking at a particular question. Formatting within the text either signals material that instructors can assign at their own discretion or highlights important results for easy reference to them. Additionally, by solving many of the 230 problems contained in the text, students activate and embed their knowledge of the subject matter.
This fully revised and updated edition provides a uniquely accessible introduction to the principles and applications of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Based on the highly acclaimed text by famous physicist M.D. Sturge, it continues its emphasis on explaining concepts with simple mathematics and plain English, as well as consistent use of terminology and notation. The new edition includes a chapter on non-equilibrium thermodynamics and many new examples from soft condensed matter physics. Additionally, chapters have been reorganized for better flow.
This book is based on many years of teaching statistical and thermal physics. It assumes no previous knowledge of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, or probability---the only prerequisites are an elementary knowledge of classical and modern physics, and of multivariable calculus. The first half of the book introduces the subject inductively but rigorously, proceeding from the concrete and specific to the abstract and general. In clear physical language the book explains the key concepts, such as temperature, heat, entropy, free energy, chemical potential, and distributions, both classical and quantum. The second half of the book applies these concepts to a wide variety of phenomena, including perfect gases, heat engines, and transport processes. Each chapter contains fully worked examples and real-world problems drawn from physics, astronomy, biology, chemistry, electronics, and mechanical engineering.
This text presents the two complementary aspects of thermal physics as an integrated theory of the properties of matter. Conceptual understanding is promoted by thorough development of basic concepts. In contrast to many texts, statistical mechanics, including discussion of the required probability theory, is presented first. This provides a statistical foundation for the concept of entropy, which is central to thermal physics. A unique feature of the book is the development of entropy based on Boltzmann's 1877 definition; this avoids contradictions or ad hoc corrections found in other texts. Detailed fundamentals provide a natural grounding for advanced topics, such as black-body radiation and quantum gases. An extensive set of problems (solutions are available for lecturers through the OUP website), many including explicit computations, advance the core content by probing essential concepts. The text is designed for a two-semester undergraduate course but can be adapted for one-semester courses emphasizing either aspect of thermal physics. It is also suitable for graduate study.
The original work by M.D. Sturge has been updated and expanded to include new chapters covering non-equilibrium and biological systems. This second edition re-organizes the material in a more natural manner into four parts that continues to assume no previous knowledge of thermodynamics. The four divisions of the material introduce the subject inductively and rigorously, beginning with key concepts of equilibrium thermodynamics such as heat, temperature and entropy. The second division focuses on the fundamentals of modern thermodynamics: free energy, chemical potential and the partition function. The second half of the book is then designed with the flexibility to meet the needs of both the instructor and the students, with a third section focused on the different types of gases: ideal, Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, Black Body Radiation and the Photon gases. In the fourth and final division of the book, modern thermostatistical applications are addressed: semiconductors, phase transitions, transport processes, and finally the new chapters on non-equilibrium and biological systems. Key Features: Provides the most readable, thorough introduction to statistical physics and thermodynamics, with magnetic, atomic, and electrical systems addressed alongside development of fundamental topics at a non-rigorous mathematical level Includes brand-new chapters on biological and chemical systems and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, as well as extensive new examples from soft condensed matter and correction of typos from the prior edition Incorporates new numerical and simulation exercises throughout the book Adds more worked examples, problems, and exercises
The 1952 Nobel physics laureate Felix Bloch (1905-83) was one of the titans of twentieth-century physics. He laid the fundamentals for the theory of solids and has been called the “father of solid-state physics.” His numerous, valuable contributions include the theory of magnetism, measurement of the magnetic moment of the neutron, nuclear magnetic resonance, and the infrared problem in quantum electrodynamics. Statistical mechanics is a crucial subject which explores the understanding of the physical behaviour of many-body systems that create the world around us. Bloch's first-year graduate course at Stanford University was the highlight for several generations of students. Upon his retirement, he worked on a book based on the course. Unfortunately, at the time of his death, the writing was incomplete. This book has been prepared by Professor John Dirk Walecka from Bloch's unfinished masterpiece. It also includes three sets of Bloch's handwritten lecture notes (dating from 1949, 1969 and 1976), and details of lecture notes taken in 1976 by Brian Serot, who gave an invaluable opinion of the course from a student's perspective. All of Bloch's problem sets, some dating back to 1933, have been included. The book is accessible to anyone in the physical sciences at the advanced undergraduate level or the first-year graduate level.
This book presents an innovative unified approach to the statistical foundations of entropy and the fundamentals of equilibrium statistical mechanics. These intimately related subjects are often developed in a fragmented historical manner which obscures the essential simplicity of their logical structure. In contrast, this book critically reassesses and systematically reorganizes the basic concepts into a simpler sequential framework which reveals more clearly their logical relationships. The inherent indistinguishability of identical particles is emphasized, and the resulting unification of classical and quantum statistics is discussed in detail. The discussion is focused entirely on fundamental concepts, so applications are omitted. The book is written at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level, and will be useful as a concise supplement to conventional books and courses in statistical mechanics, thermal physics, and thermodynamics. It is also suitable for self-study by those seeking a deeper and more detailed analysis of the fundamentals. Contents: IntroductionFundamentalsThe Hypothesis of Equal a priori ProbabilitiesConstraintsThe Principle of Maximum EntropyThermodynamic SystemsThe Canonical and Grand Canonical Probability DistributionsMany-Particle SystemsIdentical Particles Are Inherently Indistinguishable Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in statistical physics. Keywords: Entropy;Statistical Mechanics;Statistical Physics;Thermal Physics;Thermodynamics;Information Theory;Probability;Statistics;Fluctuations;Uncertainty;Maximum Entropy;MaxEnt;Indistinguishability;Canonical;Grand Canonical;Boltzmann Distribution;Fermi-Dirac;Bose-Einstein;Gibbs;Boltzmann;JaynesReview: Key Features: The sequential logical structure of the treatment, in which each level naturally follows from and builds upon the previous levels; concepts are not introduced until they are neededDespite brevity (made possible by omitting applications), the fundamental concepts are discussed in greater depth, detail, and generality than is usual in much larger and more expensive booksDiscusses and explains in detail the inherent indistinguishability of identical particles in both classical and quantum mechanics, correcting the misconception to the contrary widespread in most other books, thus unifying classical and quantum statistics within a single general framework
Graduate-level text covers properties of the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions; the interrelated subjects of fluctuations, thermal noise, and Brownian movement; and the thermodynamics of irreversible processes. 1958 edition.
Release on 2012-07-03 | by Kenneth Kuan-yun Kuo,Ragini Acharya
Author: Kenneth Kuan-yun Kuo,Ragini Acharya
Pubpsher: John Wiley & Sons
Detailed coverage of advanced combustion topics from the authorof Principles of Combustion, Second Edition Turbulence, turbulent combustion, and multiphase reacting flowshave become major research topics in recent decades due to theirapplication across diverse fields, including energy, environment,propulsion, transportation, industrial safety, and nanotechnology.Most of the knowledge accumulated from this research has never beenpublished in book form—until now. Fundamentals of Turbulentand Multiphase Combustion presents up-to-date, integrated coverageof the fundamentals of turbulence, combustion, and multiphasephenomena along with useful experimental techniques, includingnon-intrusive, laser-based measurement techniques, providing a firmbackground in both contemporary and classical approaches. Beginningwith two full chapters on laminar premixed and non-premixed flames,this book takes a multiphase approach, beginning with more commontopics and moving on to higher-level applications. In addition, Fundamentals of Turbulent and MultiphaseCombustion: Addresses seven basic topical areas in combustion and multiphaseflows, including laminar premixed and non-premixed flames, theoryof turbulence, turbulent premixed and non-premixed flames, andmultiphase flows Covers spray atomization and combustion, solid-propellantcombustion, homogeneous propellants, nitramines, reactingboundary-layer flows, single energetic particle combustion, andgranular bed combustion Provides experimental setups and results wheneverappropriate Supported with a large number of examples and problems as wellas a solutions manual, Fundamentals of Turbulent and MultiphaseCombustion is an important resource for professional engineers andresearchers as well as graduate students in mechanical, chemical,and aerospace engineering.