Germ Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations

This book raises a number of ethical issues concerning the impact of genetic engineering on generations yet to be born.

Germ Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations

In contemporary ethical discussion widespread concern about the potential risks of genetic engineering is raising new and fundamental questions about our responsibilities towards unborn generations. Newly acquired knowledge in genetic engineering techniques has brought about not only potential benefits but also immense risks for the well-being of both present and future generations. This book raises a number of ethical issues concerning the impact of genetic engineering on generations yet to be born. The four topical areas that constitute the focus of the volume, namely (1) from laboratory to germ-line therapy, (2) the concept of human nature: theological and secular perspectives, (3) genetic intervention and the common heritage view, and (4) social responsibilities of geneticists towards future generations, raise intriguing ethical and legal questions, as well as important policy issues. As much as any set of issues, they reflect the hopes and fears, prejudices and uncertainties that people associate with germ-line intervention and the future of human kind.

Germ Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations

The Body in Medical Thought and Practice. ... Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the 18th and 19th ... Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations.

Germ Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations

In contemporary ethical discussion widespread concern about the potential risks of genetic engineering is raising new and fundamental questions about our responsibilities towards unborn generations. Newly acquired knowledge in genetic engineering techniques has brought about not only potential benefits but also immense risks for the well-being of both present and future generations. This book raises a number of ethical issues concerning the impact of genetic engineering on generations yet to be born. The four topical areas that constitute the focus of the volume, namely (1) from laboratory to germ-line therapy, (2) the concept of human nature: theological and secular perspectives, (3) genetic intervention and the common heritage view, and (4) social responsibilities of geneticists towards future generations, raise intriguing ethical and legal questions, as well as important policy issues. As much as any set of issues, they reflect the hopes and fears, prejudices and uncertainties that people associate with germ-line intervention and the future of human kind.

Responsible Genetics

The Moral Responsibility of Geneticists for the Consequences of Human Genetics Research A. Nordgren ... Germ-Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations. ... The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1991, 16, pp.

Responsible Genetics

This book addresses well-known issues - the ethical, legal, and social implications of human genetics - but does so from an unusual perspective: the perspective of the scientific community itself. In distinction to what is common in the ELSI literature, the book also discusses bioethical method. A new kind of casuistry is developed on the basis of the empirical findings of cognitive semantics. It will be of interest to philosophers, bioethicists, geneticists, and policymakers.

Elisha Bartlett s Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. ...

Elisha Bartlett s Philosophy of Medicine

The idea of preparing a new critical edition of Elisha Bartlett’s Essay on the Philosophy of Medical Science was suggested to me several years ago by Dr. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. Since that time it has been a pleasure to get to know the life and work of Elisha Bartlett. I am pleased to be completing this book in the bicentennial year of Bartlett’s birth. Bartlett was born in 1804 in Smithfield, Rhode Island, less than twenty-five miles from Worcester, Massachusetts, my present home—a short journey even in Bartlett’s day. I have been able to walk at some of the sites to which Bartlett continually returned during his life. Visiting Bartlett’s grave in the Slatersville cemetery has been an inspiration for the preparation of this book. Proximity to several institutions with rich holdings in Bartlett’s works and in nineteenth-century American history of medicine greatly facilitated my research. First, though, I want to acknowledge the College of the Holy Cross for supporting my sabbatical leave for the academic year 2003-2004. The American Antiquarian Society, in Worcester, Massachusetts, was generous in giving me access to its remarkable resources. I was able to find many of Bartlett’s published works and other nineteenth-century medical literature there, and the entire library staff provided quick and able research assistance.

The Philosophy of Medicine

Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. McCullough: John Gregory and the Invention of Professional Medical Ethics and the Professional Medical Ethics and the Profession of ...

The Philosophy of Medicine

The term `bioethics' was coined in 1971, just as interest in the medical humanities claimed a prominent place in medical education. Out of this interest, a substantial area of research and scholarship took shape: the philosophy of medicine. This field has been directed to the epistemological, ontological, and value-theoretical issues occasioned by medicine and the biomedical sciences. Bioethics is nested in this field and can only be fully understood in terms of the foundational issues it addresses. This collection of essays in honor of Stuart F. Spicker, one of the individuals who gave shape to the philosophy of medicine, lays out the broad scope of concerns from the philosophy of embodiment, to issues of the role of ethics consultants, to concepts of disease, equity and the meaning of history.

PEACE STUDIES PUBLIC POLICY AND GLOBAL SECURITY Volume V

First, each generation should be required to conserve the diversity of the natural and cultural resource base, so that it does not unduly ... Germ-Line Intervention and Our Responsibilities to Future Generations (Philosophy and Medicine ...

PEACE STUDIES  PUBLIC POLICY AND GLOBAL SECURITY     Volume V

Peace Studies, Public Policy and Global Security is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Peace Studies, Public Policy and Global Security provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Processes of Peace and Security; International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment; Security Threats, Challenges, Vulnerability and Risks; Sustainable Food and Water Security; World Economic Order. This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, issues on Peace studies, Public Policy and Global security. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. ... The Codification of Medical Morality. ... Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations.

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”

The Ethics of Managed Care Professional Integrity and Patient Rights

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828–1 L.B. ...

The Ethics of Managed Care  Professional Integrity and Patient Rights

This collection provides a philosophical and historical analysis of the development and current situation of managed care. It discusses the relationship between physician professionalism and patient rights to affordable, high quality care. Its special feature is its depth of analysis as the philosophical, social, and economic issues of managed care are developed. It will be of interest to educated readers in their role as patients and to all levels of medical and health care professionals.

Institutional Integrity in Health Care

Philosophy and Medicine 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. ...

Institutional Integrity in Health Care

This volume addresses the nature of health care organizational ethics, including such issues as corporate fraud and institutional moral integrity, and covers the broad range of issues that must be addressed for a coherent discussion of organizational moral responsibility. Its unique coverage makes it of interest to researchers, students and professionals working in the fields of bioethics, health care administration and management, organizational science, and business ethics.

Bioethics Asian Perspectives

Conversations with Clouser and Friends on Medical Ethics . ... Germ - Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations . ... L.B. McCullough : John Gregory's Writing on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine .

Bioethics  Asian Perspectives

This is the first volume on bioethics all contributors of which are exclusively non-western scholars. The book unfolds a rich and colorful picture and addresses thorny bioethical issues from comprehensive Asian perspectives and different from the western paradigm of bioethics. It is of interest to senior undergraduate and graduate students, philosophers, physicians, scholars of Asian and culture studies, geneticists, sinologists, medical anthropologists, health administrators, and health officials.

Reframing Disease Contextually

72 . Philosophy and Medicine E. Agius and S. Busuttil ( eds . ) : Germ - Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations . 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. McCullough : John Gregory and the Invention of Professional Medical ...

Reframing Disease Contextually

This volume will be of interest to philosophers of medicine, bioethicists, and philosophers, medical professionals, historians of western medicine, and health policymakers. The book provides an overview of key debates in the history of modern western medicine on the nature, knowledge, and value of disease. It includes case studies of e.g. AIDS, genetic disease, and gendered disease.

John Paul II s Contribution to Catholic Bioethics

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. ...

John Paul II s Contribution to Catholic Bioethics

Any list of the most influential figures of the second half of the twentieth century would arguably have to begin with the name of Pope John Paul II. From 1978, when he was inaugurated, to the present, over a quarter of a century later, the Pope has been a dominant force in the world, both within the Catholic and Christian Church, and in the larger international community. Among the areas in which the Pope has been of signal importance to contemporary discussion, argument, and policy has been the field of bioethics. This collection brings together for the first time in an accessible and readable form a summary and assessment of John Paul II's contribution to bioethical issues and theories. It includes discussion of the Pope's views on the dignity of the person and the sanctity of human life, and the application of these views to various difficulties in medical ethics such as abortion and embryo research, the right to health care and the problem of suffering. Throughout, attention is paid to the way in which the Pope stands as a recognizably authentic voice for the Catholic faith in the medical arena.

Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe

Philosophy and Medicine E. Agius and S. Busuttil ( eds . ) : Germ - Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations . 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. McCullough : John Gregory and the Invention of Professional Medical ...

Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe

OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN UK SOCIAL WELFARE Here then, perhaps, is a British version of solidarity in social welfare, but early there are strong tensions between the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British understanding of the functions of the state and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a commitment to universal welfare provision. In the search for the roots of this understanding of welfare we shall survey, fitst, the historical background to these tensions in some early British political philosophers, starting with Hobbes and ending with Mill. We then consider the philosophical and social influences on the Beveridge Report itself, and we will trace the emergence of the philosophy of the welfare state in the era following the Second World War. Finally we consider the contemporary debate, as it relates to the 'Third Way' thinking of New Labour. 2. A mSTORICAL SKETCH In the previous section we observed that the philosophy underlying the Beveridge Report could be described as 'liberal collectivism'. What are the historical antecedents of this strange amalgam of individualism and collectivism? Within the short scope of this chapter, any account of the philosophical history must be little more than a sketch, but we can perhaps understand most debates in British socio-political thought as a continuing dialogue with the well known claim of Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan that all political institutions are founded on egoistic motives.

Beyond Brain Death

Philosophy and Medicine E. Agius and S. Busuttil ( eds . ) : Germ - Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations . 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. McCullough : John Gregory and the Invention of Professional Medical ...

Beyond Brain Death

Beyond Brain Death offers a provocative challenge to one of the most widely accepted conclusions of contemporary bioethics: the position that brain death marks the death of the human person. Eleven chapters by physicians, philosophers, and theologians present the case against brain-based criteria for human death. Each author believes that this position calls into question the moral acceptability of the transplantation of unpaired vital organs from brain-dead patients who have continuing function of the circulatory system. One strength of the book is its international approach to the question: contributors are from the United States, the United Kingdom, Liechtenstein, and Japan. This book will appeal to a wide audience, including physicians and other health care professionals, philosophers, theologians, medical sociologists, and social workers.

Artificial Nutrition and Hydration

The Codification of Medical Morality. Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the 18th and 19th Centuries, ... Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations.

Artificial Nutrition and Hydration

Pope John Paul II surprised much of the medical world in 2004 with his strongly worded statement insisting that patients in a persistent vegetative state should be provided with nutrition and hydration. This collection of essays featuring some of the most prominent Catholic bioethicists addresses the Pope’s statements, the moral issues surrounding artificial feeding and hydration, the refusal of treatment, and the ethics of care for those at the end of life.

Pluralistic Casuistry

The Codification of Medical Morality. Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the 18th and 19th Centuries, ... Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations.

Pluralistic Casuistry

This volume presents a sustained philosophical analysis of Brody’s contributions to biomedical ethics. The book combines methodological, philosophical considerations with applied chapters, and each contributor carefully and critically explores Brody’s writings in biomedical ethics and the philosophy of medicine. The volume includes a response by Baruch Brody that critically engages the contributions to the volume.

The Voice of Breast Cancer in Medicine and Bioethics

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. ...

The Voice of Breast Cancer in Medicine and Bioethics

Unlike any other volume focusing on women’s health issues, this collection brings together a wealth of cross-disciplinary perspectives to bear on the intersection of breasts and medicine. Among other works on similar subject matters, the academic versatility of this volume is unparalleled. This collection can serve as a textbook in a wide range of courses including those in philosophy, women’s studies, biology, psychology, literature, history, and medicine.

Ownership of the Human Body

Philosophical Considerations on the Use of the Human Body and its Parts in Healthcare H.A. Ten Have, J.W. Welie ... The Body in Medical Thought and Practice. ... Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations.

Ownership of the Human Body

This is the first book in healthcare ethics addressing the moral issues regarding ownership of the human body. Modern medicine increasingly transforms the body and makes use of body parts for diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive purposes. The book analyzes the concept of body ownership. It also reviews the ownership issues arising in clinical care (for example, donation policies, autopsy) and biomedical research. Societies and legal systems also have to deal with issues of body ownership. A comparison is made between specific legal arrangements in The Netherlands and France, as examples of legal approaches. In the final section of the book, different theoretical perspectives on the human body are analyzed: libertarian, personalist, deontological and utilitarian theories of body ownership.

Can Death Be a Harm to the Person Who Dies

Philosophy. and. Medicine. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. E. Agius and S. Busuttil (eds.): Germ-Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations. 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. ...

Can Death Be a Harm to the Person Who Dies

lt is with great pleasure that I write this preface for Or Li's book, wh ich addresses the venerable and vexing issues surrounding the problem of whether death can be a harm to the person who dies. This problem is an ancient one which was raised long ago by the early Greek philosopher Epicurus, who notoriously argued that death is at no time a harm to its 'victim' because before death there is no harrn and after death there is no victim. Epicurus's conclusion is conspicuously at odds with our prereflective and in most cases our post-reflective-intuitions, and numerous strategies have therefore been proposed to refute or avoid the Epicurean conclusion that death cannot be an evil after all. How then are we to account for our intuition that death is not just an evil, but perhaps the worst evil: that may befall us? This is the key issue that Or Li addresses. Or Li's book explores various alternative approaches to the complex and difficult issues surrounding Epicurus's notorious argument and provides a defence ofthe intuitively plausible conclusion that death can indeed be a harm to the person who dies. This challenge to Epicurus's claim that death is never a harm to the person who dies is developed by way of a detailed exploration of the issues raised not only by Epicurus, but also by his many successors, who have responded variously to the challenging issues which Epicurus raised.

Physician Assisted Suicide What are the Issues

Germ - Line Intervention and our Responsibilities to Future Generations . 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4828-1 L.B. McCullough : John ... 1998 ISBN 0-7923-4917-2 L.B. McCullough : John Gregory's Writing on Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine .

Physician Assisted Suicide  What are the Issues

Physician-Assisted Suicide: What are the Issues? offers a detailed discussion of recent supreme court rulings that have had an impact on the contemporary debate in the United States and elsewhere over physician-assisted suicide. Two rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court have altered the contemporary debate on physician-assisted suicide: Washington v. Glucksberg (1997) and Vacco v. Quill (1997). In these cases, the Supreme Court ruled that state laws could prohibit assisted suicide and, therefore, physician-assisted suicide. These rulings mark the apex of over two decades of unprecedented litigation regarding end-of-life care and signal the beginning of a new clinical, ethical, and legal debate over the extent of an individual's rights to control the timing, manner, and means of his/her death. The debate over suicide and assisting suicide is ancient and contentious and intertwined with questions about the permissibility of voluntary active euthanasia or mercy killing. Responses to these issues can be divided into those who defend physician-assisted suicide and many of these other activities and those who object. But those who object may do so on principled grounds in that they regard these activities as wrong in all cases, or non-principled, in that they believe there are more prudent, less disruptive or more efficient policies. The authors in this book sort out these responses and look at the assumptions underlying them. Several of these authors give startling new interpretations that a culture gap, deeper and wider than that in the abortion debate, exists.