Global Inequality

Among intellectuals in developed areas one often hears the claim that global
economic integration is leading to rising global inequality – that is, that
integration benefits rich people proportionally more than poor people. In the
extreme claims ...

Global Inequality

What is global inequality? How can it be measured? What are the major trends and patterns? What are the implications of global inequality for the world economy and multilateral governance? What role does and should inequality play in national and international policy–making? In this comprehensive overview, the authors address these key questions. They examine the major issues that need to be confronted in conceptualizing, measuring and analysing contemporary patterns of global inequality. In addition, they explore the implications of these patterns for politics and public policy. In explaining the complex global patterns of social stratification, they highlight an intensive debate about whether and to what extent inequality matters. The book also addresses this debate, and seeks to set out the major alternative positions. The book′s authors include many of the most distinguished figures in the field, including David Dollar, G?sta Esping–Andersen, Nancy Fraser, James K. Galbraith, Ravi Kanbur, Branko Milanovic, Thomas W. Pogge, Bob Sutcliffe, Grahame F. Thompson, Anthony J. Venables, and Robert H. Wade. This book will be of great interest to students in politics, sociology and international relations as well as to all those interested in this key topic.

Global Inequality

stantially, particularly during the post–World War II period, widely thought today to
have been the golden age of capitalism. The parting of the ways continued, but in
a reverse direction. After another turning point in the 1980s, global inequality ...

Global Inequality

Winner of the Bruno Kreisky Prize, Karl Renner Institut A Financial Times Best Economics Book of the Year An Economist Best Book of the Year A Livemint Best Book of the Year One of the world’s leading economists of inequality, Branko Milanovic presents a bold new account of the dynamics that drive inequality on a global scale. Drawing on vast data sets and cutting-edge research, he explains the benign and malign forces that make inequality rise and fall within and among nations. He also reveals who has been helped the most by globalization, who has been held back, and what policies might tilt the balance toward economic justice. “The data [Milanovic] provides offer a clearer picture of great economic puzzles, and his bold theorizing chips away at tired economic orthodoxies.” —The Economist “Milanovic has written an outstanding book...Informative, wide-ranging, scholarly, imaginative and commendably brief. As you would expect from one of the world’s leading experts on this topic, Milanovic has added significantly to important recent works by Thomas Piketty, Anthony Atkinson and François Bourguignon...Ever-rising inequality looks a highly unlikely combination with any genuine democracy. It is to the credit of Milanovic’s book that it brings out these dangers so clearly, along with the important global successes of the past few decades. —Martin Wolf, Financial Times

Histories of Global Inequality

New Perspectives Christian Olaf Christiansen, Steven L. B. Jensen. Rising from
almost insignificant status in the early 1990s, within a few decades “global
inequality” has now become a key concept in the social sciences and in the
humanities.

Histories of Global Inequality

This book argues that inequality is not just about numbers, but is also about lived, historical experience. It supplements economic research and offers a comprehensive stocktaking of existing thinking on global inequality and its historical development. The book is interdisciplinary, drawing upon regional and national perspectives from around the world while seeking to capture the multidimensionality and multi-causality of global inequalities. Grappling with what economics offers – as well as its blind spots – the study focuses on some of today’s most relevant and pressing themes: discrimination and human rights, defences and critiques of inequality in history, decolonization, international organizations, gender theory, the history of quantification of inequality and the history of economic thought. The historical case studies featured respond to the need for wider historical research and to calls to examine global inequality in a more holistic manner. The Introduction 'Chapter 1 Histories of Global Inequality: Introduction' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.

Global Inequality

an on In early conference discussion linkages between international inequalities
and communal distributional patterns , the levels of analysis issue was
addressed : should the world be defined 1 ) in terms of nation states , or 2 ) in
terms of ...

Global Inequality

Redistribution of the world's wealth, not only among nation. states but among cultural, class, and sexual groups, has become increasingly a major issue of concern. This book examines existing inequality in both the domestic and international arenas. Its multidisciplinary approach facilitates an understanding of the complex structure of global distr

Challenging Global Inequality

Arguing about Inequality An Overview of Global Inequality Inequalities across
countries Inequalities within countries Inequalities across the world's people The
Paradox of Modernity: the Polarization of Opulence and Deprivation Debating ...

Challenging Global Inequality

This major new text on development theory and practice takes as its starting point the challenge of overcoming global poverty and inequality. It traces the origins of the idea of Development Studies and introduces the main methodologies and theories of development, and examines the challenges of the twenty-first century. Also available is a companion website with extra features to accompany the text, please take a look by clicking below - http://www.palgrave.com/politics/greig/

Understanding the Dynamics of Global Inequality

The globalization process intensifies existing inequality structures while
simultaneously generating new inequalities on multiple ... Consequently, most
disciplines deal with the question of global inequality as a complementary
sideline, such as ...

Understanding the Dynamics of Global Inequality

Despite the fact that the globalization process tends to reinforce existing inequality structures and generate new areas of inequality on multiple levels, systematic analyses on this very important field remain scarce. Hence, this book approaches the complex question of inequality not only from different regional perspectives, covering Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin and Northern America, but also from different disciplinary perspectives, namely cultural anthropology, economics, ethnology, geography, international relations, sociology, and political sciences. The contributions are subdivided into three essential fields of research: Part I analyzes the socio-economic dimension of global exclusion, highlighting in particular the impacts of internationalization and globalization processes on national social structures against the background of theoretical concepts of social inequality. Part II addresses the political dimension of global inequalities. Since the decline of the Soviet Union new regional powers like Brazil, China, India and South Africa have emerged, creating power shifts in international relations that are the primary focus of the second part. Lastly, Part III examines the structural and transnational dimension of inequality patterns, which can be concretized in the rise of globalized national elites and the emergence of multinational networks that transcend the geographical and imaginative borders of nation states.

The Divide Global Inequality from Conquest to Free Markets

A score of 100 represents total inequality, where one person has everything and
everyone else has nothing. In other words, the higher the number the greater the
inequality. In 2016 the World Bank's top inequality expert, Branko Milanović, ...

The Divide  Global Inequality from Conquest to Free Markets

Global inequality doesn’t just exist; it has been created. More than four billion people—some 60 percent of humanity—live in debilitating poverty, on less than $5 per day. The standard narrative tells us this crisis is a natural phenomenon, having to do with things like climate and geography and culture. It tells us that all we have to do is give a bit of aid here and there to help poor countries up the development ladder. It insists that if poor countries would only adopt the right institutions and economic policies, they could overcome their disadvantages and join the ranks of the rich world. Anthropologist Jason Hickel argues that this story ignores the broader political forces at play. Global poverty—and the growing inequality between the rich countries of Europe and North America and the poor ones of Africa, Asia, and South America—has come about because the global economy has been designed over the course of five hundred years of conquest, colonialism, regime change, and globalization to favor the interests of the richest and most powerful nations. Global inequality is not natural or inevitable, and it is certainly not accidental. To close the divide, Hickel proposes dramatic action rooted in real justice: abolishing debt burdens in the global South, democratizing the institutions of global governance, and rolling out an international minimum wage, among many other vital steps. Only then will we have a chance at a world where all begin on more equal footing.

Milanovic on Global Inequality and Poverty

Abstract At the global level, the idea of moving goods and resources away from rich states towards poorer societies might seem appealing. But, one might ask, is this the solution to the problem of inequality in the world?

Milanovic on Global Inequality and Poverty

Abstract At the global level, the idea of moving goods and resources away from rich states towards poorer societies might seem appealing. But, one might ask, is this the solution to the problem of inequality in the world?

Global Inequalities

Global. Inequality. Much commentary on global inequality plunges straight into
current contrasts between enormous wealth for some and massive poverty for
many others across the world. Inequality is sometimes represented visually in ...

Global Inequalities

What causes global inequality? Why should we be concerned about it? Is inequality getting worse or are there signs of improvement and progress? This critical analysis of the current state of global inequality pushes beyond ideological prejudice and simplistic explanations, to address these important questions. Offering a distinctive response to the many challenges in the area, the text presents a holistic account of inequality by: • taking a multidisciplinary approach, incorporating perspectives from sociology, politics and economics; • recognising the influence of historical trends on inequality today; • and viewing inequality from a global perspective, as well as a national one. Drawing on major theories of inequality and up-to-date evidence, Robert J. Holton guides readers through the complex issues at hand, making this text a valuable resource for students of sociology, global studies, politics and development studies.

The New Geography of Global Income Inequality

income inequality is so small, but because the disparity in income across nations
is so large. To understand global income inequality, then, we begin with income
inequality across nations. Why Not Focus on Poverty Rather than on Inequality?

The New Geography of Global Income Inequality

The surprising finding of this book is that, contrary to conventional wisdom, global income inequality is decreasing. Critics of globalization and others maintain that the spread of consumer capitalism is dramatically polarizing the worldwide distribution of income. But as the demographer Glenn Firebaugh carefully shows, income inequality for the world peaked in the late twentieth century and is now heading downward because of declining income inequality across nations. Furthermore, as income inequality declines across nations, it is rising within nations (though not as rapidly as it is declining across nations). Firebaugh claims that this historic transition represents a new geography of global income inequality in the twenty-first century. This book documents the new geography, describes its causes, and explains why other analysts have missed one of the defining features of our era--a transition in inequality that is reducing the importance of where a person is born in determining his or her future well-being.

Global Inequalities Beyond Occidentalism

Global inequality begins to matter branko milanovic, november 2012 In terms of
press coverage as well as academic debates, talk of global inequalities is
currently in full swing. approaches vary widely between and within both realms
as far as ...

Global Inequalities Beyond Occidentalism

Based on theoretical developments in research on world-systems analysis, transnational migration, postcolonial and decolonial perspectives, whilst considering continuities of inequality patterns in the context of colonial and postcolonial realities, Global Inequalities Beyond Occidentalism proposes an original framework for the study of the long-term reproduction of inequalities under global capitalism. With attention to the critical assessment of both Marxist and Weberian perspectives, this book examines the wider implications of transferring classical approaches to inequality to a twenty-first-century context, calling for a reconceptualisation of inequality that is both theoretically informed and methodologically consistent, and able to cater for the implications of shifts from national and Western structures to global structures. Engaging with approaches to the study of class, gender, racial and ethnic inequalities at the global level, this innovative work adopts a relational perspective in the study of social inequalities that is able to reveal how historical interdependencies between world regions have translated as processes of inequality production and reproduction. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology, political and social theory and anthropology concerned with questions of globalisation and inequality.

Global poverty and Inequality A Review of the Evidence

First, even as (unweighted) intercountry inequality continued to grow between
1950 and 2000, international inequality (when population weighted) began to fall
. The disparate behavior in these two inequality concepts has been one of the ...

Global poverty and Inequality  A Review of the Evidence

Drawing on a compilation of data from household surveys representing 130 countries, many over a period of 25 years, this paper reviews the evidence on levels and recent trends in global poverty and income inequality. It documents the negative correlations between both poverty and inequality indices, on the one hand, and mean income per capita on the other. It points to the dominant role of Asia in accounting for the bulk of the world's poverty reduction since 1981. The evolution of global inequality in the last decades is also described, with special emphasis on the different trends of inequality within and between countries. The statistical relationships between growth, inequality and poverty are discussed, as is the correlation between inequality and the growth elasticity of poverty reduction. Some of the recent literature on the drivers of distributional change in developing countries is also reviewed.

Global Income Inequality

How about the use of market (rather than PPP) exchange rates in global
inequality calculations? This is a useful complement because it gives us a
different insight into inequalities. If one is interested in global purchasing power
or ability to ...

Global Income Inequality

"The paper presents a nontechnical summary of the current state of debate on the measurement and implications of global inequality (inequality between citizens of the world). It discusses the relationship between globalization and global inequality. And it shows why global inequality matters and proposes a scheme for global redistribution. "--World Bank web site.

Global Inequalities

It is fine to study economics, politics, and culture, but we need to come out of the
abstract world and really focus on people when studying inequality. Theme 6:
Move beyond disciplinary boundaries to examine social, economic, cultural, ...

Global Inequalities

This readable, sociologically interpretive book focuses through the lens of stratification and inequality, the authors examine a wide variety of topics - from global economic trends to ethnic conflicts - in four regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. They use academic models and theories to help make sense of current events and help place them in an appropriate context; these are enhanced by the use of lively stories and examples from the press.

Global Inequalities and Higher Education

Serving? Global. Inequalities. and. Higher. Education∗. Elaine Unterhalter and
Vincent Carpentier Globalization and the growth of the knowledge economy were
leitmotifs for the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first
 ...

Global Inequalities and Higher Education

Examines how higher education has contributed to widening inequalities and might contribute to change. By exploring questions of access, finance and pedagogy, it considers global higher education as a space for understanding the promises and pressures associated with competing demands for economic growth, equity, sustainability and democracy.

Sociology

Just as we can speak of rich or poor individuals within a country, so we can talk
about rich or poor people or countries in the world system. In this chapter, we
look at global inequality in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Sociology

This fully revised and updated version of Anthony Giddens′s Sociology, now in its fifth edition, offers an unrivalled introduction for students new to the subject – lucid, lively, authoritative and original. Written by one of the world′s leading sociologists, this comprehensive textbook manages to be clear, accessible and jargon–free, but without oversimplifying complex debates. Earlier editions of Sociology broke new ground by incorporating cutting–edge debates, such as the impact of globalisation, into an introductory text. This fifth edition remains a state of the art textbook, with fresh and engaging new material added throughout. While covering all of the core topics of sociology, the fifth edition also includes a great deal of substantive new material, ensuring that students are introduced to the most recent sociological debates. Throughout, the book weaves together classical and contemporary theory and data, and provides a wide range of everyday examples to which students can easily relate. The fifth edition also benefits from: ∗ New discussions of global inequality, disability, ageing and the life course, risk, the network society, and terrorism, as well as many other additional and up–to–date topics. ∗ Numerous learning aids in every chapter, such as summary points, questions for further thought, and additional reading suggestions, which help to reinforce students′ knowledge. ∗ Lots of extra photographs, diagrams, case studies and cartoons, to bring ideas to life and fire students′ imaginations. ∗ High–quality supplementary resources on a dedicated website, including a full instructors′ manual and additional student aids, all specially designed to stimulate students′ learning and critical thinking. The fifth edition of this classic textbook is an ideal teaching text for first–year university and college courses, and will be essential reading for all students who are looking for an exciting, authoritative and easy–to–follow introduction to sociology. Please visit the accompanying website at: http://www.polity.co.uk/giddens5/

Inequality Globalization and World Politics

5 Resources , Environmental Degradation , and Inequality Michael Redclift and
Colin Sage Before 1987 an edited collection of essays on global inequality might
not have considered the environment , particularly if the analysis was confined to
 ...

Inequality  Globalization  and World Politics

This text suggests that globalization is creating urgent problems for states and international institutions to deal with, and that these organisations are increasingly unsuitable for handling such problems.

Global Inequalities at Work

... to $8 billion annually), thereby vastly improving the life prospects of the world's
poor citizens (UNDP, 1999). What researchers have been trying to examine
empirically is whether there is an additional effect of income inequality on
population ...

Global Inequalities at Work

A map of the relationship between work and health that is truly global--both geographically and in its coverage of the impact of work on the health of individuals, families, and societies, has not previously been drawn. Global Inequalities at Work is the first book to fill in the map. Drawing from studies done around the world, it critically examines the many ways in which work is affecting health around the world. The first section covers the wide range of risks--physical, chemical, and social--tot he health of employees in agricultural, industrial, and post-industrial workplaces. Part II provides a detailed analysis of how working conditions can dramatically influence the health and welfare of family members--including children, elderly parents, and the disabled--in both the developing and industrial world. Part III examines the relationships between work and health at the societal level by focusing on two examples: the ways in which working conditions affect income inequalities and health, and the ways in which working conditions influence gender inequalities and health. Part IV investigates the new challenges to and opportunities for improving the relationship between work and health that are presented by a rapidly globalizing economy. Global Inequalities at Work addresses these issues at a time when globalization is both markedly changing the impact of work on the health of individuals, families, and societies, and radically revising what can be done about it. Leaders from universities, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations bring to this edited volume expertise from six continents.

Ordering The International

3 Measuring global inequality As you have seen in the Wade - Wolf debate , one
of the great difficulties is that global inequality is a complex phenomenon that can
be understood and described in different ways . To begin with , there is the ...

Ordering The International

Leading Marxist thinkers re-evaluate Trotsky's key theories -- an ideal introduction for students.

Globalization Anti Globalization

Global. Inequality. and. Development. Average world income per head stood at
around $8,833 in 2004 (UNDP 2006). However, the income of the vast proportion
of the world's population was considerably below this level: $4,775 for all ...

Globalization   Anti Globalization

Is globalization being eclipsed by a resurgent geopolitics? Does the war on terror denote the end of globalization or a new phase of militarized globalization? Empire or globalization – are these the right terms to describe the current global order? The second edition of this highly successful book tests the claims of those who dismiss the continuing significance of globalization through a comprehensive assessment of contemporary global trends. In the aftermath of 9/11, and the war in Iraq, there has been much talk of the end of globalization. Held and McGrew argue that these post–mortems for globalization are entirely premature. They show this by focusing upon the primary structures of world order namely: patterns of governance, organized violence, the economy, culture and environmental degradation. Patterns of inequality, exclusion and domination are also assessed. Building upon this analysis, the authors present the case for continuing to take globalization seriously as both a description and explanation of our current global condition. They also ask the vital question: can globalization be tamed? Held and McGrew explore whether a more just and stable world order is either desirable or feasible and present an alternative ethical and political agenda for the twenty–first century – a global covenant of cosmopolitan social democracy. The second edition of this powerful and original book has been comprehensively updated, with three new chapters added. The book will appeal to all those who remain intrigued, confused or simply baffled by the controversy about globalization and its consequences for the twenty–first century world order.