Understanding College and University Organization

Instead, these states have governing boards— often called Boards of Regents—that focus on only one sector of the higher education system. For example, a state may have a Board of Regents that governs its universities, while another ...

Understanding College and University Organization

Now available in paperback, this two-volume work is intended to help readers develop powerful new ways of thinking about organizational principles, and apply them to policy-making and management in colleges and universities. The book is written with two audiences in mind: administrative and faculty leaders in institutions of higher learning, and students (both doctoral and Master's degree) studying to become upper-level administrators, leaders, and policy makers in higher education. It systematically presents a range of theories that can be applied to many of the difficult management situations that college and university leaders encounter. It provides them with the theoretical background to knowledgeably evaluate the many new ideas that emerge in the current literature, and in workshops and conferences. The purpose is to help leaders develop their own effective management style and approaches, and feel confident that their actions are informed by appropriate theory and knowledge of the latest research in the field. Without theory, organizational leaders are forced to treat each problem that they encounter as unique–as if it were a first-time occurrence. While leaders may have some experience with a particular issue, their solutions are usually not informed by the accumulated wisdom of others who have already encountered and resolved similar situations. The authors approach the theory of the organization and administration of colleges and universities from three quite different perspectives, or paradigms, each relying on different assumptions about the “reality” of organizational life in colleges and universities. The positivist paradigm–primarily an omnibus systems theory–integrates the chapters into a comprehensive, yet easily accessible whole. Social constructionism, the second paradigm, is introduced in each chapter to illuminate the difficulty of seeking and finding meaningful consensus on problems and policies, while also addressing important ethical issues that tend to be overlooked in leadership thought and action. The third paradigm, postmodernism, draws attention to difficulties of logic and communication under the constraints of strictly linear thinking that “authorities” at all levels attempt to impose on organizations. This “multiple paradigm” approach enables readers to become more cognizant of their own assumptions, how they may differ from those of others in their organization, and how those differences may both create difficulties in resolving problems and expand the range of alternatives considered in organizational decision making. The book offers readers the tools to balance the real-world needs to succeed in today’s challenging and competitive environment with the social and ethical aspirations of all its stakeholders and society at large. The authors’ aim is to elucidate how administration can be made more efficient and effective through rational decision-making while also respecting humanistic values. This approach highlights a range of phenomena that require attention if the institution is ultimately to be considered successful.

International Trends in University Governance

Colleges and universities were first chartered among the North American colonies under the British Crown, and subsequently by the initial US states, independent of the federal government or national policy. The first national shaping of ...

International Trends in University Governance

Governance is becoming increasingly important in universities just as it is in the wider world of commerce and banking. Historically, universities were run by their academic communities but as mass higher education has taken root, as university research has become a critical element in national economies and as the demand for more accountability both financial and in academic performance has grown, pressure has mounted for a ‘modernisation’ of governance structures. One aspect of ‘modernisation’, particularly important in many European systems, and in Japan, has been the decision by governments to give institutions greater autonomy, more control over their budgets and legal responsibility for the employment of their staff. International trends to introduce greater competition between institutions, to encourage greater institutional differentiation and give greater play to market forces has led to an emphasis on leadership, a more systematic involvement of external stakeholders and a more ‘corporate style of governance. At the same time this has often led to a sense of loss of collegiality, a redistribution of authority and a growing gap between the ‘centre’ and the ‘periphery’ within universities. This book analyses governance change in nine major higher education systems, Australia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, the UK and the USA, each account being the result of independent research by a leading authority in the field and describes how a convergence of governance structures has been mediated by the historical, cultural, political and social characteristics of the different systems. Michael Shattock is a leading authority on university governance; this study offers the most up to date account of governance reform in a range of higher education systems, an analysis of the common trends and an assessment of their impact on the idea of a university. It will be essential reading for academics, postgraduates and practitioners in higher education.

The Status of Student Involvement in University Governance in Kenya

The Case of Public and Private Universities Mulinge, Munyae M., Arasa, Josephine N. Nazarene University, Kenya Methodist University, Scott Christian University, St. Paul's University, Pan Africa Christian University, Kenya Highlands ...

The Status of Student Involvement in University Governance in Kenya

This book examines the concept of the democratization of governance in universities in Kenya with particular emphasis on students involvement in governance processes and decision making. Data were collected from members of the student community utilizing a structured self-administered questionnaire and from purposively selected key informants and focus group discussants drawn from Kenyatta University (representing the public sector) and the United States International University (representing the private sector). The guiding argument for the study was that shared governance, one of the principles of good governance, is critical in enabling the universities to deliver their visions and the missions effectively. The results revealed that while in principle, Kenyan universities have embraced democratic governance in which all stakeholders, including students, have a role to play, in practice they continue to violate the core principles of good governance, particularly shared governance. Specifically, students, who are major stakeholders in university education, are largely excluded from significant structures of governance thereby limiting their influence and participation. Although their representation is mainly provided via student self-governance organs (unions, associations and/or councils), their effectiveness is undermined considerably by the lack of trust and confidence of the student body and the unending manipulation by top university administrators and external political actors. Student active involvement in decision making is mainly confined to lower levels such as the school/faculty and departmental/programme. The authors call for a paradigm shift in the involvement of students in the governance of universities in ways that discourage the current culture of tokenism and political correctness that characterizes public and private universities in Kenya.

Governance Reforms in Public Universities of Malaysia Penerbit USM

Universities and University Colleges (Amendment) Act, 1996 (which enabled the corporatisation of statecontrolled ... For instance, as to speed the decision making process, corporate governance structure was adopted (Ka, 2010; Lee, ...

Governance Reforms in Public Universities of Malaysia  Penerbit USM

In attaining economic prosperity, efficient human capital and thus higher education, has increasingly ranked among the top of priorities in the Southeast Asian countries. It is to this end that Malaysia, in particular, has been working towards a reform in its higher education system. Reform measures have greatly centred on the issues of university autonomy. This book details the careful findings of the project entitled Governance Reforms in Malaysia Higher Education with Focus on Institutional Autonomy and Its Effects of University Governance and Management. As such, readers can look forward to gaining a thorough understanding of the reform measures taken in higher education governance and the extent of their impact. Four areas of autonomy are extensively covered: institutional, financial, academic and human resource autonomy. The challenges faced in the individual areas are painstakingly dissected and presented, leading up to projections and recommendations on the way forward in Malaysian higher education governance.

American Higher Education in the Twenty First Century

All states assign responsibility for governing public colleges and universities to one or more boards, which are most often composed of a majority of lay citizens representing the public interest. The names of these boards vary, ...

American Higher Education in the Twenty First Century

American Higher Education in the Twenty-first century offers a comprehensive introduction to the central issues facing American colleges and universities. The contributors address major changes in higher education--including the rise of organized social movements, the problem of income inequality and stratification, the growth of for-profit and distance education, online education, community colleges, and teaching and learning-- will placing American higher education and its complex social and political context. --Cover.

Academic Governance in the Contemporary University

Although the US has a strong history of private and independent higher education for the individual, public colleges and universities did provide free or low-cost higher education in every state from the late nineteenth century until ...

Academic Governance in the Contemporary University

This book addresses three central questions in contemporary university governance: (1) How and why has academic governance in Anglophone nations changed in recent years and what impact have these changes had on current practices? (2) How do power relations within universities affect decisions about teaching and research and what are the implications for academic voices? (3) How can those involved in university governance and management improve academic governance processes and outcomes and why is it important that they do so? The book explores these issues in clear, concise and accessible language that will appeal to higher education researchers and governance practitioners alike. It draws on extensive empirical data from key national systems in the Anglophone world but goes beyond the simply descriptive to analyse and explain.

Governance in the Twenty First Century University Approaches to Effective Leadership and Strategic Management

Around the world, universities and their governance systems are experiencing change that occurs when accumulating environmental ... In 1933, for example, states contributed about half of public college and university operating budgets, ...

Governance in the Twenty First Century University  Approaches to Effective Leadership and Strategic Management

Explores approaches to effective leadership and strategic management in the twenty-first century university that recognize and respond to the perceptions and attitudes of university leaders toward institutional structures. It examines the differences between treating universities as businesses and managing universities in a businesslike manner, what kinds of leadership will best address challenges, and how to gain consensus among constituents that change is needed. From historical background to modern e-learning techniques, we look at governance to find systems that are effectively structured to balance the needs of students, educators, administrators, trustees, and legislators.

Governance and Transformations of Universities in Africa

The governance of higher education institutions traditionally has been a responsibility shared by faculty, administrators, ... from 6 in the early 1990s to 70 currently; 22 public universities, 9 public university constituent colleges, ...

Governance and Transformations of Universities in Africa

While universities world over are undergoing reforms and change, in the case of African universities as illustrated in this book, the reforms and changes are profound and can best be described as transformative. This book is unique in many ways, which makes it extraordinary. First, unlike other books that have examined issues on higher education in Africa from externalist positions, the contributors to this book are scholars who have been educated, are currently teaching in African universities or have taught in African universities. The book specifically focuses on transformations in the governance of African universities and its implications on equity, entrepreneurship, innovation, quality assurance, information and communication technologies (ICTs), and reform issues in higher education in Africa. The book presents pertinent research on governance in African universities in an experiential and empirical manner. The contributors of the book chapters include individuals actively involved in teaching, researching and governance of higher education institutions in Africa. The chapters are based on empirical data, including review of relevant literature. The book also recognizes that university governance is more than just crisis in financial or economic issues, but includes best management practices, shared governance, meaningful reforms, strategic planning, consultation, transparency and accountability, client (students, lecturers, parents and the public) satisfaction, as well as the role of the university in development. The contributions take cognizance of the fact that governance as a concept is facing fundamental changes in the context of global knowledge economy, and African local conditions. Contributors also take cognizance of the fact that one important source of change in Africa has been the accelerating speed of scientific and technological advancement in learning at universities where lifelong learning programs, adult learning programs, distance and online learning are relatively new. The chapters are also sensitive to new changes in gender, demographical, technological, education reforms, social and economic transformations in the governance of African universities. The book is basically an academic book for use by undergraduates and graduate students at universities, policy makers and formulators in African ministries of Education; supra national organizations, foreign organizations working in Africa, NGOs and CBOs as well as development stakeholders, and community organizers.

How to Run a College

... Independent (or Public) Institutions (Washington, DC: Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 1997). 14. Again, see “Board Policies, Practices, and Composition.” As mentioned above, the average number of voting ...

How to Run a College

Rejecting the notion that American colleges are holdovers from a bygone time, How to Run a College shows instead that they are centers of experimentation and innovation that heavily influence higher education not only in the United States but worldwide.

Perspectives on Fund Raising

College and University Foundations: Serving America's Public Higher Education. Washington, D.C.: Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 1997. Hodson, J. B. The Dual Role of Public University Administrator and ...

Perspectives on Fund Raising

"The purpose of this issue ... is to offer university administrators ... some perspectives on fundraising that will assist them in building and assessing their Institution's private giving operation."--cf. Editors' notes.

Challenging Racism in Higher Education

As Zumeta ( 2001 ) points out , nonacademic governing boards of public colleges and universities interpose some distance between local and state political officials and the operations of these organizations .

Challenging Racism in Higher Education

This book analyzes the historic and current state of institutionalized racial privileges and discrimination in higher education, using an organizational framework. It then provides and critiques examples of innovative efforts that seek to challenge and alter these socially unjust patterns of teaching, learning, leading, and living together.

Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges: http://www.agb.org Frosch, D. (2009, April 10). Campus still split after jury sides with professor. The New York Times, p. A16. Ingram, R. T. (1993). Governing public ...

Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education

The Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education is a compendium of information that tells the story of law and higher education from a variety of perspectives. As many of the entries in this encyclopedia reflect, the editor and contributors have sought to place legal issues in perspective so that students of higher education and the law can inform policy makers and practitioners about the meaning and status of the law and also raise questions for future research as they seek to improve the quality of learning for all. Key Features Includes boxed excerpts from 30 key cases in tandem with their related case entries Provides educators with enough awareness of the legal dimensions of given situations to enable them to better frame questions for their attorneys to answer Addresses emerging technologies such as webcams, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube and the challenges they create for both legislators and the judiciary Balances the tension between the proactive and reactive dimensions of education law Key Themes Cases in Higher Education Law Concepts, Theories, and Legal Principles Constitutional Rights and Issues Faculty Rights Governance and Finance Organizations and Institutions Primary Sources: Excerpts From Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Cases Religion and Freedom of Speech Statutes Student Rights and Welfare Technology

Politics Managerialism and University Governance

Similarly, in the US, external members dominate the membership of the governing boards of public universities (e.g., the University of California and Pennsylvania State University). Some countries (e.g., Australia) tend to form ...

Politics  Managerialism  and University Governance

This book explores the interplay between politics, managerialism, and higher education, and the complex linkages between politics and public universities in Hong Kong. Since the mid-20th century, literature on the state, market, and higher education has focused on the state’s shifting role from the direct administration to the supervision of higher education, and its increased use of market and managerial principles and techniques to regulate public universities. However, very few studies have addressed the political influences on university governance produced by changing state-university-market relationships, the chancellorship of public universities, or students’ and academics’ civic engagement with regard to sensitive political issues. The book examines both the positive and problematic outcomes of using market principles and managerialism to reform public higher education; questions the longstanding tradition of university chancellorship; explores the issue of external members holding the majority on university governing boards; probes into the dilemma of either relying on the system or a good chancellor and external members to preserve universities’ autonomy and academic freedom; and assesses the cost of students’ and academics’ civic engagement with regard to politically sensitive issues.

University Governance

Governance. of. Higher. Education. Systems: A. Public. Management. Perspective*. Ewan Ferlie, Christine Musselin, and Gianluca Andresani European higher education (HE) systems experienced major changes, and many publications have ...

University Governance

Higher education reforms have been on the agenda of Western European countries for 25 years, trying to deal with self governed professional bureaucracies politically weakened by massification when an emerging common understanding enhanced their role as major actors in knowledge based economies. While university systems are deeply embedded in national settings, the ex post rationale of still on-going reforms is surprisingly uniform and “de-nationalized”. They promote (1) the “organizational turn” of universities, to varying extent substituting collegial loosely coupled entities by “integrated, goal-oriented entities deliberately choosing their own actions (and therefore open to differentiation), that can thus be held responsible for what they do” (2) the diversification of stakeholders, supposedly offering solutions to problems as various as the democratisation of universities, the shrinking of State budget resources and the diversification of university missions offering answers to changes in the making and in the use of science. When it comes to accounting for these reforms, two grand narratives of public management share the floor. NPM implies a strengthening of the capacity of the core State to direct public services organizations through management by objectives and results or contractualization, assessment, evaluation and. “Governance” focuses on “network-based” governance systems, where coordinating power and control are collectively shared between the major ‘social actors or partners’ at all levels of the decision-making system. Our results suggest that all higher education systems under study were more or less transformed according to both these narratives. It is therefore needed to understand how they combine or create contradictions. This leads us to test a third neo-weberian model. This model reaffirms the role of the State, of representative democracy, (central, regional and local), of public law (suitably modernized), preserves the idea of a public service with a distinctive status, culture and terms and conditions. It shifts from an internal orientation to bureaucratic rules towards an external orientation in meeting citizens’ needs and wishes by means of standardization of work processes and their products, based on a distinctive public service and a particular legal order survived as the foundations beneath the various packages of modernizing reforms. This book traces the national dynamics of public policies, organizational design and steering tools in seven European higher education and research systems, using these narratives to interpret and test the actual changes and the degree of national specificities and European convergence. This book is not a sum of national chapters like other presumably comparative. It does not intend to tell once again the story of the transformation of the relationships between the state and universities. It tries to use Higher education system to discuss issues on state intervention and steering and more generally the NPM, governance and neo-weberian models in a specific field. Furthermore, this book intends breaking the walls between specialists in higher education and specialist in public management and research policy. This well rooted division of labour is less that ever justified as the university mission in research (fundamental, applied, strategic) is underscored by commentors and reformers themselves. For that reason, we have chosen to observe the consequences of the dynamics of public policies, organizational design and steering tools on two specific issues related to the development of research training and organizing within universities: the transformation of research funding on the one hand and the expansion of graduate studies and doctoral schools on the other.

The Governance and Management of Universities in Asia

The public higher education in India is offered through two types of institutions: universities and colleges. ... The division of labour between the colleges and universities is important to understand the governance structure and ...

The Governance and Management of Universities in Asia

This volume seeks to identify and explore the dynamics of global forces on the development of higher education in Asia, in particular, how neoliberalism has affected reforms on university governance and management in the region. It includes a set of country-specific studies on how various countries have responded to the dominant neoliberal ideology at the systemic, institutional, and process levels. The focus is on the relationship between the state and the universities, which is usually reflected in the degree of autonomy and accountability allowed in a particular higher education system. The selected countries are Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand. Each case study examines the establishment of corporatised or autonomous universities in the country focusing on (i) the acts, reports, and/or policies that led to such a move as well as the rationales behind the move; (ii) the changes in the governance and organisational structure of the universities, highlighting the kinds of autonomy that the universities have; (iii) the new management strategies, techniques, and practices that have been introduced to the university including the internal and external quality assurance mechanisms, and (iv) some of the tensions, conflicts, and acts of resistance that may have emerged.

Governance Models for Latin American Universities in the 21st Century

Governance. Harvard University Information Technology. (2021). Governance. The College|The University of Chicago. ... According to an article in Study in the USA (Burrows, 2020), a public university or college is also known as a state ...

Governance Models for Latin American Universities in the 21st Century

This book explores new models and future possibilities of university governance in a Latin American context using management and leadership theories. The dramatic changes and uncertainty facing the world recently have forced us to reimagine the future of education. Changes such as digitalization, the increasing number of corporate universities, and the need for cost-effective educational programs and services require universities to keep evolving while ensuring that they maintain their essence as a critical social asset. This book offers a new approach to managing and leading the university, particularly by embracing the role and responsibility of delivering quality educational programs and services, by being innovative and flexible enough to make urgent decisions and act upon them in a timely and appropriate manner. With its contributions to management and the social sciences, this interdisciplinary book will serve as a valuable resource to researchers, administrators, and students alike.

Shared Governance

Rick Setlzer, “New Books Examine College Governance and How it can Adapt to Changing Times,” Inside Higher Education (March 1, 2018), 1. 9. ... AAUP, “Statement on Government of Colleges and Universities” (Washington, DC, 1966), ...

Shared Governance

Shared Governance begins with the premise that today’s higher education governance practices have lost their focus and vitality. By re-examining the original suppositions of shared governance, along with an infusion of seminal democratic values and principles, a contemporary model is envisioned. From historical perspectives on shared governance, the book then takes a view of current governance models through the lens of Critical Theory and Open Systems Thinking. Political, corporate, and school system models are briefly reviewed before moving on to application to colleges and universities. Each chapter concludes with a continuous story of a young and maturing college vice president as she grapples with a static and worn governance system at her institution. She strives to reinvigorate the notion of shared governance and to bring staff and students into the process. The final three chapters of the book each include an essay written by individuals who have served on the ground level of shared governance at their institution. These people include: an administrative assistant who helped to create a Staff Council; a Student Government Association president who took a nascent SGA and gave students a new voice; and, an associate dean who mentored students in this developmental process.

Higher Education Accountability

Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. 2016. Governing boards of the university. Accessed August 24, 2016. http://governingboards.rutgers.edu. Savidge, N. 2016, May 10. Scott Walker blasts professors as UW-Milwaukee faculty vote ...

Higher Education Accountability

Immersed as they are in current debates about how best to respond to these pressures, faculty and administrators will welcome this up-to-date and timely account, which offers not only a look at current practices but an examination of the future of accountability in American higher education.

University Governance in Post Conflict Southern Sudan 2005 2011

The Nexus of Islamism, New Public Management and Neopatrimonialism Akiiki Babyesiza. text that due to demands from Southern politicians and academics, the University of Juba was established in 1978 which marked the beginning of higher ...

University Governance in  Post  Conflict Southern Sudan 2005   2011

Few studies have looked into the governance of universities in societies affected by armed conflicts, because they are either meant for practitioners or focused on the role of universities for peace and development. Akiiki Babyesiza offers an in-depth analysis of the relationship between state, higher education, and society in a multicultural and multi-religious post-conflict setting and uses empirical data to question university governance concepts. She explores the role that civil wars played in university development and governance in Sudan with a particular focus on Southern Sudan after the peace agreement of 2005 and before its secession in 2011.

Convergence and Diversity in the Governance of Higher Education

Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC), a national association of state colleges and universities established and partially funded under the American Government's First and Second Morrill Acts (1862 and ...

Convergence and Diversity in the Governance of Higher Education

This volume explores convergence and divergence in the governance of higher education systems from a global and comparative perspective.