History of Alaska Volume II

Anchorage Times (April 12, 1978); “Alaska's Homestead Era Comes to an End,” Frontiers Issue 79 (Autumn, 2000), 2-8. ... 'Double V's': Jonathan Daniels, FDR, and Race Relations During World War II,” North Carolina Historical Review vol.

History of Alaska   Volume II

The most significant military development to touch Alaska during the interwar years was the advent of air power, an innovation that completely altered Alaska's strategic position. Suddenly the world became smaller as areas once thought safely distant from potential enemies became vulnerable. Nowhere was this more evident than in the Pacific, whose countless islands became potential advanced air bases. As air technology improved, the ability of long-range bombers and, by the 1930s, of carrier aircraft, to penetrate American airspace was a development of far reaching significance. While such warnings were largely limited to a handful of air-power advocates their vocal advocacy constituted nothing less than an “insurrection”, a revolution in military thinking fought against entrenched military conservatism, cultural aversion to change, fears of budget cuts, and War Department lethargy. Indeed it was the air power crusader General Billy Mitchell who aggressively fought to convince the War and Navy Departments to embrace the new doctrine of offensive air power. Mitchell came to understand Alaska's strategic importance early on. Consequently, he saw the Aleutians as a vulnerability: if left unguarded Japan could “creep up” and, by establishing air dominance, take Alaska and Canada’s West Coast. But he also saw Alaska as a strategic base from which American planes could “reduce Tokyo to powder.” Prophetically, in 1923 Mitchell forecast precisely the military threat and strategic arguments that would shape military thinking almost twenty years later: “I am thinking of Alaska. In an air war, if we were unprepared Japan could take it away from us, first by dominating the sky and creeping up the Aleutians." By the mid-to late 1930s military and civilian advocates of air power and more visionary strategists were beginning to make their voices heard in Congress and elsewhere, decrying Alaska’s military vulnerability. Between 1933 and 1944 no one was more adamant than Alaska’s Delegate in Congress, Anthony Joseph “Tony” Dimond, who challenged the nation to defend itself by defending Alaska. To Dimond, it seemed poor strategy to fortify one pacific base, Hawaii, while ignoring another, Alaska. Dimond’s campaign was strengthened by passage of the Wilcox Bill, sponsored by Representative J. Mark Wilcox (D-Florida), officially known as the National Air Defense Act. This truly significant legislation authorized the location and construction of military airfields throughout the United States as a general defense preparedness measure. Alaska was recognized as one of the nation’s six strategic regions, and two bases, one at Anchorage, the other at Fairbanks, were recommended in part, “because Alaska was closer to Japan than it is to the center of [the] continental United States.” Fortuitously for Alaska defense advocates, General Douglas MacArthur stepped down as Chief of Staff of the Army and was replaced by Major General Malin Craig in October 1935. Craig and Brigadier General Stanley D. Embick advocated a substantial reconfiguration of Plan Orange arguing that the Philippines presented an invitation to attack and should be “neutralized” in favor defending the “Alaska-Hawaii-Panama Triangle.” Both the Army and Navy were charged with defending Alaska as far west as Dutch Harbor, and the army pledged to mobilize 6,600 troops in Alaska within a month of attack by Japan. In contemplating the defense of Alaska the Army General Staff formulated five priority objectives: first, increase the Alaska garrison; second, establish a major base for Army operations near Anchorage; third, develop a network of air bases within Alaska; fourth, garrison these bases with combat troops; and fifth, protect the naval installations at Sitka, Kodiak, and Dutch Harbor. Alaska was about to go to war.

Thousand Mile War

The Air Force in Alaska, Part II: Buildup to Dutch Harbor, June 1940- June 1942. Anchorage, Alaska: Alaskan Air Command, 1986. . The Aleutian Warriors, A History of the 11th Air Force and Fleet Air Wing 4, Fart I. Missoula, Mont.

Thousand Mile War

The Thousand-Mile War, a powerful story of the battles of the United States and Japan on the bitter rim of the North Pacific, has been acclaimed as one of the great accounts of World War II. Brian Garfield, a novelist and screenwriter whose works have sold some 20 million copies, was searching for a new subject when he came upon the story of this "forgotten war" in Alaska. He found the history of the brave men who had served in the Aleutians so compelling and so little known that he wrote the first full-length history of the Aleutian campaign, and the book remains a favorite among Alaskans. The war in the Aleutians was fought in some of the worst climatic conditions on earth for men, ships, and airplanes. The sea was rough, the islands craggy and unwelcoming, and enemy number one was always the weather--the savage wind, fog, and rain of the Aleutian chain. The fog seemed to reach even into the minds of the military commanders on both sides, as they directed men into situations that so often had tragic results. Frustrating, befuddling, and still the subject of debate, the Aleutian campaign nevertheless marked an important turn of the war in favor of the United States. Now, half a century after the war ended, more of the fog has been lifted. In the updated University of Alaska Press edition, Garfield supplements his original account, which was drawn from statistics, personal interviews, letters, and diaries, with more recently declassified photographs and many more illustrations.

A History of Sockeye Salmon Research Karluk River System Alaska 1880 2010

Pacific Fishery Biologist Memoirs , Il - More Montlake Fishery Biologists in Review , 1 ( 2 ) : 1-89 . 1982. Comparative catches and food habits ... Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska , Volume II , Govt . Print .

A History of Sockeye Salmon Research  Karluk River System  Alaska  1880 2010


Alaska Railroad Record

RECORD RAILROAD Volume II . No. 45 Alaska Railroad Record a mile within the territory of the Seward Division . While there will not be any general traffic on the Seward - Anchorage line until about October 1 , nevertheless it Official ...

Alaska Railroad Record


The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History Two volume set

See also territorial government Alaska Equal Rights Act of 1945, 19 Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act ... See also immigration policy Aspinall, 963 The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Poltical History Volume II: Index.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History   Two volume set

A comprehensive and authoritative encyclopedia of U.S. political history An essential resource for anyone interested in U.S. history and politics, this two-volume encyclopedia covers the major forces that have shaped American politics from the founding to today. Broad in scope, the book addresses both the traditional topics of political history—such as eras, institutions, political parties, presidents, and founding documents—and the wider subjects of current scholarship, including military, electoral, and economic events, as well as social movements, popular culture, religion, education, race, gender, and more. Each article, specially commissioned for this book, goes beyond basic facts to provide readers with crucial context, expert analysis, and informed perspectives on the evolution of American politics. Written by more than 170 leading historians and social scientists, The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History gives students, scholars, and researchers authoritative introductions to the subject's most important topics and a first step to further research. Features nearly 190 entries, organized alphabetically and written by a distinguished team of scholars, including Dean Baker, Lewis L. Gould, Alexander Keyssar, James T. Kloppenberg, Patricia Nelson Limerick, Lisa McGirr, Mark A. Noll, Jack N. Rakove, Nick Salvatore, Stephen Skowronek, Jeremi Suri, and Julian E. Zelizer Describes key political periods and eras, from the founding to the present day Traces the history of political institutions, parties, and founding documents Explains ideas, philosophies, and movements that shaped American politics Presents the political history and influence of geographic regions Describes the roles of ethnic, racial, and religious groups in the political process Explores the influence of mass culture, from political cartoons to the Internet Examines recurring issues that shape political campaigns and policy, from class, gender, and race to crime, education, taxation, voting, welfare, and much more Includes bibliographies, cross-references, appendixes, a comprehensive index, and more than 50 illustrations and maps

Code of Federal Regulations

1-2 Recommendations for attainment / Nonattainment designations II - 1 Alaska Statutes , except section 46.03.170 II ... System IV - 3 Testing Procedures V - 1 Air Quality Data An amended Appendix II - 5 , “ Alaska State Department of ...

Code of Federal Regulations


2017 CFR Annual Print Title 40 Protection of Environment Part 52 52 01 to 52 1018

... Plan (8) On January 18, 1980, the State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation submitted a plan revision to meet the requirements of Air Quality Monitoring, 40 CFR part 58, subpart C, §58.20, as follows: VOLUME II.

2017 CFR Annual Print Title 40 Protection of Environment   Part 52   52 01 to 52 1018


Library of Universal History

Containing a Record of the Human Race from the Earliest Historical Period to the Present Time; Embracing a General Survey of the ... Agag , vol . i , 367 Abdul Hamid II , vol . v , 1786 . ... Alaska , purchase of , vol . v , 1674 .

Library of Universal History


2018 CFR Annual Digital e Book Edition 40 Protection of Environment Part 52 52 01 to 52 1018

Carbon Monoxide, except subparts 1.c (Other areas) and 5.h (Fairbanks Emergency Avoidance Plan) VOLUME III. ... I–2 Recommendations for attainment/Nonattainment designations II–1 Alaska Statutes, except section 46.03.170 II2 ...

2018 CFR Annual Digital e Book Edition  40 Protection of Environment   Part 52   52 01 to 52 1018

Part 52 ( 52.01 to 52.1018) Volume 3

2018 CFR Annual Print Title 40 Protection of Environment Part 52 52 01 to 52 1018

Carbon Monoxide, except subparts 1.c (Other areas) and 5.h (Fairbanks Emergency Avoidance Plan) VOLUME III. ... Summary B. Description of Source Categories and Pollutants C. Summary of Major Emitting Sources D. History of Alaskan Point ...

2018 CFR Annual Print Title 40 Protection of Environment   Part 52   52 01 to 52 1018

Title 40 Protection of Environment - Part 52 ( 52.01 to 52.1018)

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

W90-05715 7C DAM STABILITY Using Supercomputers for the Time History Analysis of Old Gravity Dams . W90-05886 8A Detection of Subsurface ... W90-05771 7B Water Resources Data for Oregon Water , Year 1988 , Volume 2. Western Oregon .

Selected Water Resources Abstracts


A History of Chicago Volume II

Delayed somewhat in its activities by the panic of 1857, it did not incorporate for two years, and then under the name ... returned from the Arctic after a three years' stay in search of specimens to use in the study of natural history.

A History of Chicago  Volume II

Traces the city's struggle for physical, intellectual, cultural, and spiritual growth throughout its history.

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

VOLUME II . ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS , CONTROL ACTIONS C. Attainment / Nonattainment Designations Section III . ... Point Source Control Efforts C. Summary of Major Emitting Sources D. History of Alaskan Point Source Program F. Local ...

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

Code of Federal Regulations Title 40 Protection of Environment PT 52 52 01 52 1018 Revised as of July 1 2010

( 7 ) Part D attainment plans for the Anchorage and Fairbanks carbon monoxide nonattainment areas submitted by the Governor of Alaska on January 18 , 1980 as follows : VOLUME II . ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS , CONTROL ACTIONS Section III .

Code of Federal Regulations  Title 40  Protection of Environment  PT  52  52 01 52 1018   Revised as of July 1  2010


Under Western Skies

A good discussion of the laws appears in Carl J. Meyer and George A. Riley, Public Domain, Private Dominion: A History of Public Mineral Policy in America (San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1985), chap. 2. 9. Alaska: The Underworld Erupts 1.

Under Western Skies

For decades, the story of the American West has been told as a glorious tale of conquest and rugged individualism--the triumph of progress. But recently, a new school of historians has challenged this view, creating what is known as the "new western history," an approach that gives a central role to the environment, native peoples, and the concentration of power in the hands of a few. Foremost among these historians is Donald Worster. In Worster's writings, the western past emerges not as a march of Manifest Destiny but rather as an unfolding relationship between humankind and nature. In Under Western Skies, Worster provides an eloquent introduction to the changing traditions of western historical writing and then demonstrates his own approach through fascinating case studies. For example, he takes a hard look at the struggle by the Lakota to regain ownership of the Black Hills, examining not only the legal history of treaties and court cases but also the importance of the Black Hills in Indian religion and the way they have been mismanaged by the U.S. government. He discusses the cowboy in terms of the new ecology that arose from livestock ranching--the endless miles of fences, the changes in the environment wrought by extensive grazing, certain species of animals almost wiped out because they were considered a danger to sheep and cattle. But Worster's view of nature is not as simple or as, linear as for instance, Bill McKibben's stark picture in The End of Nature, a picture Worster argues against. From the mining ghost towns of the Rockies to the uprooted farm families of the Dust Bowl, nature sometimes wins the struggle. Even the Hoover Dam, he reminds us, may one day be overcome by the patient Colorado River. Under Western Skies both offers intriguing insights into important aspects of our history and instills a new appreciation for the place of nature, native peoples, and the struggles over money and power in the western past.

Title 40 Protection of Environment Part 52 52 01 to 52 1018 Revised as of July 1 2013

(2) Compliance schedules submitted on August 2, 1973, by the State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. ... monoxide nonattainment areas submitted by the Governor of Alaska on January 18, 1980 as follows: VOLUME II.

Title 40 Protection of Environment Part 52       52 01 to 52 1018   Revised as of July 1  2013

40 CFR Protection of Environment

Fisheries and Aquaculture Volume II

One common denominator between the two hydrographically and geologically dissimilar areas is that there appear to be various spawning stocks with varying life history parameters. The varying life histories of the Alaska pollock have led ...

Fisheries and Aquaculture   Volume II

Fisheries and Aquaculture theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Fisheries are a major life support system and the main purpose of this theme on Fisheries and Aquaculture is to provide baseline information and latest knowledge at the dawn of this century to facilitate vital fisheries recovery before their irreparable collapse. This Theme on Fisheries and Aquaculture is divided into five topics. It starts with discussions on major issues and challenges in “Harvesting the Seas”, with emphasis on the role and importance of the fisheries sector and its environment, and introduces trends and perspectives in marine fisheries, including allocation of use rights, subsidies, and port management. The next two topics present an in-depth and detailed knowledge on fish and other aquatic living resources that are commercially exploited and/or farmed. The third topic on Inland Fisheries presents salmonid fish, eels, shad, whitefish and smelt, carp, perch, pike and bass, tilapia, frog, and crustaceans. The fourth topic presents a comprehensive review of trends and perspectives in Aquaculture: Principles and Prospects. The fifth topic on Economics of Fisheries and Aquaculture reviews the latest views and concepts useful to apprehend the fisheries management regime, including a comparative static economic theory and a dynamic theory of fishery, spatial bioeconomic dynamics and role of international law in the management of marine fisheries, rights-based and community fisheries management, aquaculture economics, and game theory and fisheries. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.