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House Flies and How They Spread Disease Classic Reprint

Author: C. Gordon Hewitt
Publisher: CUP Archive
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Excerpt from House-Flies and How They Spread Disease The discovery of the serious role which the house fly may play under certain conditions, was hardly less astonishing than the revelation of our profound ignorance of its life-history, habits and bionomics generally. In this respect it afforded another example of a not infrequent occurrence in biology, namely, the passing over of the commonplace in the search for the unique and rare. Zoological literature is replete with minute descriptions of creatures which few have seen, or ever will see, and which have not. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Farmers Bulletin

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House Flies

Author: Leland Ossian Howard
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The House Fly

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The House Fly Musca Domestica Linn

Author: C. Gordon Hewitt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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This 1914 volume responds rising concerns regarding the role of the house-fly in the dissemination of infectious diseases, and its relationship to unhygienic conditions. Given the role played by the house-fly in these circumstances, it was decided that a thorough study of its entomological and medical significance was required.


The House Fly

Author: Museum Natural History British
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The House Fly

Author: Leland Ossian Howard
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Medical Entomology for Students

Author: M. W. Service
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Arthropod vectors of human diseases, such as malaria, filariasis and typhus, are a continuing threat to human health. Since publication of the first edition, Medical Entomology for Students has proved a popular textbook by providing the reader with all the basic information on insects, mites and ticks that affect human health. It examines methods of identification, the biology and ecology of these medically important arthropods, their epidemiological role and how they can be controlled. Its clear presentation and concise writing style, extensive illustrations and glossary of entomological and epidemiological terms make the book comprehensive and accessible. Each chapter concludes with suggestions for further reading. Medically important arthropods concern students of subjects as varied as tropical medicine, parasitology, entomology and pest control and the book also provides essential reading for physicians, nurses, health officials and community health workers. This textbook is recommended reading for both students and teachers of medical entomology courses.


House Fly Musca Domestica L Attraction to Insect Honeydew with Identification and Behavioral Studies of Honeydew Volatile Compounds

Author: Kim Yeen Hung
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House flies are common pests on cattle feedlots and dairies, where they develop in and feed on animal waste. By contacting animal waste, house flies can acquire human pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp., in addition to other bacteria, viruses, or parasites that may infect humans and animals. The subsequent dispersal of house flies from animal facilities to nearby agricultural fields containing food crops may lead to pre-harvest food contamination with these pathogens. We hypothesized that odors from honeydew, the sugary excreta produced by sucking insects feeding on crops, or molds and fungi growing on honeydew, may attract house flies, thereby increasing the risk of food crop contamination. House fly attraction to honeydew-contaminated plant material was evaluated using a laboratory bioassay and attraction was evident for the following plant-pest-honeydew combinations: citrus mealybug on squash fruit, pea aphid on faba bean plants, whitefly on navel orange and grapefruit leaves, and combined citrus mealybug and cottony cushion scale on mandarin orange leaves. Two fungal species, Aureobasidium pullulans and Cladosporium cladosporioides, were repeatedly isolated from field-collected honeydew samples. House flies were attracted to odors from A. pullulans cultures but not to those of C. cladosporioides. Gas chromatography-electroantennogram detection (GC-EAD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) identified possible active compounds from pea aphid on faba bean plants, whitefly on navel orange, and whitefly on grapefruit leaves. 10 different compounds were identified from honeydew aeration samples that elicited a house fly antennal response. 4 of these compounds were identified from honeydew produced by whiteflies on navel orange and whiteflies on Marsh grapefruit plants, while one compound was identified from these two whitefly honeydews samples as well as honeydew from a laboratory colony of pea aphids. Two of these compounds were attractive to house flies in a blend and individually. These compound blends and single compounds were compared to fermented vinegar compounds previously found to be attractive to house flies. This dissertation presents the first study of house fly attraction to honeydew and specific honeydew odors. It contributes materially to our understanding of house fly responses to honeydew volatiles and demonstrates that insect honeydew is attractive to house flies, supporting our hypothesis that honeydew production by sucking insects infesting food crops may contribute to attraction of house flies to food crops.


The House Fly Disease Carrier

Author: Leland Ossian Howard
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