How Does Vietnam s Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty

To fully realize the growth potential of trade, while limiting the risk of rising inequality, policies need to better account for microeconomic heterogeneity. One approach to this is geographic targeting that shifts resources to poor areas.

How Does Vietnam s Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty

Trade policies can promote aggregate efficiency, but the ensuing structural adjustments generally create both winners and losers. From an incomes perspective, trade liberalization can raise gross domestic product per capita, but rates of emergence from poverty depend on individual household characteristics of economic participation and asset holding. To fully realize the growth potential of trade, while limiting the risk of rising inequality, policies need to better account for microeconomic heterogeneity. One approach to this is geographic targeting that shifts resources to poor areas. This study combines an integrated microsimulation-computable general equilibrium model with small area estimation to evaluate the spatial incidence of Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization. Provincial-level poverty reduction after full liberalization was heterogeneous, ranging from 2.2 percent to 14.3 percent. Full liberalization will benefit the poor on a national basis, but the northwestern area of Vietnam is likely to lag behind. Furthermore, poverty can be shown to increase under comparable scenarios.

How Does Vietnam s Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty

To fully realize the growth potential of trade, while limiting the risk of rising inequality, policies need to better account for microeconomic heterogeneity. One approach to this is geographic targeting that shifts resources to poor areas.

How Does Vietnam s Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty

Trade policies can promote aggregate efficiency, but the ensuing structural adjustments generally create both winners and losers. From an incomes perspective, trade liberalization can raise gross domestic product per capita, but rates of emergence from poverty depend on individual household characteristics of economic participation and asset holding. To fully realize the growth potential of trade, while limiting the risk of rising inequality, policies need to better account for microeconomic heterogeneity. One approach to this is geographic targeting that shifts resources to poor areas. This study combines an integrated microsimulation-computable general equilibrium model with small area estimation to evaluate the spatial incidence of Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization. Provincial-level poverty reduction after full liberalization was heterogeneous, ranging from 2.2 percent to 14.3 percent. Full liberalization will benefit the poor on a national basis, but the northwestern area of Vietnam is likely to lag behind. Furthermore, poverty can be shown to increase under comparable scenarios.

Vulnerability to Poverty

Fujii, T. and R. Holst (2008): “How Does Vietnam's Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty?” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4521, World Bank, Washington DC.

Vulnerability to Poverty

With the current global crisis, high levels of volatility in trade, capital flows, commodity prices, aid, and the looming threat of climate change, this book brings together high-quality research and presents conceptual issues and empirical results to analyze the determinants of the vulnerability to poverty in developing countries.

Globalization and the Poor in Asia

How Does Vietnam's Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty? Tomoki Fujii and David Roland-Holst Introduction Trade liberalization is good for growth, and growth is good for the poor.

Globalization and the Poor in Asia

Asia is widely regarded as having benefited most from the dynamic growth effect of the recent wave of globalization. By examining mechanisms at work in the globalization–poverty nexus through specific case studies reflecting different settings, the book seeks to find ways to rediscover and resume a pattern of shared growth in Asia.

Economic Integration and Regional Development

Chen, S., and M. Ravallion (2004) “Welfare impacts of China's access to the World Trade Organization”, The World Economic ... (2007) “How does Vietnam's accession to the world trade organization change the spatial incidence of poverty?

Economic Integration and Regional Development

With a combined population larger than that of the EU or NAFTA, economic integration of the ASEAN states will have a massive impact on both the Asian and global economies. This book examines the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and its opportunities and challenges. It looks at the impacts of economic integration, trade structure and economic interlinkage among these countries through case studies. The book also utilizes theories to further examine areas such as trade, cross-border infrastructure, border management, and the regional development in terms of trade liberalization and foreign labor. This book also provides insight and analysis to developing policies for "ASEAN Connectivity". Given the challenges faced and huge potential impacts of the AEC’s cross-border project, this book will be of interest to policy makers, business leaders and researchers in the ASEAN region and throughout the world.

The Economics of East Asian Integration

Dollar, David and Aart Kraay (2002), 'Growth is good for the poor', Journal of Economic Growth, 7(3), 195–225. ... 'How does Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization change the spatial incidence of poverty?

The Economics of East Asian Integration

This volume is intended to be the most comprehensive textbook on economic integration in East Asia. It introduces the reader to various issues related to the topic such as institutional building of FTAs; production networks and the location choice of MNEs; R&D and innovation; infrastructure development and transport costs; international migration and service trade; monetary integration; regional disparity and poverty. It also deals with the critical energy, environmental and agricultural concerns. Each chapter contains ample data and rigorous analyses, complemented by illustrative box articles. Covering a wide range of aspects surrounding economic integration in East Asia, this well-researched text will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students of development studies, regional economics and Asian studies. It will be of particular value to those on courses concerned with economic and regional integration.

Vietnamese Health Care System in Change

Die Kommunistische Partei bereitet die Wahlen für die Volksräte vor [The Communist Party is preparing the elections of the ... “How Does Vietnam's Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty?

Vietnamese Health Care System in Change

Within the last twenty years a large-scale bottom-up privatization has taken place in Vietnam, changing and dismantling the public health care system. This process has led to severe tensions inherent in the transitional society of Vietnam between equity and access to health care support - especially for the poor, elderly, migrants, and ethnic minorities - on the one hand, and its efficiency on the other hand. The book traces the reform efforts to modernize the health care system by the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Vietnamese government. The author bases her findings on little known primary literature and interviews with key stakeholders of the policy network involved in the reform of the health care system, thereby painting an authentic atmospheric picture of the profound changes in the health care system in Vietnam.

Three Essays on Poverty Mapping and Targeting

Chapter 3 How Does Vietnam's Accession to the World Trade Organization Change the Spatial Incidence of Poverty and ... liberalization can stimulate aggregate economic growth , but the composition of growth effects is more complex .

Three Essays on Poverty Mapping and Targeting


Economie Internationale

J.-P. Cling , M. A. Marouani , M. Razafindrakoto , A.-S. Robilliard & F. Roubaud 70 REFERENCES DET 20 * - معن - wel 2014 ... How does Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization change the spatial incidence of poverty ?, United ...

Economie Internationale


Dissertation Abstracts International

A model of residential location choice is used to describe conditions under which the gradient of the hedonic price ... spatial distribution of poverty changes as a result of Vietnam's accession to the World Trade Organization ( WTO ) .

Dissertation Abstracts International


Trade Liberalization and Spatial Inequality

Membership has , however , become a priority since China joined the WTO as its 143rd member in 2001 , and Vietnam will no doubt face stern demands for trade liberalization before it can join the WTO . Yet , it is also becoming clear ...

Trade Liberalization and Spatial Inequality


The WTO and Poverty and Inequality

Distinct differences in poverty assessments emerge when the impact of trade liberalization is analyzed in the two models ... become a priority since China joined the WTO as its 143rd member in 2001 , and Vietnam will no doubt face stern ...

The WTO and Poverty and Inequality

A two-volume collection that presents key papers on the relationship between international trade and trade policy on the one hand, and poverty and inequality on the other. The selected papers cover macroeconomic links, price links, general equilibrium modeling and, factor markets.

World Bank Research Program

This research project extends that work , creating a spatial database of nonincome poverty indicators for use in a ... as related to World Trade Organization accession agreements and other trade arrangements ) on particular categories ...

World Bank Research Program


Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

One major change discernible in this process is that the Japanese now have acquired a sense of participation in shaping ... Built through the cooperation of World Energy Organization (WEO), a new agency of the U.N., to be operated by an ...

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.