Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

Audience Applied biomathematicians, orthopedists, clinical orthopedists.

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

Audience Applied biomathematicians, orthopedists, clinical orthopedists.

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

H.B. Van Rees, M. Mengeot, and E. Kostiner, "Monoclinic-Hexagonal Transition in Hydroxyapatite and Deuterohydroxyapatite Single Crystals," Mat. Res. Bull., 8, 1307-1310 (1973). 18. J.C. Trombe, and G. Montel, "Some Features of the ...

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

Audience Applied biomathematicians, orthopedists, clinical orthopedists.

Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook

1.3 SCAFFOLD MATERIALS FOR BONE TISSUE ENGINEERING The first step in achieving a successful scaffold is to choose a suitable ... Actually, hydroxyapatite and related calcium phosphates (e.g., β-tricalcium phosphate [β-TCP]) have been ...

Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook

Focusing on a lucrative and increasingly important area of biomedicine, the Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook brings together various biomaterials production and processing aspects, including tissue engineering scaffold materials, drug delivery systems, nanobiomaterials, and biosensors. With contributions from renowned international experts and extensive reference lists in each chapter, the volume provides detailed, practical information to produce and use biomaterials. The different facets of biomaterials technology are split into four sections in the book— Part I The development of new materials and devices capable of interacting specifically with biological tissues and the preparation of scaffolds using materials with appropriate composition and structure Part II The necessary materials to create a drug delivery system capable of controlled release and the incorporation of drug reservoirs into implantable devices for sustained controlled release Part III The significant role nanotechnology plays in the biomedical and biotechnology fields Part IV More biomaterials, including synthetic and natural degradable polymeric biomaterials, electroactive polymers as smart materials, and biomaterials for gastrointestinal and cartilage repair and reconstruction

Polymers in Particulate Systems

ATC Wong , JT Czernuszka . in Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials . ( PW Brown , B Constantz , Eds . ) . Boca Raton , FL : CRC Press , 1994 , pp 155-162 . 38. S Zhang , KE Gonsalves . J Mater Sci Mater Med 8 : 25-28 ( 1997 ) . 39.

Polymers in Particulate Systems

"Presents the latest research on the flow and structure of complex particulate sustemsions, the adsorption behavior of polymers, and the consolidation behavior and mechanical properties of films. Highlights recent advances in polymer functionality, conformation, and chemistry for biological, biomedical, and industrial applications."

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 25, 1e10. Ioku, K. (1996). Hydroxyapatite and related calcium phosphates as ceramic biomaterials. Inorganic Materials, 3, 412e418. Jo, J. H., Kang, B. G., Shin, K. S., Kim, ...

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications. Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Sub and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology

M. Yoshimura, H. Suda, No titlehydrothermal processing of hydroxyapatite: Past, present, and future, in: Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1993: pp. 45–72. 9.K. Byrappa, M. Yoshimura, Physical chemistry of ...

Sub  and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology

Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability. This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering. This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.

Mineralogy

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. pp. 3-28 [17] Pan Y, Fleet ME. Compositions of the apatite-group minerals: Substitution mechanisms and controlling factors. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry.

Mineralogy

Mineralogy includes thirteen chapters that discuss the methodology of specific mineralogical methods, the composition of minerals from different igneous rocks, and the composition of minerals from different sedimentary rocks.It contains detailed mineralogical studies from Africa, Asia, and Europe. Chapters present different scientific mineralogical methods and detailed descriptions of minerals from different magmatic and sedimentary rocks.

Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Biomedical Applications

Surface modification of titanium, titanium alloys, and related materials for biomedical applications. Mater. Sci. Eng. R 47:49—121. 7. Nery, E. B. and Lynch, K. L. 1978. Preliminary clinical studies of bioceramic in periodontal osseous ...

Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite coatings are of great importance in the biological and biomedical coatings fields, especially in the current era of nanotechnology and bioapplications. With a bonelike structure that promotes osseointegration, hydroxyapatite coating can be applied to otherwise bioinactive implants to make their surface bioactive, thus achieving faster healing and recovery. In addition to applications in orthopedic and dental implants, this coating can also be used in drug delivery. Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Biomedical Applications explores developments in the processing and property characterization and applications of hydroxyapatite to provide timely information for active researchers and newcomers alike. In eight carefully reviewed chapters, hydroxyapatite experts from the United States, Japan, Singapore, and China present the latest on topics ranging from deposition processes to biomedical applications in implants and drug delivery. This book discusses: Magnetron sputtering and electrochemical deposition The modification of hydroxyapatite properties by sol–gel deposition to incorporate other elements found in natural bones, such as zinc, magnesium, and fluorine The use of pure hydroxyapatite in drug delivery applications The growth or self-assembly of hydroxyapatite on shape memory alloy Hydroxyapatite composite coatings—with carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide (TiO2), and others—on the titanium alloy Offering valuable insights and a wealth of data, including numerous tables and figures, this is a rich source of information for research on hydroxyapatite coatings. Each chapter also covers material that provides an accessible stepping stone for those who are new to the field.

Fifteen Years of Clinical Experience with Hydroxyapatite Coatings in Joint Arthroplasty

Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research (274):79–96. Huiskes R, Weinans H, Van Rietbergen B (1992) The relationship between stress shielding and bone resorption around total hip stems and the effects of flexible materials.

Fifteen Years of Clinical Experience with Hydroxyapatite Coatings in Joint Arthroplasty

Ronald J. Furlong of the United Kingdom per the short term with this method of biologic fixation formed the first clinical implantation of a hydroxy of total joint implants has withstood the test of time. apatite-coated (HA) hip implant in 1985, about 18 Our thanks are due to the authors of chapters in this volume for the effort they made to write and years ago. This was followed in 1986 by other HA submit their work to us in a timely fashion. These clinical implantations conducted by the ARTRO Group in France and Rudolf Geesink in the Nether authors, working in Europe, the United States, lands. Following these pioneers, many thousands of Japan, and Australia, do not all use English as their first language. Many made great efforts to provide HA-coated hip implants of various designs, from us with English language documents. Where we various implant manufacturers, have been implanted felt the language was unclear, we made only those worldwide, by many surgeons at many institutions. minor changes needed to facilitate understanding. The coating technology has expanded to include the For manuscripts submitted in a language other than revision setting in the hip, as well as unicompart English, we employed professional interpretation, mental knees, total knees, shoulders, and an assort and then made editorial changes if the content was ment of minor joint implants. unclear to us.

New Techniques in Solid State NMR

In : Brown PW , Constanz B ( eds ) Hydroxyapatite and related materials . CRC Press , Boca Raton , pp 3-28 20. Kaflak - Hachulska A , Samoson A , Kolodziejski W ( 2003 ) ' H MAS and 1H → 31P CP / MAS NMR study of human bone mineral .

New Techniques in Solid State NMR

With contributions by numerous experts

Encyclopedia of Biocolloid and Biointerface Science 2 Volume Set

HYDROXYAPATITE-RELATED. MATERIALS. Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Musashino University, Nishi-Tokyo 202-8585, Japan Encyclopedia of Biocolloid and Biointerface Science, Volume 1, First Edition.

Encyclopedia of Biocolloid and Biointerface Science  2 Volume Set

This encyclopedia uniquely concentrates on biocolloids and biointerfaces rather than the broader field of colloid and interface science. Biocolloids and biointerfaces are the youngest but increasingly prominent studied area of colloid and interface science, and this encyclopedia uses "soft particles" and "soft interface" as surface models in observing phenomena in biological systems. Provides a detailed description of the fundamental theories, dealing with the physicochemical and theoretical aspects of biocolloid and biointerface science Offers a detailed description of soft interfaces or surfaces Includes detailed description of applications of fundamental biocolloid and biointerface theories to nano-, bio, and environmental sciences A useful and timely resource for researchers and graduates in the field of biocolloid and biointerface science, as well as engineers in the field of nanotechnology, bioscience, and environmental science.

Biomineralization I

In: Brown PW, Constantz B (eds) Hydroxyapatite and related materials. CRC Press, Boca Raton, p 3 67. Sakai H, Umemura J (1993) Chem Lett 2167 68. Sakai H, Umemura J (2002) Colloid Polym Sci 280:316 69. Dluhy RA (1986) J Phys Chem ...

Biomineralization I

In nature, biological organisms produce mineralized tissues such as bone, teeth, diatoms, and shells. Biomineralization is the sophisticated process of production of these inorganic minerals by living organisms. Construction of organic–inorganic hybrid materials with controlled mineralization analogous to those produced by nature has recently received much attention because it can aid in understanding the mechanisms of the biomineralization process and development of biomimetic materials processing. The biomineralization ? processes use aqueous solutions at temperatures below 100 C and no toxic intermediates are produced in these systems. From a serious global en- ronmental problem point of view, the development of processes inspired by biomineralization would offer valuable insights into material science and en- neering to reduce energy consumption and environmental impact. One of the most challenging scienti?c problems is to gain greater insight into the mol- ular interactions occurring at the interface between the inorganic mineral and the macromolecular organic matrix. Model systems are often regarded as a straight-forward experimental approach toward biomimetic crystallization. Hierarchical architectures consisting of small building blocks of inorganic cr- tals are often found in biominerals. Studies of nanocrystal self-organization in solution systems would also be helpful for understanding biomineralization. In these volumes, we focus on construction of organic–inorganic hybrid - terials with controlled mineralization inspired by natural biomineralization. In the?rst volume, thereader will ?nd contributionsproviding abasic scopeof the mineralization process in aqueous solution.

Characterization and Control of Interfaces for High Quality Advanced Materials

LeGeros , “ Biological and Synthetic Apatites ” ; 3-28 in Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials , Ed . P.W. Brown and B. Constantz . CRC Press , Boca Raton , 1994 . ' K. Sato , Y. Kumagai , and J. Tanaka , “ Apatite Formation on Organic ...

Characterization and Control of Interfaces for High Quality Advanced Materials

Interface characterization and control are critical in the design and manufacture of high quality advanced materials, particularly, for nanomaterials. This proceedings features papers on interface science and technology that provide a unique and state-of-the art perspective on interface characterization and control. Articles from scientists and engineers from 11 different countries address interface control, high temperature interfaces, nanoparticle design, nanotechnology, suspension control, novel processing, particulate materials, microstructure, and hot gas cleaning. This unique volume will serve as a valuable reference for scientists and engineers interested in interfaces, particulate materials, and nanotechnology. Proceedings of the International Conference on ICCCI 2003, Kurashiki, Japan, 2003; Ceramic Transactions, Volume 146.

Bioceramics

This book will serve as a major reference for students, as well as experienced bio material researchers. The book presents the state-of-the-art of bioceramics as of 1991.

Bioceramics

As recently as 20 years ago, ceramics were widely ignored as potential biomaterials. Interest in bioceramics has increased dramatically over the past decade to the point where it is anticipated they will be the materials of choice for many orthopedic, otologic, maxillofacial and dental applications during the decade of the '90s. Alumina ceramics are being used extensively as articulating comJ1onents in total joint prostheses because of Ithe materials low coefficient of friction and excellent wear resistances. Alumina ceramics are also being used in dental and maxillofacial applica tions because of the materials excellent biocompatibility. Because of its ability to chemically bond to bone, hydroxyapatite is rapidly becoming the material of choice for many dental and maxillofacial applications. For the past decade, one of the most widely researched topics in the field of orthopedics has been the clinical evaluation of joint prostheses based upon stabili zation via tissue ingrowth. It appears that the next generation of joint prostheses will be based upon direct chemically bonding to bone using hydroxyapatite, surface-active glass or surface-active glass ceramics coatings. Resorbable bioceramics are limited to temporary bone space fillers, periodontal pockets treatment and resorbable pharma ceutical delivery systems. Bioceramics is a comprehensive reference textbook covering the history of bio ceramics, present status of bioceramics, and prediction for future use of bioceramics. This book will serve as a major reference for students, as well as experienced bio material researchers. The book presents the state-of-the-art of bioceramics as of 1991.

Design and Applications of Hydroxyapatite Based Catalysts

Water-based sol-gel synthesis of hydroxyapatite: process development. Biomaterials 22: 1721–1730. 24 Jillavenkatesa, A. and Condrate, R.A. Sr., (1998). Sol-gel processing of hydroxyapatite. Journal of Materials Science 33: 4111–4119.

Design and Applications of Hydroxyapatite Based Catalysts

Essential reference for researchers and experts in industry highlighting the rapidly growing field of hydroxyapatite-based catalysts and their application in various chemical processes. Hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) is the main mineral component of human and animal bones. It is largely applied in the field of biomaterials due to its biocompatibility. Recently, hydroxyapatite-based materials have especially gained a lot of attention by researchers in catalysis, as they are versatile and have shown precious properties of a good catalyst and catalyst support such as excellent ion-exchange capacity, high porosity, very low water solubility, controlled basicity/acidity, and good thermal stability at high temperatures. Design and Applications of Hydroxyapatite-Based Catalysts gives a detailed overview of the synthesis, characterization, and use of hydroxyapatite-based materials in catalysis. It covers synthetic hydroxyapatites (from pure chemicals or waste), natural apatites and materials from eggshells and animal bones. The application of hydroxyapatite-based catalysts in selective oxidation, deoxygenation, selective hydrogenation, dehydrogenation reactions, organic synthesis, as well as reforming processes and production of energy carriers is reviewed. Moreover, electrocatalysis and photocatalysis using hydroxyapatite-based materials are discussed. Kinetic and mechanism studies of various chemical pro-cesses over hydroxyapatite-based catalysts are also presented. This is the first book solely dedicated to hydroxyapatite-based materials and their use in catalysis. Covers synthesis and characterization, surface and structure studies, kinetic and mechanism aspects, and various applications in heterogeneous catalysis, electrocatalysis, and photocatalysis. Aimed at further stimulating research in the field Design and Applications of Hydroxyapatite-Based Catalysts is an indispensable source-of-information for researchers in academia and industry working in catalysis.

Hydroxyapatite

The obtained results have shown that the materials exhibited good, long-term antimicrobial activity. Detailed study focused on HAs with controlled porosity and loaded with three antimicrobial agents (vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and ...

Hydroxyapatite

The goal of this book is to provide readers with a broad appraisal of topics in global advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, and practical applications of nano-HAp materials based on their synthesis, properties, prospects, and potential biomedical treatments. The perspective of this book involves the preparation of crystalline nano-HAP materials including preferential orientation, various properties and new prospects in biomimetics, bone tissue infections, biomedical implants, regenerative medicinal treatments and a wide range of technological applications. This book is categorized into two main sections: Hydroxyapatite: synthesis, properties, perspectives, and prospects; and the application of hydroxyapatite: a synergistic outlook. Individual chapters provide a base for a wide range of readers from diversified fields, including students and researchers, who will find in this book simply explained basics as well as advanced techniques of specific subjects related to these phenomena. The book is made up of nine contributions, compiled by experts from wide-ranging fields involved in biomaterials/materials in science and technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in developing calcium phosphate biomaterials and their applications in medicine.

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in developing calcium phosphate biomaterials and their applications in medicine. It covers the fundamental structures, synthesis methods, characterization methods, and the physical and chemical properties of calcium phosphate biomaterials, as well as the synthesis and properties of calcium phosphate-based biomaterials in regenerative medicine and their clinical applications. The book brings together these new concepts, mechanisms and methods in contributions by both young and “veteran” academics, clinicians, and researchers to forward the knowledge and expertise on calcium phosphate and related materials. Accordingly, the book not only covers the fundamentals but also open new avenues for meeting future challenges in research and clinical applications. Besim Ben-Nissan is a Professor of Chemistry and Forensic Science at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Materials for Biomedical Engineering

The effect of pH on the formation of the various calcium phosphate phases is strongly related to the properties of phosphate- ... Of the calcium phosphate compounds relevant to biomaterials, hydroxyapatite is the most stable at the ...

Materials for Biomedical Engineering

MATERIALS FOR BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING A comprehensive yet accessible introductory textbook designed for one-semester courses in biomaterials Biomaterials are used throughout the biomedical industry in a range of applications, from cardiovascular devices and medical and dental implants to regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and cancer treatment. Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications provides an up-to-date introduction to biomaterials, their interaction with cells and tissues, and their use in both conventional and emerging areas of biomedicine. Requiring no previous background in the subject, this student-friendly textbook covers the basic concepts and principles of materials science, the classes of materials used as biomaterials, the degradation of biomaterials in the biological environment, biocompatibility phenomena, and the major applications of biomaterials in medicine and dentistry. Throughout the text, easy-to-digest chapters address key topics such as the atomic structure, bonding, and properties of biomaterials, natural and synthetic polymers, immune responses to biomaterials, implant-associated infections, biomaterials in hard and soft tissue repair, tissue engineering and drug delivery, and more. Offers accessible chapters with clear explanatory text, tables and figures, and high-quality illustrations Describes how the fundamentals of biomaterials are applied in a variety of biomedical applications Features a thorough overview of the history, properties, and applications of biomaterials Includes numerous homework, review, and examination problems, full references, and further reading suggestions Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications is an excellent textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in biomedical materials science courses, and a valuable resource for medical and dental students as well as students with science and engineering backgrounds with interest in biomaterials.

Introduction to Biomaterials

1. Introduction to bioceramics. 1.1.

Introduction to Biomaterials

1. Introduction to bioceramics. 1.1. Bioactive materials. 1.2. References -- 2. Bioactive ceramics : structure, synthesis, and mechanical properties. 2.1. Structure of hydroxyapatite. 2.2. Synthesis of hydroxyapatite powder. 2.3. Mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite. 2.4. Other bioceramics. 2.5. References. 2.6. Problems -- 3. Bioceramic processing. 3.1. Fabrication and mechanical properties of porous bioceramics. 3.2. Coating of bioceramic thick films on bio-inert porous subs. 3.3. Coating on dense substrates. 3.4. Hydroxyapatite coatings for non-hard tissue applications. 3.5. Composites. 3.6. Summary. 3.7. References. 3.8. Problems -- 4. Coating of hydroxyapatite onto inner pore surfaces of the reticulated alumina. 4.1. Hydroxyapatite coating methods and characterization. 4.2. Adhesion of hydroxyapatite film on alumina substrate. 4.3. References. 4.4. Problems -- 5. Properties and characterization of biomaterials. 5.1. Characterization of ceramics. 5.2. Bioactive properties and hard tissue prosthetics. 5.3. Measurements of growth and dissolution of hydroxyapatite ceramics. 5.4. In vitro test conducted in this reasearch. 5.5. Mechanical properties. 5.6. References. 5.7. Problems -- 6. Bioactivity of hydroxyapatite. 6.1. General aspects. 6.2. In vitro testing materials and preparation. 6.3. Characterization of immersion solution. 6.4. Morphology of the reacted surfaces. 6.5. References. 6.6. Problems -- 7. Hydroxyapatite deposition mechanisms. 7.1. Material synthesis and hydroxyapatite coating. 7.2. Mechanisms of bioactivity. 7.3. References. 7.4. Problems -- 8. Biomedical metallic materials. 8.1. Microstructures and processing. 8.2. Corrosion resistance of metals. 8.3. Biological tolerance of metal. 8.4. Stainless steel. 8.5. Cobalt-based alloys. 8.6. Titanium and its alloys. 8.7. TiNi shape memory alloy. 8.8. Summary. 8.9. References. 8.10. Problems -- 9. Polymer basics. 9.1. Classification of polymers. 9.2. Characteristics of polymer. 9.3. Synthesis of polymers. 9.4. References. 9.5. Problems -- 10. Naturally occurring polymer biomaterials. 10.1. General introduction to proteins. 10.2. Collagen. 10.3. Alginate. 10.4. Chitin and chitosan. 10.5. References. 10.6. Problems -- 11. Synthetic non-biodegradable polymers. 11.1. Polyethylene. 11.2. Poly (methyl methacrylate). 11.3. Polyester. 11.4. Polycarbonate. 11.5. Polyamides. 11.6. Polyurethane. 11.7. Pofysulfones. 11.8. Poly (ether ether ketone). 11.9. References. 11.10. Problems -- 12. Synthetic biodegradable polymers. 12.1. Aliphatic polyester. 12.2. Poly (propylene fumarate). 12.3. Polyamino acid. 12.4. References. 12.5. Problems -- 13. Polymer matrix composite biomaterials. 13.1. Fiber reinforced composites. 13.2. Filler reinforced composites. 13.3. Methods to improve the interfacial bonding between phases in composites. 13.4. References. 13.5. Problems -- 14. Biomaterials for tissue engineering. 14.1. General aspects of biomaterials used for tissue engineering. 14.2. Representative biomaterials used for tissue engineering. 14.3. Biomaterial constructs for tissue engineering : scaffolds. 14.4. References. 14.5. Problems -- 15. Cells and biomolecules for tissue engineering. 15.1. Cells for tissue engineering. 15.2. Growth factor delivery in tissue engineering. 15.3. Regulatory matrix proteins. 15.4. References. 15.5. Problems -- 16. Transport and vascularization in tissue engineering. 16.1. Transport in engineered tissue. 16.2. Vascularization. 16.3. References. 16.4. Problems -- 17. Host response to tissue engineered grafts. 17.1. The foreign body response to synthetic components. 17.2. Response to biological components. 17.3. References. 17.4. Problems -- 18. Other important issues and future challenges in tissue engineering. 18.1. Organ replacement and regeneration. 18.2. Organotypic and histiotypic models. 18.3. Mechanotransduction. 18.4. Future challenges. 18.5. References. 18.6. Problems

Engineering Materials for Biomedical Applications

In many cases, the composites could not be successfully prepared due to problems related to poor densification. Hydroxyapatite/metal and hydroxyapatite/polymer composites are two typical classes of materials which have been examined for ...

Engineering Materials for Biomedical Applications

The success of any implant or medical device depends very much on the biomaterial used. Synthetic materials (such as metals, polymers and composites) have made significant contributions to many established medical devices. The aim of this book is to provide a basic understanding on the engineering and processing aspects of biomaterials used in medical applications. Of paramount importance is the tripartite relationship between material properties, processing methods and design. As the target audiences cover a wide interdisciplinary field, each chapter is written with a detailed background so that audience of another discipline will be able to understand. For the more knowledgeable reader, a detailed list of references is included. Contents:Introduction to Biomaterials Engineering and Processing — An Overview (S H Teoh)Durability of Metallic Implant Materials (M Sumita & S H Teoh)Corrosion of Metallic Implants (D J Blackwood et al.)Surface Modification of Metallic Biomaterials (T Hanawa)Biorestorative Materials in Dentistry (A U J Yap)Bioceramics: An Introduction (B Ben-Nissan & G Pezzotti)Polymeric Hydrogels (J Li)Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Tissue Replacement (M Wang)Composites in Biomedical Applications (Z M Huang & S Ramakrishna)New Methods and Materials in Prosthetics for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputees (P V S Lee)Chitin-Based Biomaterials (E Khor) Readership: Undergraduates and postgraduates (in bioengineering, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, dental and orthopaedic departments), engineers, researchers, academics/lecturers and industrialists. Keywords:Biomaterials Engineering and Processing;Durability of Metallic Implants;Surface Modification;Dental Materials;Bioceramics;Polymeric Hydrogels;Composites;Prosthetics;ChitinKey Features:Contains detailed information on the latest biomaterials (such as polymers, metals, ceramics and composites ) used in medical devicesProvides a good understanding into the durability issues such as an in-depth treatment of corrosion and fretting fatigue of metallic implantsIt leads the reader to have a greater appreciation on the need for surface modification so as to enable the medical device to have the appropriate tissue response