This is well illustrated in the Proceedings of the International Symposium on Hypothalamus and Endocrine Functions held in Quebec City on September 21-24th, 1975, which indi cates that impressive progress has been made in large variety of ...
Author: Fernand Labrie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Although physiological and anatomical evidence had clearly indicated for many years that the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones is under control by the central nervous system, it is only recently that the isolation and determination of structure of three hypo thalamic hypophysiotropic hormones have been accomplished. This has brought the concept of neurohormonal control of adenohypophyseal function into precise biochemical and chemical terms. The relative ease of synthesis of TRH (thyrotropin-releasing hormone), LH-RH (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone), somatostatin and their analogues has opened a new era in the field of endocri nology and has led to a rapid expansion of our knowl- ge of the control of anterior pituitary function. The rapid evolution of fundamental and clinical research on hypothalamic hormones and the many potential clinical applications indicate the importance of inte grating the knowledge gained in recent years. This is well illustrated in the Proceedings of the International Symposium on Hypothalamus and Endocrine Functions held in Quebec City on September 21-24th, 1975, which indi cates that impressive progress has been made in large variety of aspects of hypothalamic hormone research.
This volume fills a significant void in the medical professional community, comprehensively presenting the scope of hypothalamic structure, function, dysfunction and disease to cater to the various clinical, teaching and research ...
Author: Gabriel I. Uwaifo
Publisher: Springer Nature
The hypothalamus is an anatomically small but functionally important part of the brain. In functional and pathophysiological terms, the hypothalamus represents the intersection of several areas of clinical and medical expertise. The human hypothalamus can be astutely referred to as the crossroad of endocrinology, psychiatry, neurology and neurosurgery. Because of its involvement in myriad physiologic functions and the varied ways disorders involving it can manifest, hypothalamic disease can initially come to medical attention in widely disparate settings and with widely different clinicians. Therefore, the detection and proper care of hypothalamic dysfunction and disease often requires carefully coordinated multidisciplinary care. This volume fills a significant void in the medical professional community, comprehensively presenting the scope of hypothalamic structure, function, dysfunction and disease to cater to the various clinical, teaching and research professionals that have a stake in this part of the human brain. This text captures in one place all the information that practicing clinicians, clinician scientists, and researchers need to be adequately informed about various aspects of the hypothalamus in all its complexity. It is comprehensive and broad in scope so that it provides relevant reference information for the wide range of professionals involved in the pre- and post-mortem detection, diagnosis, characterization, care and management of various hypothalamic disorders and diseases in addition to providing a sound anatomic and physiologic foundation of the normal human hypothalamus. The Human Hypothalamus can be used to differing degrees by medical professionals and students alike, finding utility for interested general clinicians, medical school and allied health professional teaching faculty as well as subspecialists in domains as wide as neurosurgery, neuroendocrinology, clinical psychiatry and neuro-oncology.
This book uniquely presents conceptual understanding as well as advancements in the field of endocrinology. It emphasizes the harmonization between the function and the structure of different endocrine glands in the body.
Author: Ebtesam A. Al-Suhaimi
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book uniquely presents conceptual understanding as well as advancements in the field of endocrinology. It emphasizes the harmonization between the function and the structure of different endocrine glands in the body. The book's initial chapters introduce hormones' biological synthesis, structure, function, and signaling pathways. The subsequent chapters examine the functional relationship between hypothalamus and pituitary gland and its leading and regulating roles on other endocrine and non- endocrine organs. A separate chapter discusses the synergistic functions of adrenal glands and pineal gland in the circadian rhythm and analyze the role of corticoids in carbohydrate and mineral metabolism. Furthermore, the book addresses the role of growth hormones, prolactin, gonads regulating hormones, adrenocorticotropin, thyroid hormones, parathormone, gluco- and mineral corticoids, insulin and glucagon, Physiology of bone remodeling is presented with the role of parathyroid glands, C cells and vitamin D explaining the bone as an endocrine organ. The regulation of male and female reproductive functions is represented well. Lastly, the book reviews the novel endocrine role and metabolic aspects of adipose tissue as an endocrine tissue and its relationship to inflammatory diseases, insulin resistance and many metabolic disorders. The book introduces key parts for endocrine’s stem cell in each gland is discussed in term of its survival, proliferation, migration, homing, differentiation and its regeneration and remodeling roles.
This book is an ideal source for neucochemists, neurologists, and researchers who are interested in the hypothalamic function.
Author: L Martini
Neurochemical Aspects of Hypothalamic Function covers the proceedings of the Second International Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry, held in Milan, Italy, on September 1969. The one-day symposium focuses on the neurochemical aspects of hypothalamic function and their relation to secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. This book contains seven chapters that emphasize the relationships among the effects of environmental stimuli and observable changes in catecholamines in the hypothalamus, indoleamines in the pineal, the hypophysiotropic hormones of the hypothalamus, and secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. This text further explores some important interactions between the external environment, brain, and anterior pituitary, as well as feedback on the brain and anterior pituitary by body target organs, with a particular emphasis on their function as a unit. This book is an ideal source for neucochemists, neurologists, and researchers who are interested in the hypothalamic function.
The physiological background to the practical significance of such substances is given for both a healthy and a diseased state. The book assumes little prior knowledge of endocrinology or pharmacology.
Author: P. J. Bentley
Publisher: CUP Archive
A 1981 treatment of the action and uses of the hormones and drugs that influence endocrine functions in the body as seen by a pharmacologist. The book includes a description of available drug preparations and expected therapeutic responses, and an examination of their side effects and interactions with other drugs. Special emphasis is placed on how such drugs and hormones work and on how their biological effects are related to their chemical structures. The physiological background to the practical significance of such substances is given for both a healthy and a diseased state. The book assumes little prior knowledge of endocrinology or pharmacology.
The hypothalamus is a small but important area of the brain formed by various nucleus and nervous fibers.
Author: Miana Gabriela Pop
The hypothalamus is a small but important area of the brain formed by various nucleus and nervous fibers. Through its neuronal connections, it is involved in many complex functions of the organism such as vegetative system control, homeostasis of the organism, thermoregulation, and also in adjusting the emotional behavior. The hypothalamus is involved in different daily activities like eating or drinking, in the control of the body's temperature and energy maintenance, and in the process of memorizing. It also modulates the endocrine system through its connections with the pituitary gland. Precise anatomical description along with a correct characterization of the component structures is essential for understanding its functions.
Immunohistochemical localization of hypothalamic hormones (especially LRF) at the light microscopy level. In Labrie, F., Meites, J. and Pelletier, G. (eds.). Hypothalamus and Endocrine Functions. pp. 451-73. (New York: Plenum Press) 11.
The objective of this volume is to provide recent information on neural regulation in the endocrine system in vertebrates.
Author: Dodla Sai Prasada Rao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The objective of this volume is to provide recent information on neural regulation in the endocrine system in vertebrates. Classical studies have revealed that certain neurons synthesize and release chemical messengers into the blood vascular system. These neurons are endocrine devices that link the brain with the endocrine glands and other target organs. In vertebrates the hypothalamus is the seat of chemical coordination and integration of environmental and hormonal cues to modulate function of the pituitary, and, consequently, the functions of other endocrine glands. Information generated during the past few decades has resulted in profound alterations in the conceptual fabric of endocrinology. From the wealth of information that emerged on neuropeptides of the central nervous system, and connectivities of various brain centers, it has become clear that several extra-hypothalamic sites are also involved in regulation of hypophysial hormones. This volume is divided into five sections: brain regulation of pituitary, brain GnRH and regulation of pituitary in fish, brain control of growth hormone in fish and birds, brain regulation in mammalian luteinizing hormone, and neural control of other endocrines and the immune system. It is hoped that this volume will prove useful to researchers, teachers, and students involved in research and teaching in neuroendocrinology and comparative endocrinology.
Release on 1959 | by American Physiological Society (1887- )
Brain Ablation and Deajferentation Hypothalamic control over pituitary thyrotrophic function has also been studied by ablation of nervous tissue to determine the minimum remnant able to support thyrotrophin secretion at a relatively ...
This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * ...
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis controls reactions to stress and regulates various body processes such as digestion, the immune system, mood and sexuality, and energy usage. This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * Evidence presented in this book suggests that the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems form the Neuroendoimmune Supersystem, which integrates all the biological functions of higher organisms both in health and disease for their entire life cycle. * Contributors include both the scientists who initiated the work on the HPA axis and on the autonomic nervous system, and those who joined the field later.
brings the endocrine apparatus under limbic forebrain and limbic midbrain regulation . It appears likely that understanding this interplay will be central in resolving the role of the glandular hypothalamus in endocrine homeostasis .