Essays on Realist Instance Ontology and its Logic

and, under the Christian Trinitarian doctrine, identical with three Divine Persons. ... like a wall of stacked stones, or abstract wholes such as the natural number 3 together with its properties as instances: Prime1i, Odd1j, etc.

Essays on Realist Instance Ontology and its Logic

Structure or system is a ubiquitous and uneliminable feature of all our experience and theory, and requires an ontological analysis. The essays collected in this volume provide an account of structure founded upon the proper analysis of polyadic relations as the irreducible and defining elements of structure. It is argued that polyadic relations are ontic predicates in the insightful sense of intension-determined agent-combinators, monadic properties being the limiting and historically misleading case. This assay of ontic predicates has a number of powerful explanatory implications, including fundamentally: providing ontology with a principium individuationis, demonstrating the perennial theory that properties and relations are individuated as unit attributes or ‘instances’, giving content to the ontology of facts or states of affairs, and providing a means to precisely differentiate identity from indiscernibility. The differentiation of the unrepeatable combinatorial and repeatable intension aspects of ontic predicates makes it possible to properly diagnose and disarm the classis Bradley Regress Argument aimed against attributes and universals, an argument that trades on confusing these aspects. It is argued that these two aspects of ontic predicates form a ‘composite simple’, an explanation that sheds light on the nature and necessity of the medieval formal distinction, e.g., the distinctio formalis a parte rei of Scotus. Following from this analysis of ontic predication there is given a number of principles delineating realist instance ontology, together with a critique of both nominalistic trope theory and modern revivals of Aristotle’s instance ontology of the Categories. It is shown how the resulting theory of facts can, via ‘horizontal’ and ‘vertical’ composition, account for all the hierarchical structuring of our experience and theory, and, importantly, how this can rest upon an atomic ontic level composed of only dependent ontic predicates. The latter is a desideratum for the proposed ‘Structural Realism’ ontology for micro-physics where at its lowest level the physical is said to be totally relational/structural. Nullified is the classic and insidious assumption that dependent entities presuppose a class of independent substrata or ‘substances’, and with this any pressure to admit ‘bare particulars’ and intensionless relations or ‘ties’. The logic inherent in realist instance ontology-termed ‘PPL’-is formalized in detail and given a consistency proof. Demonstrated is the logic’s power to distinguish legitimate from illegitimate impredicative definitions, and in this how it provides a general solution to the classic self-referential paradoxes. PPL corresponds to Gödel’s programmatic ‘Theory of Concepts’. The last essay, not previously published, provides a detailed differentiation of identity from indiscernibility, preliminary to which is given an explanation of in what sense a predicate logic presupposes an ontology of predication. The principles needed for the differentiation have the significant implication (e.g., for the foundations of mathematics) of implying an infinity of logical entities, viz., instances of the identity relation.

Algorithms for Scheduling Problems

Using these parameters, 6000 instances were generated in Group 1, divided in 60 classes. That is, five levels of number of jobs, three levels of number of machines, four scenarios and 100 instances per class (5 × 3 × 4 × 100 = 6000).

Algorithms for Scheduling Problems

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue " Algorithms for Scheduling Problems" that was published in Algorithms

The Semantic Web

In the other extreme case of schema reuse, the value of H is maximal when instances are evenly distributed among all ... if there had been 4 rather than 3 un-annotated instances in Figure 5, then the number of instances associated with ...

The Semantic Web

The Annual Asian Semantic Web Conference is one of the largest regional events in Asia with focused topics related to the Semantic Web. With the decade-round endeavor of Semantic Web believers, researchers and practitioners, the Semantic Web has made remarkable progress recently. It has raised significant attention from US and UK governments, as well as the European Commission who are willing to deploy Semantic Web technologies to enhance the transparency of eGovernment. The Linked Open Data initiative is on its way to convert the current document Web into a data Web and to further enabling various data and service mashups. The fast adoption of Semantic Web technologies in medical and life sciences has created impressive showcases to the world. All these efforts are a crucial step toward enabling the take-off and the success of the Semantic Web. The First Asian Semantic Web Conference was successfully held in China in 2006. With the following editions in Korea in 2007 and Thailand in 2008, it fostered a regional forum for connecting researchers and triggering innovations. This year, the 4th Asian Semantic Web Conference was held in Shanghai, China. We received 63 submissions from Asia, Europe, and North America, and 25 papers were accepted (the acceptance rate is around 40%). Each submission was reviewed by at least three members of the Program Committee. The Chairs moderated the discussion of conflict reviews or invited external reviewers to reach the final decisions.

Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems

Notice that the number of cycles is finite, then so is the number of constraints (3) in P0. ... Connected disk graphs, for each instance, are generated randomly for radial transmission distances of 100, 125 and 150 ms, respectively.

Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems, MobiWIS 2017, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in August 2017. The 23 full papers together with 4 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 77 submissions. The call for papers of the MobiWis 2017 included new and emerging areas such as: mobile web systems, recommender systems, security and authentication, context-awareness, mobile web and advanced applications, cloud and IoT, mobility management, mobile and wireless networks, and mobile web practice and experience.

Combinatorial Optimization and Applications

... number of clauses and in which the number of occurrences of each variable is at most 3 is solvable in time 2o(n), where n is the number of variables in the formula (note that the size of an instance of k-CNF-Sat is polynomial in n).

Combinatorial Optimization and Applications

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, COCOA 2014, held on the island of Maui, Hawaii, USA, in December 2014. The 56 full papers included in the book were carefully reviewed and selected from 133 submissions. Topics covered include classic combinatorial optimization; geometric optimization; network optimization; optimization in graphs; applied optimization; CSoNet; and complexity, cryptography, and games.

Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming

Every instance of SM admits at least one stable matching [3], but this is not the case for SR [7], where some instances admit no stable matching (the same is true of SRI). As the number of agents increase the proportion of SR instances ...

Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming

This book constitutes the refereed conference proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2016, held in Toulouse, France, in September 2016. The 63 revised regular papers presented together with 4 short papers and the abstracts of 4 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 157 submissions. The scope of CP 2016 includes all aspects of computing with constraints, including theory, algorithms, environments, languages, models, systems, and applications such as decision making, resource allocation, scheduling, configuration, and planning. The papers are grouped into the following tracks: technical track; application track; computational sustainability track; CP and biology track; music track; preference, social choice, and optimization track; testing and verification track; and journal-first and sister conferences track.

Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming CP 2001

An instance of 3-SAT consists of a conjunction of clauses, each one a disjunction of three literals. The goal is to find a truth assignment that satisfies all clauses. The density of a 3-SAT instance is the ratio of the number of ...

Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming   CP 2001

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, CP 2001, held in Paphos, Cyprus, in November/December 2001. The 37 revised full papers, 9 innovative applications presentations, and 14 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 135 submissions. All current issues in constraint processing are addressed, ranging from theoretical and foundational issues to advanced and innovative applications in a variety of fields.

Psychological monographs

TABLE 6 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF LANGUAGES Grammar or Vocabulary or Total Language number of number of Instances Size number of formulas different words per loop of set words A. Random 0 3 1 16 118 (0,3,13) te (I,3,13) 3 3 2 13 90 C (I,3 ...

Psychological monographs


Multiple Instance Learning

MIMLL represents each document as a bag of instances, where each instance corresponds to a paragraph in the document ... The average number 214 10 Multiple Instance Multiple Label Learning 10.3.3 Text Categorization 10.3.4 Bioinformatics.

Multiple Instance Learning

This book provides a general overview of multiple instance learning (MIL), defining the framework and covering the central paradigms. The authors discuss the most important algorithms for MIL such as classification, regression and clustering. With a focus on classification, a taxonomy is set and the most relevant proposals are specified. Efficient algorithms are developed to discover relevant information when working with uncertainty. Key representative applications are included. This book carries out a study of the key related fields of distance metrics and alternative hypothesis. Chapters examine new and developing aspects of MIL such as data reduction for multi-instance problems and imbalanced MIL data. Class imbalance for multi-instance problems is defined at the bag level, a type of representation that utilizes ambiguity due to the fact that bag labels are available, but the labels of the individual instances are not defined. Additionally, multiple instance multiple label learning is explored. This learning framework introduces flexibility and ambiguity in the object representation providing a natural formulation for representing complicated objects. Thus, an object is represented by a bag of instances and is allowed to have associated multiple class labels simultaneously. This book is suitable for developers and engineers working to apply MIL techniques to solve a variety of real-world problems. It is also useful for researchers or students seeking a thorough overview of MIL literature, methods, and tools.

Instance Specific Algorithm Configuration

3. Instance-Specific. Algorithm. Configuration. Instance-Specific Algorithm Configuration, ISAC, the proposed ... This is achieved using the assumption that problem instances can be accurately represented by a finite number of features.

Instance Specific Algorithm Configuration

This book presents a modular and expandable technique in the rapidly emerging research area of automatic configuration and selection of the best algorithm for the instance at hand. The author presents the basic model behind ISAC and then details a number of modifications and practical applications. In particular, he addresses automated feature generation, offline algorithm configuration for portfolio generation, algorithm selection, adaptive solvers, online tuning, and parallelization. The author's related thesis was honorably mentioned (runner-up) for the ACP Dissertation Award in 2014, and this book includes some expanded sections and notes on recent developments. Additionally, the techniques described in this book have been successfully applied to a number of solvers competing in the SAT and MaxSAT International Competitions, winning a total of 18 gold medals between 2011 and 2014. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in artificial intelligence, in particular in the area of machine learning and constraint programming.

SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide

Enter 3 for Number of Instances. 8. Expand the Direction 2 option box. 9. Click the hidden lower back vertical edge of Shell1. The direction arrow points downward. Click the Reverse direction button if required. 10.

SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide

• A comprehensive reference book for SOLIDWORKS 2020 • Contains 260 plus standalone tutorials • Starts with a basic overview of SOLIDWORKS 2020 and its new features • Tutorials are written for each topic with new and intermediate users in mind • Includes access to each tutorial’s initial and final state • Contains a chapter introducing you to 3D printing The SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide is a comprehensive reference book written to assist the beginner to intermediate user of SOLIDWORKS 2020. SOLIDWORKS is an immense software package, and no one book can cover all topics for all users. This book provides a centralized reference location to address many of the tools, features and techniques of SOLIDWORKS 2020. This book covers the following: • System and Document properties • FeatureManagers • PropertyManagers • ConfigurationManagers • RenderManagers • 2D and 3D Sketch tools • Sketch entities • 3D Feature tools • Motion Study • Sheet Metal • Motion Study • SOLIDWORKS Simulation • PhotoView 360 • Pack and Go • 3D PDFs • Intelligent Modeling techniques • 3D printing terminology and more Chapter 1 provides a basic overview of the concepts and terminology used throughout this book using SOLIDWORKS 2020 software. If you are completely new to SOLIDWORKS, you should read Chapter 1 in detail and complete Lesson 1, Lesson 2 and Lesson 3 in the SOLIDWORKS Tutorials. If you are familiar with an earlier release of SOLIDWORKS, you still might want to skim Chapter 1 to become acquainted with some of the commands, menus and features that you have not used; or you can simply jump to any section in any chapter. Each chapter provides detailed PropertyManager information on key topics with individual stand-alone short tutorials to reinforce and demonstrate the functionality and ease of the SOLIDWORKS tool or feature. The book provides access to over 260 models, their solutions and additional support materials. Learn by doing, not just by reading. Formulate the skills to create, modify and edit sketches and solid features. Learn the techniques to reuse features, parts and assemblies through symmetry, patterns, copied components, design tables, configurations and more. The book is designed to complement the Online Tutorials and Online Help contained in SOLIDWORKS 2020. The goal is to illustrate how multiple design situations and systematic steps combine to produce successful designs. The author developed the tutorials by combining his own industry experience with the knowledge of engineers, department managers, professors, vendors and manufacturers. He is directly involved with SOLIDWORKS every day and his responsibilities go far beyond the creation of just a 3D model.

The Semantic Web ISWC 2008

Table 3. Storage cost summary table Storage cost Uniform Zipfian SLb 3 ∗ (Ts + Td) 3 ∗ (Ts +Td) SL f 3 ∗ [Ts + Td ... For a Zipfian distribution, the number of instances of the class would be I r = Td/(h ∗ r), where the rank of the ...

The Semantic Web   ISWC 2008

The Web is a globalinformationspace consistingoflinked documents andlinked data. As the Web continues to grow and new technologies, modes of interaction, and applications are being developed, the task of the Semantic Web is to unlock the power of information available on the Web into a common semantic inf- mation space and to make it available for sharing and processing by automated tools as well as by people. Right now, the publication of large datasets on the Web, the opening of data access interfaces, and the encoding of the semantics of the data extend the current human-centric Web. Now, the Semantic Web c- munity is tackling the challenges of how to create and manage Semantic Web content, how to make Semantic Web applications robust and scalable, and how to organize and integrate information from di?erent sources for novel uses. To foster the exchange of ideas and collaboration, the International Semantic Web Conference brings together researchers and practitioners in relevant disciplines such as arti?cial intelligence, databases, social networks, distributed computing, Web engineering, information systems, natural language processing, soft c- puting, and human–computer interaction. This volume contains the main proceedings of ISWC 2008, which we are - cited to o?er to the growing community of researchers and practitioners of the Semantic Web. We got a tremendous response to our call for research papers from a truly international community of researchers and practitioners from 41 countries submitting 261 papers. Each paper receivedan averageof 3.

Wireless Sensor Networks

For each of the defined instances, we considered three values of required flow distributed between the minimal bandwidth ... when the number of k of the number interfaces is 9. of The nodes maximum in the network value obtained |VBIB | ...

Wireless Sensor Networks

Although there are many books available on WSNs, most are low-level, introductory books. The few available for advanced readers fail to convey the breadth of knowledge required for those aiming to develop next-generation solutions for WSNs.Filling this void, Wireless Sensor Networks: From Theory to Applications supplies comprehensive coverage of WS

AR 25 55 11 01 1997 THE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM Survival Ebooks

The total number of instances will be equal to the total in 2a above. Cite the specific sections when invoking the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, or the National Security Act of 1947. To qualify as a b(3) exemption, the statute must contain ...

AR 25 55 11 01 1997 THE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM   Survival Ebooks

AR 25-55 11/01/1997 THE DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM , Survival Ebooks

Annual Report

Incabation Days . period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 21 25 28 12 Instances in each period . ... The average period of incubation in the 208 reported instances is 8.1 days ; the greatest number of instances given in any ...

Annual Report


Distributed and Parallel Database Object Management

Stép 1: do Steps 1.1 and 1.2 in parallel Step 1.1: for i = 1 to (Number of TCs in QG) do in parallel EXECUTE TP (TC(i)) Step ... Step 1.1.3: Transmit the object instance identifiers obtained in Step 1.1.2. to EXECUTE TP(AC) if AC is a ...

Distributed and Parallel Database Object Management

Distributed and Parallel Database Object Management brings together in one place important contributions and state-of-the-art research results in this rapidly advancing area of computer science. Distributed and Parallel Database Object Management serves as an excellent reference, providing insights into some of the most important issues in the field.

Primary Teaching Skills

... during first three days Nature of change Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Total More chaos 15 12 12 39 Less chaos 34 37 33 104 No change 24 18 19 61 Not recorded or unknown 4 7 7 18 Total 77 74 71 222 Table 3.5 Number of instances of inappropriate ...

Primary Teaching Skills

An enlightening and comprehensive guide to the skills required of today's primary teachers. Chapters cover explaining new topics, questioning, facing new classes and problems with supply teachers.

COLT 89

We need to show that drawing 3h log(3h) instances will produce a step-length m such that nia, son. ... This is exactly the number of instances employed by Sections 2 and 3 to eliminate the bad algorithms in S. Since Sections 1, 2 and 3 ...

COLT  89

Computational Learning Theory presents the theoretical issues in machine learning and computational models of learning. This book covers a wide range of problems in concept learning, inductive inference, and pattern recognition. Organized into three parts encompassing 32 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the inductive principle based on weak convergence of probability measures. This text then examines the framework for constructing learning algorithms. Other chapters consider the formal theory of learning, which is learning in the sense of improving computational efficiency as opposed to concept learning. This book discusses as well the informed parsimonious (IP) inference that generalizes the compatibility and weighted parsimony techniques, which are most commonly applied in biology. The final chapter deals with the construction of prediction algorithms in a situation in which a learner faces a sequence of trials, with a prediction to be given in each and the goal of the learner is to make some mistakes. This book is a valuable resource for students and teachers.

Image Based 3D Reconstruction of Dynamic Objects Using Instance Aware Multibody Structure from Motion

interpolation of the missing optical flow values yields [−3,−1,1,3]. Shifting the second and the third point according to ... Furthermore, let nu and n v denote the number of segmentation instances in image I i and I i , respectively.

Image Based 3D Reconstruction of Dynamic Objects Using Instance Aware Multibody Structure from Motion

"This work proposes a Multibody Structure from Motion (MSfM) algorithm for moving object reconstruction that incorporates instance-aware semantic segmentation and multiple view geometry methods. The MSfM pipeline tracks two-dimensional object shapes on pixel level to determine object specific feature correspondences, in order to reconstruct 3D object shapes as well as 3D object motion trajectories" -- Publicaciones de Arquitectura y Arte.

2014 International Conference on Computer Network

[3] have tested their heuristics on 320 randomly generated instances, which are also used as ... Avg. is the average time required to solve 10 instances in each group; #Opt is the number of instances optimally solved by each heuristic; ...

2014 International Conference on Computer  Network

The objective of the 2014 International Conference on Computer, Network Security and Communication Engineering (CNSCE2014) is to provide a platform for all researchers in the field of Computer, Network Security and Communication Engineering to share the most advanced knowledge from both academic and industrial world, to communicate with each other about their experience and most up-to-date research achievements, and to discuss issues and future prospects in these fields. As an international conference mixed with academia and industry, CNSCE2014 provides attendees not only the free exchange of ideas and challenges faced by these two key stakeholders and encourage future collaboration between members of these groups but also a good opportunity to make friends with scholars around the word. As the first session of the international conference on CNSCE, it covers topics related to Computer, Network Security and Communication Engineering. CNSCE2014 has attracted many scholars, researchers and practitioners in these fields from various countries. They take this chance to get together, sharing their latest research achievements with each other. It has also achieved great success by its unique characteristics and strong academic atmosphere as well as its authority.