Instantiation Theory

This monograph presents a new, general algorithm for use in building theorem provers and logic programming systems.

Instantiation Theory

This monograph presents a new, general algorithm for use in building theorem provers and logic programming systems. The algorithm is based on a theory that may be developed into a general theory of logics. Appropriate applications of the algorithm and its underlying theory are given.

Instantiation Theory

Instantiation Theory


Advancing the Impact of Design Science Moving from Theory to Practice

This process ensures a minimal “distance” and maximal congruence between the instantiated instrument and the construct (ensuring face and content validity). As in this paper we focus on artifacts that are software systems, ...

Advancing the Impact of Design Science  Moving from Theory to Practice

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology, DESRIST 2014, held in Miami, FL, USA in May 2014. The 19 full papers, 7 research-in-progress papers and 18 short papers describing prototype demonstrations were carefully reviewed and selected from 71 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on design science; emerging themes; meta issues; methods; supporting business processes; team support; work-in-progress papers and prototypes.

Riddles of Existence A Guided Tour of Metaphysics

For example, when you are happy, universalists claim that you are instantiating the universal property, happiness. ... Suppose that we apply the universal theory to instantiation, just as it is supposed to apply to other ways that ...

Riddles of Existence  A Guided Tour of Metaphysics

The questions of metaphysics are among the deepest and most puzzling. What is time? Am I free in my actions? What makes me the same person I was as a child? Why is there something rather than nothing? Riddles of Existence makes metaphysics genuinely accessible, even fun. Its lively, informal style brings the riddles to life and shows how stimulating they can be to think about. No philosophical background is required to enjoy this book: anyone wanting to think about life's most profound questions will find Riddles of Existence provocative and entertaining.

The Stability Theory of Stream Ciphers

Instantiation Theory . VIII , 133 pages . 1991. ( Subseries LNAI ) . Vol . 519 : F. Dehne . J.-R. Sack , N. Santoro ( Eds . ) , Algorithms and Data Structures . Proceedings . 1991. X. 496 pages . 1991 . Vol .

The Stability Theory of Stream Ciphers

Secure message transmission is of extreme importance in today's information-based society. Stream encryption is a practically important means to this end. This monograph is devoted to a new aspect of stream ciphers, namely the stability theory of stream ciphers, with the purpose of developing bounds on complexity which can form part of the basis for a general theory of data security and of stabilizing stream-cipher systems. The approach adopted in this monograph is new. The topic is treated by introducing measure indexes on the security of stream ciphers, developing lower bounds on these indexes, and establishing connections among them. The treatment involves the stability of boolean functions, the stability of linear complexity of key streams, the period stability of key streams, and the stability of source codes. Misleading ideas about stream ciphers are exposed and new viewpoints presented. The numerous measure indexes and bounds on them that are introduced here, the approach based on spectrum techniques, andthe ten open problems presented will all be useful to the reader concerned with analyzing and designing stream ciphers for securing data.

Fundamentals of Computation Theory

518 : J. G. Williams , Instantiation Theory . VIII , 133 pages . 1991. ( Subseries LNAI ) . Vol . 519 : F. Dehne , J.-R. Sack , N. Santoro ( Eds . ) , Algorithms and Data Structures . Proceedings , 1991. X , 496 pages . 1991 . Vol .

Fundamentals of Computation Theory

This volume contains selected papers from FCT '91. Topics covered include: semantics and logical concepts, automata and formal languages, computational geometry, complexity, algorithms, and counting and combinatorics.

Automated Deduction CADE 17

5.1 Theory Development System The intertheory infrastructure provides a strong foundation on which to build a system for ... for transporting theorems, definitions, and profiles from one theory to another and for instantiating theories.

Automated Deduction   CADE 17

For the past 25 years the CADE conference has been the major forum for the presentation of new results in automated deduction. This volume contains the papers and system descriptions selected for the 17th International Conference on Automated Deduction, CADE-17, held June 17-20, 2000,at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA). Fifty-three research papers and twenty system descriptions were submitted by researchers from ?fteen countries. Each submission was reviewed by at least three reviewers. Twenty-four research papers and ?fteen system descriptions were accepted. The accepted papers cover a variety of topics related to t- orem proving and its applications such as proof carrying code, cryptographic protocol veri?cation, model checking, cooperating decision procedures, program veri?cation, and resolution theorem proving. The program also included three invited lectures: “High-level veri?cation using theorem proving and formalized mathematics” by John Harrison, “Sc- able Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Systems” by Henry Kautz, and “Connecting Bits with Floating-Point Numbers: Model Checking and Theorem Proving in Practice” by Carl Seger. Abstracts or full papers of these talks are included in this volume.In addition to the accepted papers, system descriptions, andinvited talks, this volumecontains one page summaries of four tutorials and ?ve workshops held in conjunction with CADE-17.

Research into Design for Communities Volume 1

The fourth theory, PIT (Perceptual Instantiation Theory) is built upon the Enactive Theory. Taking the same understanding of visual perception, it is assumed that perception consists of several different specialised types of perceptual ...

Research into Design for Communities  Volume 1

This book showcases cutting-edge research papers from the 6th International Conference on Research into Design (ICoRD 2017) – the largest in India in this area – written by eminent researchers from across the world on design process, technologies, methods and tools, and their impact on innovation, for supporting design for communities. While design traditionally focused on the development of products for the individual, the emerging consensus on working towards a more sustainable world demands greater attention to designing for and with communities, so as to promote their sustenance and harmony - within each community and across communities. The special features of the book are the insights into the product and system innovation process, and the host of methods and tools from all major areas of design research for the enhancement of the innovation process. The main benefit of the book for researchers in various areas of design and innovation are access to the latest quality research in this area, with the largest collection of research from India. For practitioners and educators, it is exposure to an empirically validated suite of theories, models, methods and tools that can be taught and practiced for design-led innovation. The contents of this volume will be of use to researchers and professionals working in the areas on industrial design, manufacturing, consumer goods, and industrial management.

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics

From the point of view simply of providing truthmakers for instantiation statements, though, this theory would serve adequately also. I doubt that I have quietened all worries on the score of treating Instantiation facts in an ...

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics

The fourth volume of a series that acts as a forum for new works in the field of metaphysics. The collection offers a broad overview of the subject & features traditional topics as well as questions from neighbouring fields such as the philosophies of mind & science.

A Metaphysics of Platonic Universals and their Instantiations

The same result of trivialization is found in any combinatorial theory of modality. As any entity can exist together or separately from any other, the instantiation of any universal can cause the instantiation of any other.

A Metaphysics of Platonic Universals and their Instantiations

This book offers a detailed defense of a metaphysics of Platonic universals and a conception of particular objects that is coherent with said metaphysics. The work discusses all the main alternatives in metaphysics of properties and tries to show why universals are the entities that best satisfy the theoretical roles required for a property. The work also explains the advantages of Platonic over Aristotelian universals in the metaphysics of modality and natural laws. Moreover, it is argued that only Platonic universals are coherent with the grounding profile required for universals. The traditional objections against Platonism are discussed and answered. The third part of the book, finally, offers a conception of particular objects as nuclear bundles of tropes that is coherent with the Platonic ontology of universals. This book is of interest to anyone that wants to understand the current –and intricate– debate in metaphysics of properties and its incidence in many other areas in philosophy.

The Type token Relation

The Type token Relation


The Atlas of Reality

Intuitively, a set of universals has the property of co-instantiation just in case the set corresponds exactly to ... U is co-instantiated, and S exemplifies a universal Fif and only if F is a member of U. BUNDLE THEORY AND INTRINSIC ...

The Atlas of Reality

The Atlas of Reality: A Comprehensive Guide to Metaphysics presents an extensive examination of the key topics, concepts, and guiding principles of metaphysics. Represents the most comprehensive guide to metaphysics available today Offers authoritative coverage of the full range of topics that comprise the field of metaphysics in an accessible manner while considering competing views Explores key concepts such as space, time, powers, universals, and composition with clarity and depth Articulates coherent packages of metaphysical theses that include neo-Aristotelian, Quinean, Armstrongian, and neo-Humean Carefully tracks the use of common assumptions and methodological principles in metaphysics

Current Trends in Knowledge Acquisition

GPMs describe classes of models covered by the theory . They can be used to perform instantiation experiments against a set of testcases , with another system or the user . At first sight instantiation experiments seem to be useful to ...

Current Trends in Knowledge Acquisition

Knowledge acquisition has become a major area of artificial intelligence and cognitive science research. The papers in this book show that the area of knowledge acquisition for knowledge-based systems is still a diverse field in which a large number of research topics are being addressed. However, several main themes run through the papers. First, the issues of integrating knowledge from different sources and K.A. tools is a salient topic in many papers. A second major topic in the papers is that of knowledge modelling. Research in knowledge-based systems emphasises the use of generic models of reasoning and its underlying knowledge. An important trend in the area of knowledge modelling aims at the formalisation of knowledge models. Where the field of knowledge acquisition was without tools and techniques years ago, now there is a rapidly growing body of techniques and tools. Apart from the integrated workbenches already mentioned above, several papers in this book present new tools. Although knowledge acquisition and machine learning have been considered as separate subfields of AI, there is a tendency for the two fields to come together. This publication combines machine learning techniques with more conventional knowledge elicitation techniques. A framework is presented in which reasoning, problem solving and learning together form a knowledge intensive system that can acquire knowledge from its own experience.

Riddles of Existence

sparse universal theory seems not to provide forsome facts about genuine possibilities. ... Tropical theory is well equipped to agree with the argument that concluded that a universal of non-self-instantiation does not exist.

Riddles of Existence

The questions of metaphysics are the deepest and most puzzling questions there are. What is time? Am I free in my actions? What makes me the same person I was as a child? What is it for one thing to cause another? Riddles of Existence is the first book ever to make metaphysics genuinely accessible and fun. Its lively, informal style brings the riddles to life and shows how stimulating it can be to think about them. No philosophical background is required to enjoy this book: anyone who has thought about life's most profound questions will find plenty to provoke and entertain them here.

Metaphysics

XII The Fundamental Tie What of the need for a fundamental tie — the tie or nexus of instantiation ? Many people have thought it an overwhelming difficulty for a theory of universals . I do not think that the problem of characterizing ...

Metaphysics

Metaphysics: Contemporary Readingsis a comprehensive anthology that draws together leading philosophers writing on the major themes in Metaphysics. Chapter sections cover: Universals; Particulars; Modality and Possible Worlds; Causation; Time; and Realism and Anti-Realism. The readings are designed to complement Michael Loux'sMetaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction, 2nd Edition.

All About Maude A High Performance Logical Framework

When, due to instantiation by a view with a theory as target, a bound parameter in a renamed module escapes and needs to be rebound by an extra instantiation, the extra instantiation is inserted before rather than after the renaming.

All About Maude   A High Performance Logical Framework

Maude is a language and system based on rewriting logic. In this comprehensive account, you’ll discover how Maude and its formal tool environment can be used in three mutually reinforcing ways: as a declarative programming language, as an executable formal specification language, and as a formal verification system. Examples used throughout the book illustrate key concepts, features, and the many practical uses of Maude.

Beyond Spacetime

of a theory T may include, in addition to the triple, some variables that are part of the descriptive apparatus but have ... Notice that the notion of model I use here, as a representation (more generally, an instantiation) of a theory, ...

Beyond Spacetime

A collection of essays discussing the philosophy and foundations of quantum gravity. Written by leading philosophers and physicists in the field, chapters cover the important conceptual questions in the search for a quantum theory of gravity, and the current state of understanding among philosophers and physicists.

Reference

ber of violations of the theory's claims. ... of evaluation of the theory, serving as a different way of identifying the 'best' parameter instantiation—the 'best' instantiation being the one which makes more of such claims verified.

Reference

The ability to produce and understand referring expressions is basic to human language use and human cognition. Reference comprises the ability to think of and represent objects (both real and imagined/fictional), to indicate to others which of these objects we are talking about, and to determine what others are talking about when they use a nominal expression. The articles in this volume are concerned with some of the central themes and challenges in research on reference within the cognitive sciences - philosophy (including philosophy of language and mind, logic, and formal semantics), theoretical and computational linguistics, and cognitive psychology. The papers address four basic questions: What is reference? What is the appropriate analysis of different referring forms, such as definite descriptions? How is reference resolved? and How do speaker/writers select appropriate referring forms, such as pronouns vs. full noun phrases, demonstrative vs. personal pronouns, and overt vs. null/zero pronominal forms? Some of the papers assume and build on existing theories, such as Centering Theory and the Givenness Hierarchy framework; others propose their own models of reference understanding or production. The essays examine reference from a number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives, informed by different research traditions and employing different methodologies. While the contributors to the volume were primarily trained in one of the four represented disciplines-computer science, linguistics, philosophy and psychology, and use methodologies typical of that discipline, each of them bridges more than one discipline in their methodology and/or their approach.

Computer Science Logic

A formula like ∃a:R ∀x:R (x2 + a > 0) cannot be proven by instantiating quantifiers but is still valid for reals. ... quantifier handling of many-sorted logic based on instantiation with theory reasoning by QE for the theory of reals.

Computer Science Logic

Annotation. This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th International Workshop on Computer Science Logic, CSL 2010, held in Brno, Czech Republic, in August 2010. The 33 full papers presented together with 7 invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. Topics covered include automated deduction and interactive theorem proving, constructive mathematics and type theory, equational logic and term rewriting, automata and games, modal and temporal logic, model checking, decision procedures, logical aspects of computational complexity, finite model theory, computational proof theory, logic programming and constraints, lambda calculus and combinatory logic, categorical logic and topological semantics, domain theory, database theory, specification, extraction and transformation of programs, logical foundations of programming paradigms, verification and program analysis, linear logic, higher-order logic, and nonmonotonic reasoning.

Specification and Compositional Verification of Real Time Systems

518 : J. G. Williams , Instantiation Theory . VIII , 133 pages . 1991. ( Subseries LNAI ) . Vol . 519 : F. Dehne , J.-R. Sack , N. Santoro ( Eds . ) , Algorithms and Data Structures . Proceedings , 1991. X , 496 pages . 1991 . Vol .

Specification and Compositional Verification of Real Time Systems

This monograph presents two formal methods for the specification and compositional verification of real-time systems. One uses a real-time extension of temporal logic and the other is based on extended Hoare triples. Programs consist of concurrent processes with synchronous message passing. The maximal parallelism model is extended to multiprogramming.