This book draws on the analytical framework of New Institutional Economics (NIE) to critically examine the role which law and the legal system play in economic development. Analytical concepts from NIE are used to assess policies which have been supported by multilateral development organisations including securing private property rights, reform of the legal system and financial development. The importance of culture in shaping the legal environment, which in turn influences financial sector development, is also assessed using Oliver Williamson’s ‘levels of social analysis’ framework.
Release on 2016 | by Biljana Ciric,Nikita Yingqian Cai
Life and Death of Institutional Critique
Author: Biljana Ciric,Nikita Yingqian Cai
Pubpsher: Black Dog Press
Active Withdrawals is an anthology of essays addressing the institutionalisation of artistic practices and the act of withdrawal--a seeking out of places of contemplation and retreat--that is often adopted in Eastern art. The book critiques the growing desire for museums and galleries to become recognised as places of artistic institutions and exposes concerns surrounding the institutionalisation of artist's work, covering artistic practices across Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, China and South East Asia. Drawing from a seminar that took place in July 2013, the book challenges the institutional structure that has become prominent within the art world and often drives and defines its output. Including writings from some of the world's most prominent curators, including Biljana Ciric, Maria Lind and Lina Dzuverovic, a large focus of this anthology explores issues beyond a Western context and avoids a geographical grouping to the writers' concerns. Instead, the publication is structured in such a way that the voice of each writer resonates throughout, combining to create a thoughtful and significant commentary on a largely neglected topic.
Participatory Art and Institutional Critique in France, 1958–1981
Author: Lily Woodruff
Pubpsher: Duke University Press
In the decades following World War II, France experienced both a period of affluence and a wave of political, artistic, and philosophical discontent that culminated in the countrywide protests of 1968. In Disordering the Establishment Lily Woodruff examines the development of artistic strategies of political resistance in France in this era. Drawing on interviews with artists, curators, and cultural figures of the time, Woodruff analyzes the formal and rhetorical methods that artists used to counter establishment ideology, appeal to direct political engagement, and grapple with French intellectuals' modeling of society. Artists and collectives such as Daniel Buren, André Cadere, the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel, and the Collectif d’Art Sociologique shared an opposition to institutional hegemony by adapting their works to unconventional spaces and audiences, asserting artistic autonomy from art institutions, and embracing interdisciplinarity. In showing how these artists used art to question what art should be and where it should be seen, Woodruff demonstrates how artists challenged and redefined the art establishment and their historical moment.
Release on 2017-07-01 | by Michaela J. L. Mares-Tamayo,Daniel G. Solorzano
History, Institutional Critique, and Resistance
Author: Michaela J. L. Mares-Tamayo,Daniel G. Solorzano
Pubpsher: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Press
This anthology explores the relationships between Chicana/o students, families, and communities and the various school settings that comprise the education pipeline, from Kindergarten classrooms through postsecondary programs and postgraduate experiences. The essays, which appeared in Aztl�n: A Journal of Chicano Studies between 1970 and 2015, present a historical overview that spans the 1880s to the present. It brings together the work of scholars who have elucidated Chicana/o education, and the resulting collection simultaneously historicizes current education research and bolsters our understanding of Chicanas/os' multifaceted relationship to schooling in the United States. Among the topics considered are bilingual education and cultural relevance, teacher expectations and student achievement, racism and sexism in postsecondary education, the Chicano movement and the high school walkouts, anti-ethnic studies legislation, school finance and governance, and Joter�a identity. Together, the essays reveal how educational institutions have operated in contradictory ways for Chicana/o students: they have depressed and marginalized as well as emancipated and empowered them. The Chicana/o Education Pipeline presents the story of the struggle and perseverance of Chicana/o students, families, and communities as they have fought for a more equitable education.
To stay relevant, art curators must keep up with the rapid pace of technological innovation as well as the aesthetic tastes of fickle critics and an ever-expanding circle of cultural arbiters. Issues in Curating Contemporary Art and Performance argues that, despite these daily pressures, good curating work also requires more theoretical attention. In four thematic sections, a distinguished group of contributors consider curation in light of interdisciplinary and emerging practices, examine conceptions of curation as intervention and contestation, and explore curation's potential to act as a reconsideration of conventional museum spaces. Against the backdrop of cutting-edge developments in electronic art, art/science collaboration, nongallery spaces, and virtual fields, contributors propose new approaches to curating and new ways of fostering critical inquiry. Now in paperback, this volume is an essential read for scholars, curators, and art enthusiasts alike.