The Institutional Revolution

Ecclesiastes 9:11 It is difficult to grasp how dissimilar the world was prior to the
Institutional Revolution because most of the differences manifested in subtle
ways. This dissimilarity was most true in the case of the pre-modern era's higher ...

The Institutional Revolution

Few events in the history of humanity rival the Industrial Revolution. Following its onset in eighteenth-century Britain, sweeping changes in agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, and technology began to gain unstoppable momentum throughout Europe, North America, and eventually much of the world—with profound effects on socioeconomic and cultural conditions. In The Institutional Revolution, Douglas W. Allen offers a thought-provoking account of another, quieter revolution that took place at the end of the eighteenth century and allowed for the full exploitation of the many new technological innovations. Fundamental to this shift were dramatic changes in institutions, or the rules that govern society, which reflected significant improvements in the ability to measure performance—whether of government officials, laborers, or naval officers—thereby reducing the role of nature and the hazards of variance in daily affairs. Along the way, Allen provides readers with a fascinating explanation of the critical roles played by seemingly bizarre institutions, from dueling to the purchase of one’s rank in the British Army. Engagingly written, The Institutional Revolution traces the dramatic shift from premodern institutions based on patronage, purchase, and personal ties toward modern institutions based on standardization, merit, and wage labor—a shift which was crucial to the explosive economic growth of the Industrial Revolution.

Celebration of Awareness

A collection of 12 articles dealing with institutional authority and its inadequacies.

Celebration of Awareness

A collection of 12 articles dealing with institutional authority and its inadequacies.

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Empirical Studies in Institutional Change

INSTITUTIONAL CHANGES FOLLOWING THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION At the
same time it extended the Crown to William and Mary, Parliament restructured
the society's political institutions in the Revolution Settlement. To understand the
 ...

Empirical Studies in Institutional Change

This collection of empirical studies analyses historical and contemporary institutions and institutional change in various parts of the world.

Institutional Revolutionary Party

The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party that held power in the country-under a succession of names-for more than 70 years.

Institutional Revolutionary Party

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) is a Mexican political party that held power in the country-under a succession of names-for more than 70 years. The PRI is a member of the Socialist International, as is the rival Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), making Mexico one of the few nations with two major, competing parties part of the same international grouping. However, PRI is not considered a socialist party in the traditional sense, its modern policies being characterized as centrist. Its membership in the International dates from the Mexican Revolution and the founding of the party by Plutarco Elias Calles, when the party had a clearer leftist orientation.

The Institutional Dynamics of China s Great Transformation

Boosted by the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, the Communist elites in
China came to firmly believe that institutional revolution, rather than institutional
reform, was not only desirable as a solution to the “China problem,”2 but also ...

The Institutional Dynamics of China s Great Transformation

This book examines the role of institutions in China’s recent large-scale economic, social and political transformation. Unlike existing literature, it offers perspectives from a variety of disciplines - including law, economics, politics, international relations and communication studies – to consider whether institutions form, evolve and change differently according to their historical or cultural environments and if their utilitarian functions can, and should be, observed, identified and measured in different ways.

The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine

Laboratories, medicine and public life in Germany 1830–1849 Ideological roots
of the institutional revolution TIMOTHY LENOIR Introduction The most celebrated
aspect of medical education in German-speaking lands during the nineteenth ...

The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine

Essays by leading researchers on the nature and genesis of laboratory medicine.

The Challenge of Institutional Reform in Mexico

... Democratic Revolution ) Partido Revolucionario Institucional ( Institutional
Revolutionary Party ) Partido de la Revolución Mexicana ( Party of the Mexican
Revolution ) Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores ( Workers '
Revolutionary ...

The Challenge of Institutional Reform in Mexico

The Salinas administration's reforms in Mexico generated widespread attention and questions. This book addresses those questions, examining the impact of the recent reforms on the state's relations with key social and political actors and assessing reform initiatives.

Institutional and Technological Change in Japan s Economy

For an application of these ideas to European law, see for example Wolfgang
Kerber and Klaus Heine, “Institutional ... 1988); D. Headrick, When Information
Came of Age: Technologies of Knowledge in the Age of Reason and Revolution,
 ...

Institutional and Technological Change in Japan s Economy

Brings together leading economists and economic historians of Japan in order to examine a range of key issues concerning Japanese institutional and technological development.

The House of Tata Meets the Second Industrial Revolution

As clarified by numerous economic and business historians of leading industrialized countries since the works of Douglass North and Alfred Chandler, this study as well proposes that the development of modern business corporations in ...

The House of Tata Meets the Second Industrial Revolution

This monograph aims to analyze the economic and business history of colonial India from a corporate perspective by clarifying the historical role of institutional developments based on archival evidence of a representative enterprise. The perspective is distinctively unique in that it highlights the salience of corporate-level institutional responses to explain the causes of colonial India’s industrial growth, in addition to two renowned perspectives focusing on government economic policy or factor endowment. One of the driving forces of India’s high growth rate since the 1980s is the expansion of modern business corporations whose origins date back to the colonial era in the mid-nineteenth century. This monograph explores the historical foundation of the growth of such corporations in colonial India, guided by a substantial collection of documents of Tata Iron and Steel Company, whose rich records have not received the due attention they have long deserved. As clarified by numerous economic and business historians of leading industrialized countries since the works of Douglass North and Alfred Chandler, this study as well proposes that the development of modern business corporations in colonial India was broadly supported by the reciprocal evolution of economic institutions and corporate organizations. Adding a new perspective to the business and economic history of colonial India, the analysis also provides an important case study of the development of corporate business in the non-Western world to the study of global business history.

Revolution in Science

There was also a concomitant revolution in the institutional structure. The
recognition that such a large-scale intellectual and institutional revolution
occurred naturally has led historians of science and other scholars interested in
history to ...

Revolution in Science

Cohen's exploration seeks to uncover nothing less than the nature of all scientific revolutions, the stages by which they occur, their time scale, specific criteria for determining whether or not there has been a revolution, and the creative factors in producing a revolutionary new idea.

Savage Democracy Institutional Change and Party Development in Mexico

... of Women pr Proportional Representation prd Partido de la Revolución
Democrática/Party of the Democratic Revolution pri Partido Revolucionario
Institucional/Institutional Revolutionary Party prm Partido Revolucionario
Mexicano/Mexican ...

Savage Democracy  Institutional Change and Party Development in Mexico


Silent Revolution

... range of institutional issues such as property rights and financial codes and
standards PRI Spanish acronym of Mexico's governing party, the Institutional
Revolutionary Party, which has ruled the country since 1929 in what is now the
world's ...

Silent Revolution

"Superb. Combining unassailable analysis with a thorough grasp of economic and political trends, Duncan Green convincingly argues that the region is headed for even greater tragedy unless people move toward more equitable and ecologically sustainable models of economic development." —Walden Bello, founder of Focus on the Global South The first edition of Green's Silent Revolution, published in 1995, described the imposition of neoliberal economic models in Latin America, the role of the IMF and World Bank in enforcing them, and their consequences. In this second, revised edition, Green extends his analysis into the present, showing how the current economic meltdown in Latin America was prepared by an economic strategy that could never live up to its own claims. The new edition was completed in a moment when the Argentinean economy is in ruins, Brazil is on the brink of collapse, riots are taking place in Uruguay, Peru, and in Paraguay, and a U.S. supported coup has just been averted in Venezuela. It will be an essential work for understanding ongoing developments in the region.

Institutional Economics Vol I

The originators of new ideas and theories have appeared before and after
revolutionary wars, during what I call the War Cycle. Since I base my analysis on
the Anglo- American common law, I begin with the English Revolution of 1689;
then ...

Institutional Economics  Vol  I

Commons opened Institutional Economics by declaring: "My point of view is based on my participation in collective activities, from which I here derive a theory of the part played by collective action in control of individual action." This sentence well summarizes the three key elements of this book--its theoretical intent, the importance Commons gave to his own experience in institutional reform in shaping these ideas, and the focus on the concept of the institution as a collective constraint on individual action.

How a Revolutionary Art Became Official Culture

The young revolutionary state had need of a sort of legitimization or cultural
consecration, and what better ... state and its authoritarian ruling party (the Party
of the Institutional Revolution, or Partido Revolucionario Institucional [pri]).

How a Revolutionary Art Became Official Culture

This is a study of the reciprocal relationship between Mexican muralism and the three major Mexican museums&—the Palace of Fine Arts, the National History Museum, and the National Anthropology Museum.

China s economic revolution and its implications for Sino U S relations

3 THE OLD SOCIALIST CORE Economist Douglass North and others have
argued that incremental or revolutionary institutional change profoundly
influences the capabilities of organizations to manage their economic costs ,
particularly ...

China s economic revolution and its implications for Sino U S  relations


Revolution and Ideology

For example, historian Hubert Herring and biographer William Cameron
Townsend, two outspoken defenders of the Cárdenas administration, extolled the
institutional revolution" of the 1940s and 1950s. Herring, who had settled in as a
 ...

Revolution and Ideology

Mexico and the United States share a border of more than 2,000 miles, and their histories and interests have often intertwined. The Mexican Revolution, which began in 1910 and continued in one form or another for the next thirty years, was keenly observed by U.S. citizens, especially those directly involved in Mexico through property ownership, investment, missionary work, tourism, journalism, and education. It differed from many other revolutions in this century in that Marxist--Leninist theory was only one of many radical and reformist influences. Historian John A. Britton examines contemporary accounts written by Americans commenting on social upheaval south of the border: radical writers John Reed, Anita Brenner, and Carlton Beals; novelists Katherine Anne Porter and D.H. Lawrence; social critics Stuart Chase and Waldo Frank; and banker-diplomat Dwight Morrow, to mention a few. Their writings constitute a valuable body of information and opinion concerning a revolution that offers important parallels with liberation movements throughout the world today. Britton's sources also shed light on the many contradictions and complexities inherent in the relationship between the United States and Mexico.

Plutarco El as Calles and the Mexican Revolution

... the single greatest biographical lacuna in the Mexican Revolution was Plutarco
Elías Calles, president from 1924 to 1928 and founder of the prede- cessor of the
Partido Revolucionario Institucional (Institutional Revolution- ary Party, or PRI) ...

Plutarco El  as Calles and the Mexican Revolution

The only substantive study of Plutarco Elías Calles and the Mexican Revolution, this book traces the remarkable life story of a complex and little-understood, yet key figure in Mexico's history. Jürgen Buchenau draws on a rich array of archival evidence from Mexico, the United States, and Europe to explore Calles's origins and political trajectory, ultimately leading to his reformist, yet authoritarian presidency from 1924 to 1928. After his term as president, Calles continued to exert broad influence as his country's foremost political figure; indeed, many of the institutions and laws forged during his tenure survive today. Through this comprehensive assessment of a quintessential politician in an era dominated by generals, entrepreneurs, and educated professionals, Buchenau opens an illuminating window into the Mexican Revolution and contemporary Mexico.

The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution

With the exception of a handful of committed republicans, there had been little
genuine desire for the king's death and thus the institutional revolution that
followed was driven by pragmatism rather than idealism. In February 1649, the
House of ...

The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution

This Handbook brings together leading historians of the events surrounding the English revolution, exploring how the events of the revolution grew out of, and resonated, in the politics and interactions of the each of the Three Kingdoms - England, Scotland, and Ireland. It captures a shared British and Irish history, comparing the significance of events and outcomes across the Three Kingdoms. In doing so, the Handbook offers a broader context for the history of the Scottish Covenanters, the Irish Rising of 1641, and the government of Confederate Ireland, as well as the British and Irish perspective on the English civil wars, the English revolution, the Regicide, and Cromwellian period. The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution explores the significance of these events on a much broader front than conventional studies. The events are approached not simply as political, economic, and social crises, but as challenges to the predominant forms of religious and political thought, social relations, and standard forms of cultural expression. The contributors provide up-to-date analysis of the political happenings, considering the structures of social and political life that shaped and were re-shaped by the crisis. The Handbook goes on to explore the long-term legacies of the crisis in the Three Kingdoms and their impact in a wider European context.