Aufgrund der militärischen Intervention von neun benachbarten Staaten und Dutzenden bewaffneten nicht - staatlichen ( kongolesischen wie ausländischen ) Gruppen zählt der Konflikt wohl auch zu den komplexesten Kriegen seit 1945.
Author: Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
Proceedings of an international conference held in 2006 at the Universit'at Hamburg, organized by the Institut f'ur Theologie und Frieden and the Institut f'ur Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik.
Humanitarian Intervention: Legal and Political Aspects, Danish Institute of International Affairs (1999), pp. 77–95. 39. Michael Byers and Simon Chesterman, “Changing the Rules About Rules?” in J. L. Holzgrefe and Robert O. Keohane, ...
Author: Matthew C. Waxman
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
Category: Political Science
In this Council Special Report, Matthew C. Waxman asks whether this legal regime is effective in preventing and stopping such crimes. The report notes that international legal practices constrain swift action and require extensive consultation, especially in the United Nations Security Council, before particular steps can be taken. Waxman, though, argues that the system has certain benefits: it can confer legitimacy and help actors coordinate both military and nonmilitary efforts to prevent or stop atrocities. He also contends that different arrangements of the kind some have proposed would be unlikely to prove more effective -- foreword (vii).
Theoretical Basis for the Intervention Workbook Transtheoretical Model The Adolescent Substance Abuse Intervention Workbook can be understood from three frames of reference . The first framework is based on the transtheoretical model of ...
Author: Steven L. Jaffe
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
This is a staff manual for an intervention workbook made to help teenagers using drugs and alcohol recognize the frequency and negative consequences of that use
Planning Language Intervention for Pre - school 95-119 and School - aged Children Objectives , Concept of Language Intervention , Need for Early Language Interventions , Role of Speech and Language Clinicians in Early Language ...
Author: G.Lokanadha Reddy
Publisher: Discovery Publishing House
Category: Language disorders in children
Contents: Nature of Language and its Development, Language Development: Perspectives, Theories and Models, Assessment of Language Disorders, Planning Language Intervention for Pre-school and Schoolaged Children, Language Intervention Approaches A Critical Evaluation, Language Disorders and Special Population.
society has guarded the area of manipulation of human genetics through ethical proscriptions and has relegated chemical interventions to the medical profession , counselors are restricted to producing change through application and ...
Author: Sterling K. Gerber
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Enhancing Counselor Intervention Strategies prepares future professionals by presenting a practical guide to theory and practice, linking learning principles with therapeutic change modalities. This book teaches students the three things they must know in order to be considered competent professionals: a working knowledge of the vast range of treatment options, an understanding of the rationale behind each intervention strategy, and the ability to anticipate realistic outcomes. Gerber simplifies the presentation of key theoretical information by synthesizing it into four groups interpreted according to intervention dynamics. Case studies teach practical application and are easily generalized to help students learn to adapt intervention strategies based on the needs of a wide variety of clients. Further, the book is constructed with the ACA, CACREP, and NBCC assessment standards in mind. This text is appropriate for courses in counseling psychology. It is especially relevant to classes dealing with counseling and learning theories.
Paradoxically, but not surprisingly, intervention to prevent or stop these violations would probably not have satisfied consequentialist requirements for a just intervention—at least as these requirements are usually understood.
Author: C. A. J. Coady
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Ten new essays critique the practice armed humanitarian intervention, and the 'Responsibility to Protect' doctrine that advocates its use under certain circumstances. The contributors investigate the causes and consequences, as well as the uses and abuses, of armed humanitarian intervention. One enduring concern is that such interventions are liable to be employed as a foreign policy instrument by powerful states pursuing geo-political interests. Some of the chapters interrogate how the presence of ulterior motives impact on the moral credentials of armed humanitarian intervention. Others shine a light on the potential adverse effects of such interventions, even where they are motivated primarily by humanitarian concern. The volume also tracks the evolution of the R2P norm, and draws attention to how it has evolved, for better or for worse, since UN member states unanimously accepted it over a decade ago. In some respects the norm has been distorted to yield prescriptions, and to impose constraints, fundamentally at odds with the spirit of the R2P idea. This gives us all the more reason to be cautious of unwarranted optimism about humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect.
This conceptualisation of intervention as a non-consensual concrete action by a sovereign state is also attributable to the behaviourist approach which is concerned with an operational definition of intervention.
Author: Obert Hodzi
Category: Political Science
This book gives a compelling analysis and explanation of shifts in China’s non-intervention policy in Africa. Systematically connecting the neoclassical realist theoretical logic with an empirical analysis of China’s intervention in African civil wars, the volume highlights a methodical interlink between theoretical and empirical analysis that takes into consideration the changing status of rising powers in the global system and its effect on their intervention behaviour. Based on field research and expert interviews, it provides a rigorous analysis of China’s emergent intervention behaviour in some key African conflicts in Libya, South Sudan and Mali and broadens the study of external interventions in civil wars to include the intervention behaviour of non-Western rising powers.
Donna C. Aguilera, PhD is a renowned expert in the field of crisis intervention. Her text, Crisis Intervention: Theory and Methodology (Aguilera, 1998), is considered one of the most influential works within the field.
Author: Alan A. Cavaiola
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Crisis Intervention takes into account various environments and populations across the lifespan to provide students with practical guidelines for managing crises. Drawing on over 25 years of relevant experience, authors Alan A. Cavaiola and Joseph E. Colford cover several different types of crises frequently encountered by professionals in medical, school, work, and community settings. Models for effectively managing these crises are presented along with the authors’ own step-by-step approach, the Listen–Assess–Plan–Commit (LAPC) model, giving students the freedom to select a model that best fits their personal style or a given crisis. Future mental health professionals will gain the knowledge, skills, and confidence to help their clients manage the crises they will encounter in their day-to-day lives.
Table 2.2 Guidelines for Tier Two Intervention 1. When the Tier One intervention is deemed unsuccessful, the special and general education teachers should briefly discuss the student's problem and select an intensive curriculum that ...
Author: William N. Bender
Publisher: Corwin Press
Discover a resource that shows teachers how to implement RTI in the classroom! This practical guide helps educators understand the tiers of the Response to Intervention (RTI) process, as well as how to implement interventions and utilize the results to modify existing instruction for students in the classroom. With vignettes, examples, and reproducible forms based on the problem-solving and standards-based approaches to RTI, this accessible handbook gives teachers the tools to: Document the existence or nonexistence of a learning disability Monitor individual student progress Plan specific follow-up interventions based on a learner's needs Implement strategies to support students' success
Finally, in light of the fact that an intervention can only be understood in the context of motives, means, and ends, moral evaluations of intervention must address not only the initial decision to intervene but also the entire process ...
Author: Anthony F. Lang Jr.
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Category: Political Science
What obligations do nations have to protect citizens of other nations? As responsibility to our fellow human beings and to the stability of civilization over many years has ripened fully into a concept of a "just war," it follows naturally that the time has come to fill in the outlines of the realities and boundaries of what constitutes "just" humanitarian intervention. Even before the world changed radically on September 11, policymakers, scholars, and activists were engaging in debates on this nettlesome issue—following that date, sovereignty, human rights, and intervention took on fine new distinctions, and questions arose: Should sovereignty prevent outside agents from interfering in the affairs of a state? What moral weight should we give to sovereignty and national borders? Do humanitarian "emergencies" justify the use of military force? Can the military be used for actions other than waging war? Can "national interest" justify intervention? Should we kill in order to save? These are profound and troubling questions, and questions that the distinguished contributors of Just Intervention probe in all their complicated dimensions. Sohail Hashmi analyzes how Islamic tradition and Islamic states understand humanitarian intervention; Thomas Weiss strongly advocates the use of military force for humanitarian purposes in Yugoslavia; Martin Cook, Richard Caplan, and Julie Mertus query the use of force in Kosovo; Michael Barnett, drawing on his experience in the United Nations while it debated how best to respond to Rwandan genocide, discusses how international organizations may become hamstrung in the ability to use force due to bureaucratic inertia; and Anthony Lang ably envelopes these—and other complex issues—with a deft hand and contextual insight. Highlighting some of the most significant issues in regard to humanitarian intervention, Just Intervention braves the treacherous moral landscape that now faces an increasingly unstable world. These contributions will help us make our way.
was concerned with the “if” of intervention, the question whether intervention is permissible. Debates weighed international norms of state sovereignty and universal responsibility against each other. From the middle of the decade ...
Author: Alex Veit
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Category: Political Science
One of the largest peace-keeping missions currently being undertaken by the United Nations is in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the UN is attempting to deal with the civil wars and other conflicts that have plagued the country since 1996. In Intervention as Indirect Rule, Alex Veit uses a close study of the district of Ituri, a major battlefield and a laboratory for international intervention, to explore the micropolitics of warfare and statebuilding. Combining detailed firsthand empirical data with a historically informed analysis, Veit shows the effect that contemporary humanitarian interventions have on state-society relations. He also pays particular, and much needed, attention to the question of why the very organizations that should be helping with international statebuilding efforts—local authorities and civil society groups—so often instead turn out to be corrupt or hostile. Ultimately Veit argues that international intervention tends inadvertently to replicate—or even amplify—historical structures of political inequality, rather than establishing a liberal form of statehood.
Group process, monitoring (continued) presentations of group members, 205 Groups cognitive—behavioral intervention in, 207 disruptive behavior and, 207 involuntary, 206—207 open versus closed, 201 rules for, 202 sample phone survey for ...
Author: Joseph Walsh
Publisher: Cengage Learning
GENERALIST SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE: INTERVENTION METHODS provides students with the introductory knowledge and skills needed to work with individuals, families, groups, communities, and organizations. Walsh's text targets undergraduate students with its brevity and experiential/applied approach, although its focus on concrete skills development will appeal to selected masters level programs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
As already noted, assessing the effectiveness of foreign exchange interventions is empirically challenging. This is because of an inherent endogeneity problem when trying to estimate the effect of intervention on the exchange rate.
Author: Mr.Marcos d Chamon
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
Foreign exchange intervention is widely used as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets, but many facets of this tool remain limited, especially in the context of flexible exchange rate regimes. The Latin American experience can be informative because some of its largest countries adopted floating exchange rate regimes and inflation targeting while continuing to intervene in foreign exchange markets. This edited volume reviews detailed accounts from several Latin American countries’ central banks, and it provides insight into how and with what aim many interventions were decided and implemented. This book documents the effectiveness of intervention and pays special attention to the role of foreign exchange intervention policy within inflation-targeting monetary frameworks. The main lesson from Latin America’s foreign exchange interventions, in the context of inflation targeting, is that the region has had a considerable degree of success. Transparency and a clear communication policy have been key. For economies that are not highly dollarized, rules-based intervention helped contain financial instability and build international reserves while preserving inflation targets. The Latin American experience can help other countries in the design and implementation of their policies.
Each “X” represents the likelihood that the intervention in the left-hand column could be used to change the performance at the audience level indicated. Thus, if you refer to the matrix, you will see that accelerated learning, ...
Author: Danny G. Langdon
Category: Business & Economics
From the leaders in the field, a comprehensive, hands-on resource for identifying and solving the most common performance-related problems in the workplace. The authors provide tools designed for conflict management, diversity management, recognition programs, on-the-job training, change management, strategic planning, and more. All of these resources are field-tested and formulated for immediate application.
period further impeded the effort to insert human rights into international society's consideration of intervention. The Cold War practice of intervention Examination of the normative evolution during the Cold War is essential in ...
Author: Neil Macfarlane
Examines multilateral interventions in civil conflicts and the evolution of the role of such interventions in world politics. It focuses primarily on the Cold War and post-Cold War eras and the differences between them. It contests the notion that there is an emerging norm of humanitarian intervention in international politics, arguing that political interests remain essential to the practice of intervention.
Andrew Pithouse and Rhoda Emlyn Jones Introduction We introduce our chapter on early intervention (EI) for children and their families in Wales with some brief context setting by way of 'key issues' that inevitably influence the meaning ...
Author: Sharon Vincent
Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd
Category: Family & Relationships
Early investment in vulnerable families, both in terms of the timing of early support or at the onset of issues, is more effective and cheaper than specialist support which is offered only once problems become complex. One of the best ways to keep children safe is to develop innovative ways of enhancing the quality of help received by families, to redesign services around children and families needs, and to provide an early help through better inter-agency working. This book examines early intervention policy across the UK and promising practice initiatives which have been designed to support vulnerable families.
Intervention. Reading is a form of rewriting. Every interpretation is an act of intervention. These are the premises which inform this challenging yet accessible textbook. In effect this is both a critical guide and a creative manual, ...
Author: Rob Pope
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Compellence demands some form of intervention - war, military operations other than war such as peace enforcement deployments, or coercive diplomacy - that both must be sustainable and are long-term.
Author: Stephen J. Cimbala
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Political Science
War, as Clausewitz reminds, is the most uncertain of human political and social activities. This study looks at the experience of the United States and other member states of NATO in four situations of multinational military intervention - Lebanon, the Persian Gulf, the Balkans, and South Asia - and considers the implications of nuclear arms reductions and nonproliferation for the US and NATO.
As demonstrated in Chapter 3, the international contestation of humanitarian intervention grew increasingly strong during the second half of the 1990s. By 1995 humanitarian intervention was already being heavily criticised in view of ...
Author: Eglantine Staunton
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Category: Political Science
This book provides the first comprehensive account of France’s relationship to human protection since the 1980s by investigating the mutual impact interconnected yet distinct domestic and international norms of human protection have had on each other over time.
It includes the systems of Response to Intervention (RTI) for academic decision making, and Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) for behavioral decision making. RTI: A schoolwide process that provides systematic, ...
Author: Sandra Rief
Publisher: National Professional Resources, Inc.
Although as many as 10-20% of students are affected by dyslexia, most teachers still receive very little (if any) training about this disorder. Much misinformation about dyslexia exists as well; and until very recently, even the term “dyslexia” was not being used in schools. Fortunately, this is changing. Today, there are a variety of evidence-based tools and programs that schools can use to catch dyslexia early, develop effective interventions, and help students with dyslexia thrive in school and beyond. In addition to listing over 100 specific screening, diagnostic, and assessment tools, this guide: summarizes what we know about dyslexia; discusses state-wide legislation and guidelines; identifies three steps for identifying dyslexia: presents an multi-tiered (RTI) framework for dyslexia intervention; recommends structured language programs and other interventions for students with dyslexia; lists additional online dyslexia resources.