Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity

A collection of essays on the foundational themes of freedom and spontaneity in Immanuel Kant's philosophy.

Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity

A collection of essays on the foundational themes of freedom and spontaneity in Immanuel Kant's philosophy.

Kant on Spontaneity

Allison elaborates his analysis of the Kantian notion of spontaneity in the practical field in Kant on Freedom: A Reply to My Critics. He identifies spontaneity with transcendental freedom and summarizes his thesis in the following ...

Kant on Spontaneity

The concept of spontaneity is central to Kant's philosophy, yet Kant himself never dealt with it explicitly. Instead it was presented as an insoluble problem concerning human reason. The ambiguity surrounding his approach to this problem is surprising when one considers that he was a philosopher who based his theoretical programme on the critique of the faculties of knowledge, feeling and desire. However, this ambiguity seems to have avoided up to now any possible critique. This highly original book presents the first full-length study of the problem of spontaneity in Kant. Marco Sgarbi demonstrates that spontaneity is a crucial concept in relation to every aspect of Kant's thought. He begins by reconstructing the history of the concept of spontaneity in the German Enlightenment prior to Kant and goes on to define knowing, thinking, acting and feeling as spontaneous activities of the mind that in turn determine Kant's logic, ethics and aesthetics. Ultimately Sgarbi shows that the notion of spontaneity is key to understanding both Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy.

Kant s Conception of Freedom

This shifts the focus of the next segment to the concept of spontaneity, which is central to the discussion of freedom, not only in Kant but in all the philosophers of the period, including Crusius. Assuming, without mentioning the ...

Kant s Conception of Freedom

Although a good deal has been written about Kant's conception of free will in recent years, there has been no serious attempt to examine in detail the development of his views on the topic. This book endeavours to remedy the situation by tracing Kant's thoughts on free will from his earliest discussions of it in the 1750s through to his last accounts in the 1790s. This developmental approach is of interest for at least two reasons. First, it shows that the path that led Kant to view freedom as a transcendental power that is both radically distinct from and compatible with the causality of nature was a winding one. Second, it indicates that, despite the variety of views of free will that Kant held at various times, the concept occupied a central place in his thought, because it was the point of union between his theoretical and practical philosophy.

Metaphysics of Freedom Kant s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective

is God as a self-determining entity, for Kant reason is the unconditioned and hence absolute spontaneity or transcendental freedom. Transcendental freedom makes up the foundation of practical freedom. In Kant's development, the concepts ...

Metaphysics of Freedom  Kant   s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective

Metaphysics of Freedom? Kant’s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective scrutinizes the mostly neglected cosmological foundation of Kant’s concept of freedom.

Adorno and Philosophical Modernism

Kant associates freedom with spontaneity, which is distinguished from intuition as the faculty of reception (KrV 97, 193). But it is this restriction of freedom to the purely conceptual significance of spontaneity that cuts out of the ...

Adorno and Philosophical Modernism

This book explores contemporary continental philosophy and aesthetics. It addresses the problem of post-Kantian reason in relation to the pathologies of experience, alienation, the transformative and ethical import of aesthetic experience, the relation between philosophy and social critique, and language as disclosure rather than correspondence.

Kant s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

First, each holds in different ways that Kant is invoking some theoretical consideration in Groundwork III: epistemic freedom or spontaneity, knowledge of myself as I am in myself. Each also links Kant's argument to a conception of ...

Kant s  Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

Discusses Kant's philosophical development in the Groundwork and his attempt to justify the categorical imperative as a principle of freedom.

Concepts of Normativity Kant or Hegel

For Kant, spontaneity is a not detachable property of every rational being. It is important for understanding, reason, and the capacity to act morally. However, Kant's equation of spontaneity and freedom is unable ...

Concepts of Normativity  Kant or Hegel

Both Kant’s and Hegel’s conceptions of normativity have shown to be extremely thorough and influential until today. Against the background of the much-disputed issue of ‘formalism’, Concepts of Normativity: Kant or Hegel? explores limits and perspectives of their deliberations.

The Four Lacanian Discourses

124 As Robert Merrihew Adams characterizes Kant's argument: How then can the demands of empirical knowledge be reconciled with ... Positive freedom or spontaneity We can now consider Kant's conception of freedom and how it relates to ...

The Four Lacanian Discourses

This book proposes a taxonomy of jurisprudence and legal practice, based on the discourse theory of Jacques Lacan. In the anglophone academy, the positivist jurisprudence of H.L.A. Hart provides the most influential account of law. But just as positivism ignores the practice of law by lawyers, even within the academy, the majority of professors are also not pursuing Hart's positivist project. Rather, they are engaged in policy-oriented scholarship - that tries to explain law in terms of society's collective goals - or in doctrinal legal scholarship - that does not try to describe what law is, or to supply justifications for it - but which examines the 'internal' logic of law. Lacan's discourse theory has the power to differentiate the various roles of the practicing lawyer and the legal scholar. It is also able to explain the striking lack of communication between diverse schools of legal scholarship and between legal academia and the legal profession. Although extremely influential in Europe and South America, Lacanian theory remains largely unexplored (in the English-speaking world) outside of the field of comparative literature. In taking up the jurisprudential ramifications of Lacan's work, The Four Lacanian Discourses thus constitutes an original contribution to current theoretical and practical understandings of law.

The Modern Subject

2 Spontaneity and Autonomy in Kant's Conception of the Self Henry E. Allison Although Kant never developed what one might call a theory of the self , his virtual identification of selfhood with freedom provided much of the material used ...

The Modern Subject

Provides a thorough background study of the postmodern assault on the standpoint of the subject as a foundation for philosophy, and assesses what remains today of the philosophy of subjectivity.

Immanuel Kant s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals

In this context Kant understands this spontaneity as transcendental freedom, so that understanding and reason, insofar as they are understood as spontaneous faculties, are transcendentally free.29 Kant further distinguishes the ...

Immanuel Kant s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals

A defining work of moral philosophy, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals has been highly influential and famously difficult. Dieter Schönecker and Allen Wood make clear the ways this work forms the basis of our modern moral outlook and how moral law relates to freedom and free will within Kant’s overall philosophy.

Kant s Legacy

Three Criteria of Freedom The leading idea behind Kant's Critical account of rational actions is that agents act from ... “ Kant , furthermore , takes apperception to be the key to the freedom or spontaneity of actions of this sort .

Kant s Legacy

According to Immanuel Kant, humans are creators. The papers in this volume examine Kant's legacy by addressing issues concerning creativity in all aspects of human experience.

The Power of Paradox Impossible Conversations

According to Kant, intelligible freedom must be based on will's autonomy. The power of freedom can surpass any specified limit (crp A 317 / B374), yet spontaneity rests in and depends on human receptivity. Freedom so conceived is a ...

The Power of Paradox  Impossible Conversations

In this book, Markus Locker demonstrates that the paradox behind each truth claim opens a channel of communication of truths.

In Defense of Kant s Religion

Freedom must have a partner in crime in this respect (viz., the sensuous nature) that limits freedom's spontaneity and draws it into evil as a course of habit. Only in this way would Kant be warranted in arguing for a general propensity ...

In Defense of Kant s Religion

Chris L. Firestone and Nathan Jacobs integrate and interpret the work of leading Kant scholars to come to a new and deeper understanding of Kant's difficult book, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. In this text, Kant's vocabulary and language are especially tortured and convoluted. Readers have often lost sight of the thinker's deep ties to Christianity and questioned the viability of the work as serious philosophy of religion. Firestone and Jacobs provide strong and cogent grounds for taking Kant's religion seriously and defend him against the charges of incoherence. In their reading, Christian essentials are incorporated into the confines of reason, and they argue that Kant establishes a rational religious faith in accord with religious conviction as it is elaborated in his mature philosophy. For readers at all levels, this book articulates a way to ground religion and theology in a fully fledged defense of Religion which is linked to the larger corpus of Kant's philosophical enterprise.

Kant s Transcendental Psychology

192), Kant links spontaneity and apperception quite strongly, when he claims that the cognitive state ... or synthesis, implied absolute spontaneity, then Kant would have a proof of transcendental freedom in the First Critique, ...

Kant s Transcendental Psychology


Arts of Connection

For by Kant's definition, freedom introduces unpredictability into our perspective: “We are not able to adopt an absolute point of view when trying to predict free actions.”30 Freedom is for Kant a spontaneous causality; ...

Arts of Connection

At the intersection of literary theory, philosophy of history and phenomenology, Arts of Connection: Poetry, History, Epochality explores the representation of connections between events in literary, historical and philosophical narratives. Events in a story can be seen as ordered according to proximate causation, which leads diachronically from one event to the next; and they can also be understood in view of the structure of the narrative as a whole – for instance in terms of the unity of plot. Feldman argues that there exists an essential narrative tension between these two kinds of connection, i.e. between the overarching arrangement or plot that holds together events from "outside," as it were, in order to produce an intelligible whole; and the portrayal of one-by-one, "interstitial" connections between events within the narrative. Arts of Connection demonstrates, by means of exemplary moments in Aristotle and classical German poetics, eighteenth-century philosophy of history, and twentieth-century phenomenology, that the task of connection is a fraught one, insofar as the formal unity of narrative competes or interferes with the representation of one-by-one connections between events, and vice versa.

Kant s Philosophy of the Unconscious

The external world might hinder the expression of inner freedom just with its presence. But also its absence can represent a problem to spontaneity. The man of greatest learning cannot adequately form concepts, that is, be spontaneous, ...

Kant s Philosophy of the Unconscious

The unconscious raises relevant problems in the theory of knowledge as regards non-conceptual contents and obscure representations. In the philosophy of mind, it bears on the topic of the unity of consciousness and the notion of the transcendental Self. It is a key-topic of logic with respect to the distinction between determinate-indeterminate judgments and prejudices, and in aesthetics it appears in connection with the problems of reflective judgments and of the genius. Finally, it is a relevant issue also in moral philosophy in defining the irrational aspects of the human being. The purpose of the present volume is to fill a substantial gap in Kant research while offering a comprehensive survey of the topic in different areas of research, such as history of philosophy, philosophy of mind, aesthetics, moral philosophy, and anthropology.

Metaphysics and the Good

Kant distinguishes two sorts of spontaneity, absolute and relative, or conditioned, spontaneity. ... 142 Note, in particular, that Kant's definition of transcendental freedom in the Antinomies specifies that it is a capacity that we ...

Metaphysics and the Good

A collection of original essays by leading philosophers dedicated to exploring many of the facets of Robert M. Adams's thought, a philosophical outlook that combines Christian theism, neo-Platonism, moral realism, metaphysical idealism, and a commitment to both historical sensitivity and rigorous analytic engagement.

Kant s Early Critics on Freedom of the Will

Moreover, free action is spontaneous in that it is determined by a principle intrinsic to the agent (WPE §933). ... 23 With respect to freedom, spontaneity is inextricably connected with the condition of intelligence or rationality.

Kant s Early Critics on Freedom of the Will

This book offers translations of early critical reactions to Kant's account of free will. Spanning the years 1784-1800, the translations make available, for the first time in English, works by little-known thinkers including Pistorius, Ulrich, Heydenreich, Creuzer and others, as well as familiar figures including Reinhold, Fichte and Schelling. Together they are a testimony to the intense debates surrounding the reception of Kant's account of free will in the 1780s and 1790s, and throw into relief the controversies concerning the coherence of Kant's concept of transcendental freedom, the possibility of reconciling freedom with determinism, the relation between free will and moral imputation, and other arguments central to Kant's view. The volume also includes a helpful introduction, a glossary of key terms and biographical details of the critics, and will provide a valuable foundation for further research on free will in post-Kantian philosophy.