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Revista de educaci n n 371 January March 2016

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Learn Spanish News Vol 2

Author: Nik Marcel
Publisher: 2Language Books
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LEARN SPANISH NEWS Vol.2: English & Spanish THIS EDITION: The dual-language text has been arranged into sentences and shorter paragraphs for quick and easy cross-referencing. The source text is the Spanish language edition of Voice of America (VOA). The Spanish text has been translated into English for this dual-language project. The reader can choose between four formats: Section 1: English to Spanish Section 2: Spanish to English Section 3: English Section 4: Spanish A methodology for getting the most out of this bilingual format is explained in the book’s Foreword. The primary purpose of this text is to equip a foreign language learner with the ability to start reading news in the particular foreign language: to be able to read only in the foreign language, and extract enough understanding to continue the language learning process fruitfully this way. A reader might like to go back to reading dual-language news for reinforcement and further development, returning to foreign language only news with a deeper understanding. By going back to the same ‘old’ news, you are going over words, word patterns, and passages with which you already have a certain familiarity. The process of reinforcement, learning or retaining of what is new, and exposure to what is unfamiliar, is much easier this way — even though the news may seem a little dated. The aim of informing the reader about actual news is secondary, especially given that the content will become less current (and less relevant) over time. If you are having trouble with the level of difficulty in the text, a suggested path for learning languages is as follows: Familiarise yourself with a basic language instruction book — or re-read the one you have. Once a student has studied the basics, a suitable book about basic grammar can be helpful. The suggestion is that any grammar book be studied more with the intent of recognition and understanding, rather than memorising and obsessive rote learning. Go through as much of the grammar book you feel you can digest — maybe even the whole book — skipping over what is not easily understood. After this, read through a portion of text in a book called ‘Spanish Sentences’, by 2LanguageBooks, looking for examples of what you have picked up (or gleaned) in your hopefully not so arduous study of grammar. Even repeatedly seeing a word that you remember seeing listed as a ‘subject pronoun’ or a ‘third person plural’ verb of some sort is a great help. Then, depending on your inclination, return to the grammar book (or your basic Spanish book), or move on to lengthier bilingual text — like in 2Language Books texts containing news or stories, for example —, or find some suitable Spanish text: a simple novel, a Spanish news website, etc. Grammar books will likely have some verb charts. However, there are currently good on-line resources that go further — dictionaries with a verb conjugation ‘search’ option. Many basic language books offer some form of audio support. Internet services — primarily news based radio stations — offer podcasts. Audio from television is an additional resource, and can be formatted for use on various digital platforms. However, if audio is an important component of your interest in languages, electronic devices that support quality text-to-speech (TTS) will likely be appealing. With a library card, TTS technology (in a device that supports the relevant content), and the above mentioned resources, an entire language learning system is available for not much more than a cup of coffee! There is no substantial financial outlay to get you started. Furthermore, there are no additional ongoing fees (and updates), and there are no expiry dates on ‘premium’ content and resources. (A Dual-Language Book Project) 2Language Books


Equity Development and Citizenship

Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Publisher: United Nations Publications
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This publication provides a comprehensive view of the United Nations concerns regarding the development challenges facing Latin America and the Caribbean. This abridged volume is composed of three chapters. The first presents an overview of global trends together with the associated challenges in the areas of human rights and equity. The second provides an overview of economic, social and environmental conditions in the region during the 1990s. The third sets forth an agenda for the region. It discusses the principles of social policy and policies in the areas of poverty reduction, education, employment, social security and social spending. The accompanying economic development agenda encompasses macroeconomic growth and stability, dynamic productive development, the regulation of public utilities and the consolidation of sustainable development.


Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean

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This survey presents an overview of the regional economy and the economic performance. It also offers individual country reports on the performance of the 20 countries of Latin America. In addition, the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean analyzes the economic situation in the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean. This year's edition includes a CD-ROM that contains the statistical appendix.


Transparent Simulacra

Author: Robert C. Spires
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
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The development of basic textual strategies in Spanish fiction from 1902 to 1926 is the focus of this study. Challenging traditional views of the relationships between the literature produced by the Generation of 1898 and the Spanish vanguard movement, Spires traces through analyses of select works a process of evolution beginning at the turn of the century and continuing into the 1920s. Spires demonstrates how the somewhat tentative strategies of the first decade became more daring in the second. As opposed to the extant historical, autobiographical, and thematic surveys of this period, Transparent Simulacra features structuralist and post-structuralist readings of fiction by Baroja, Azorín, Unamuno, Pérez de Ayala, Gómez de Serna, Jarnés, and Salinas. These approaches offer not only revisionist views of a literary period but also revisionist readings of some of Spain's best-known fiction.


The American Connection

Author: Michael McClintock
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Unesco List of Documents and Publications

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La casa de empe o y otros poemas The pawn shop and other poems

Author: Robert Gurney
Publisher: Editorial Liber Factory
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Vivo un poco fuera del tiempo y el espacio. Me encanta imaginarme en un campo —hace siglos— espantando cuervos o verme pasear a orillas de los ríos de la Patagonia. Me esfuerzo por crear una poesía minimalista. Como Huidobro, borro el adjetivo que no agrega nada. Busco una poesía a menudo gráfica. ¿Para qué? Busco la verdad, no la verdad masiva de la brocha gorda sino las pequeñas verdades de la vida. No siempre vemos las pequeñas cosas. Las persigo. Me gustan los sencillos actos de la humanidad: una sonrisa, una lágrima y los de la naturaleza: de una hormiga o una culebra. Absorbo cada día palabras de anuncios, tanto viejo como nuevo, escenas o voces del mercado, e-mails, periódicos, la televisión, películas, cuadros, fotos, los movimientos de los animales y pájaros del jardín. En mis textos hay una mezcla de realismo objetivo e imaginación subjetiva. Confieso que, al estilo de Raymond Carver, cambio a veces unos detalles para producir cierto efecto y mi imaginación puede arreglar las cosas según sus propias leyes. Creo que no es siempre el poeta quien crea los poemas. Es otra cosa. Es decir, creo en la inspiración. Mis amigos dicen que mis poemas sugieren cosas, que no lo dicen todo. No busco ese efecto. Ocurre, probablemente, como resultado de mi minimalismo. Otros dicen que hay ironía en mi poesía. Sin duda, pero ocurre naturalmente, sin que yo lo busque. Escribo para crear un espacio personal dentro de las narrativas que quieren absorber mi generación. De vez en cuando nos quieren aplastar o nos arrastran. Quiero encontrar un hueco, un sitio, un espacio donde poder ser yo mismo, donde poder respirar. La poesía es ese sitio para mí y, creo, para mis amigos. Me encantan las cosas que van desapareciendo, tal como un mural en una casa en el valle del río Negro en Argentina. Mis amigos dicen que mis poemas son a veces tristes, melancólicos. Me inspira mucho lo que ya no existe. Me gusta el pasado, las cosas que viven en mi memoria. Sin embargo, no descarto la realidad actual. Está en mi poesía.


Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: CEPAL.
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The publication presents an overview of the economies, on a country-by-country basis of the Latin America and the Caribbean region.


Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy

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