Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World

The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks, as well as studies that provide new insights by approaching language from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Res humanae proverbiorum et sententiarum

Geeraerts , Dirk / Grondelaers , Stefan ( 1995 ) : Looking back at anger : Cultural traditions and metaphorical patterns . In : Taylor , John R./MacLaury , Robert E. ( eds . ) : Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World .

Res humanae proverbiorum et sententiarum


Vantage Theory

A View on Language, Cognition and Categorization Adam Głaz, Marnie L. Moist, Elena Tribushinina. specified thus far. ... In Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, ed. John R. Taylor and Robert E. MacLaury, 331-363.

Vantage Theory

The book is concerned with Vantage Theory (VT), a model of categorization proposed by the American linguist, anthropologist, and cognitive scientist, Robert E. MacLaury (1944–2004). It consists of three of his previously unpublished studies and five chapters by other authors. Vantage Theory views categorization as a process of vantage (point of view) construction by analogy to the way humans orient themselves in space-time. Originating in the domain of color, the theory was extended to cover other aspects of cognition and language. The chapters authored by MacLaury introduce the model, discuss the details of the analogy between space-time and categorization, and present four case studies. The remaining chapters present an overview of the existing literature on VT, locate the model against the broader background of psychological and cognitive research, and propose its application to novel data.

Advances in Cognitive Sociolinguistics

In Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, John R. Taylor and Robert E. MacLaury (eds.), 153-179. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Harder, Peter 2003 The status of linguistic facts: Rethinking the relation between ...

Advances in Cognitive Sociolinguistics

The book brings together ten studies into the social and conceptual aspects of language-internal variation. All contributions rely on a firm empirical basis in the form of advanced corpus-based techniques, experimenntal methods and survey-based research, or a combination of these. In the book, methods are sought that may adequately unravel the complex and multivariate dimensions intervening in the interplay between conceptual meaning and variationist factors. In terms of its descriptive scope, the volume covers three main areas: lexical and lexical-semantic variation, constructional variation, and research on lectal attitudes and acquisition. It thus illustrates how Cognitive Sociolinguistics studies both the variation of meaning, and the meaning of variation.

Normalit t in der Sprache

In: Cognitive linguistics 4(1), 1–38. — (1995). Possession and possessive constructions. In: Taylor, J.R. / MacLaury, R.E. (eds.). Language and the cognitive construal of the world. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 51–79.

Normalit  t in der Sprache

Franz d'Avis: Einleitung – Normalvorstellungen und Sprache Eva Breindl: Konnexion in argumentativen Texten. Gebrauchsunterschiede in Deutsch als L2 vs. Deutsch als L1 Holden Härtl: Normality at the boundary between word-formation and syntax Julia Kolkmann: What makes a 'default' interpretation? Considerations from English attributive possession Olav Müller-Reichau: Normalitätseffekte in Existenzsätzen des Russischen Sonja Müller: Normalität im Diskurs – Implikationsverstärkung in ('halt eben'-/'eben halt'-)Assertionen Frederike Eggs: Das personale Indefinitum 'man' Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay: Normalexklamationen – normal! Franz d'Avis: Konzessivität und Normalvorstellungen Sven Müller: Normalvorstellungen und Widerspruch in der Semantik konzessiver Konstruktionen Horst Lohnstein: Normalität und Interpretation – exklamativ und konzessiv

Washing the Brain Metaphor and Hidden Ideology

Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Taylor, IR. 1995. “Introduction: on construing the world.” In Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World I.R. Taylor, and RE MacLaury (eds.) ...

Washing the Brain    Metaphor and Hidden Ideology

Contemporary metaphor theory has recently begun to address the relation between metaphor, culture and ideology. In this wide-ranging book, Andrew Goatly, using lexical data from his database Metalude, investigates how conceptual metaphor themes construct our thinking and social behaviour in fields as diverse as architecture, engineering, education, genetics, ecology, economics, politics, industrial time-management, medicine, immigration, race, and sex. He argues that metaphor themes are created not only through the universal body but also through cultural experience, so that an apparently universal metaphor such as event-structure as realized in English grammar is, in fact, culturally relative, compared with e.g. the construal of 'cause and effect' in the Algonquin language Blackfoot. Moreover, event-structure as a model is both scientifically reactionary and, as the basis for technological mega-projects, has proved environmentally harmful. Furthermore, the ideologies of early capitalism created or exploited a selection of metaphor themes historically traceable through Hobbes, Hume, Smith, Malthus and Darwin. These metaphorical concepts support neo-Darwinian and neo-conservative ideologies apparent at the beginning of the 21st century, ideologies underpinning our social and environmental crises. The conclusion therefore recommends skepticism of metaphor’s reductionist tendencies.

One Text Thousand Methods

(1988), Topics in Cognitive Linguistics (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science 50). ... Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1–21. Taylor, J.R., & MacLaury ...

One Text  Thousand Methods

In this essay collection, the authors describe the trend toward synchronic methods in biblical exegesis, or interpreting biblical texts as the result of a literary rather than a historical process, and discuss and apply fifteen specific methods to interpreting Old and New Testament texts.

Sinnformeln

In: Taylor, John R./Mac- Laury, Robert E. (Hg.): Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 197–229. Jäkel, Olaf (1996a): Metaphorical Scenarios of Science. In: Pütz, Martin/Dirven, ...

Sinnformeln

Der Band untersucht aus verschiedenen Perspektiven die Genese, Funktionsweise und Wirkung von sprachlich vermittelten gesellschaftlichen Leitbildern. Diese sprachlichen Realisationen von diskursprägenden Denkmustern können linguistisch als Schlüsselwörter oder Metaphern erfasst werden. Die hier vorgelegten Studien untersuchen an einer Fülle von Einzelbeispielen, wie Leitbilder in kompakten, kommunizierbaren und positiv besetzten sprachlichen Formeln verdichtet werden und wie diese Formeln den Bestand an kollektiv geteilten Wert- und Normalitätsvorstellungen festigen und weiterverbreiten. Die allen Beiträgen zugrunde liegende These ist, dass Subjekte die 'objektive' Wirklichkeit durch Versprachlichung, also durch Kommunikation erst 'erschaffen'. Durch die Zusammenführung von Theoremen der Soziologie und der Linguistik erarbeiten die Autoren eine neue Sichtweise im Hinblick auf den Prozess der Leitbildentwicklung und damit des 'Weltentwurfs'. Sie können u. a. zeigen, dass ein gesellschaftliches Leitbild seine größte (unbewusste) Wirkmächtigkeit gerade dann entfaltet, wenn die öffentliche Diskussion über seine Relevanz abgeebbt ist, d.h., wenn sich keine sprachlichen Manifestationen im öffentlichen Diskurs mehr beobachten lassen. Der Band enthält u. a. Beiträge von Brigitte Aulenbacher, Susan Geideck, Karsten Kassner, Josef Klein, Wolf-Andreas Liebert, Andreas Musolff, Tilla Siegel, Franc Wagner, Petra Wassermann und Martin Wengeler.

The Nominative Accusative and Their Counterparts

In : Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World ( = Trends in Linguistics 82 ) , J. R. Taylor and R.E. MacLaury ( eds . ) , 23–49 . Berlin , New York : Mouton de Gruyter . Casad , E.H. 1996. What good are locationals , anyway ?

The Nominative   Accusative and Their Counterparts

This volume is devoted to the central cases relating to the basic oppositions between subject-object and agent-patient, viz. nominative and accusative, as well as their counterparts such as ergative and absolutive. It aims at contributing to the typological investigation of these cases by providing descriptive studies of ten different languages, not only Romance and Germanic languages, but also Polish and Basque, as well as Cora, Warrwa and Ewe. These studies show that the formal devices used to mark the two nuclear cases may be quite diverse (including non-overt and 'configurational' coding), but that all the languages studied crucially display a subject-object asymmetry, even languages such as Basque and Ewe for which this had been questioned. One of the most striking subthemes to emerge from this collection is the complexity of the object-zone, both with regard to formal and functional diversity. Various studies in the volume also contribute reflections, couched mainly in broadly cognitive-functional terms, about the semantic function of the subject-object contrast and why it is so central across languages.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

In John R. Taylor and R. A. MacLaury, eds., Language and the cognitive construal of the world 181–96. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Ko ̈vecses, Zolta ́n. 1999. Metaphor: Does it constitute or reflect cultural models? In Raymond W. Gibbs, ...

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of cognitive linguistics, and covers its various subfields - theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

Cognitive English Grammar

Dirven, René. 1995. The construal of cause: The case of cause prepositions. In: Taylor, Iohn R. and Robert E. MacLaury (eds.), Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, 95-118. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Dirven, René. 1997.

Cognitive English Grammar

Cognitive English Grammar is designed to be used as a textbook in courses of English and general linguistics. It introduces the reader to cognitive linguistic theory and shows that Cognitive Grammar helps us to gain a better understanding of the grammar of English. The notions of motivation and meaningfulness are central to the approach adopted in the book. In four major parts comprising 12 chapters, Cognitive English Grammar integrates recent cognitive approaches into one coherent model, allowing the analysis of the most central constructions of English. Part I presents the cognitive framework: conceptual and linguistic categories, their combination in situations, the cognitive operations applied to them, and the organisation of conceptual structures into linguistic constructions. Part II deals with the category of ‘things’ and their linguistic structuring as nouns and noun phrases. It shows how things are grounded in reality by means of reference, quantified by set and scalar quantifiers, and qualified by modifiers. Part III describes situations as temporal units of various layers: internally, as types of situations; and externally, as located relative to the time of speech and grounded in reality or potentiality. Part IV looks at situations as relational units and their structuring as sentences. Its two chapters are devoted to event schemas and space and metaphorical extensions of space.Cognitive English Grammar offers a wealth of linguistic data and explanations. The didactic quality is guaranteed by the frequent use of definitions and examples, a glossary of the terms used, overviews and chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading, and study questions. For the Key to Study Questions click here.

Cognitive Approaches to English

In Language and the cognitive construal of the world, edited by John Taylor, and Robert MacLaury, 153-179. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Gevaert, Caroline. 2001. Anger in Old and Middle English: a 'hot' topic? Belgian Essays on Language ...

Cognitive Approaches to English

The present volume contains a selection of papers presented at the conference Cognitive Approaches to English, an international event organized to mark the 30th anniversary of English studies at the Faculty of Philosophy, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University, Osijek, which was held in Osijek on October 18–19, 2007. The participants were invited to discuss issues in cognitive accounts of English, ranging from fundamental to methodological to interdisciplinary and applied. The volume is accordingly divided into four parts. Part I, Motivation in grammar, deals with various phenomena in the grammar of English in the broadest sense of the term, all of which are shown to be motivated by metaphorical and/or metonymic operations. Part II, Constructing meaning (between grammar and lexicon), contains five chapters dealing with phenomena ranging from various peculiarities of form-meaning pairings (such as synonymy, polysemy, and figurative meanings) to concept formation. The four chapters that make up Part III are concerned with the phenomenon of interlinguistic and intercultural variation in the use of metaphorical and metonymic processes. The volume is concluded by Part IV, the three papers of which attempt to reconsider some TEFL issues from a cognitive linguistic point of view.

Theology in the Flesh

This claim was criticized by Dirk Geeraerts and Stefan Grondelaers, “Looking Back at Anger: Cultural Traditions and Metaphorical Patterns,” in Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, ed. J. Taylor and R. MacLaury (Berlin: de ...

Theology in the Flesh

Metaphors and other mental tools are used to reason (not just speak) about God, salvation, truth, and morality. Figurative language structures our theological and moral reasoning in powerful ways. This book uses an approach known as cognitive linguistics to explore the incredibly rich ways our conceptual tools, derived from embodied life and culture, shape the way we understand Christian teachings and practices. The cognitive revolution has generated amazing insights into how human minds make sense of the world. This book applies these insights to the ways Christians think about topics such as God, justice, sin, and salvation. It shows that Christians often share a set of very general ideas but disagree on what the Bible means or the moral stances we should take. It explains why Christians often develop a number of appropriate but sometimes incompatible ways to understand the Bible and various doctrines. It assists Christians in understanding those with whom they disagree. Hopefully, simply better understanding how and why people think the way they do will foster better dialogue and greater humility.

Possessives in English

Proposing a unitary account of the possessive morpheme, this work takes "Cognitive Grammar", as developed by Ronald Langacker as its theoretical framework.

Possessives in English

Proposing a unitary account of the possessive morpheme, this work takes "Cognitive Grammar", as developed by Ronald Langacker as its theoretical framework. It introduces the conceptual apparatus of the theory, and develops an account of the full range of possessive constructions in English.

Metaphor

1995. Conceptual grammaticalization and prediction. In John R. Taylor and Robert E. MacLaury, eds., Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, 119–135. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ———. 1997. Cognitive Foundations of Grammar.

Metaphor

Combining up-to-date scholarship with clear and accessible language and helpful exercises, Metaphor: A Practical Introduction is an invaluable resource for all readers interested in metaphor. This second edition includes two new chapters--on 'metaphors in discourse' and 'metaphor and emotion' --along with new exercises, responses to criticism and recent developments in the field, and revised student exercises, tables, and figures.

Corpus Based Approaches to Metaphor and Metonymy

Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World, 153–179. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Harré, Rom (ed.) 1988 The Social Construction of Emotions. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Holland, Dorothy and Naomi Quinn 1989 [1987] Cultural Models in ...

Corpus Based Approaches to Metaphor and Metonymy

The papers in this volume deal with the issue of how corpus data relate to the questions that cognitive linguists have typically investigated with respect to conceptual mappings. The authors in this volume investigate a wide range of issues - the coherence and function of particular metaphorical models, the interaction of form and meaning, the identification of source domains of metaphorical expressions, the relationship between metaphor and discourse, the priming of metaphors, and the historical development of metaphors. The studies deal with a variety of metaphorical and metonymic source and target domains, including the source domains SPACE, ANIMALS, BODY PARTS, ORGANIZATIONS and WAR, and the target domains VERBAL ACTIVITY, ECONOMY, EMOTIONS and POLITICS. In their studies, the authors present a variety of corpus-linguistic methods for the investigation of conceptual mappings, for example, corpora annotated for semantic categories, concordances of individual source-domain items and patterns, and concordances of target-domain items. In sum, the papers in this volume show how a wide range of corpus-linguistic methods can be used to investigate a variety of issues in cognitive linguistics; the combination of corpus methods with a cognitive-linguistic view of metaphor and metonymy yields new answers to old questions (and to new questions) about the relationship between language as a conceptual phenomenon and language as a textual phenomenon.

The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought

Anger: Its language, conceptualization, and physiology in the light of cross-cultural evidence. In J. R. Taylor & R. MacLaury (Eds.), Language and the cognitive construal of the world (pp. 181–196). Berlin: Mouton.

The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought

A comprehensive collection of essays in multidisciplinary metaphor scholarship that has been written in response to the growing interest among scholars and students from a variety of disciplines such as linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, music and psychology. These essays explore the significance of metaphor in language, thought, culture and artistic expression. There are five main themes of the book: the roots of metaphor, metaphor understanding, metaphor in language and culture, metaphor in reasoning and feeling, and metaphor in non-verbal expression. Contributors come from a variety of academic disciplines, including psychology, linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, literature, education, music, and law.

The Lexical Typology of Semantic Shifts

Language and the cognitive construal of the world, 181–196. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Kövecses, Zoltán. 2000a. Metaphor and emotion: Language, culture, and body in human feeling. (Studies in emotion and social interaction.) ...

The Lexical Typology of Semantic Shifts

The volume focuses on semantic shifts and motivation patterns in the lexicon. Its key feature is its lexico-typological orientation, i.e. a heavy emphasis on systematic cross-linguistic comparison. The book presents current theoretical and methodological trends in the study of semantic shifts and motivational patters based on an abundance of empirical findings across genetically, areally and typologically diverse languages.

Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics

Language and the cognitive construal of the world. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 231–276. MacLaury R E (1997). Color and cognition in Mesoamerica: Constructing categories as vantages. Austin: University of Texas Press. MacLaury RE (ed.) ...

Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics

Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics is a comprehensive new reference work aiming to systematically describe all aspects of the study of meaning in language. It synthesizes in one volume the latest scholarly positions on the construction, interpretation, clarification, obscurity, illustration, amplification, simplification, negotiation, contradiction, contraction and paraphrasing of meaning, and the various concepts, analyses, methodologies and technologies that underpin their study. It examines not only semantics but the impact of semantic study on related fields such as morphology, syntax, and typologically oriented studies such as ‘grammatical semantics’, where semantics has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of verbal categories like tense or aspect, nominal categories like case or possession, clausal categories like causatives, comparatives, or conditionals, and discourse phenomena like reference and anaphora. COSE also examines lexical semantics and its relation to syntax, pragmatics, and cognitive linguistics; and the study of how ‘logical semantics’ develops and thrives, often in interaction with computational linguistics. As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, it comprises contributions from 150 of the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages. As semantics is a centrally important and inherently cross-cutting area within linguistics it will therefore be relevant not just for semantics specialists, but for most linguistic audiences. The first encyclopedia ever published in this fascinating and diverse field Combines the talents of the world’s leading semantics specialists The latest trends in the field authoritatively reviewed and interpreted in context of related disciplines Drawn from the richest, most authoritative, comprehensive and internationally acclaimed reference resource in the linguistics area Compact and affordable single volume reference format