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Legitimacy Gap

Author: Vincent Depaigne
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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This book provides an account and explanation of a fundamental dilemma facing secular states: the 'legitimacy gap' left by the withdrawal of religion as a source of legitimacy. Legitimacy represents a particular problem for the secular state. The 'secular' in all its manifestations is very much linked to the historical rise of the modern state. It should not be seen as a category that separates culture and religion from politics, but rather as one that links these different dimensions. In the first part of the book, Depaigne explains how modern constitutional law has moved away from a 'substantive' legitimacy, based in particular on natural law, towards a 'procedural' legitimacy based on popular sovereignty and human rights. Depaigne examines three case studies of constitutional responses to legitimacy challenges which articulate the three main sources of 'procedural' legitimacy (people, rights, and culture) in different ways: the 'neutral model' (constitutions based on the 'displacement of culture'); the 'multicultural model' (constitutions based on diversity and pluralism); and the 'asymmetric model' (constitutions based on tradition). Even if secularization can be considered European in its origin, it is best seen today as a global phenomenon, which needs to be approached by taking into account the particular cultural dimension in which it is rooted. Depaigne's detailed study shows how secularization has moved either towards 'nationalization' linked to a particular national identity (as in France and, to some extent, in India)-or towards 'de-secularization', whereby secularism is displaced by particular cultural norms, as in Malaysia.


Le contrat

Author: Cristina de Robertis
Publisher: Bayard (USA)
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Pour qu'une intervention réussisse en matière de travail social, il faut que le " client " prenne une part active à la réalisation de l'objectif recherché. C'est à cette nécessité que répond le contrat en travail social. Première synthèse sur le sujet, cet ouvrage dirigé par Cristina De Robertis définit la notion de contrat avant d'explorer ses modalités en travail social. Tous les aspects, techniques et éthiques, sont abordés. Ensuite, la réflexion s'appuie sur des exemples d'utilisation, notamment avec le contrat de revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI) ou encore dans le cadre de la protection de l'enfance. Il appartenait à Cristina De Robertis, auteur de Méthodologie de l'intervention en travail social, de nous livrer ce guide destiné à tous les acteurs de l'action sociale.


Poverty and the Millennium Development Goals

Author: Alberto Cimadamore
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
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As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) pass their 2015 deadline and the international community begins to discuss the future of UN development policy, Poverty and the Millennium Development Goals brings together leading economists from both the global North and South to provide a much needed critique of the prevailing development agenda. By examining current development efforts, goals and policies, it exposes the structurally flawed and misleading measurements of poverty and hunger on which these efforts have been based, and which have led official sources to routinely underestimate the scale of world poverty even as the global distribution of wealth becomes ever more imbalanced.


Mathematical Theory of Democracy

Author: Andranik Tangian
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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The mathematical theory of democracy deals with selection of representatives who make decisions on behalf of the whole society. In this book, the notion of representativeness is operationalized with the index of popularity (the average percentage of the population whose opinion is represented on a number of issues) and the index of universality (the frequency of cases when the opinion of a majority is represented). These indices are applied to evaluate and study the properties of single representatives (e.g. president) and representative bodies (e.g. parliament, magistrate, cabinet, jury, coalition). To bridge representative and direct democracy, an election method is proposed that is based not on voting but on indexing candidates with respect to the electorate’s political profile. In addition, societal and non-societal applications are considered.


Emotion and Conflict

Author: Evelin Lindner
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
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A social psychologist based at Columbia University, Lindner takes us across history and into nations worldwide to show how emotion spurs hierarchies of domination and therefore causes subjugation, human rights violations, abuse, conflict, and fighting. She spotlights results ranging from the binding and subsequent deforming of Chinese women's feet, to periods of slavery, bondage, feudalism, apartheid, and other unjust events across time. Related actions from political domination internationally, to spousal or child abuse on the homefront are addressed. Lindner looks at how widely divergent societies - from the Japan of Samurais, to the Meso America of Aztecs, up to the modern Iraq at war - are driven by hierarchies of emotionally-fueled control with rigid domination.


Free Riders and Rent Seekers

Author: ARTUR SOARES
Publisher: AuthorHouse
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In every country of Europe and America, there is a remarkable fraction of the adult population (sometimes near 50 per cent) whose needs are met with taxpayers’ money. This situation is so common, and we are so used to it that nobody dares to propose an alternative. On the other hand, the State creates unproductive jobs for certain classes of people and makes itself the protector of specific sectors of the economy when companies risk insolvency. We are talking about the transfer of wealth from the people who create it to pure consumers of resources. The later ones we call free-riders. This book treats this matter in connection with the electoral process, the abusive stretching of well-established political concepts, the use of pseudoscience, and the alliance between free-riders and rent-seekers. For sure, it is doubtful that it will be possible to feed such a sizeable inactive population for a long time. However, the author abstains himself of any proposal for a change. His only aim is to explain how we arrived at the present situation and where the foundations of the current equilibrium stay.


Better Regulation in Europe Better Regulation in Europe France 2010

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
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This report maps and analyses the core issues which together make up effective regulatory management for France, laying down a framework of what should be driving regulatory policy and reform in the future.


Monitoring flexicurity policies in the EU with dedicated composite indicators

Author: Andranick S. Tanguiane
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The Public Debt Problem

Author: P. Lemieux
Publisher: Springer
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The European public debt problem was in the making long before the 2007-2009 recession, as budget deficits had become endemic. A similar crisis is now developing in America, where the same fundamental causes have been at work. The Public Debt Problem analyzes the situation of public debts in America and reviews official forecasts for the federal government. The author carefully explains the main concepts (budget deficit, public debt, etc.) and analytical tools (discounting, government accounting, Treasury securities, bonds, yields, etc.) necessary to understand the issues.


Perspectives on C te d Ivoire

Author: Cyril I. Obi
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
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The three articles in this Discussion Paperexplore different perspectives to the complex causes of the civil war that broke out in C te d "Ivoire in September 2002. They are written against the background of the signing of yet another peace agreement between the Ivorian government and the former rebel New Forces (NF) in March 2007. This volume also provides a context where the prospects for post-conflict peace, national reconciliation and democracy in C te d "Ivoire could be critically analyzed.