"JEWISH LITERATURE" AND THE ART OF ANDRE GIDE If the homology between Julius-Lafcadio-Juste-Agenor and Saiil- ... since it is in circumcision, after all, that a problematic of anti-Semitism, to all appearances marginal in Gide, ...
Author: Jeffrey Mehlman
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Legacies of Anti-Semitism in France was first published in 1983. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. These four essays—on Blanchot, Lacan, Giraudoux, and Gide—have as their focus the barely imaginable coherence which the writings of four major contemporaries take on when read in the light of France's pre-World War II heritage of anti-Jewish thought. As the essays delve into such crucial topics as the inaugural silence in Blanchot's sense of literature, the "style" of Lacan, Giraudoux's relation to Racine, and the sexual politics of Gide, they engage a realm that at times seems—or seemed—anti-Semitic in its essence. Negotiating the complex ramifications of a lost tradition and the structure of its obliteration, Jeffrey Mehlman, in his conclusion, speculates on the emblematic value of Walter Benjamin's perpetually deferred "journey to Palestine via France" and its import for textual interpretation. A French version of Mehlman's essay on Blanchot, published in Tel quel,spurred an impassioned journalistic debate in Paris and London. Broadening still further the context of that inquiry, Legacies will prove a source of provocation and insight to all who are interested in the intellectual history of contemporary France.
Lehrmann, Charles C. The Jewish Element in French Literature. Translated by George Klin. Rutherford, N. J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1971. Mehlman, Jeffrey. Legacies of Anti-Semitism in France.
Author: Pierre L. Horn
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Ch. 2 (p. 27-52), "Writers of the Holocaust", discusses the works of Elie Wiesel, Anna Langfus, and André Schwarz-Bart. Ch. 4 (p. 65-79), "Humor as Survival", discusses Claude Berri's semi-autobiographical novel "Le vieil homme et l'enfant" ("The Two of Us", 1967), on the life of a Jewish boy in Nazi-occupied France, as well as the works of Joseph Joffo and Jacques Lanzmann, which describe life in Vichy France. Suggests that, initially, the modern fiction written by Jews served to counter the effects of antisemitic violence by portraying sympathetic Jewish characters and demonstrating that Jewish themes and problems can be as interesting as those found in non-Jewish literature.
Legacies of Anti Semitism in France. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Meisel, P. and Kendrick, W. (1985). Bloomsbury/Freud: The Letters of James and Alex Strachey, 1924–25. New York: Basic Books. Milgram, S. (1963).
Author: Emily A. Kuriloff
For most of the twentieth century, Jewish and/or politically leftist European psychoanalysts rarely linked their personal trauma history to their professional lives, for they hoped their theory—their Truth—would transcend subjectivity and achieve a universality not unlike the advances in the "hard" sciences. Contemporary Psychoanalysis and the Legacy of the Third Reich confronts the ways in which previously avoided persecution, expulsion, loss and displacement before, during and after the Holocaust shaped what was, and remains a dominant movement in western culture. Emily Kuriloff uses unpublished original source material, as well as personal interviews conducted with émigré /survivor analysts, and scholars who have studied the period, revealing how the quality of relatedness between people determines what is possible for them to know and do, both personally and professionally. Kuriloff’s research spans the globe, including the analytic communities of the United States, England, Germany, France, and Israel amidst the extraordinary events of the twentieth century. Contemporary Psychoanalysis and the Legacy of the Third Reich addresses the future of psychoanalysis in the voices of the second generation—thinkers and clinicians whose legacies and work remains informed by the pain and triumph of their parents' and mentors' Holocaust stories. These unprecedented revelations influence not only our understanding of mental health work, but of history, art, politics and education. Psychoanalysts, psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, cultural historians, Jewish and specifically Holocaust scholars will find this volume compelling.
Blanchot's articles were virulently anti-democratic, and carried anti-Semitic undertones: in “Le Terrorisme, ... Of Literature and Terror,” in Legacies of Antisemitism in France (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983), 6–22.
Author: Kambiz GhaneaBassiri
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
All Religion Is Inter-Religion analyses the ways inter-religious relations have contributed both historically and philosophically to the constructions of the category of “religion” as a distinct subject of study. Regarded as contemporary classics, Steven M. Wasserstrom's Religion after Religion (1999) and Between Muslim and Jew (1995) provided a theoretical reorientation for the study of religion away from hierophanies and ultimacy, and toward lived history and deep pluralism. This book distills and systematizes this reorientation into nine theses on the study of religion. Drawing on these theses--and Wasserstrom's opus more generally--a distinguished group of his colleagues and former students demonstrate that religions can, and must, be understood through encounters in real time and space, through the complex relations they create and maintain between people, and between people and their pasts. The book also features an afterword by Wasserstrom himself, which poses nine riddles to students of religion based on his personal experiences working on religion at the turn of the twenty-first century.
Anti-Semitic restrictions first became French law on 3 October 1940 with the Statut des Juifs, which defined who was legally to be considered as Jewish and restricted those persons' access to professions that influenced public opinion, ...
Author: Leslie A. Sprout
Publisher: Univ of California Press
For the forces competing for political authority in France during Word War II, music became the site of a cultural battle that reflected the war itself. In this book, Leslie A. Sprout explores how several well-known composers struggled to balance artistic integrity with political survival.
Word), launched in 1892 with the masthead summarizing his doctrine, La France aux francais (France for the French). ... The Pope of Antisemitism: The Career and Legacy of Edouard-Adolphe Drumont (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, ...
Author: Richard S. Levy
Written by top scholars in an accessible manner, this unique encyclopedia offers worldwide coverage of the origins, forms, practitioners, and effects of antisemitism, leading to the Holocaust and surviving to the present day. * 650 A-Z entries by over 200 scholars from 21 countries * Illustrations such as caricatures, political cartoons, maps, and pictures of famous antisemites and historical episodes * Citations of recent literature that follow each entry * Detailed index listing people, places, concepts, and events that enables users to find information about subjects not treated in dedicated articles * Direction at the end of each entry to other articles with special relevance to the topic
Roots of a Far-Right Affinity in Contemporary France John W. P. Veugelers. This assembly had found insufficient reason to reverse the 1791 law that granted civic equality to Jews. Advocates of naturalization drew an invidious ...
Author: John W. P. Veugelers
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"Building on the idea of latent political potential, this book offers an alternative interpretation of the contemporary far right. Its main thesis is that relations between colonizers and colonized implanted a legacy that, under certain conditions, translated into support for the far right in France. To make this argument, the book offers a model for the study of political potentials that combines a situational approach to identity relations, a networks approach to subcultural practice, and a historical approach to political opportunity. The early part of this book traces the origins and development of this potential among the European settlers of French Algeria. The middle part examines its transmission via voluntary associations and its channeling into mainstream parties. The latter part examines the conditions under which this potential redirected into the far right. Starting with colonial Algeria, after independence in 1962 the book moves between politics at three levels: France, the southeast region, and Toulon (which in 1995 became the largest city in postwar Europe to elect a far-right administration). Complementing economic explanations for nativism, this book argues that our understanding of modernity errs when it disregards the potency of anachronistic remnants"--
Taking up a collaborationist policy with the Nazi occupying forces would have been bad enough, but Pétain and the Vichy government were actively anti-Semitic in many of their policies. The Jews who sought safety in “free” France were ...
Author: Samm Deighan
Category: Performing Arts
World War II irrevocably shaped culture--and much of cinema--in the 20th century, thanks to its devastating, global impact that changed the way we think about and portray war. This book focuses on European war films made about the war between 1945 and 1985 in countries that were occupied or invaded by the Nazis, such as Poland, France, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Germany itself. Many of these films were banned, censored, or sharply criticized at the time of their release for the radical ways they reframed the war and rejected the mythologizing of war experience as a heroic battle between the forces of good and evil. The particular films examined, made by arthouse directors like Pier Paolo Pasolini, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, and Larisa Shepitko, among many more, deviate from mainstream cinematic depictions of the war and instead present viewpoints and experiences of WWII which are often controversial or transgressive. They explore the often-complicated ways that participation in war and genocide shapes national identity and the ways that we think about bodies and sexuality, trauma, violence, power, justice, and personal responsibility--themes that continue to resonate throughout culture and global politics.
... in the current public sphere of the colonial and postcolonial legacy, particularly with respect to Islam. ... The Lure of Anti-Semitism: Hatred of Jews in Present-Day France (2007), Violence: A New Approach (2009), and Evil (2012).
Author: Nicolas Bancel
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Political Science
Debates about the legacy of colonialism in France are not new, but they have taken on new urgency in the wake of recent terrorist attacks. Responding to acts of religious and racial violence in 2005, 2010, and 2015 and beyond, the essays in this volume pit French ideals against government-sponsored revisionist decrees that have exacerbated tensions, complicated the process of establishing and recording national memory, and triggered divisive debates on what it means to identify as French. As they document the checkered legacy of French colonialism, the contributors raise questions about France and the contemporary role of Islam, the banlieues, immigration, race, history, pedagogy, and the future of the Republic. This innovative volume reconsiders the cultural, economic, political, and social realities facing global French citizens today and includes contributions by Achille Mbembe, Benjamin Stora, Françoise Vergès, Alec Hargreaves, Elsa Dorlin, and Alain Mabanckou, among others.
The first anti-Semitic decree to be published in France (and in occupied Western Europe) was the German decree of September 27,194015. It gave a definition of Jews that followed the texts that existed in the Reich since the Nuremberg ...
Author: Oliver Rathkolb
Since the mid-1990s, political, legal, and historical debates about Nazi theft and confiscation of property, the use of slave labor during World War II, and restitution and compensation have reemerged. Revisiting the National Socialist Legacy presents completely new historical research on these issues conducted worldwide.This volume responds to concern about Holocaust era assets in Europe, the United States, and Latin America. It focuses on both reexamination of the history of National Socialist property theft and employment of forced labor in the wartime economy, and the compensation and restitution solutions advanced in various European and Latin American countries since 1945.
Jews, of course, supported Dreyfus and decried the antiSemitism behind his arrest and imprisonment. ... To the American Monthly Review of Reviews: France has remained till now a country on the side of authority, inheriting from its ...
Author: Philip Perlmutter
For all its foundation on the principles of religious freedom and human equality, American history contains numerous examples of bigotry and persecution of minorities. Now, author Philip Perlmutter lays out the history of prejudice in America in a brief, compact, and readable volume. Perlmutter begins with the arrival of white Europeans, moves through the eighteenth and industrially expanding nineteenth centuries; the explosion of immigration and its attendant problems in the twentieth century; and a fifth chapter explores how prejudice (racial, religious, and ethnic) has been institutionalized in the educational systems and laws. His final chapter covers the future of minority progress.
In the nineteenth century, German Jews had developed a “myth of Sephardic supremacy” that was tied to the historical ... propaganda against Jewish immigration that had also spread to France.94 Grégoire's legacy was seen as a guarantee, ...
Author: Ezra Mendelsohn†
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Highlighting the seminal role of German Jewish intellectuals and ideologues in forming and transforming the modern Jewish world, this volume analyzes the political roads taken by German Jewish thinkers; the impact of the Holocaust on the Central and East European Jewish intelligentsia; and the conundrum of modern Jewish identity. Several of German Jewry's most outstanding figures such as Scholem, Strauss, and Kohn are discussed. Inspired by Steven E. Aschheim's work, several contributors focus on the fraught relationship between German and East European Jews (the so-called Ostjuden) and between German Jews and their non-Jewish neighbors. More generally, this book examines how Central European Jewish thinkers reacted to the terrible crises of the twentieth century-to war, genocide, and the existential threat to the very existence of the Jewish people. It is essential reading for those interested in the triumphs and tragedies of modern European Jewry.
National Legacies and Transnational Projects Klaus Eder, Berhard Giesen ... French anti-Semitism was among the strongest and most militant in Europe at the turn of the century. It divided the nation into two irreconcilable camps.
Author: Klaus Eder
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Is there a common ground on which a European citizenship can be constructed? This volume looks at four foundations of citizenship in Europe: the legacy of national identities, current designs and projects for social and political citizenship in Europe, a transitional public space as the basis of an active European Citizenship in Europe, and a transitional collective identity as a symbolic boundary marker for European citizenship. Such options raise the theoretical question of how to conceive citizenship in a transnationalizing world. Since the idea of European citizenship cannot escape the problem of defining who is a European citizen and who is not, the theoretical problem is tackled by defining the collective bonds of European citizens beyond primordial or traditional bonds that have dominated European history.
It still re- mains an important observation that recent immigrants living un- der an officially anti-Semitic regime in France had three times more chances of survival than citizens of a country without any tradition of political ...
upon a cheering Parisian rabble to ' water the tree of freedom with the blood of the Jews ' . See also Stephen Wilson , ' The Antisemitic Riots ... See also Jeffrey Mehlman , Legacies of Antisemitism in France ( Minneapolis , 1983 ) 12.
Author: Robert S. Wistrich
Category: Social Science
Provides a country-by-country look at antisemitism, from its pagan beginnings to its recent reemergence in Europe
Hermann Ahlwardt (1846–1914) told the Reichstag that Jews were 'beasts of prey' who should be exterminated.2 This rise of biological anti-Semitism mattered because it closed the ultimate escape route from persecution which had always ...
a - the basic accusations now leveled against the Jews is that they continue to fan the flame of civil war in their refusal to recognize that the ... See also J. Mehlman , Legacies of Antisemitism in France ( Minneapolis , 1983 ) , p .
Author: Zeev Sternhell
On pp. 9-28, surveys the status of the Jews in France since the French Revolution, and the development and impact of right-wing antisemitism in the last 100 years. The main power of the right has always derived from its ability to infuse French society with a wide spectrum of positions that offer an alternative to the tradition of the Revolution. Antisemitism is an integral component of that attempt to offer an alternative. The Vichy regime was, in fact, a right-wing revolution. At present, the radical right and the conservative right are cooperating in a broad network of activities, with the same ideological basis as their predecessors but couched in more sophisticated terms. They advocate an Indo-European tradition as opposed to the Judeo-Christian, which is seen as the root of all evil and the source of the degeneration of the Western world. In terms of dissemination (mainly in the press) the ideology of the radical right is now a tremendous success story. Pp. 29-44 contain discussion of Sternhell's paper by six respondents and Sternhell's reply.
Many hospitals were so understaffed by the 19905 that, ironically, France had to call on foreign doctors to ... doctors and lawyers at the turn of the twenty—first century have begun to face their legacy of anti—Semitism from the Vichy ...
Author: Julie Fette
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In the 1930s, the French Third Republic banned naturalized citizens from careers in law and medicine for up to ten years after they had obtained French nationality. In 1940, the Vichy regime permanently expelled all lawyers and doctors born of foreign fathers and imposed a 2 percent quota on Jews in both professions. On the basis of extensive archival research, Julie Fette shows in Exclusions that doctors and lawyers themselves, despite their claims to embody republican virtues, persuaded the French state to enact this exclusionary legislation. At the crossroads of knowledge and power, lawyers and doctors had long been dominant forces in French society: they ran hospitals and courts, doubled as university professors, held posts in parliament and government, and administered justice and public health for the nation. Their social and political influence was crucial in spreading xenophobic attitudes and rendering them more socially acceptable in France. Fette traces the origins of this professional protectionism to the late nineteenth century, when the democratization of higher education sparked efforts by doctors and lawyers to close ranks against women and the lower classes in addition to foreigners. The legislatively imposed delays on the right to practice law and medicine remained in force until the 1970s, and only in 1997 did French lawyers and doctors formally recognize their complicity in the anti-Semitic policies of the Vichy regime. Fette's book is a powerful contribution to the argument that French public opinion favored exclusionary measures in the last years of the Third Republic and during the Holocaust.