This volume presents a detailed examination of the resource implications of building a large fortress, focusing on evidence from the unique site of Inchtuthil, Scotland, which was constructed and demolished within a period of only three ...
Author: Elizabeth A. M. Shirley
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
This volume presents a detailed examination of the resource implications of building a large fortress, focusing on evidence from the unique site of Inchtuthil, Scotland, which was constructed and demolished within a period of only three years (AD 83-86). Elizabeth Shirley creates a methodology for determining the quantities of material and labour input required and the factors which affected construction. She then assesses additional structural aspects: roof-framing, roof coverings, walkways, flooring, lighting and ventilation and internal finishes. The majority of the study calculates quantities of materials, working methods and rates and labour requirements for work on and off the construction site. This includes large amounts of detailed information about a wide variety of structures within a Roman fort. The results are contrasted with other sites, including Strageath and Fendoch. Shirley argues that a study of the practicalities of constructing such a large-scale military building provides valuable information about the military advance into Scotland, the everyday life of Roman legionaries and their organisational and practical skills.
... 1974 The daily life of the Roman soldier under the Principate , in Aufstieg und
Niedergang der Römischen Welt ( ed H Temporini ) 2 , Berlin , 229 – 338
Davison B , 1989 The barracks of the Roman army from the first to the third
centuries AD ...
Author: Graham Webster
The Roman legionary fortress at Wroxeter (Viroconium Cornoviorum) was built on a strategic crossing-point on the River Severn. Though the site of the Roman town had long been known through the presence of upstanding ruins, the major excavations reported here have shown how the town plan was dominated by the underlying fortress. This fortress had been established by Legio XIVc. AD 60 and had then been partially rebuilt c. AD 66 when the legion was replaced by Legio XX. The fortress was downgraded in the late 70s to become a depot for stores before final abandonment c. AD 90. The excavations produced extensive evidence for the laying out and construction of the legionary earth and timber defences and of an area within the fortress to the north of the via praetoria where mess halls, barrack blocks and a storehouse were found, as well as considerable quantities of coins, metalwork, pottery and glass.
aerarii : Bronze workers . agger : A defensive mound raised around the perimeter
of a Roman army camp ... placed at intervals between forts in Rome's later
frontier defensive systems . carpentarii : Carpenters . centuries : Small units
within a ...
Author: Don Nardo
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Explains how the discipline, courage, and preparation of the Roman soldier combined with the strategies and tactics of his commander and the organization of the military establishment resulted in the conquest of many lands for the Roman Empire.
... and about the same time Pius IX . recalled the four Roman legions that were in
the city and the forts which surrounded it . But there was a worse evil than the
withdrawal of the Piedmontese and Roman troops which threatened Venice , and
If we wish to realize the influence of this fortress in reference to political and
religious interests , we must turn rather to that ... passages leading down to them
both , through which the guard ( for a Roman legion was always quartered in the fort ) ...
fortress of Antonia . ... A striking illustration of the connection between the Fortress and the Temple is afforded by the history of the quarrels which arose in
reference to the ... for a Roman legion was always Something has been said
before ( p .
Release on 2004 | by Impact of Empire (Organization). Workshop
It is generally supposed that it was for legion XX Valeria Victrix , but this is only a
guess . It could well have been II Adiutrix . " For one thing ... 446 . L . F . Pitts and
J . K . St . Joseph , Inchtuthil . The Roman Legionary Fortress ( London 1985 ) ...
Author: Impact of Empire (Organization). Workshop
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
Contents: I. INSTRUMENTS OF IMPERIAL RULE. ECK, W.: Lateinisch, Griechisch, Germanisch ...? Wie sprach Rom met seinen Untertanen? TALBERT, R.: Rome's provinces as framework for world-view. KOKKINIA, C.: Ruling, inducing, arguing: how to govern (and survive) a Greek province. SLOOTJES, D.: The governor as benefactor in Late Antiquity. LIGT, L. DE: Direct taxation in western Asia Minor under the early Empire. II. CONQUEST AND ITS EFFECTS BIRLEY, A.: Britain 71-105: advance and retrenchment. ROSSUM, J.A.. VAN: The end of the Batavian auxiliaries as 'national' units. COULSTON, J.C.N.: Military identity and personal self-identity in the Roman army. BRUUN, C.: The legend of Decebalus. III. ROMANIZATION AND ITS LIMITS LOMAS, K.: Funerary epigraphy and the impact of Rome in Italy. BINTLIFF, J.L.: Town and chôra of Thespiae in the imperial age. ELTON, H.: Romanization and some Cilician cults. HESBERG, H. VON: Grabmonumente als Zeichen des sozialen Aufstiegs der neuen Eliten in den germanischen Provinzen. HAAN, N. DE: Living like the Romans? Some remarks on domestic architecture in North Africa and Britain. IV. URBAN ELITES AND CIVIC LIFE VRIES, T. DE & W.J. ZWALVE: Roman actuarial science and Ulpian's life expectancy table. KRIECKHAUS, A.: Duae Patriae? C. Plinius Caecilius Secundus zwischen germana patria und urbs. STRUBBE, J.H.M.: Cultic honours for benefactors in Asia Minor. HORSTER, M.: Substitutes for emperors and members of the imperial families as local magistrates. DONDIN-PAYRE, M.: Notables et élites dans les Trois Gaules. BRANCO, M. DI: Entre Amphion et Achille: réalité et mythologie de la défense d'Athènes du IIIe au IVe siècle. NAVARRO CABALLERO, M.: L'élite, les femmes et l'argent dans les provinces hispaniques. HIRSCHMANN, V.: Methodische Überlegungen zu Frauen in antiken Vereinen. HEMELRIJK, E.: Patronage of cities: the role of women.
CAERLEON , ROMAN LEGIONARY MUSEUM 17 | WALES CAERNARFON ,
ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS MUSEUM 19 1816 - ... The museum , renovated and
extended in 1987 , is as concerned in its presentation with the life of the Roman
conquerors as it is ... This legionary fortress was one of the three principal military
bases in Roman Britain , the others being Chester ( Deva ) and York ( Eburacum
Author: J. Geraint Jenkins
Looking at the museums of Wales and the Isle of Man, this book is part of a series of guides which aims to provide a well-illustrated reference source on selected museums of the British Isles, region by region. The books should appeal to teachers, tourists and local information centres.
... of the Basilica Principiorum at Caerleon , 1968 – 1969 ' , AC 119 , 1970 , 10 -
63 Isca : The Roman Legionary Fortress at ... 61 Vienne : Bronze Antiques British
Museum : A Guide to the Exhibition Illustrating Greek and Roman Life , 3rd edn .
fortress at Richborough , then an island , get his ships through the arm of the sea
, and establish another fortress at ... Here is a list of a Roman soldier's “ kit ” : A
shield with an iron boss , 4 feet long by 2 feet and a - half broad , made of wood ...
Roman Chester was essentially a military fortress , home for more than 300 years
to an imperial legion , one of the 30 such élite units in the Roman army which ...
Then , as now , commerce played an important part in the life of the community .
Legionaries , who were citizens of Rome , were held in reserve in huge fortresses
to be used in emergencies . LIFE IN A LEGIONARY FORTRESS The Roman legions were based. FORTS AND CASTLES For the Romans , Britain was the ...
The Stone of Life: The Archaeology of Querns, Mills and Flour Production in
Europe up to c. AD 500. Southampton. Pezzini ... The Roman Legionary Fortress:
Excavations 1952–65 (Britannia Monograph Series 6). London. Polinski, A. (
Author: Paul Erdkamp
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Investment in capital, both physical and financial, and innovation in its uses are often considered the linchpin of modern economic growth, while credit and credit markets now seem to determine the wealth - as well as the fate - of nations. Yet was it always thus? The Roman economy was large, complex, and sophisticated, but in terms of its structural properties did it look anything like the economies we know and are familiar with today? Through consideration of the allocation and uses of capital and credit and the role of innovation in the Roman world, the individual essays comprising this volume go straight to the heart of the matter, exploring such questions as how capital in its various forms was generated, allocated, and employed in the Roman economy; whether the Romans had markets for capital goods and credit; and whether investment in capital led to innovation and productivity growth. Their authors consider multiple aspects of capital use in agriculture, water management, trade, and urban production, and of credit provision, finance, and human capital, covering different periods of Roman history and ranging geographically across Italy and elsewhere in the Roman world. Utilizing many different types of written and archaeological evidence, and employing a range of modern theoretical perspectives and methodologies, the contributors, an expert international team of historians and archaeologists, have produced the first book-length contribution to focus exclusively on (physical and financial) capital in the Roman world; a volume that is aimed not only at specialists in the field, but also at economic historians and archaeologists specializing in other periods and places.
Two new Roman - British iron - working sites in Northamptonshire : A new type of
furnace ? Britannia 19 ... Spatial organisation and social change in Roman towns
. In City ... The Roman legionary fortress excavations , 1952 - 1965 . Britannia ...
Release on 1930 | by Charles Francis Christopher Hawkes
caution will in future be necessary against the absolute equation of Flavian
pottery with the period of the life of all the wooden fortress buildings . THE EARLY
PIT . The internal wall noticed above in Barrack 1 , running northeast and south ...
Sabinus , a Roman captain serving under Varus , the president of Syria ,
quartered a Roman legion in the castle of ... About the same time , Judas , the
son of one Ezekias , slain by Herod , took possession of the natural fortress