Liquid Metal Soft Machines

In recent years, a group of very fundamental discoveries were continuously made on liquid metals which paved new ways ... Unlike former endeavors of tackling pure liquid metal matters, the new findings revealed that hybrid components ...

Liquid Metal Soft Machines

This book discusses the core principles and practical applications of a brand new machine category: liquid-metal soft machines and motors. After a brief introduction on the conventional soft robot and its allied materials, it presents the new conceptual liquid-metal machine, which revolutionizes existing rigid robots, both large and small. It outlines the typical features of the soft liquid-metal materials and describes the various transformation capabilities, mergence of separate metal droplets, self-rotation and planar locomotion of liquid-metal objects under external or internal mechanism. Further, it introduces a series of unusual phenomena discovered while developing the shape changeable smart soft machine and interprets the related mechanisms regarding the effects of the shape, size, voltage, orientation and geometries of the external fields to control the liquid-metal transformers. Moreover, the book illustrates typical strategies to construct a group of different advanced functional liquid-metal soft machines, since such machines or robots are hard to fabricate using rigid-metal or conventional materials. With highly significant fundamental and practical findings, this book is intended for researchers interested in establishing a general method for making future smart soft machine and accompanying robots.

Liquid Metal Biomaterials

Fassler A, Majidi C (2013) 3D structures of liquid-phase gain alloy embedded in PDMS with freeze casting. Lab Chip 13:4442–4450 Ladd C, So JH, Muth J, Dickey MD (2013) 3D printing of free standing liquid metal microstructures.

Liquid Metal Biomaterials

This is the first-ever book to illustrate the principles and applications of liquid metal biomaterials. Room-temperature liquid metal materials are rapidly emerging as next-generation functional materials that display many unconventional properties superior to those of conventional biomaterials. Their outstanding, unique versatility (“one material, diverse capabilities”) opens many exciting opportunities for the medical sciences. The book reviews representative applications of liquid metal biomaterials from both therapeutic and diagnostic aspects. It also discusses related efforts to employ liquid metals to overcome today’s biomedical challenges. It will provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the technical advances and fundamental discoveries on the frontier, and thus equip them to investigate and utilize liquid metal biomaterials to tackle various critical problems.

Liquid Metal Technology

81 INVESTIGATION OF PHENOMENA RELATED TO LIQUID METAL CORROSION . Period Covered : October 1 , 1957 to July 1 , 1958. David A. Stevenson and John Wulff . Aug. 5 , 1958. 13p . ( NYO - 2160 ) $ 3.30 ( ph ) , $ 2.40 ( mf ) OTS .

Liquid Metal Technology


Liquid Metal Fuel Reactor Experiment

Liquid Metal Control Rod Corrosion Tests W. R. Foley. DESCRIPTION OF APPARATUS The tilting capsule was chosen as the method to conduct preliminary investigations of the combinations of materials . Figure 1 is a drawing of a capsule ...

Liquid Metal Fuel Reactor Experiment


Liquid metal heated Steam Generator Operating Experience

The second generation of steam generator experience is associated with liquid - metal - cooled experimental and central station nuclear power plants . These plants were designed , constructed , and operated in the 1955 - to - present ...

Liquid metal heated Steam Generator Operating Experience


Review of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Program

Hearings Before the Ad Hoc Subcommittee to Review the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, Congress of the United States, Ninety-fourth Congress, First Session .... United States. Congress.

Review of the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Program


Reprocessing of Thorium uranium Fuels by Liquid Metal Extraction

INTRODUCTION Liquid metal extraction techniques have previously been applied to pyrometallurgical processing of nuclear reactor fuels . The silver and magnesium 1,2 extractions of plutonium from uranium have been investigated ...

Reprocessing of Thorium uranium Fuels by Liquid Metal Extraction


Department of Energy s Actinide Recycle and Liquid Metal Reactor Programs

[ The information follows : The percentage of spent fuel planned for placement in the geological repository that would be recycled in the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor ( ALMR ) is a function of the deployment schedule of both commercial ...

Department of Energy s Actinide Recycle and Liquid Metal Reactor Programs


High power Kinetics of a Two dimensional Circulating liquid metal fuel Reactor

HIGH - POWER KINETICS OF A TWO - DIMENSIONAL CIRCULATINGLIQUID - METAL - FUEL REACTOR by Michael J. Kolar Lewis Research Center SUMMARY A two - dimensional model of a single channel unreflected circulating fuel reactor is used to ...

High power Kinetics of a Two dimensional Circulating liquid metal fuel Reactor


Description and Design of Liquid metal Radiator and Condenser Test Facility

These alternatives with the Government's priority of interest are outlined in the following table : Alternative Description Government priority I Third п Second Vapor condensing by convective condenser using liquid - metal cooling loop ...

Description and Design of Liquid metal Radiator and Condenser Test Facility


Preliminary Considerations for Fast spectrum Liquid metal Cooled Nuclear Reactor Program for Space power Applications

NASA TN D - 4315 PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS FOR FAST - SPECTRUM , LIQUIDMETAL COOLED NUCLEAR REACTOR PROGRAM FOR SPACE - POWER APPLICATIONS By Gerald P. Lahti , Edward Lantz , and John V. Miller Lewis Research Center Cleveland ...

Preliminary Considerations for Fast spectrum  Liquid metal Cooled Nuclear Reactor Program for Space power Applications


High temperature Liquid metal Technology Review

519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title THE VISCOSITY OF THE ALKALI METAL VAPORS——I. Cesium up to 5 ... MSAR 66-150, July 1966 VAPOR—BUBBLE—GROWTH RATES IN SUPERHEATED LIQUID METALS, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ...

High temperature Liquid metal Technology Review


SNAP Technology Handbook Liquid metals

Decarburization of low alloy steel by a liquid metal is an example of this leaching type of corrosion mechanism . Dis solution of liquid metals in solids is the second mechanism of corrosion where the liquid metal , or its impurities ...

SNAP Technology Handbook  Liquid metals


Engineering Aspects of Liquid Metals for Heat Transfer

The insulation on pipes carrying ment to assure sound and leak - tight system becomes more complicated . liquid metals should not react with the equipment if one of the currently To hold a constant pressure during liquid metal ...

Engineering Aspects of Liquid Metals for Heat Transfer


Liquid metals Handbook

PROPOSED USES FOR LIQUID METALS Men in some twenty - five companies have been interviewed to find possible uses for liquid metals . From the information given in the handbook , development engineers will be able to suggest their own ...

Liquid metals Handbook


Corrosion by Liquid Metals

C. H. Lemke, Process of Cooling Diffusion Coated Metal Articles in Liquid Sodium Metal, U. S. Patent 3,413, 142. N. D. Wilkinson and W. F. Murphy, Nuclear Reactor Technology, D. Van Nostrand, New York (1958) 277.

Corrosion by Liquid Metals

The Corrosion Resistant Metals Committee and the Nuclear Metallurgy Committee of the Institute of Metals Division of The Metallurgical Society of AlME sponsored a 2-1/2 day symposium on "Corrosion by Liquid Metals". The symposium was held in Philadelphia, October 13-15, 1969, during the 1969 Fall Meeting of the Metallurgical Society and the Materials Engineering Con gress of the American Society for Metals. Cosponsors included the American Society for Metals and the American Nuclear Society. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together the several aspects of the subject of corrosion by liquid metals, so that perspective could be provided on the entire subject, to help in dividuals dealing with liquid metal corrosion problems acquire a sound basis of understanding, and to provide an opportunity for discussion between those doing research in this field. An exposition of the subject is timely, in view of the in creasing development of liquid metal heat and power sources for special purposes, including heat-pipe systems, NASA's SNAP power systems, and the AEC's liquid metal fast breeder reactor system. This book contains the proceedings of the symposium divided into four separate topics: I. Corrosion of Steels by Sodium, II. Alkali-Refractory Metal Interactions, III. Corrosion by Non-Alkali Metals, and IV. Analysis of Solid-Liquid Metal Inter actions (two sessions).

Catalysis and Surface Properties of Liquid Metals and Alloys

The importance of the electron - donating property of the liquid metal can also be deduced from the comparison between the work function and the catalytic activity . For instance , it is possible to show that almost all metals having a ...

Catalysis and Surface Properties of Liquid Metals and Alloys

This book presents up-to-date information about the catalysis and surface properties of liquid metals and liquid alloys. It is intended for use by chemical engineers and researchers in catalysis, surface science, liquid metals, and chemical process technologies.

Embrittlement by Liquid Metals

be related to the surface energy magnitudes in a system A (liquid) — B (solid). ... The action of the formation of an intervening compound layer separating the liquid metal from the substrate may simply be one of preventing access of ...

Embrittlement by Liquid Metals


Proceedings of the NASA AEC Liquid Metals Corrosion Meeting

PREFACE The fourth in a series of NASA - AEC Liquid - Metals Corrosion Meetings , held October 2-3 , 1963 , was devoted to discussion of the mechanisms of liquid - metal corrosion , the results of compatibility tests with alkali metals ...

Proceedings of the NASA AEC Liquid Metals Corrosion Meeting