Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

Logic. and. purity. of. reasoning. Gianni Amati", Luigia Carlucci Aiello”, and Fiora Pirri” * Fondazione Ugo Bordoni via ... nature of proofs that handle exceptions, and those interested in the logical foundations of cognitive agents.

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

It is a pleasure and an honor to be able to present this collection of papers to Ray Reiter on the occasion of his 60th birthday. To say that Ray's research has had a deep impact on the field of Artificial Intel ligence is a considerable understatement. Better to say that anyone thinking of do ing work in areas like deductive databases, default reasoning, diagnosis, reasoning about action, and others should realize that they are likely to end up proving corol laries to Ray's theorems. Sometimes studying related work makes us think harder about the way we approach a problem; studying Ray's work is as likely to make us want to drop our way of doing things and take up his. This is because more than a mere visionary, Ray has always been a true leader. He shows us how to proceed not by pointing from his armchair, but by blazing a trail himself, setting up camp, and waiting for the rest of us to arrive. The International Joint Conference on Ar tificial Intelligence clearly recognized this and awarded Ray its highest honor, the Research Excellence award in 1993, before it had even finished acknowledging all the founders of the field. The papers collected here sample from many of the areas where Ray has done pi oneering work. One of his earliest areas of application was databases, and this is re flected in the chapters by Bertossi et at. and the survey chapter by Minker.

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

This is because more than a mere visionary, Ray has always been a true leader. He shows us how to proceed not by pointing from his armchair, but by blazing a trail himself, setting up camp, and waiting for the rest of us to arrive.

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

It is a pleasure and an honor to be able to present this collection of papers to Ray Reiter on the occasion of his 60th birthday. To say that Ray's research has had a deep impact on the field of Artificial Intel ligence is a considerable understatement. Better to say that anyone thinking of do ing work in areas like deductive databases, default reasoning, diagnosis, reasoning about action, and others should realize that they are likely to end up proving corol laries to Ray's theorems. Sometimes studying related work makes us think harder about the way we approach a problem; studying Ray's work is as likely to make us want to drop our way of doing things and take up his. This is because more than a mere visionary, Ray has always been a true leader. He shows us how to proceed not by pointing from his armchair, but by blazing a trail himself, setting up camp, and waiting for the rest of us to arrive. The International Joint Conference on Ar tificial Intelligence clearly recognized this and awarded Ray its highest honor, the Research Excellence award in 1993, before it had even finished acknowledging all the founders of the field. The papers collected here sample from many of the areas where Ray has done pi oneering work. One of his earliest areas of application was databases, and this is re flected in the chapters by Bertossi et at. and the survey chapter by Minker.

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

It is a pleasure and an honor to be able to present this collection of papers to Ray Reiter on the occasion of his 60th birthday.

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents

It is a pleasure and an honor to be able to present this collection of papers to Ray Reiter on the occasion of his 60th birthday. To say that Ray's research has had a deep impact on the field of Artificial Intel ligence is a considerable understatement. Better to say that anyone thinking of do ing work in areas like deductive databases, default reasoning, diagnosis, reasoning about action, and others should realize that they are likely to end up proving corol laries to Ray's theorems. Sometimes studying related work makes us think harder about the way we approach a problem; studying Ray's work is as likely to make us want to drop our way of doing things and take up his. This is because more than a mere visionary, Ray has always been a true leader. He shows us how to proceed not by pointing from his armchair, but by blazing a trail himself, setting up camp, and waiting for the rest of us to arrive. The International Joint Conference on Ar tificial Intelligence clearly recognized this and awarded Ray its highest honor, the Research Excellence award in 1993, before it had even finished acknowledging all the founders of the field. The papers collected here sample from many of the areas where Ray has done pi oneering work. One of his earliest areas of application was databases, and this is re flected in the chapters by Bertossi et at. and the survey chapter by Minker.

Logic for Programming Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning

In: Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents, Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter. Springer, Berlin (1999) 173–187 De Giacomo, G., Levesque, H.: An incremental interpreter for high-level programs with sensing. In Levesque, H.J., Pirri, ...

Logic for Programming  Artificial Intelligence  and Reasoning

This volume contains the papers presented at the Eighth International C- ference on Logic for Programming, Arti?cial Intelligence and Reasoning (LPAR 2001), held on December 3-7, 2001, at the University of Havana (Cuba), together with the Second International Workshop on Implementation of Logics. There were 112 submissions, of which 19 belonged to the special subm- sion category of experimental papers, intended to describe implementations or comparisons of systems, or experiments with systems. Each submission was - viewed by at least three program committee members and an electronic program committee meeting was held via the Internet. The high number of submissions caused a large amount of work, and we are very grateful to the other 31 PC members for their e?ciency and for the quality of their reviews and discussions. Finally, the committee decided to accept 40papers in the theoretical ca- gory, and 9 experimental papers. In addition to the refereed papers, this volume contains an extended abstract of the invited talk by Frank Wolter. Two other invited lectures were given by Matthias Baaz and Manuel Hermenegildo. Apart from the program committee, we would also like to thank the other people who made LPAR 2001 possible: the additional referees; the Local Arran- ` gements Chair Luciano Garc ́?a; Andr ́es Navarro and Oscar Guell, ̈ who ran the internet-based submission software and the program committee discussion so- ware at the LSI Department lab in Barcelona; and Bill McCune, whose program committee management software was used.

KI 2001 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

J. of Logic Programming, 37(1–3):95–138, 1998. 6. M. Gelfond and V. Lifschitz. Representing action and change by logic programs. J. of Logic Programming, ... s, Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents, p. 86–102. Springer, 1999. 9.

KI 2001  Advances in Artificial Intelligence

This volume contains the contributions to the Joint German/Austrian Con- rence on Arti?cial Intelligence, KI 2001, which comprises the 24th German and the 9th Austrian Conference on Arti?cial Intelligence. They are divided into the following categories: – 2 contributions by invited speakers of the conference; – 29 accepted technical papers, of which 5 where submitted as application papers and 24 as papers on foundations of AI; – 4 contributions by participants of the industrial day, during which companies working in the ?eld presented their AI applications. After a long period of separate meetings, the German and Austrian Societies ̈ for Arti?cial Intelligence, KI and OGAI, decided to hold a joint conference in Vienna in 2001. The two societies had previously held one joint conference. This took place in Ottstein, a small town in Lower Austria, in 1986. At that time, the rise of expert system technology had also renewed interest in AI in general, with quite some expectations for future advances regarding the use of AI techniques in applications pervading many areas of our daily life. Since then ?fteen years have passed, and we may want to comment, at the beginning of a newcentury, on the progress that has been made in this direction.

Agents and Artificial Intelligence

Logical Foundation for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, pp. 86–102. Springer, Berlin (1999) 6. Golden, K.: Leap before you look: Information gathering in the puccini planner. In: AIPS, pp. 70–77 (1998) 7.

Agents and Artificial Intelligence

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence, ICAART 2012, held in Vilamoura, Portugal, in February 2012. The 28 revised full papers presented together with one invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 292 submissions. The papers are organized in two topical sections on artificial intelligence and on agents.

Human and Machine Perception 3

Levesque and F. Pirri eds., Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents, Springer Verlag, AI series, pages 86-102, (1999). 14. F. Pirri and R. Reiter, Some contributions to the metatheory of the Situation Calculus, Journal of the ACM, ...

Human and Machine Perception 3

The following are the proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Human and Machine Perception held in Palermo, Italy, on June 20 -23, 2000, under the auspices of three Institutions: the Cybernetic and Biophysics Group (GNCB) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and the two Inter-Department Centers of Cognitive Sciences of Palermo and Pavia University respectively. A broad spectrum of topics are covered in this series, ranging from computer perception to psychology and physiology of perception. The theme of this workshop on Human and Machine Perception was focused on Thinking, Deciding, and Acting. As in the past editions the final goal has been the analysis and the comparison of biological and artificial solutions. The focus of the lectures has been on presenting the state-of-the-art and outlining open questions. In particular, they sought to stress links, suggesting possible synergies between the different cultural areas. The panel discussion has been conceived as a forum for an open debate, briefly introduced by each panelist, and mainly aimed at deeper investigation of the different approaches to perception and strictly related topics. The panelists were asked to prepare a few statements on hot-points as a guide for discussion. These statements were delivered to the participants together with the final program, for a more qualified discussion.

Intelligent Agents VIII

In Hector J. Levesque and Fiora Pirri, editors, Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents, pages 86–102. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1999. 6. Giuseppe De Giacomo, Eugenia Ternovskaia, and Ray Reiter. Non-terminating processes in ...

Intelligent Agents VIII

This volume is the eighth in the Intelligent Agents series associated with the ATAL workshops. These workshops on “Agent Theories, Architectures, and L- guages” have established themselves as a tradition, and play the role of small but internationally well-known conferences on the subject, where besides theory per se also integration of theory and practice is in focus. Speci?cally, ATAL - dresses issues of theories of agency, software architectures for intelligent agents, methodologies and programming languages for realizing agents, and software tools for applying and evaluating agent-based systems. ATAL 2001 featured two special tracks in which both the more theoretical / formal and the more practical aspects were present, viz. “Formal Theories of Negotiation”, organized by Frank Dignum, and “Agents for Hand-Held, Mobile, or Embedded Devices”, organized by Tim Finin. There was also an extra session on RoboCup Rescue, organized and presented by Satoshi Tadokoro and Ranjit Nair. ATAL 2001 attracted 68 papers from over 20 countries all over the world, of which 30 were selected for presentation at the workshop and publication in this volume. We invited two outstanding speakers: Fausto Giunchiglia (Trento, Italy) and Tom Dean (Brown, USA).

Knowledge in Action

Logical Foundations for Specifying and Implementing Dynamical Systems Raymond Reiter ... In H.J. Levesque and F. Pirri , editors , Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents : Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter , pages 173–189 .

Knowledge in Action

Specifying and implementing dynamical systems with the situation calculus. Modeling and implementing dynamical systems is a central problem in artificial intelligence, robotics, software agents, simulation, decision and control theory, and many other disciplines. In recent years, a new approach to representing such systems, grounded in mathematical logic, has been developed within the AI knowledge-representation community. This book presents a comprehensive treatment of these ideas, basing its theoretical and implementation foundations on the situation calculus, a dialect of first-order logic. Within this framework, it develops many features of dynamical systems modeling, including time, processes, concurrency, exogenous events, reactivity, sensing and knowledge, probabilistic uncertainty, and decision theory. It also describes and implements a new family of high-level programming languages suitable for writing control programs for dynamical systems. Finally, it includes situation calculus specifications for a wide range of examples drawn from cognitive robotics, planning, simulation, databases, and decision theory, together with all the implementation code for these examples. This code is available on the book's Web site.

PRIMA 2015 Principles and Practice of Multi Agent Systems

In: ICTAI, pp. 484–491 (2012) 3. De Giacomo, G., Levesque, H.: An incremental interpreter for high-level programs with sensing. In: Levesque, H., Pirri, F. (eds.) Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents. Artificial Intelligence, pp.

PRIMA 2015  Principles and Practice of Multi Agent Systems

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems, PRIMA 2015, held in Bertinoro, Italy, in October 2015. The 29 full papers and 24 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 94 submissions. The conference brings together active researchers, developers and practitioners from both academia and industry to showcase, share and promote research in several domains, ranging from foundations of agent theory and engineering aspects of agent systems, to emerging interdisciplinary areas of agent-based research.

Multi Agent Programming

Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, pp. 173–187. Springer, Berlin (1999) Lapouchnian, A., Lespérance, Y.: Interfacing IndiGolog and OAA — a toolkit for advanced multiagent applications.

Multi Agent Programming

Multi-Agent Systems are a promising technology to develop the next generation open distributed complex software systems. The main focus of the research community has been on the development of concepts (concerning both mental and social attitudes), architectures, techniques, and general approaches to the analysis and specification of multi-agent systems. This contribution has been fragmented, without any clear way of “putting it all together”, rendering it inaccessible to students and young researchers, non-experts, and practitioners. Successful multi-agent systems development is guaranteed only if we can bridge the gap from analysis and design to effective implementation. Multi-Agent Programming: Languages, Tools and Applications presents a number of mature and influential multi-agent programming languages, platforms, development tools and methodologies, and realistic applications, summarizing the state of the art in an accessible manner for professionals and computer science students at all levels.

Multiagent Engineering

Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 9(2004)1-2, pp. 5-53. ... Levesque, H. J.; Pirri, F.: Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents. ... Vreeswijk, G. A. W.: Epistemic Logic for Computer Science: A Tutorial (Part One).

Multiagent Engineering

This book gives detailed descriptions of the development of two large scale multiagent systems: Agent.Hospital and Agent.Enterprise. These two systems have been developed in close cooperation with more than 20 enterprises and hospitals. They demonstrate clearly that multiagent technology has a great potential for innovative information systems, if a high degree of flexibility of the overall systems is required, e.g. because human actors and technical systems exhibit a great degree of local autonomy, or if the work environment is highly dynamic.

Computational Logic Logic Programming and Beyond

Closure and fairness in the semantics of programming logic. ... Foundations of Disjunctive Logic Programming. ... In H.J. Levesque and F. Pirri, editors, Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, ...

Computational Logic  Logic Programming and Beyond

The book contains the proceedings of the 12th European Testis Workshop and gives an excellent overview of the state of the art in testicular research. The chapters are written by leading scientists in the field of male reproduction, who were selceted on the basis of their specific area of research. The book covers all important aspects of testicular functioning, for example, Sertoli and Leydig cell functioning, spermatogonial development and transplantation, meiosis and spermiogenesis. Even for those investigators who were not present at the workshop, this volume provides a clear impression of the topics discussed during that meeting.

Intelligent Agents VII Agent Theories Architectures and Languages

M.P.Shanahan, What Sort of Computation Mediates Best Between Perception and Action?, in Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, eds. H.J.Levesque & F.Pirri, Springer-Verlag (1999), pages 352–368.

Intelligent Agents VII  Agent Theories Architectures and Languages

Intelligent agents are one of the most important developments in computer science of the past decade. Agents are of interest in many important application areas, ranging from human-computer interaction to industrial process control. The ATAL workshop series aims to bring together researchers interested in the core/micro aspects of agent technology. Speci?cally, ATAL addresses issues such as theories of agency, software architectures for intelligent agents, methodologies and programming languages for r- lizing agents, and software tools for applying and evaluating agent systems. One of the strengthsoftheATALworkshopseriesisitsemphasisonthesynergiesbetweentheories, languages, architectures, infrastructures, methodologies, and formal methods. This year s workshop continued the ATAL trend of attracting a large number of high quality submissions. In more detail, 71 papers were submitted to the ATAL 2000 workshop, from 21 countries. After stringent reviewing, 22 papers were accepted for publication and appear in these proceedings. As with previous workshops in the series, we chose to emphasize what we perceive asimportantnewthemesinagentresearch. Thisyear sthemeswerebothassociatedwith the fact that the technology of intelligent agents and multi-agent systems is beginning to migrate from research labs to software engineering centers. As agents are deployed in applications such as electronic commerce, and start to take over responsibilities for their human users, techniques for controlling their autonomy become crucial. As well, the availability of tools that facilitate the design and implementation of agent systems becomes an important factor in how rapidly the technology will achieve widespread use.

Computational Logic

[Milnikel, 1997] R. Milnikel, Jr. Conference report 4th International Conference on Logic Programming and ... In H.J. Levesque and F. Pirri, editors, Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, pp.

Computational Logic

Handbook of the History of Logic brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. Computational logic was born in the twentieth century and evolved in close symbiosis with the advent of the first electronic computers and the growing importance of computer science, informatics and artificial intelligence. With more than ten thousand people working in research and development of logic and logic-related methods, with several dozen international conferences and several times as many workshops addressing the growing richness and diversity of the field, and with the foundational role and importance these methods now assume in mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, linguistics, law and many engineering fields where logic-related techniques are used inter alia to state and settle correctness issues, the field has diversified in ways that even the pure logicians working in the early decades of the twentieth century could have hardly anticipated. Logical calculi, which capture an important aspect of human thought, are now amenable to investigation with mathematical rigour and computational support and fertilized the early dreams of mechanised reasoning: “Calculemus . The Dartmouth Conference in 1956 – generally considered as the birthplace of artificial intelligence – raised explicitly the hopes for the new possibilities that the advent of electronic computing machinery offered: logical statements could now be executed on a machine with all the far-reaching consequences that ultimately led to logic programming, deduction systems for mathematics and engineering, logical design and verification of computer software and hardware, deductive databases and software synthesis as well as logical techniques for analysis in the field of mechanical engineering. This volume covers some of the main subareas of computational logic and its applications. Chapters by leading authorities in the field Provides a forum where philosophers and scientists interact Comprehensive reference source on the history of logic

A Logical Theory of Nonmonotonic Inference and Belief Change

XXII , 252 pages , 76 figs . , 1997 J. Debenham : Knowledge Engineering . Unifying Knowledge Base and Database Design . XIV , 465 pages , 288 figs . , 1998 H. J. Levesque , F. Pirri ( Eds . ) : Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents .

A Logical Theory of Nonmonotonic Inference and Belief Change

This is the first book that integrates nonmonotonic reasoning and belief change into a single framework from an artificial intelligence logic point-of-view. The approach to both these subjects is based on a powerful notion of an epistemic state that subsumes both existing models for nonmonotonic inference and current models for belief change. Many results and constructions in the book are completely new and have not appeared earlier in the literature.

Artificial Intelligence for Customer Relationship Management

In: Levesque HJ, Pirri F (eds) Logical foundations for cognitive agents. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, New York Galan JM, Izquierdo LR (2005) Appearances can be deceiving: lessons learned re-implementing Axelrod's evolutionary approach ...

Artificial Intelligence for Customer Relationship Management

The second volume of this research monograph describes a number of applications of Artificial Intelligence in the field of Customer Relationship Management with the focus of solving customer problems. We design a system that tries to understand the customer complaint, his mood, and what can be done to resolve an issue with the product or service. To solve a customer problem efficiently, we maintain a dialogue with the customer so that the problem can be clarified and multiple ways to fix it can be sought. We introduce dialogue management based on discourse analysis: a systematic linguistic way to handle the thought process of the author of the content to be delivered. We analyze user sentiments and personal traits to tailor dialogue management to individual customers. We also design a number of dialogue scenarios for CRM with replies following certain patterns and propose virtual and social dialogues for various modalities of communication with a customer. After we learn to detect fake content, deception and hypocrisy, we examine the domain of customer complaints. We simulate mental states, attitudes and emotions of a complainant and try to predict his behavior. Having suggested graph-based formal representations of complaint scenarios, we machine-learn them to identify the best action the customer support organization can chose to retain the complainant as a customer.

Mathematical Aspects of Logic Programming Semantics

Success of default logic. In Hayes, P., Sandewall, E., Amarel, S., et al., editors, Logical Foundations for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter, pages 208–212. Springer-Verlag, New York, Secaucus, NJ.

Mathematical Aspects of Logic Programming Semantics

Covering the authors' own state-of-the-art research results, this book presents a rigorous, modern account of the mathematical methods and tools required for the semantic analysis of logic programs. It significantly extends the tools and methods from traditional order theory to include nonconventional methods from mathematical analysis that depend on topology, domain theory, generalized distance functions, and associated fixed-point theory. The authors closely examine the interrelationships between various semantics as well as the integration of logic programming and connectionist systems/neural networks.

KI 2003 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Logical Foundation for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter. Springer (1999) 13. De Giacomo, G., Levesque, H.: Projection using regression and sensors. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Joint Conference on ...

KI 2003  Advances in Artificial Intelligence

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2003, held in Hamburg, Germany in September 2003. The 42 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 90 submissions from 22 countries. The papers are organized in topical sections on logics and ontologies, cognitive modeling, reasoning methods, machine learning, neural networks, reasoning under uncertainty, planning and constraints, spatial modeling, user modeling, and agent technology.

KI 2003 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

... Cognitive Robotics Workshop. (2002) 7. Reiter, R.: Knowledge in Action: Logical Foundations for Specifying and Implementing Dynamical Systems. ... Logical Foundation for Cognitive Agents: Contributions in Honor of Ray Reiter.

KI 2003  Advances in Artificial Intelligence

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2003, held in Hamburg, Germany in September 2003. The 42 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 90 submissions from 22 countries. The papers are organized in topical sections on logics and ontologies, cognitive modeling, reasoning methods, machine learning, neural networks, reasoning under uncertainty, planning and constraints, spatial modeling, user modeling, and agent technology.