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Machine Learners

Author: Adrian Mackenzie
Publisher: MIT Press
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If machine learning transforms the nature of knowledge, does it also transform the practice of critical thought? Machine learning—programming computers to learn from data—has spread across scientific disciplines, media, entertainment, and government. Medical research, autonomous vehicles, credit transaction processing, computer gaming, recommendation systems, finance, surveillance, and robotics use machine learning. Machine learning devices (sometimes understood as scientific models, sometimes as operational algorithms) anchor the field of data science. They have also become mundane mechanisms deeply embedded in a variety of systems and gadgets. In contexts from the everyday to the esoteric, machine learning is said to transform the nature of knowledge. In this book, Adrian Mackenzie investigates whether machine learning also transforms the practice of critical thinking. Mackenzie focuses on machine learners—either humans and machines or human-machine relations—situated among settings, data, and devices. The settings range from fMRI to Facebook; the data anything from cat images to DNA sequences; the devices include neural networks, support vector machines, and decision trees. He examines specific learning algorithms—writing code and writing about code—and develops an archaeology of operations that, following Foucault, views machine learning as a form of knowledge production and a strategy of power. Exploring layers of abstraction, data infrastructures, coding practices, diagrams, mathematical formalisms, and the social organization of machine learning, Mackenzie traces the mostly invisible architecture of one of the central zones of contemporary technological cultures. Mackenzie's account of machine learning locates places in which a sense of agency can take root. His archaeology of the operational formation of machine learning does not unearth the footprint of a strategic monolith but reveals the local tributaries of force that feed into the generalization and plurality of the field.


Introduction to Machine Learning

Author: Ethem Alpaydin
Publisher: MIT Press
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The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Many successful applications of machine learning exist already, including systems that analyze past sales data to predict customer behavior, optimize robot behavior so that a task can be completed using minimum resources, and extract knowledge from bioinformatics data. Introduction to Machine Learning is a comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts. Subjects include supervised learning; Bayesian decision theory; parametric, semi-parametric, and nonparametric methods; multivariate analysis; hidden Markov models; reinforcement learning; kernel machines; graphical models; Bayesian estimation; and statistical testing.Machine learning is rapidly becoming a skill that computer science students must master before graduation. The third edition of Introduction to Machine Learning reflects this shift, with added support for beginners, including selected solutions for exercises and additional example data sets (with code available online). Other substantial changes include discussions of outlier detection; ranking algorithms for perceptrons and support vector machines; matrix decomposition and spectral methods; distance estimation; new kernel algorithms; deep learning in multilayered perceptrons; and the nonparametric approach to Bayesian methods. All learning algorithms are explained so that students can easily move from the equations in the book to a computer program. The book can be used by both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It will also be of interest to professionals who are concerned with the application of machine learning methods.


Human and Machine Learning

Author: Jianlong Zhou
Publisher: Springer
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With an evolutionary advancement of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms, a rapid increase of data volumes and a significant improvement of computation powers, machine learning becomes hot in different applications. However, because of the nature of “black-box” in ML methods, ML still needs to be interpreted to link human and machine learning for transparency and user acceptance of delivered solutions. This edited book addresses such links from the perspectives of visualisation, explanation, trustworthiness and transparency. The book establishes the link between human and machine learning by exploring transparency in machine learning, visual explanation of ML processes, algorithmic explanation of ML models, human cognitive responses in ML-based decision making, human evaluation of machine learning and domain knowledge in transparent ML applications. This is the first book of its kind to systematically understand the current active research activities and outcomes related to human and machine learning. The book will not only inspire researchers to passionately develop new algorithms incorporating human for human-centred ML algorithms, resulting in the overall advancement of ML, but also help ML practitioners proactively use ML outputs for informative and trustworthy decision making. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners involved with machine learning and its applications. The book will especially benefit researchers in areas like artificial intelligence, decision support systems and human-computer interaction.


Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning ICANN 2017

Author: Alessandra Lintas
Publisher: Springer
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The two volume set, LNCS 10613 and 10614, constitutes the proceedings of then 26th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN 2017, held in Alghero, Italy, in September 2017. The 128 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 270 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: From Perception to Action; From Neurons to Networks; Brain Imaging; Recurrent Neural Networks; Neuromorphic Hardware; Brain Topology and Dynamics; Neural Networks Meet Natural and Environmental Sciences; Convolutional Neural Networks; Games and Strategy; Representation and Classification; Clustering; Learning from Data Streams and Time Series; Image Processing and Medical Applications; Advances in Machine Learning. There are 63 short paper abstracts that are included in the back matter of the volume.


Introduction to Machine Learning with Applications in Information Security

Author: Mark Stamp
Publisher: CRC Press
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Introduction to Machine Learning with Applications in Information Security provides a class-tested introduction to a wide variety of machine learning algorithms, reinforced through realistic applications. The book is accessible and doesn’t prove theorems, or otherwise dwell on mathematical theory. The goal is to present topics at an intuitive level, with just enough detail to clarify the underlying concepts. The book covers core machine learning topics in-depth, including Hidden Markov Models, Principal Component Analysis, Support Vector Machines, and Clustering. It also includes coverage of Nearest Neighbors, Neural Networks, Boosting and AdaBoost, Random Forests, Linear Discriminant Analysis, Vector Quantization, Naive Bayes, Regression Analysis, Conditional Random Fields, and Data Analysis. Most of the examples in the book are drawn from the field of information security, with many of the machine learning applications specifically focused on malware. The applications presented are designed to demystify machine learning techniques by providing straightforward scenarios. Many of the exercises in this book require some programming, and basic computing concepts are assumed in a few of the application sections. However, anyone with a modest amount of programming experience should have no trouble with this aspect of the book. Instructor resources, including PowerPoint slides, lecture videos, and other relevant material are provided on an accompanying website: http://www.cs.sjsu.edu/~stamp/ML/. For the reader’s benefit, the figures in the book are also available in electronic form, and in color. About the Author Mark Stamp has been a Professor of Computer Science at San Jose State University since 2002. Prior to that, he worked at the National Security Agency (NSA) for seven years, and a Silicon Valley startup company for two years. He received his Ph.D. from Texas Tech University in 1992. His love affair with machine learning began in the early 1990s, when he was working at the NSA, and continues today at SJSU, where he has supervised vast numbers of master’s student projects, most of which involve a combination of information security and machine learning.


Machine Learning

Author: Stephen Marsland
Publisher: CRC Press
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Traditional books on machine learning can be divided into two groups- those aimed at advanced undergraduates or early postgraduates with reasonable mathematical knowledge and those that are primers on how to code algorithms. The field is ready for a text that not only demonstrates how to use the algorithms that make up machine learning methods, but


Categorization and Machine Learning

Author: Horst Eidenberger
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
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Machine learning is the attempt to imitate human categorization of perceived reality in computers. It is driven by the desire to provide machines that are as open-minded, intelligent and flexible as humans. The central goal is to provide classifications for arbitrary types of input data: Labels that characterize the data correctly, given some examples. Machine learning has been a research topic of computer science for several decades. This book summarizes the major findings, explains the practically relevant methods and discusses their communalities and differences. In the first of three parts, we introduce the setting, goals and all necessary tools for the definition, application and evaluation of learning algorithms. The second part discusses and compares the various algorithms employed in machine categorization today. We structure them in four groups: the optimization algorithms, risk minimization approaches, those that employ probabilistic inference and those that imitate neural inference processes. Outstanding examples from the list of algorithms are the vector space mode, the support vector machine, Bayes and Markov processes, conditional random fields, radial basis function networks and methods employed for deep learning such as the Boltzmann machine. The third part reviews the algorithms and explores the theoretical frontiers of machine learning. In summary, we endeavor to provide a comprehensive yet intuitive introduction into the field of categorization. Neither parallels to human cognition are neglected nor recent developments in algorithm design or theoretical justification. As a research field, machine learning is gaining more and more attention. This book explains what it is, where it can be applied and how it is done.


Machine Learning in Cyber Trust

Author: Jeffrey J. P. Tsai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Many networked computer systems are far too vulnerable to cyber attacks that can inhibit their functioning, corrupt important data, or expose private information. Not surprisingly, the field of cyber-based systems is a fertile ground where many tasks can be formulated as learning problems and approached in terms of machine learning algorithms. This book contains original materials by leading researchers in the area and covers applications of different machine learning methods in the reliability, security, performance, and privacy issues of cyber space. It enables readers to discover what types of learning methods are at their disposal, summarizing the state-of-the-practice in this significant area, and giving a classification of existing work. Those working in the field of cyber-based systems, including industrial managers, researchers, engineers, and graduate and senior undergraduate students will find this an indispensable guide in creating systems resistant to and tolerant of cyber attacks.


Machine Learning ECML 2007

Author: Joost N. Kok
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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The two premier annual European conferences in the areas of machine learning and data mining have been collocated ever since the ?rst joint conference in Freiburg, 2001. The European Conference on Machine Learning (ECML) traces its origins to 1986, when the ?rst European Working Session on Learning was held in Orsay, France. The European Conference on Principles and Practice of KnowledgeDiscoveryinDatabases(PKDD) was?rstheldin1997inTrondheim, Norway. Over the years, the ECML/PKDD series has evolved into one of the largest and most selective international conferences in machine learning and data mining. In 2007, the seventh collocated ECML/PKDD took place during September 17–21 on the centralcampus of WarsawUniversityand in the nearby Staszic Palace of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The conference for the third time used a hierarchical reviewing process. We nominated 30 Area Chairs, each of them responsible for one sub-?eld or several closely related research topics. Suitable areas were selected on the basis of the submission statistics for ECML/PKDD 2006 and for last year’s International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 2006) to ensure a proper load balance amongtheAreaChairs.AjointProgramCommittee(PC)wasnominatedforthe two conferences, consisting of some 300 renowned researchers, mostly proposed by the Area Chairs. This joint PC, the largest of the series to date, allowed us to exploit synergies and deal competently with topic overlaps between ECML and PKDD. ECML/PKDD 2007 received 592 abstract submissions. As in previous years, toassistthereviewersandtheAreaChairsintheir?nalrecommendationauthors had the opportunity to communicate their feedback after the reviewing phase.


Machine Learning ECML 2003

Author: European Conference on Machine Learning
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Machine Learning, ECML 2003, held in Cavtat-Dubrovnik, Croatia in September 2003 in conjunction with PKDD 2003. The 40 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and, together with another 40 ones for PKDD 2003, selected from a total of 332 submissions. The papers address all current issues in machine learning including support vector machine, inductive inference, feature selection algorithms, reinforcement learning, preference learning, probabilistic grammatical inference, decision tree learning, clustering, classification, agent learning, Markov networks, boosting, statistical parsing, Bayesian learning, supervised learning, and multi-instance learning.