Private Religion at Amarna

In this study the author approaches the realm of 'private religion' in Egypt some 3,300 years ago.

Private Religion at Amarna

In this study the author approaches the realm of 'private religion' in Egypt some 3,300 years ago. The two broad research questions that frame this study are: What was the structure of the private religious landscape at Amarna (Central Egypt, on the Nile), and what were the ideas that shaped this landscape? The starting point is a corpus of objects and structures from settlement remains at one site, Amarna, the location of Egypt's capital for a brief period (c.350 - 330 BCE) towards the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty. At the height of its occupation, Amarna was the administrative, political and religious centre of Egypt. (Estimates of the city 's population at this time range between 20,000 and 50,000 people.) This publication is divided into three parts.Part I places the study in context. The history of the Amarna period, the layout of the site and its excavation history are summarized. Part 2 explores the issue of how to define private religion and identify its material remnants: the inventory of the material evidence - objects, architectural emplacements and buildings. It is hoped that the dissemination of this material will assist others researching similar topics, making available unpublished evidence from most of the main phases of excavation at the site. Part 3 explores the design, manufacture and acquisition of the material components of religion, and considers the forms of the conduct in which they were used. Also examined are the transcendental forces involved: the royal family and Aten, and 'traditional ' deities and spirits, including private ancestors. Part 3 also considers the shape of the religious cityscape, and the questions of who was participating in religion, and what was done with the material when it was no longer in use. The study concludes with a discussion of the motivating factors that underlay religious conduct, and which open a small window onto the ideas that shaped the religious landscape more broadly.

Material Evidence and Narrative Sources

This book demonstrates the effectiveness of creative interdisciplinary research, applied to historical, cultural and archaeological problems in the study of the Middle East.

Material Evidence and Narrative Sources

This book demonstrates the effectiveness of creative interdisciplinary research, applied to historical, cultural and archaeological problems in the study of the Middle East.

Material Evidence

ontology. of. material. evidence. in. archaeology. Andrew Meirion Jones What is
material evidence? Archaeologists have always recognised the malleable nature
of their relationship to past material culture. In his magisterial study of the history
 ...

Material Evidence

How do archaeologists make effective use of physical traces and material culture as repositories of evidence? Material Evidence takes a resolutely case-based approach to this question, exploring instances of exemplary practice, key challenges, instructive failures, and innovative developments in the use of archaeological data as evidence. The goal is to bring to the surface the wisdom of practice, teasing out norms of archaeological reasoning from evidence. Archaeologists make compelling use of an enormously diverse range of material evidence, from garbage dumps to monuments, from finely crafted artifacts rich with cultural significance to the detritus of everyday life and the inadvertent transformation of landscapes over the long term. Each contributor to Material Evidence identifies a particular type of evidence with which they grapple and considers, with reference to concrete examples, how archaeologists construct evidential claims, critically assess them, and bring them to bear on pivotal questions about the cultural past. Historians, cultural anthropologists, philosophers, and science studies scholars are increasingly interested in working with material things as objects of inquiry and as evidence – and they acknowledge on all sides just how challenging this is. One of the central messages of the book is that close analysis of archaeological best practice can yield constructive guidelines for practice that have much to offer archaeologists and those in related fields.

The Law Journal Reports

A mere non lo . quitur to a statement hy a woman in such Crompton ( with whom
was Torr ) , for a case as this does not satisfy the meaning the plaintiff . of the
words “ material evidence . " Every Day and Gully , for the defendant . case of this
 ...

The Law Journal Reports


Al Thaahir The Evidence The Outer The Manifest Material Evidence For God s Presence Al Thaahir Die Beweise Das Au ere Das Offbenbare

Evidence. This chapter is not meant to handle the question of invisibility. Rather,
we attempt to demonstrate with material evidence that which is invisible here with
us in the universe and that which we cannot see plays a role in life. This leads ...

Al Thaahir  The Evidence  The Outer  The Manifest  Material Evidence For God s Presence  Al Thaahir  Die Beweise  Das Au  ere  Das Offbenbare

Al Thaahir: The Evidence, the Outer, the Manifest is a reflection that summarises yet magnifies, that shines a light on what we tend to forget. It is a reminder of what we need to do to bring ourselves to be connected again with the Higher Power. It is here, in the now, that many are too distracted to feel this connection. But we are never far from what witness to us the presence of God. The manuscript was written in Arabic and German when Sahar was a student at the Goethe Institute in Cairo. Thirty years later the research by Sahar went from A4 stored paper into a published book. Al Thaahir: The Evidence, the Outer, the Manifest provides readers with the opportunity to develop or rekindle the loving relationship the Higher Power. Be remimded and Be empowered. Al Thaahir: die Beweise, das Äußere, das Offenbare ist eine Betrachtung, die zusammenfasst und doch vergrößert und die ein Licht auf das wirft, was wir zu vergessen neigen. Es ist eine Erinnerung daran, was wir tun müssen, um unsere Verbindung mit der höheren Macht wieder zu stärken. Im Hier und Jetzt sind viele zu abgelenkt, um diese Verbindung zu spüren. Aber wir sind nie weit weg von dem, was uns die Gegenwart Gottes bezeugt. Das Manuskript wurde in arabischer und deutscher Sprache verfasst, als Sahar eine Studentin am Goethe-Institut in Kairo war. Dreißig Jahre später wurde Sahars Forschung, nach langer Aufbewahrung auf A4-Papier, als Buch veröffentlicht. Al Thaahir: die Beweise, das Äußere, das Offenbare gibt Lesern die Möglichkeit, die liebevolle Beziehung zur höheren Macht zu entwickeln oder neu aufleben zu lassen. Erinnern Sie sich und lassen Sie sich bestärken.

Code of Federal Regulations

8 201.138 Unsponsored written material . ( a ) Material that may be deemed
evidence . Where a formal hearing is held , a party silall be afforded an
opportunity to participate through submission of relevant , material , reliable and
probative ...

Code of Federal Regulations

Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.

Debating Archaeological Empiricism

As well as giving an important snapshot of the practical as well as theoretical uses of materiality in archaeologies today, this volume looks to the future of archaeology as an empirical discipline.

Debating Archaeological Empiricism

Debating Archaeological Empiricism examines the current intellectual turn in archaeology, primarily in its prehistoric and classical branches, characterized by a return to the archaeological evidence. Each chapter in the book approaches the empirical from a different angle, illuminating contemporary views and uses of the archaeological material in interpretations and theory building. The inclusion of differing perspectives in this collection mirrors the conceptual landscape that characterizes the discipline, contributing to the theoretical debate in archaeology and classical studies. As well as giving an important snapshot of the practical as well as theoretical uses of materiality in archaeologies today, this volume looks to the future of archaeology as an empirical discipline.

Material Evidence

Material Evidence


The Law Journal Reports

79 . cause advertisements to be inserted in newspapers , In an action on a policy
of insurance , the Court evidence that A gave orders to C to insert such ad . will
not grant a rule to change the venue on the vertisement is material evidence in ...

The Law Journal Reports


The Pacific Reporter

above and foregoing is all of the material evidence introduced on the trial of said
action pertinent to the motion for a new trial of said action . ” Upon these two facts
set forth in the statement , counsel for plaintiff say : " The statement not only ...

The Pacific Reporter


Material Evidence

Material Evidence


Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the English Courts of Common Law

( a ) * 179 ] * Copley , in support of his rule , observed that it was unnecessary
now to discuss the materiality of the evidence here : if the evidence was not
material , the alternative option of two counties would not avail the plaintiff ; if it
was ...

Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the English Courts of Common Law


Kansas Reports

No material evidence prejudicial to the rights and interests of the defendants was
erroneously permitted to go to the jury over the objections of the defendants ; and
no material evidence favorable to the rights or interests of the defendants was ...

Kansas Reports


The American and English Encyclopedia of Law

... he was made was to the effect that the case in at liberty to ask its insertion ; and
when cluded all the evidence offered by each the case was settled , if it contained
all party before they rested the case , neces the testimony in any way material ...

The American and English Encyclopedia of Law


Reports of Cases Decided in the Superior Court of Buffalo

When a witness states a particular fact , which it is material for the party who
called him to controvert , the latter is at liberty to prove the truth in respect to such
fact , even though such proof would tend to affect the credit of the witness . *
Hence ...

Reports of Cases Decided in the Superior Court of Buffalo


Statutes of the Province of Ontario

... corroborated by some other material evidence . roborated . In suits by or 7 . In a
suit by or against a person found by inquisition to against luna . be of unsound
mind or hai , tice , & c . , evi . be of unsound mind , or being an inmate of a lunatic
 ...

Statutes of the Province of Ontario

Prefixed to the first vol. is "An act for the union of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick ... 29th March, 1867" with special t.p.: Anno regni Victoriæ, Britanniarum reginæ, tricesimo et tricesimo-primo. At a Parliament begun and holden at Westminster ... Toronto, 1868. 45 p.

The Parliamentary Debates Authorized Edition

The officers of the Government will lay their evidence before the Committee, and
every hon. Member ... Friend should recollect that the magistrate must have
reasonable ground for believing that material evidence will be forthcoming. And
the ...

The Parliamentary Debates  Authorized Edition


Courts of Exchequer and Exchequer Chamber

That he verily believes that such day - book or journal will , if produced , furnish
material evidence in support of the defendant ' s case in answer to the claim of
the plaintiff , and will enable the defendant to establish a sufficient answer to the ...

Courts of Exchequer and Exchequer Chamber


A Handbook of Criminal Cases Containing a Verbatim Reprint of All Criminal Cases Reported in Vols I to XVI Calcutta Series I L R 1876 1889 with a Complete Digest

... the chattels “ for the purpose of producing the same as evidence on the
prosecution of the plaintiff , ” averring that the same was and are material and
necessary evidence in the said prosecution ; the plaintiff demurred , and the
demurrer was ...

A Handbook of Criminal Cases Containing a Verbatim Reprint of All Criminal Cases Reported in Vols  I  to XVI   Calcutta Series  I L R   1876 1889  with a Complete Digest