Material Recovery Facility Design Manual

Material Recovery Facility Design Manual is essential for solid waste planners, engineers, and anyone else involved with startup, implementation, and acceptance testing of MRF equipment and systems.

Material Recovery Facility Design Manual

Economic factors discussed include purchase price, utility requirements, maintenance costs, labor costs, auxiliary equipment purchase needs, sizing, space requirements, redundancy requirements, and all aspects necessary for the development of performance and equipment specifications. Material Recovery Facility Design Manual is essential for solid waste planners, engineers, and anyone else involved with startup, implementation, and acceptance testing of MRF equipment and systems.

Design of Water Resource Recovery Facilities Manual of Practice No 8 Sixth Edition

Complete Coverage of the State-of-the-Art in Water Resource Recovery Facility Design Featuring contributions from hundreds of wastewater engineering experts, this fully updated guide presents the latest in facility planning, configuration, ...

Design of Water Resource Recovery Facilities  Manual of Practice No 8  Sixth Edition

Complete Coverage of the State-of-the-Art in Water Resource Recovery Facility Design Featuring contributions from hundreds of wastewater engineering experts, this fully updated guide presents the latest in facility planning, configuration, and design. Design of Water Resource Recovery Facilities: WEF Manual of Practice No. 8 and ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 76, Sixth Edition, covers key technical advances in wastewater treatment, including •Advances with membrane bioreactors applications •Advancements within integrated fixed-film/activated sludge (IFAS) systems and moving-bed biological-reactors systems •Biotrickling filtration for odor control •Increased use of ballasted flocculation •Enhanced nutrient-control systems •Sidestream nutrient removal to reduce the loading on the main nutrient-removal process •Use and application of wireless instrumentation •Use and application of modeling wastewater treatment processes for the basis of design and evaluations of alternatives •Process design and disinfection practices to minimize generation of TTHMs and other organics monitored for potable water quality •Approaches to minimizing biosolids production and advances in biosolids handling, including effective thermal hydrolysis, and improvements in sludge thickening and dewatering technologies •Increasing goals toward energy neutrality and driving net zero •Trend toward resource recovery

Material Recovery Facilities for Municipal Solid Waste

... address the technical and economic aspects of material recovery facility (MRF) equipment and technology in such a ... It should be noted that this handbook offers some design-related information, but is not intended to be a design ...

Material Recovery Facilities for Municipal Solid Waste

26 tables and charts.

Modeling and Design of Material Recovery Facilities

In this work, we define a network flow model to represent a MRF that sorts wastes using multi-output units with recirculating streams. For each material in the system, we define a matrix to describe the sorting process.

Modeling and Design of Material Recovery Facilities

In the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) area, the production of numerical solid waste (MI\SW) increased by 32% between 1990 and 2011, exceeding 660 million tonnes in 2011; the world-wide production of waste is estimated to grow further due to increasing GDP in developing economies. Given this scenario, effective treatment and recovery of wastes becomes a priority. In developed countries, MSW is usually sent to materials recovery facilities (MRFs), which use mechanical and manual sorting units to extract valuable components. In this work, we define a network flow model to represent a MRF that sorts wastes using multi-output units with recirculating streams. For each material in the system, we define a matrix to describe the sorting process. We then formulate a genetic algorithm (GA) that generates alternative configurations of a MRF having a given set of sorting units with known separation parameters and selects those with highest profit and efficiency. The GA incorporates a heuristic for personnel allocation to manual units. We code the algorithm in Java and apply it to an existing MRF. The results show a 33.4% improvement in profit and a 1.7% improvement in efficiency with respect to the current configuration without hand sorting; and a 6.7% improvement in profit and a 3.9% improvement il efficiency, with respect to the current configuration with hand sorting.

Materials Recovery Facility Tool Kit

Design. of. a. Materials. Recovery. Facility. A typical MRF is sited within a warehouse-type building with concrete flooring and ... Diagrams of a manual MRF and a fully mechanized facility are shown in Figures 3 and 4, respectively.

Materials Recovery Facility Tool Kit

Through the 3R initiative (reduce, reuse, recycle), recycling will become part of local governments' solid waste management. To some extent, it will formalize parts of waste processing, largely handled by informal sector waste pickers and recyclers. With this publication, the Asian Development Bank aims to support the 3R initiative and encourage developing member countries to initiate investments in materials recovery facilities, which are essential tools for waste recycling under the initiative. This tool kit will be useful in deciding the size and design of such facilities as it also provides an indication of the cost of such investments.

Composting and Recycling Municipal Solid Waste

Figure 5.4 is the flow diagram of a 50-TPH materials recovery facility design. ... So as to optimize the recovery of marketable secondary materials, the processing system relies upon both mechanical and manual separation. The design ...

Composting and Recycling Municipal Solid Waste

Composting and Recycling Municipal Solid Waste is a comprehensive guide that identifies, describes, explains, and evaluates the options available when composting and recycling municipal solid waste (MSW). The book begins with an introductory chapter on the nature of MSW and the importance of solid waste management programs and resource recovery. Chapter 2 discusses MSW storage and collection, with emphasis on recyclables. Chapter 3 examines issues involved in determining the quantity, composition, and key physical characteristics of the MSW to be managed and processed. The book's other chapters cover topics such as the steps required for processing MSW for material recovery, the use of uncomposted organic matter as a soil amendment, composting and use of compost product, the marketing of recyclables, biogasification, and integrated waste management. Composting and Recycling Municipal Solid Waste provides essential information needed by solid waste professionals, consultants, regulators, and planners to arrive at rational decisions regarding available economic and technological resources for MSW composting and recycling.

Practical Handbook of Processing and Recycling Municipal Waste

of what wastes the facility may accept , and to what degree they may contain the unexpected . The design should identify those which present dangers to operators and should seek to deal with them in enclosed , mechanical processes .

Practical Handbook of Processing and Recycling Municipal Waste

If we could understand the scientific and engineering principles behind recycling, our ability to use reprocessed materials would improve considerably. If we could then apply those principles, our efforts to process and recycle waste would be significantly more efficient and cost-effective. Practical Handbook of Processing and Recycling Municipal Waste provides all of the information necessary for vastly improving the way we recycle materials. It first develops basic engineering and scientific theories related to processing and recycling municipal waste. The authors then show how the behavioral characteristics of waste can actually be predicted with some degree of accuracy, hence turning waste disposal engineering from a matter of guesswork into a science. From Europe to the United States to the Far East, humankind understands the need for - and the challenges of - recycling and reusing waste. This handbook is the guide to successful, efficient waste processing and reuse.

Building with Reclaimed Components and Materials

A Design Handbook for Reuse and Recycling Bill Addis. Materials Recovery (or Recycling) Facilities Materials Recovery (or Recycling) Facilities (MRF) are sites where source-segregated, dry, recyclable materials are mechanically or ...

Building with Reclaimed Components and Materials

Interest in green and sustainable design is growing throughout the world. Both national and local governments are active in promoting reuse and recycling in order to reduce the amount of waste going to landfill. This guide identifies how building designers and constructors can minimize the generation of waste at the design stage of a building project by using reclaimed components and materials. Authoritative, accessible and much-needed, this book highlights the opportunities for using reclaimed components and materials and recycled-content building products for each element of a building, from structure and foundations to building services and external works. Current experience is illustrated with international case studies and practical advice. It discusses different approaches to designing with recycling in mind, and identifies the key issues to address when specifying reclaimed components and recycled materials in construction work. This book will be invaluable for building professionals including architects, specifiers, structural and service engineers, quantity surveyors, contractors and facilities managers as well as students of architecture and civil engineering. Published with NEF

Handbook of Food Process Design

Some detriments associated with the recycling of glass containers are: 1. 2. Container glass recycling is still costly, owing to the high cost of collecting and processing (hand sorting). ... material recovery facility.

Handbook of Food Process Design

"This book will offer a comprehensive account of the design of all major food processing systems, including both established and novel unit operations. The range of equipment available for any given process will be described, including the basic theoretical principles and modes of operation. Advantages and limitations of the equipment within various relevant parameters (such as size, processing time, cost and energy requirements) will be explained and schematic diagrams will be provided to show the stages of each process component in detail. The book also covers computer-aided design and control systems, cost considerations and cleaning and sanitation methods. Practical examples of process design scenarios will be included to help the reader in specifying and designing their own operations. All chapters will follow the following format:1. Purpose of unit operation2. What are the end products of the process?3. Process flow sheet, material and energy balances, and schematic diagram of the process and its components4. Basic theoretical principles and mode of operations.5. Different types of equipment available with their advantages and limitations. What are the parameters we need to know? For example, time, energy, size, and other factors.6. Empirical data and rules of thumb used to facilitate the various design calculations, simplified equations and shortcut methods.7. Simple equations, tables, and graphs to estimate the design parameters.8. Process control, operations and maintenance of the unit operations.9. Advanced levels of process design for complicated systems. Computer aided process/plant design.10. Cleaning and sanitation methods.11. Capital and operating cost for different size of the equipments.12. Summary and future needs.13. Worked out examples related to design"--

Over 200 U S Department of Energy Manuals Combined CLASSICAL PHYSICS ELECTRICAL SCIENCE THERMODYNAMICS HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FUNDAMENTALS INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL MATHEMATICS CHEMISTRY ENGINEERING SYMBIOLOGY MATERIAL SCIENCE MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY

... Design Guide for Ventilation Systems for Fuel Reprocessing Plants, provide useful design guidance that should be considered. 2.7 URANIUM CONVERSION AND RECOVERY FACILITIES. 2.7.1 2.7.2 Introduction. UCRFs receive feed materials ...

Over 200 U S  Department of Energy Manuals Combined  CLASSICAL PHYSICS  ELECTRICAL SCIENCE  THERMODYNAMICS  HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FUNDAMENTALS  INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL  MATHEMATICS  CHEMISTRY  ENGINEERING SYMBIOLOGY  MATERIAL SCIENCE  MECHANICAL SCIENCE  AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY

Over 19,000 total pages ... Public Domain U.S. Government published manual: Numerous illustrations and matrices. Published in the 1990s and after 2000. TITLES and CONTENTS: ELECTRICAL SCIENCES - Contains the following manuals: Electrical Science, Vol 1 - Electrical Science, Vol 2 - Electrical Science, Vol 3 - Electrical Science, Vol 4 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 1 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 2 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 3 - Instrumentation And Control, Vol 1 - Instrumentation And Control, Vol 2 Mathematics, Vol 1 - Mathematics, Vol 2 - Chemistry, Vol 1 - Chemistry, Vol 2 - Engineering Symbology, Prints, And Drawings, Vol 1 - Engineering Symbology, Prints, And Drawings, Vol 2 - Material Science, Vol 1 - Material Science, Vol 2 - Mechanical Science, Vol 1 - Mechanical Science, Vol 2 - Nuclear Physics And Reactor Theory, Vol 1 - Nuclear Physics And Reactor Theory, Vol 2. CLASSICAL PHYSICS - The Classical Physics Fundamentals includes information on the units used to measure physical properties; vectors, and how they are used to show the net effect of various forces; Newton's Laws of motion, and how to use these laws in force and motion applications; and the concepts of energy, work, and power, and how to measure and calculate the energy involved in various applications. * Scalar And Vector Quantities * Vector Identification * Vectors: Resultants And Components * Graphic Method Of Vector Addition * Component Addition Method * Analytical Method Of Vector Addition * Newton's Laws Of Motion * Momentum Principles * Force And Weight * Free-Body Diagrams * Force Equilibrium * Types Of Force * Energy And Work * Law Of Conservation Of Energy * Power – ELECTRICAL SCIENCE: The Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook includes information on alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) theory, circuits, motors, and generators; AC power and reactive components; batteries; AC and DC voltage regulators; transformers; and electrical test instruments and measuring devices. * Atom And Its Forces * Electrical Terminology * Units Of Electrical Measurement * Methods Of Producing Voltage (Electricity) * Magnetism * Magnetic Circuits * Electrical Symbols * DC Sources * DC Circuit Terminology * Basic DC Circuit Calculations * Voltage Polarity And Current Direction * Kirchhoff's Laws * DC Circuit Analysis * DC Circuit Faults * Inductance * Capacitance * Battery Terminology * Battery Theory * Battery Operations * Types Of Batteries * Battery Hazards * DC Equipment Terminology * DC Equipment Construction * DC Generator Theory * DC Generator Construction * DC Motor Theory * Types Of DC Motors * DC Motor Operation * AC Generation * AC Generation Analysis * Inductance * Capacitance * Impedance * Resonance * Power Triangle * Three-Phase Circuits * AC Generator Components * AC Generator Theory * AC Generator Operation * Voltage Regulators * AC Motor Theory * AC Motor Types * Transformer Theory * Transformer Types * Meter Movements * Voltmeters * Ammeters * Ohm Meters * Wattmeters * Other Electrical Measuring Devices * Test Equipment * System Components And Protection Devices * Circuit Breakers * Motor Controllers * Wiring Schemes And Grounding THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FUNDAMENTALS. The Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow Fundamentals Handbook includes information on thermodynamics and the properties of fluids; the three modes of heat transfer - conduction, convection, and radiation; and fluid flow, and the energy relationships in fluid systems. * Thermodynamic Properties * Temperature And Pressure Measurements * Energy, Work, And Heat * Thermodynamic Systems And Processes * Change Of Phase * Property Diagrams And Steam Tables * First Law Of Thermodynamics * Second Law Of Thermodynamics * Compression Processes * Heat Transfer Terminology * Conduction Heat Transfer * Convection Heat Transfer * Radiant Heat Transfer * Heat Exchangers * Boiling Heat Transfer * Heat Generation * Decay Heat * Continuity Equation * Laminar And Turbulent Flow * Bernoulli's Equation * Head Loss * Natural Circulation * Two-Phase Fluid Flow * Centrifugal Pumps INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL. The Instrumentation and Control Fundamentals Handbook includes information on temperature, pressure, flow, and level detection systems; position indication systems; process control systems; and radiation detection principles. * Resistance Temperature Detectors (Rtds) * Thermocouples * Functional Uses Of Temperature Detectors * Temperature Detection Circuitry * Pressure Detectors * Pressure Detector Functional Uses * Pressure Detection Circuitry * Level Detectors * Density Compensation * Level Detection Circuitry * Head Flow Meters * Other Flow Meters * Steam Flow Detection * Flow Circuitry * Synchro Equipment * Switches * Variable Output Devices * Position Indication Circuitry * Radiation Detection Terminology * Radiation Types * Gas-Filled Detector * Detector Voltage * Proportional Counter * Proportional Counter Circuitry * Ionization Chamber * Compensated Ion Chamber * Electroscope Ionization Chamber * Geiger-Müller Detector * Scintillation Counter * Gamma Spectroscopy * Miscellaneous Detectors * Circuitry And Circuit Elements * Source Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Intermediate Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Power Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Principles Of Control Systems * Control Loop Diagrams * Two Position Control Systems * Proportional Control Systems * Reset (Integral) Control Systems * Proportional Plus Reset Control Systems * Proportional Plus Rate Control Systems * Proportional-Integral-Derivative Control Systems * Controllers * Valve Actuators MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Fundamentals Handbook includes a review of introductory mathematics and the concepts and functional use of algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Word problems, equations, calculations, and practical exercises that require the use of each of the mathematical concepts are also presented. * Calculator Operations * Four Basic Arithmetic Operations * Averages * Fractions * Decimals * Signed Numbers * Significant Digits * Percentages * Exponents * Scientific Notation * Radicals * Algebraic Laws * Linear Equations * Quadratic Equations * Simultaneous Equations * Word Problems * Graphing * Slopes * Interpolation And Extrapolation * Basic Concepts Of Geometry * Shapes And Figures Of Plane Geometry * Solid Geometric Figures * Pythagorean Theorem * Trigonometric Functions * Radians * Statistics * Imaginary And Complex Numbers * Matrices And Determinants * Calculus CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Handbook includes information on the atomic structure of matter; chemical bonding; chemical equations; chemical interactions involved with corrosion processes; water chemistry control, including the principles of water treatment; the hazards of chemicals and gases, and basic gaseous diffusion processes. * Characteristics Of Atoms * The Periodic Table * Chemical Bonding * Chemical Equations * Acids, Bases, Salts, And Ph * Converters * Corrosion Theory * General Corrosion * Crud And Galvanic Corrosion * Specialized Corrosion * Effects Of Radiation On Water Chemistry (Synthesis) * Chemistry Parameters * Purpose Of Water Treatment * Water Treatment Processes * Dissolved Gases, Suspended Solids, And Ph Control * Water Purity * Corrosives (Acids And Alkalies) * Toxic Compound * Compressed Gases * Flammable And Combustible Liquids ENGINEERING SYMBIOLOGY. The Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings Handbook includes information on engineering fluid drawings and prints; piping and instrument drawings; major symbols and conventions; electronic diagrams and schematics; logic circuits and diagrams; and fabrication, construction, and architectural drawings. * Introduction To Print Reading * Introduction To The Types Of Drawings, Views, And Perspectives * Engineering Fluids Diagrams And Prints * Reading Engineering P&Ids * P&Id Print Reading Example * Fluid Power P&Ids * Electrical Diagrams And Schematics * Electrical Wiring And Schematic Diagram Reading Examples * Electronic Diagrams And Schematics * Examples * Engineering Logic Diagrams * Truth Tables And Exercises * Engineering Fabrication, Construction, And Architectural Drawings * Engineering Fabrication, Construction, And Architectural Drawing, Examples MATERIAL SCIENCE. The Material Science Handbook includes information on the structure and properties of metals, stress mechanisms in metals, failure modes, and the characteristics of metals that are commonly used in DOE nuclear facilities. * Bonding * Common Lattice Types * Grain Structure And Boundary * Polymorphism * Alloys * Imperfections In Metals * Stress * Strain * Young's Modulus * Stress-Strain Relationship * Physical Properties * Working Of Metals * Corrosion * Hydrogen Embrittlement * Tritium/Material Compatibility * Thermal Stress * Pressurized Thermal Shock * Brittle Fracture Mechanism * Minimum Pressurization-Temperature Curves * Heatup And Cooldown Rate Limits * Properties Considered * When Selecting Materials * Fuel Materials * Cladding And Reflectors * Control Materials * Shielding Materials * Nuclear Reactor Core Problems * Plant Material Problems * Atomic Displacement Due To Irradiation * Thermal And Displacement Spikes * Due To Irradiation * Effect Due To Neutron Capture * Radiation Effects In Organic Compounds * Reactor Use Of Aluminum MECHANICAL SCIENCE. The Mechanical Science Handbook includes information on diesel engines, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, and miscellaneous mechanical components. * Diesel Engines * Fundamentals Of The Diesel Cycle * Diesel Engine Speed, Fuel Controls, And Protection * Types Of Heat Exchangers * Heat Exchanger Applications * Centrifugal Pumps * Centrifugal Pump Operation * Positive Displacement Pumps * Valve Functions And Basic Parts * Types Of Valves * Valve Actuators * Air Compressors * Hydraulics * Boilers * Cooling Towers * Demineralizers * Pressurizers * Steam Traps * Filters And Strainers NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY. The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. * Atomic Nature Of Matter * Chart Of The Nuclides * Mass Defect And Binding Energy * Modes Of Radioactive Decay * Radioactivity * Neutron Interactions * Nuclear Fission * Energy Release From Fission * Interaction Of Radiation With Matter * Neutron Sources * Nuclear Cross Sections And Neutron Flux * Reaction Rates * Neutron Moderation * Prompt And Delayed Neutrons * Neutron Flux Spectrum * Neutron Life Cycle * Reactivity * Reactivity Coefficients * Neutron Poisons * Xenon * Samarium And Other Fission Product Poisons * Control Rods * Subcritical Multiplication * Reactor Kinetics * Reactor

Lawyers Desk Reference

Regulatory Requirements for Hazardous Materials — Somendur Majumdar - McGraw - Hill , 1993. 688 pp . ... Material Recovery Facility Design Manual . ... Standard Handbook for Solid and Hazardous Waste Facility Assessments . M.N. Sara .

Lawyers Desk Reference


EPA National Publications Catalog

... HISTORY Source : NSCEP NTIS Number : PB95-154878 600R95107 LIFE CYCLE DESIGN FRAMEWORK AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS ... OF MATERIAL RECOVERY FACILITIES Source : NSCEP NTIS Number : PB96-130489 600R94038C QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR ...

EPA National Publications Catalog


Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

Liquid crystal displays (LCDs), 232e233, 237, 245, 327e328, 657 barriers to recycling, 334e335 composition and ... LCD recycling facility, 340f removal of CCFL in metal carrier, 337f Manual dismantling process, 318 Manual separation and ...

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook, Second Edition, is a one-stop reference on current electronic waste legislation initiatives, their impact, and the latest technological considerations for reducing electronic waste (e-waste) and increasing the efficiency of materials recovery. It also provides a wide-range of global and corporate examples and perspectives on the challenges that face specific regions and companies, along with the solutions they are implementing in managing e-waste, offering further insights on how discarded products can be treated. Sections introduce the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE and discuss technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Further sections focus on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers, explore sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, discuss national and regional WEEE management schemes, and more. Addresses the latest challenges and opportunities for electronic waste (e-waste) management, including e-waste collection models, circular economy implications, rare earth metal recovery, and much more Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems

The National Bureau of Standards Office of Recycled Materials 1976 1982

Office of Recycled Materials. The degree of regional detail is another ... The manual for the BIE model is entitled An Economic Analysis of Resource Recovery Facilities and Waste Newspaper Recycling and is included as Appendix XI .

The National Bureau of Standards Office of Recycled Materials  1976 1982


Planning and Urban Design Standards

Land application (compost), 322 Land-Based Classification Standards (LBCS), 7, 704–711 Land conservation, 110, 632 Land cover ... 187 Mass wasting, 151 Master plans, 6, 287 Master sign programs, 362 Material recovery facilities (MRFs), ...

Planning and Urban Design Standards

From the publishers of Architectural Graphic Standards, this book, created under the auspices of The American Planning Association, is the most comprehensive reference book on urban planning, design, and development available today. Contributions from more than two hundred renowned professionals provide rules of thumb and best practices for mitigating such environmental impacts as noise, traffic, aesthetics, preservation of green space and wildlife, water quality, and more. You get in-depth information on the tools and techniques used to achieve planning and design outcomes, including economic analysis, mapping, visualization, legal foundations, and real estate developments. Thousands of illustrations, examples of custom work by today?s leading planners, and insider information make this work the new standard in the field. Order your copy today.

Plant Biomass Conversion

One proven approach to preparing a mixed solid waste stream involves design and construction of a mixed waste material recovery facility (MRF). Mixed waste MRFs—sometimes referred to as a mixed waste processing (MWP) plants or, ...

Plant Biomass Conversion

A whole host of motivations are driving the development of the “renewables” industry— ranging from the desire to develop sustainable energy resources to the reduction of dangerous greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. All energy utilized on the earth is ultimately derived from the sun through photosynthesis—the only truly renewable commodity. As concerns regarding increasing energy prices, global warming and renewable resources continue to grow, so has scientific discovery into agricultural biomass conversion. Plant Biomass Conversion addresses both the development of plant biomass and conversion technology, in addition to issues surrounding biomass conversion, such as the affect on water resources and soil sustainability. This book also offers a brief overview of the current status of the industry and examples of production plants being used in current biomass conversion efforts.

Proceedings of National Waste Processing Conference

TIME AND MOTION ANALYSES OF MANUAL SORTING PROCEDURES AT MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITIES MICHAEL D. JONES RRT Design & Construction Corporation Melville , New York | HDPE ( natural ) PET HDPE ( colored ). ABSTRACT In an effort to analyze ...

Proceedings of     National Waste Processing Conference


Concept Design and Optimization of Msw Management System

The maximum recovery of recyclables from municipal solid waste (MSW) using material recovery facility (MRF) technologies is determined.

Concept Design and Optimization of Msw Management System

The maximum recovery of recyclables from municipal solid waste (MSW) using material recovery facility (MRF) technologies is determined. Two waste streams at Spangdahlem AB, Germany are analyzed; stationary container wastes and commingled recyclables. Three schemes are considered, one for each waste stream, and one for both. Multi-criteria decision making is the methodology. The criteria are recovery and annual benefit minus cost (B-C). Recovery is determined using the recovery factor transfer function of Diaz et al. (1982). Each technology, or unit operation, in a sequence is independent because particle size distribution of each waste component is considered. B-C is based on revenue from sold recyclables, tipping fees saved by not landfilling separated waste, and manual labor and amortized equipment costs. Six unit operations are considered: eddy current separator (ECS), magnet, air classifier, screen, manual sort, and shredder. Sequences one to six operations long are considered. Three heuristics eliminate 42,179 of 55,986 potential sequences as infeasible. The result is domination by a MRF to process both wastes and a tradeoff between 35.7% recovery of the total at an annual B-C of $0.95 million and recovery of 35.6% at an annual B-C of $1.02 million. Hand sort recovers the most, and is economical.