Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers

This volume represents a continuation of the Polymer Science and Technology series edited by Dr. D. M. Brewis and Professor D. Briggs.

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers

This volume represents a continuation of the Polymer Science and Technology series edited by Dr. D. M. Brewis and Professor D. Briggs. The theme of the series is the production of a number of stand alone volumes on various areas of polymer science and technology. Each volume contains short articles by a variety of expert contributors outlining a particular topic and these articles are extensively cross referenced. References to related topics included in the volume are indicated by bold text in the articles, the bold text being the title of the relevant article. At the end of each article there is a list of bibliographic references where interested readers can obtain further detailed information on the subject of the article. This volume was produced at the invitation of Derek Brewis who asked me to edit a text which concentrated on the mechanical properties of polymers. There are already many excellent books on the mechanical properties of polymers, and a somewhat lesser number of volumes dealing with methods of carrying out mechanical tests on polymers. Some of these books are listed in Appendix 1. In this volume I have attempted to cover basic mechanical properties and test methods as well as the theory of polymer mechanical deformation and hope that the reader will find the approach useful.

Physical Testing of Plastics

This book discusses the physical rather than the chemical examination of the properties of polymers on the basis of the type of equipment used, examples of the applications of these techniques are given.

Physical Testing of Plastics

This book discusses the physical rather than the chemical examination of the properties of polymers on the basis of the type of equipment used, examples of the applications of these techniques are given. Techniques examined include thermal analysis (thermogravimetric analysis and evolved gas analysis), dynamic mechanical analysis and thermomechanical analysis, dielectric thermal analysis, ESR, MALDI, luminescence testing, photocalorimetry testing and the full range of equipment for mechanical, thermal, electrical, rheological, particle size, molecular weight.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

This book concentrates on one area of testing - short-term mechanical tests. These are defined as tests of mechanical properties where the effects of long periods of time and cycling are ignored.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

Knowledge of the properties of plastics is essential for designing products, specifying the material to be used, carrying out quality control on finished products, failure analysis and for understanding the structure and behaviour of new materials. Each class of materials has its own specific test procedures, which have developed as the material has evolved. This book concentrates on one area of testing - short-term mechanical tests. These are defined as tests of mechanical properties where the effects of long periods of time and cycling are ignored. This group of tests includes hardness, tensile, compression, shear, flexing, impact and tear and in this book it is also taken to include density and dimensional measurement together with test piece preparation and conditioning. This book will be useful to all those who are already involved in the testing of polymers and it is an ideal guide to those just starting out in the field, whether in academia or industry.

Polymer Testing

Included in this edition is essential information about damage processes and deformation mechanisms that can be discovered with the help of coupled non-destructive polymer testing methods and hybrid methods of polymer diagnostics, ...

Polymer Testing

Rapid growth and development in plastics production and application created a demand for meaningful measuring and analysis methods in polymer testing. Advances in electronic measuring techniques led to further developments in classic testing methods as well as to completely new methods, for which the first edition of Polymer Testing was written. Considerable advances in the evaluation of structure-property correlations and standardization have taken place since the first edition of Polymer Testing, so the book has been comprehensively revised. This updated edition covers the latest developments in the field, including amendments to the most important polymer testing standards. Included in this edition is essential information about damage processes and deformation mechanisms that can be discovered with the help of coupled non-destructive polymer testing methods and hybrid methods of polymer diagnostics, respectively. Numerous examples for the optimization of polymers and their composites and the assessment of component properties provide a material science focused insight into modern polymer testing. Contents: Preparation of Specimens Determining Process-Related Properties Mechanical Properties of Polymers Fracture Toughness Measurements in Engineering Plastics Testing of Physical Properties Evaluating Environmental Stress Cracking Resistance Non-Destructive Polymer Testing Hybrid Methods of Polymer Diagnostics Testing of Composite Materials Technological Testing Methods Testing of Microcomponents

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites Second Edition

This text, now in its second edition, offers an up-to-date, expanded treatment of the behaviour of polymers with regard to material variables and test and use conditions.

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites  Second Edition

This text, now in its second edition, offers an up-to-date, expanded treatment of the behaviour of polymers with regard to material variables and test and use conditions. It highlights general principles, useful empirical rules and practical equations.;Detailing the specific behaviour of many common polymers, the text: places emphasis on time and frequency dependence over temperature dependence; uses contemporary molecular mechanisms to explain creep, stress relaxation, constant strain rate responses and crazing; provides explicit equations to predict responses; supplies a discussion of large deformation multiaxial responses; compares statistical and continuum theories on the same data set; and updates stress-strain behaviour and particulate filled systems.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

The Handbook of Polymer Testing: Physical Methods provides virtually currently used techniques for measuring and testing the physical properties of polymers.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

The Handbook of Polymer Testing: Physical Methods provides virtually currently used techniques for measuring and testing the physical properties of polymers. A concise but detailed technical guide to the physical testing methods of synthetic polymers in plastics, rubbers, cellular materials, textiles, coated fabrics, and composites, the book analyses a wide array of physical parameters and features complete coverage of mechanical, optical, and electrical, and thermal properties. Topics of interest include sample preparation, time-dependent properties, coated fabrics, weathering, permeability, and nondestructive testing.

Methods of Testing Plastics Mechanical Properties Determination of Tensile Strength and Elongation at Break of Polytetrafluoroethylene Ptfe Products

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Polymers, Tensile testing, Mechanical testing, Elongation at fracture, Moulded materials, Bars (materials), Pipes, Sheet materials, Tape, Test specimens, Test equipment, ...

Methods of Testing Plastics  Mechanical Properties  Determination of Tensile Strength and Elongation at Break of Polytetrafluoroethylene  Ptfe  Products

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Polymers, Tensile testing, Mechanical testing, Elongation at fracture, Moulded materials, Bars (materials), Pipes, Sheet materials, Tape, Test specimens, Test equipment, Marking, Specimen preparation, Testing conditions

Plastics Determination of Dynamic Mechanical Properties General Principles

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polymers, Mechanical testing, Mechanical properties of materials, Dynamic testing, Deformation, Tensile testing, Bend testing, Stress analysis, Strain measurement

Plastics  Determination of Dynamic Mechanical Properties  General Principles

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polymers, Mechanical testing, Mechanical properties of materials, Dynamic testing, Deformation, Tensile testing, Bend testing, Stress analysis, Strain measurement

Mechanical Properties of Polymers Measured through AFM Force Distance Curves

This Springer Laboratory volume is a practical guide for scientists and students dealing with the measurement of mechanical properties of polymers at the nanoscale through AFM force-distance curves.

Mechanical Properties of Polymers Measured through AFM Force Distance Curves

This Springer Laboratory volume is a practical guide for scientists and students dealing with the measurement of mechanical properties of polymers at the nanoscale through AFM force-distance curves. In the first part of the book the reader will find a theoretical introduction about atomic force microscopy, focused on force-distance curves, and mechanical properties of polymers. The discussion of several practical issues concerning the acquisition and the interpretation of force-distance curves will help scientists starting to employ this technique. The second part of the book deals with the practical measurement of mechanical properties of polymers by means of AFM force-distance curves. Several "hands-on" examples are illustrated in a very detailed manner, with particular attention to the sample preparation, data analysis, and typical artefacts. This section gives a complete overview about the qualitative characterization and quantitative determination of the mechanical properties of homogeneous polymer samples, polymer brushes, polymer thin films, confined polymer samples, model blends and microstructured polymer blends through AFM force-distance curves. The book also introduces to new approaches and measurement techniques, like creep compliance and force modulation measurements, pointing out approximations, limitations and issues requiring further confirmation.

Food Packaging Materials

This book is arguably the first one focusing on packaging material testing and quality assurance.

Food Packaging Materials

This book is arguably the first one focusing on packaging material testing and quality assurance. Food Packaging Materials: Testing & Quality Assurance provides information to help food scientists, polymer chemists, and packaging technologists find practical solutions to packaging defects and to develop innovative packaging materials for food products. Knowledge of packaging material testing procedures is extremely useful in the development of new packaging materials. Unique among books on packaging, this reference focuses on basic and practical approaches for testing packaging materials. A variety of packaging materials and technologies are being used, with glass, paper, metal, and plastics as the most important groups of materials. Material properties such as mechanical and other physical properties, permeability, sealing, and migration of substances upon food contact are determining factors for food quality, shelf life, and food safety. Therefore, food packaging materials have to be tested to ensure that they have correct properties in terms of permeability for gases, water vapor, and contaminants; of mechanical and other physical properties; and of the thickness of main components and coating layers. This book has been designed to shed light on food packaging material testing in view of packaging integrity, shelf life of products, and conformity with current regulations. This comprehensive book, written by a team of specialists in the specific areas of food packaging, package testing, and food contact regulations, deals with the problems in a series of well-defined chapters. It covers the relations between packaging properties and shelf life of products and describes testing methods for plastics, metal, glass, and paper, including the areas of vibration, permeation, and migration tests. It will be of benefit for students, scientists, and professionals in the area of food packaging.

Tensile Testing 2nd Edition

CHAPTER 8 Tensile Testing of Plastics ENGINEERING PLASTICS are either ... dynamic mechanical properties of plastics Dynamic mechanical measurements on ...

Tensile Testing  2nd Edition


Methods of Testing Plastics Mechanical Properties Determination of Softness Number of Flexible Plastics Materials

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polymers, Flexible materials, Mechanical testing, Hardness testing, Testing conditions, Test equipment, Test specimens

Methods of Testing Plastics  Mechanical Properties  Determination of Softness Number of Flexible Plastics Materials

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polymers, Flexible materials, Mechanical testing, Hardness testing, Testing conditions, Test equipment, Test specimens

Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers

Impact testing of polymers is thus a subject of some importance and is extensively employed although many of the results obtained are of an empirical and ...

Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers

Providing an updated and comprehensive account of the propertiesof solid polymers, the book covers all aspects of mechanicalbehaviour. This includes finite elastic behavior, linearviscoelasticity and mechanical relaxations, mechanical anisotropy,non-linear viscoelasicity, yield behavior and fracture. New to thisedition is coverage of polymer nanocomposites, and molecularinterpretations of yield, e.g. Bowden, Young, and Argon. The book begins by focusing on the structure of polymers,including their chemical composition and physical structure. It goes on to discuss the mechanical properties and behaviour ofpolymers, the statistical molecular theories of the rubber-likestate and describes aspects of linear viscoelastic behaviour, itsmeasurement, and experimental studies. Later chapters cover composites and experimental behaviour,relaxation transitions, stress and yielding. The book concludeswith a discussion of breaking phenomena.

Plastics Determination of Dynamic Mechanical Properties Tensile Vibration Non Resonance Method

Tensile testing, Test equipment, Mathematical calculations, Mechanical testing, Plastics and rubber technology, Polymers, Vibration testing, Mechanical properties of materials, Plastics, Dynamic testing, Test specimens

Plastics  Determination of Dynamic Mechanical Properties  Tensile Vibration  Non Resonance Method

Plastics and rubber technology, Plastics, Polymers, Mechanical testing, Mechanical properties of materials, Dynamic testing, Tensile testing, Vibration testing, Test equipment, Test specimens, Mathematical calculations

Practical Testing and Evaluation of Plastics

This is followed by a comprehensive treatment of the individual, relevant test areas for the characterization and qualification of plastics and plastic molded parts made from them, with descriptions of the corresponding, practical test ...

Practical Testing and Evaluation of Plastics

Filling a need, this ready reference brings together the hard-to-get and recently acquired knowledge usually only found scattered in the original literature. Following an introduction to plastics as a class of engineering materials and an overview of their properties, the book comprehensively covers the characterization and quality control of manufactured plastic components, including an exhaustive treatment of the possible flaws of plastics inadvertently introduced during manufacturing along with viable solutions to prevent these faults. The second part is concerned with the testing of the resulting end products by various physical and chemical methods on the nano-, meso- and macroscale. An appendix with thermoanalytic data and international standards for the most commonly used polymers in plastics engineering rounds off the text. Written by experienced academics and industrial researchers and developers who intimately know the problems faced by plastics engineers in their daily work - as well as the solutions - this book provides first-hand practical knowledge and in-depth discussions for industrial chemists and materials scientists alike.

Standard Test Method for Plastics

Standard Test Method for Plastics


Mechanical Properties of Materials

A second aim of the book is to guide students in their laboratory experiments by helping them to understand their observations in parallel with the lectures of their various courses; therefore the first chapter of the book is devoted to ...

Mechanical Properties of Materials

The subject of mechanical behavior has been in the front line of basic studies in engineering curricula for many years. This textbook was written for engineering students with the aim of presenting, in a relatively simple manner, the basic concepts of mechanical behavior in solid materials. A second aim of the book is to guide students in their laboratory experiments by helping them to understand their observations in parallel with the lectures of their various courses; therefore the first chapter of the book is devoted to mechanical testing. Another aim of the book is to provide practicing engineers with basic help to bridge the gap of time that has passed from their graduation up to their actual involvement in engineering work. The book also serves as the basis for more advanced studies and seminars when pursuing courses on a graduate level. The content of this textbook and the topics discussed correspond to courses that are usually taught in universities and colleges all over the world, but with a different and more modern approach. It is however unique by the inclusion of an extensive chapter on mechanical behavior in the micron and submicron/nanometer range. Mechanical deformation phenomena are explained and often related to the presence of dislocations in structures. Many practical illustrations are provided representing various observations encountered in actual structures of particularly technical significance. A comprehensive list of references at the end of each chapter is included to provide a broad basis for further studying the subject.