Temperamental Diagnostics and Biochemistry in Suicide Attempters

Paykel and Rassaby ( 1978 ) included variables concerning previous suicidal behaviour , mental state , age and gender in their clustering procedure . They identified three subgroups , one group with patients taking overdoses with low ...

Temperamental Diagnostics and Biochemistry in Suicide Attempters


Socio economic and Psychological Causes of Suicide in Jheneidah District

... 32 , 44 , Pregnancy through illegal sex rela67 tion 28 Individualism 6 Provention of suicide 9 , 61 Insane 5 , 41 Psychiatric social workers 61 Insanity 40 Psychiatrists 61 , 62 , 64 , 68 Introvertive trait 3 Psychological treatment ...

Socio economic and Psychological Causes of Suicide in Jheneidah District

This book is the outcome of a field study of 162 suicide cases conducted in two suicide prone Upazilas of Jheneidah District in Bangladesh. The adolescent females and males were found to be the most suicide prone. The major factors that drive the victims to commit suicide were found to be bad relationship between husbands and wives, family quarrels, poverty, suffering from chronic and incurable diseases, etc. In Jheneidah the majority of the suicide victims were young housewives between 16–25 years of age. Unmet dowry demands, the desire of husband to marry for the second time and family quarrels led to torture of young housewives by their husbands and in-laws specially mother-in-laws. Illiteracy, poverty and total economic dependence on husbands or parents appeared to be the major contributory factors behind these suicide cases. It is suggested that the laws against polygamy and dowry system should be strictly enforced and special legal aid should be provided to help the parents of suicide victims. The book also discusses the socio-economic and psychological conditions of suicide victims, the factors which compelled them to commit suicide, methods of committing suicide and the months, timing and place of suicide. A brief description of 19 suicide cases has been given in the book. Some measures for reducing and preventing the incidence of suicide have also been suggested.

The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Attempted and Completed Suicide

42) Joiner cited as a theoretical background to build the IPT-ACS ( e.g., Beck, 1976; Shneidman, 1996) agree that mental disorders play a key role in the rate of suicide attempts and completed suicide (see also Ellis, 2007; Heeringen, ...

The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Attempted and Completed Suicide

The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Attempted and Completed Suicide was published by Professor Thomas Joiner in 2005. This book is a critique of this theory with emphasis on whether or not it is a new theory of suicide, omissions in the literature Dr. Joiner reviewed to formulate the theory, the theory monumental task to explain the deaths of certain victims of 9/11 as suicides rather than homicides resulting from the al-Qaida terrorists attacks, violations of fundamental assumptions in qualitative and quantitative studies supporting the main tenet of the theory, and the problem of empirically testing core assumptions in the theory.

Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

table 96.3 Healthcare suicide prevention strategies and recommendations for implementation during the COVID- 19 pandemic Effect during COVID- 19 Pandemic • Increased pressure on the healthcare system, adequate care of mental disorders ...

Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Approximately 1 million people commit suicide world-wide annually and around 10 million attempt suicide each year. Suicide is a major public health problem throughout the world, and major efforts are currently being made to help reduce these numbers. However, suicide is the result of complex interactions between a range of factors, including historical, psychological, cultural, biological, and social, and any approach to treating the problem of suicide has to consider all these factors. This new edition of the Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention has been thoroughly updated and expanded since publication of the first edition in 2009. This comprehensive resource covers all aspects of suicidal behaviour and suicide prevention from a number of different perspectives, including its underlying religious and cultural factors; its political, social and economic causes; its psychiatric and somatic determinants; and its public health impacts. The new edition includes several new clinically focussed chapters devoted to major psychiatric disorders and their relation to suicide, including mood and anxiety disorders, substance abuse, psychosis/schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, and personality disorders. It also includes a fully updated section on psychometric scales used for measuring suicidal behaviour and instruments used in suicide preventative interventions. Part of the authoritative Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry series, this second edition will continue to serve as the key reference source for both researchers and professionals working in the areas of suicidology and suicide prevention, including psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, public health specialists, and neuroscientists.

Preventing Suicide

Quite rightly, Saving Lives: Our Healthier Nation puts an emphasis on better mental health promotion as being a mainstay in reducing both the incidence of mental illness and the suicide rate. The first of two new National Service ...

Preventing Suicide

The book looks at secondary suicide prevention (treatment for those thinking about suicide or who are actively suicidal) and is very practically focused. The first chapter reviews the prevention literature and discusses the healthier nation targets. The second chapter outlines solution focused brief therapy and presents the evidence base for this approach. Chapters 3 and 4 focus on risk assessment, management and medication. Chapter 5 presents an in-depth case study and the final chapter presents five shorter case studies. The appendices contain examples of exercises that can be given to clients.

The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention

elucidate promising methods in suicide prevention. We describe alternative explanatory models of the relationship between mental disorders and suicide and their implications for prevention activities. We suggest that understanding why ...

The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention

The International Handbook of Suicide Prevention, 2nd Edition, presents a series of readings that consider the individual and societal factors that lead to suicide, it addresses ways these factors may be mitigated, and presents the most up-to-date evidence for effective suicide prevention approaches. An updated reference that shows why effective suicide prevention can only be achieved by understanding the many reasons why people choose to end their lives Gathers together contributions from more than 100 of the world’s leading authorities on suicidal behavior—many of them new to this edition Considers suicide from epidemiological, psychological, clinical, sociological, and neurobiological perspectives, providing a holistic understanding of the subject Describes the most up-to-date, evidence-based research and practice from across the globe, and explores its implications across countries, cultures, and the lifespan

Preventive Strategies on Suicide

Essentially , the Community Mental Health Center would serve as the focal point for contact with all suicide - related services , regardless of whether the services are educational , informational , or clinical .

Preventive Strategies on Suicide

This volume, produced under the supervision and auspices of the World Health Organization, for the first time brings together information on epidemiological, clinical and preventive-intervention aspects regarding suicide that has global significance and applicability. After a detailed description of the epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behaviour on an international scale, a large part of the book is devoted to the 'how-to's' of developing and organizing suicide prevention programs and services in different national and cultural settings, both at the clinical as well as the community level. In addition, a wealth of practical information for health care workers and volunteers is provided on how to evaluate and deal with acute suicide risk. Examples of successfull preventive intervention programs and projects, both from developed as well as from developing countries are provided. Also legal and ethical problems involved in suicide prevention are discussed. Finally, both cultural and biological aspects of suicidal behaviour, as well as their clinical-practical relevance, are discussed. The volume is of relevance to health care professionals and paraprofessionals, lay volunteers and their organizations, health policy makers and all those involved or interested in suicide and its prevention.

Alternatives to Suicide

factor in the relationship between mental preparation and suicide ideation and intent using moderation analyses. First, we tested if zest for life (Time 1) moderated the relationship between the mental preparation facet of acquired ...

Alternatives to Suicide

Alternatives to Suicide: Beyond Risk and Toward a Life Worth Living demonstrates how fostering resilience and a desire for life can broaden and advance an understanding of suicide. The book summarizes the existing literature and outlines a new focus on the dynamic interplay of risk and resilience that leads to a life-focus approach to suicide prevention. It calls for a treatment approach that enhances the opportunity to collaboratively engage clients in discussion about their lives. Providing a new perspective on how to approach suicide prevention, the book also lays out key theories on resilience and the interplay of risk and protective factors. Finally, the book outlines how emerging technologies and advances in data-analytic sophistication using real-time monitoring of suicide dynamics are ushering the field of suicide research and prevention into a new and exciting era. Focuses on what attenuates the transition from thinking about suicide to attempting it Calls for a life-focus treatment approach as opposed to risk-aversion intervention techniques Demonstrates how fostering resilience can advance our understanding of pathways to suicide Discusses emerging technologies being used in current suicide research and prevention Outlines the differences between risk factors and risk correlates Covers real-time assessment of dynamic suicide risk

Mental Health Information for Teens

Health Tips about Mental Health and Mental Illness : Including Facts about Anxiety, Depression, Suicide, Eating Disorders, Obsessive-compulsive Disorders, Panic Attacks, Phobias, Schizophrenia, and More Karen Bellenir.

Mental Health Information for Teens

Describes the mental health concerns of teenagers, covering such topics as self-esteem, peer pressure, common types of mental illnesses, suicide, and treatment options.

Suicide

Typically, they find that more than 90 percent of suicides are associated with mental illness. ... research at the National Suicide Research Foundation in Ireland, caution against downplaying the link between mental illness and suicide.

Suicide

When is it okay for a person to kill themself? How have ideas about this changed over time, and how do they differ across cultures? How do Ireland's suicide rates, especially among its young men, compare to rates in other countries in Europe and beyond? Are we obsessed today with the idea of suicide? Is it possible to prevent suicide - and, if so, how? Should we try to prevent all suicides, or are there some that we should allow, regulate, even assist? Might some suicides be rational? How are families affected by suicide? What can they do if a family member is suicidal? How can they cope after a suicide? Are doctors able to identify which pregnant women are at high risk of killing themselves? Would allowing these women to have abortions make them less likely to kill themselves? In this wide-ranging review and analysis of historical and scientific research on the topic of suicide, authors Derek Beattie and Dr Patrick Devitt take an unflinching and often chillingly rational look at these questions and many others.

Understanding Suicide s Allure Steps to Save Lives by Healing Psychological Scars

Mental. Health. Pop music and movie icon Lady Gaga was repeatedly raped by an acquaintance at the age of nineteen, ... In 2017, she survived a suicide bomber's attack during her concert in Manchester Arena, England, which killed two ...

Understanding Suicide s Allure  Steps to Save Lives by Healing Psychological Scars

This book explains why suicide can be alluring to a person aiming to stop his or her traumatic pain—whether its source is bullying, sexual assault, war combat, or other PTSD-invoking events—and details approaches that can prevent suicide. Suicide has been a taboo topic in Western culture. The mere mention of suicide sparks reactive responses that include medical, moral, spiritual, and religious debates. As a result, the authors open an important discussion here, offering an honest and non-judgmental examination of the many aspects involved in the nature of suicide, explaining that above all, people need to learn how to support those struggling with suicidal thoughts or to intercept their own suicidal thinking. The book also includes an extensive review and evaluation of the many available mental health treatments. Special consideration is given to military suicides. U.S. soldier suicides exceed one per day and continue to rise in all military branches, while veteran suicide rates are even higher, averaging 17 per day. Communities, families, veterans, and service members are in need of tools and insights for coping with, navigating, and exposing the suicidal attitudes affecting many current and former members of the military. Incorporates academic research, media coverage, and the authors' personal experiences Includes topics associated with forms of suicide not widely addressed in other books, including evolutionary psychology, traumatic brain injury, prescription drug side-effects, and shamanism Addresses suicide in the general population as well as within the cadre of some of the nation's newest veterans—those who served in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars

A Positive Psychological Approach to Suicide

Considering race and ethnicity in the use of positive psychological approaches to suicide. The Six R’s framework as mindfulness for suicide prevention. Community-based participatory research and empowerment for suicide prevention.

A Positive Psychological Approach to Suicide

This inspiring resource presents theories, findings, and interventions from Positive Suicidology, an emerging strengths-based approach to suicide prevention. Its synthesis of positive psychology and suicidology theories offers a science-based framework for promoting wellbeing to complement or, if appropriate, replace traditional deficit-driven theories and therapies used in reducing suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Coverage reviews interpersonal, intrapersonal, and societal risk factors for suicide, and identifies protective factors, such as hope and resilience, that can be enhanced in therapy. From there, chapters detail a palette of approaches and applications of Positive Suicidology, from the powerful motivating forces described in Self-Determination Theory to meaning-building physical and social activities. Among the topics covered: Future-oriented constructs and their role in suicidal ideation and enactment. Gratitude as a protective factor for suicidal ideation and behavior: theory and evidence. Considering race and ethnicity in the use of positive psychological approaches to suicide. The Six R’s framework as mindfulness for suicide prevention. Community-based participatory research and empowerment for suicide prevention. Applied resiliency and suicide prevention: a strengths-based, risk-reduction framework. Psychotherapists, counselors, social workers, psychiatrists, and health psychologists, as well as educators, clergy and healthcare professionals, will find A Positive Psychological Approach to Suicide an invaluable source of contemporary evidence-based strategies for their prevention and intervention efforts with suicidal clients.

Preventing and Responding to Student Suicide

JED (2019b) The Crisis in College and University Mental Health. New York: The Jed Foundation. Knox, K.L., Conwell, Y. and Caine, E.D. (2004) If suicide is a public health problem, what are we doing to prevent it?

Preventing and Responding to Student Suicide

This practical book covers issues related to suicide risk, prevention and postvention in Higher and Further Education communities. Compiled by 37 experts, it is an authoritative guide to an issue that is causing increasingly large concern for FE and HE institutions and covers multiple evidence-backed approaches with a pragmatic focus. It is the first that specifically deals with student suicide in FE Colleges and universities, encouraging a holistic, institutional response. Chapters are split into three sections, beginning with understanding and preventing student suicide among students, followed by responses to risk, including a model for student prevention in HE settings. The book concludes with the response to student death by suicide with advice on postvention, and how to support bereaved family, staff, and students.

Rational Suicide in the Elderly

Diagnostic classifications like these provide some support for clinicians' assumptions that suicidal desire, behavior, and ideation are products of mental illness. Given the role of the DSM and ICD in clinical contexts, suicidal desire ...

Rational Suicide in the Elderly

This book provides a comprehensive view of rational suicide in the elderly, a group that has nearly twice the rate of suicide when chronically ill than any other demographic. Its frame of reference does not endorse a single point-of-view about the legitimacy of rational suicide, which is evolving across societies with little guidance for geriatric mental health professionals. Instead, it serves as a resource for both those clinicians who agree that older people may rationally commit suicide and those who believe that this wish may require further assessment and treatment. The first chapters of the book provides an overview of rational suicide in the elderly, examining it through history and across cultures also addressing the special case of baby boomers. This book takes an ethical and philosophical look at whether suicide can truly be rational and whether the nearness of death in late-life adults means that suicide should be considered differently than in younger adults. Clinical criteria for rational suicide in the elderly are proposed in this book for the first time, as well as a guidelines for the psychosocial profile of an older adult who wants to commit rational suicide. Unlike any other book, this text examines the existential, psychological, and psychodynamic perspectives. A chapter on terminal mental illness and a consideration of suicide in that context and proposed interventions even without a diagnosable mental illness also plays a vital role in this book as these are key issues in within the question of suicide among the elderly. This book is the first to consider all preventative measures, including the spiritual as well as the psychotherapeutic, and pharmacologic. A commentary on modern society, aging, and rational suicide that ties all of these elements together, making this the ultimate guide for addressing suicide among the elderly. Rational Suicide in the Elderly is an excellent resource for all medical professionals with potentially suicidal patients, including geriatricians, geriatric and general psychiatrists, geriatric nurses, social workers, and public health officials.

Queer Youth Suicide Culture and Identity

Mental Illness, Perversion and Psychiatry A second framework through which the link between sexual minorities and suicide is fashioned in popular culture is found in the location of suicide as a mental health issue.

Queer Youth Suicide  Culture and Identity

Despite increasing tolerance, legal protections against homophobia, and anti-discrimination policies throughout much of the western world, suicide attempts by queer youth remain relatively high. For over twenty years, research into queer youth suicide has debated reasons and risks, although it has also often reiterated assumptions about sexual identity and youth vulnerability. Understanding the cultural context in which suicide becomes a necessary escape from living an unliveable life is the key to queer youth suicide prevention. This book uses cultural theory to outline some of the ways in which queer youth suicide is perceived in popular culture, media and research. It highlights how the ways in which we think about queer youth suicide have changed over time and some of the benefits and limitations of current thinking on the topic. Focusing on identity, Queer Youth Suicide, Culture and Identity also investigates why queer young men continue to attempt suicide. Drawing on approaches from queer theory, cultural studies and sociology, it explores how sexual identity formation, sexual shame and discrepancies in community belonging and exclusions are implicated in the reasons why some queer youth are resilient while others are vulnerable and at risk of suicide. As such, it will appeal to scholars of sociology, media studies, queer theory and social theory with interests in youth, gender and sexuality, and suicidology.

Understanding Suicide

... Apter A (2008) Mental pain and its communication in medically serious suicide attempts: an “impossible situation”. ... Wang X (2014) Clarifying the role of psychological pain in the risks of suicidal ideation and suicidal acts among ...

Understanding Suicide

In this book international experts address a range of key current issues relating to suicide. The opening chapters discuss nosology, definitions, clinical determinants, and conceptual models of the suicide process and consider the evidence regarding potential biomarkers of suicide risk based on neuroscientific research. Adopting a neo-Durkheimian perspective, the role of various social factors in the genesis of suicidal behavior is then explored in depth. Practical user-friendly tools that facilitate risk assessment by clinicians are provided, and detailed consideration is given to efficient and innovative strategies for the prevention of suicide and the treatment of suicidal behavior, such as psychotherapy, psychopharmacological approaches, and effective organization of care, including surveillance and the use of online tools. The final part of the book focuses on the need for and development of a personalized approach within the field of suicide prevention.

Preventing Suicide

Mental health factors. A prominent factor associated with suicide is the presence of a mental health problem. In a large national survey, a mental health disorder was present in 82 percent of people with suicidal thoughts, 94.5 percent ...

Preventing Suicide

12th Annual Outreach Resource of the Year (Counseling) What is the church's role in suicide prevention? While we tend to view the work of suicide prevention as the task of professional therapists and doctors, the church can also play a vital role. Studies show that religious faith is an important factor reducing the risk of suicide. Yet many pastors, chaplains and pastoral counselors feel overwhelmed and unprepared to prevent suicides. In this practical handbook, psychologist Karen Mason equips ministry professionals to work with suicidal individuals. Integrating theology and psychology, she shows how pastoral caregivers can be agents of hope, teaching the significance of life, monitoring those at risk and intervening when they need help. Because church leaders are often present in people's lives in seasons of trouble and times of crisis, they can provide comfort in the midst of suffering and offer guidance for the future. When our church members struggle in the darkness, the darkness need not overcome them. Discover how you and your church can be proactive in caring for those at risk of self-harm.

Preventing College Student Suicide

Implications for student affairs and higher education personnel regarding suicide prevention programming are discussed. The perception that college students are coming to campus with more severe psychological concerns than in the past ...

Preventing College Student Suicide

Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among collegestudents. Further, one in ten college students has consideredsuicide in the past year. Experts have called for a comprehensive,systemic approach to campus suicide prevention that addresses bothat-risk groups and the general campus population. Since 2005, 138 colleges and universities have received fundingunder the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Act to develop and implementcampus suicide prevention programs. This volume highlightssuccessful strategies implemented by grantee campuses. Theseapproaches can serve as models to address student suicide andprevention on other campuses. This is the 141st volume of this Jossey-Bass highereducation quarterly series. An indispensable resource for vicepresidents of student affairs, deans of students, studentcounselors, and other student services professionals, NewDirections for Student Services offers guidelines andprograms for aiding students in their total development: emotional,social, physical, and intellectual.

Reducing Suicide

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS AND FAITH-BASED INTERVENTIONS When assessing risk and creating a treatment plan for suicidal individuals, as for any patient with mental illness (US DHHS, 2001), taking their cultural and spiritual views and ...

Reducing Suicide

Every year, about 30,000 people die by suicide in the U.S., and some 650,000 receive emergency treatment after a suicide attempt. Often, those most at risk are the least able to access professional help. Reducing Suicide provides a blueprint for addressing this tragic and costly problem: how we can build an appropriate infrastructure, conduct needed research, and improve our ability to recognize suicide risk and effectively intervene. Rich in data, the book also strikes an intensely personal chord, featuring compelling quotes about people’s experience with suicide. The book explores the factors that raise a person’s risk of suicide: psychological and biological factors including substance abuse, the link between childhood trauma and later suicide, and the impact of family life, economic status, religion, and other social and cultural conditions. The authors review the effectiveness of existing interventions, including mental health practitioners’ ability to assess suicide risk among patients. They present lessons learned from the Air Force suicide prevention program and other prevention initiatives. And they identify barriers to effective research and treatment. This new volume will be of special interest to policy makers, administrators, researchers, practitioners, and journalists working in the field of mental health.

Rational Suicide

turmoilgenerated in deciding about suicide is mental disorder, and that this mentaldisorder is itselfone of thefactors thatat some earlier time ledto the very consideration of the suicide option. Itis even less appropriate to use the ...

Rational Suicide

First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.