Spiritual Philosophers From Schopenhauer to Irigaray

33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Kandinsky, “Reminiscences,” 1920. ... Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art, 1920. ... The Spiritual in Art: Abstract Painting 1890–1945 (New York: Abbeville, 1986), 131–53.

Spiritual Philosophers  From Schopenhauer to Irigaray

How does thinking illuminate the spiritual view of life? How does a close examination of key spiritual thinkers help us to live in the modern world? And in what way does philosophy enhance spirituality? In this book, Richard White answers these questions by analysing a range of important philosophers, from Schopenhauer in the first half of the 19th century to Irigaray in the present day. Each chapter examines the work of a single writer and one closely associated theme, such as Nietzsche on generosity, Benjamin on wisdom, and Derrida on mourning. The author looks at philosophy and spirituality in the tradition of continental philosophy, and he views spirituality as something that can be separated from religion. With the rise of reductive scientific materialism becoming ever more prevalent in modern society, White seeks to recover the idea of a spiritual tradition which is not otherworldly but philosophical in nature. The thinkers discussed in this book articulate some of the deepest possibilities of human existence. Spiritual Philosophers offers an approach to philosophy as a spiritual practice, which the author sees as an integral part of our life. As a pioneering work in an emerging field – the philosophy of spirituality -- this book contributes to several key debates surrounding spirituality, theology and the role of philosophy in the contemporary world.

Giorgio de Chirico

Giorgio de Chirico (1888?1978), one of the 20th century?s most important and controversial artists, arrived in Rome on the overnight train from Ferrara where he had been posted for military service for the last three and a half years.

Giorgio de Chirico

An innovative analysis of the artistic poetics of the master of metaphysical painting. Through a selection of important works made during this master's career, this volume aims to conduct a critical revision of the artist's complex practice for the centenary of his so-called volte-face in 1919, the year he was criticised for leaving metaphysical painting (1910-1918) in favour of styles and techniques inspired by Classicism and the grand masters. Edited by the most important experts of De Chirico, The Face of Metaphysics promotes an innovative interpretation of the artist's oeuvre (both metaphysical, where the traditional confines of linear time and space are replaced by the doctrine of cyclical coexistence); an arrangement according to themes and not chronology underlines the idea that, despite the many changes in style, technique and subject, composition and colour tone, all of De Chirico's works may offer tangible visions of the intangible philosophical concept of Metaphysics, advanced by Nietzsche in the late 1800s: constant metaphysics. Divided into six sections (The Eternal Return; Metaphysical Exteriors; Metaphysical Protagonists; Metaphysical Interiors; Metaphysical nature; Metaphysics Encounters Tradition), this volume gathers around 90 works from some of the most prestigious private museums and collections in Italy and from the Fondazione de Chirico and also offers a rich core of archive documents including letters, period photos and exhibition catalogues.

What Art Is

The concept of metaphysical value-judgments, and its relevance to all the arts, becomes clearer in Rand's ... (1920) When concretized in a work of art, the complex metaphysical abstractions implicit in the artist's view of life can be ...

What Art Is

What is art? The arts establishment has a simple answer: anything is art if a reputed artist or expert says it is. Though many people are skeptical about the alleged new art forms that have proliferated since the early twentieth century, today's critics claim that all such work, however incomprehensible, is art. A groundbreaking alternative to this view is provided by philosopher-novelist Ayn Rand (1901–1982). Best known as the author of The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, Rand also created an original and illuminating theory of art, which confirms the widespread view that much of today's purported art is not really art at all. In What Art Is, Torres and Kamhi present a lucid introduction to Rand's esthetic theory, contrasting her ideas with those of other thinkers. They conclude that, in its basic principles, her account is compelling, and is corroborated by evidence from anthropology, neurology, cognitive science, and psychology. The authors apply Rand's theory to a debunking of the work of prominent modernists and postmodernists—from Mondrian, Jackson Pollock, and Samuel Beckett to John Cage, Merce Cunningham, and other highly regarded postmodernist figures. Finally, they explore the implications of Rand's ideas for the issues of government and corporate support of the arts, art law, and art education. "This is one of the most interesting, provocative, and well-written books on aesthetics that I know. While fully accessible to the general reader, What Art Is should be of great interest to specialists as well. Ayn Rand's largely unknown writings on art—especially as interpreted, released from dogma, and smoothed out by Torres and Kamhi—are remarkably refined. Moreover, her ideas are positively therapeutic after a century of artistic floundering and aesthetic quibbling. Anyone interested in aesthetics, in the purpose of art, or in the troubling issues posed by modernism and post modernism should read this book." —Randall R. Dipert Author of Artifacts, Art Works, and Agency "Torres and Kamhi effectively situate Rand's long-neglected esthetic theory in the wider history of ideas. They not only illuminate her significant contribution to an understanding of the nature of art; they also apply her ideas to a trenchant critique of the twentieth century's 'advanced art.' Their exposure of the invalidity of abstract art is itself worth the price of admission." —Chris Matthew Sciabarra Author of Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical "Rand's aesthetic theory merits careful study and thoughtful criticism, which Torres and Kamhi provide. Their scholarship is sound, their presentation is clear, and their judgment is refreshingly free from the biases that Rand's supporters and detractors alike tend to bring to considerations of her work." —Stephen Cox University of California, San Diego

Spiritual Art and Art Education

Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/01/20/AR20 10012000700.html 18 . Stephenson's 1999 essay “In the Beginning . . . was the Command Line” refers to his term for a particular software failure mode on ...

Spiritual Art and Art Education

This book is a study of contemporary spirituality as it is practiced in the world today, characterized by its secular and inclusive nature, and applied to art and art education. It identifies the issues facing a formal introduction of contemporary spiritual concepts into a secular and multicultural arts educational environment. Lander begins by separating the notion of "the spiritual" from the study of organized religions. She uses examples of art from different cultures in contemporary spiritual systems, making the study a reference book for contemporary spirituality and spirituality in art education, with usable definitions and practical examples suitable for scholars in art and visual studies, art education, and contemporary spirituality.

Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art

52 See Maria Gough, The Artist as Producer: Russian Constructivism in Revolution (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005), pp. 11, 30–32. 53 Konstantin Umanskij, Neue Kunst in Rußland, 1914–1919 (Potsdam: Kiepenheuer, 1920).

Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art

In 1911 Vasily Kandinsky published the first edition of ‘On the Spiritual in Art’, a landmark modernist treatise in which he sought to reframe the meaning of art and the true role of the artist. For many artists of late Imperial Russia – a culture deeply influenced by the regime’s adoption of Byzantine Orthodoxy centuries before – questions of religion and spirituality were of paramount importance. As artists and the wider art community experimented with new ideas and interpretations at the dawn of the twentieth century, their relationship with ‘the spiritual’ – broadly defined – was inextricably linked to their roles as pioneers of modernism. This diverse collection of essays introduces new and stimulating approaches to the ongoing debate as to how Russian artistic modernism engaged with questions of spirituality in the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries. Ten chapters from emerging and established voices offer new perspectives on Kandinsky and other familiar names, such as Kazimir Malevich, Mikhail Larionov, and Natalia Goncharova, and introduce less well-known figures, such as the Georgian artists Ucha Japaridze and Lado Gudiashvili, and the craftswoman and art promoter Aleksandra Pogosskaia. Prefaced by a lively and informative introduction by Louise Hardiman and Nicola Kozicharow that sets these perspectives in their historical and critical context, Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art: New Perspectives enriches our understanding of the modernist period and breaks new ground in its re-examination of the role of religion and spirituality in the visual arts in late Imperial Russia. Of interest to historians and enthusiasts of Russian art, culture, and religion, and those of international modernism and the avant-garde, it offers innovative readings of a history only partially explored, revealing uncharted corners and challenging long-held assumptions.

World Cinema and the Visual Arts

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 THE ART OBJECT AS TEXT Douglas Johnson, ... cultureless slaves' in contrast to those who justified their 'ethical and metaphysical standpoints' by making complicit ...

World Cinema and the Visual Arts

'World Cinema and the Visual Arts' combines new analyses of two subjects of ongoing research in the field of humanities: cinema and the visual arts. The films analysed encompass a wide geographical base, and have been drawn from a diverse array of cultural traditions.

Philology and Criticism

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Gay Science, which declared the death of God (section 108) and as far away as Tahiti, ... Roger Lipsey, The Spiritual in Twentieth Century Art (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 2004), 101, 103.

Philology and Criticism

Philology and Criticism contrasts the Mahābhārata’s preservation and transmission within the Indian scribal and commentarial traditions with Sanskrit philology after 1900, as German Indologists proposed a critical edition of the Mahābhārata to validate their racial and nationalist views. Vishwa Adluri and Joydeep Bagchee show how, in contrast to the Indologists’ unscientific theories, V. S. Sukthankar assimilated the principles of neo-Lachmannian textual criticism to defend the transmitted text and its traditional reception as a work of law, philosophy and salvation. The authors demonstrate why, after the edition’s completion, no justification exists for claiming that an earlier heroic epic existed, that the Brahmans redacted the heroic epic to produce the Mahābhārata or that they interpolated “sectarian” gods such as Vis.n.u and Śiva into the work. By demonstrating how the Indologists committed technical errors, cited flawed and biased scholarship and used circular argumentation to validate their racist and anti-Semitic theories, Philology and Criticism frees readers to approach the Mahābhārata as “the principal monument of bhakti” (Madeleine Biardeau). The authoritative guide to the critical edition’s correct use and interpretation, Philology and Criticism urges South Asianists to view Hinduism as a complex debate about ontology and ethics rather than through the lenses of “Brahmanism” and “sectarianism.” It launches a new world philology—one that is plural and self-reflexive rather than Eurocentric and ahistorical.

The Medieval Heritage in Early Modern Metaphysics and Modal Theory 1400 1700

2,art.2(Gabriel Biel 1973, 366–67.1–5): “Si aliquod per se constitueretur praecise exessentia et filiatione (quae non est ... 19 above. Gabriel Biel,I Sent., d. 11, q. 2, art. 2 (Gabriel Biel 1973, 367.19–20): “Necessario sequitur et ...

The Medieval Heritage in Early Modern Metaphysics and Modal Theory  1400   1700

This volume explores key aspects of the transmission of learning and the transformation of thought from the late Middle Ages to the early modern period. The topics dealt with include metaphysics as a science, the rise of probabilistic modality, freedom of the human will, as well as the role and validity of logical reasoning in speculative theology. The volume will be of interest to scholars who work on medieval and early modern philosophy, theology, and intellectual history.

The Metaphysics of Identity

Burke«s view is given in his 1994 Journal of Philosophy article aDion and Theon: An Essentialist Solution to an Ancient Puzzle«. Peter van Inwagen«s argument ... Later we will look at Koslicki«s 1 4 5 6 7 19 20 Baker develops her view.

The Metaphysics of Identity

The philosophical problem of identity and the related problem of change go back to the ancient Greek philosophers and fascinated later figures including Leibniz, Locke, and Hume. Heraclitus argued that one could not swim in the same river twice because new waters were ever flowing in. When is a river not the same river? If one removes one plank at a time when is a ship no longer a ship? What is the basic nature of identity and persistence? In this book, André Gallois introduces and assesses the philosophical puzzles posed by things persisting through time. Beginning with essential historical background to the problem he explores the following key topics and debates: mereology and identity, including arguments from 'Leibniz's Law' the constitution view of identity the 'relative identity' argument concerning identity temporary identity four-dimensionalism, counterpart and multiple counterpart theory supervenience the problem of temporary intrinsics the necessity of identity Indeterminate identity presentism criteria of identity conventionalism about identity. Including chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary, this book is essential reading for anyone seeking a clear and informative introduction to and assessment of the metaphysics of identity.

Plato s Metaphysics of Education RLE Plato

In a sense, one could say that the role of the ruler as educator is to give the citizens a share of knowledge.20 His art consists in having the state infused with knowledge, though in different degrees, according to the capacity of each ...

Plato  s Metaphysics of Education  RLE  Plato

This volume provides a comprehensive, learned and lively presentation of the whole range of Plato’s thought but with a particular emphasis upon how Plato developed his metaphysics with a view to supporting his deepest educational convictions. The author explores the relation of Plato’s metaphysics to the epistemological, ethical and political aspects of Plato’s theory of education and shows how Plato’s basic positions bear directly on the most fundamental questions faced by contemporary education.

Themistius On Aristotle Metaphysics 12

mada ' - knowledge 29,32 madrega – martaba – rank 8,19 ; 18,17 ; 23,202.21 ; 24,11 ; 30,20.23 ; 31,16 mehavve – agent ... substrate 29,22 mone'a – māni “ – hinderer , preventer 2,24 ; 7,15 ; 12,24.28.29.31 ; 19,20 ; 30,9 ; 32,23 mofet ...

Themistius  On Aristotle Metaphysics 12

This is the only commentary on Aristotle's theological work, Metaphysics, Book 12, to survive from the first six centuries CE – the heyday of ancient Greek commentary on Aristotle. Though the Greek text itself is lost, a full English translation is presented here for the first time, based on Arabic versions of the Greek and a Hebrew version of the Arabic. In his commentary Themistius offers an extensive re-working of Aristotle, confirming that the first principle of the universe is indeed Aristotle's God as intellect, not the intelligibles thought by God. The identity of intellect with intelligibles had been omitted by Aristotle in Metaphysics 12, but is suggested in his Physics 3.3 and On the Soul 3, and later by Plotinus. Laid out here in an accessible translation and accompanied by extensive commentary notes, introduction and indexes, the work will be of interest for students and scholars of Neoplatonist philosophy, ancient metaphysics, and textual transmission.

Of Saltimbanchi and Incendiari

18 and 20 , 196 n.26 , 200 n.68 , 212 n.60 ; laughter vis - à - vis tears , 21 , 143 , 144 , 148 Lautréamont , Comte de ... 213n.71 , 216–17 n.109 Messianic motif , 85 , 155-62 , 215 n.89 Metaphysical art , 19 , 22 , 69 , 173 Miccinesi ...

Of Saltimbanchi and Incendiari

This study examines Palazzeschi's early literary career (1905-15) and his major texts with specific focus on the relationship between his creative works and his three manifestos (Lacerba, 1914-15).

American Aesthetics

Michael Kelly (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) [the electronic copy I am using has no pagination]. 16. Bell, Art, 19–27; chapter titled “The Metaphysical Hypothesis.” 17. Ibid., 20. 18. Carlson, “The Dilemma,” 53. 19 ...

American Aesthetics

Proposes a distinctly American approach to aesthetic judgment and practice.

Nineteenth century European Art

... 19-20 ; Eugene Boudin , 27 ; Honfleur , 102 ; Berthe Morisot , 148–49 ; Neoclassicism , 160–61 ; Romantic Naturalism , 212–13 ; Society of French Artists , 233-34 Mercure de France , 142 Metaphysical Art ( Metaphysical Painting ...

Nineteenth century European Art

A dictionary of terms, artists, art works, major themes, contemporary events, and art movements of nineteenth-century European art.

The Early Solov v and His Quest for Metaphysics

... 213 Analysis, 89 Ancient philosophy, 14 Animal rights, 196 A posteriori, 20 A priori, 19, 20, 31, 44, 79, 86, 173, 174, 188 Art, 56 Atomism, 41, 165, 211 B Bacon, F., 22 Being, 90 Beketov, A.N., 210 Berkeleyan idealism, 88 Berkeley, ...

The Early Solov     v and His Quest for Metaphysics

This volume offers a critical examination of the early works of Vladimir Solov’ëv, Russia’s most famous and systematic philosopher. It presents a philosophical critique of his early writings up to 1881 from an immanent viewpoint and examines Solov’ëv’s intended contributions to philosophy against the background of German Idealism, including Schopenhauer, and the positivism of his day. Examining contemporary reactions to his writings by leading figures of his day, such as Chicherin and Kavelin, The Early Solov’ëv and His Quest for Metaphysics reveals the small but vibrant philosophical community in Russia during the immediate decades before the Bolshevik Revolution. It provides a detailed discussion of Solov’ëv’s confrontation with his philosophical opponents and shows how his emphasis on developing a metaphysical ontology rather than epistemology exerted a virtual paradigmatic influence on Russian philosophy for years to come. This volume also sets Solov’ëv’s writings against a detailed intellectual biography of these early years, drawing on letters to friends and relatives including reminiscences, and challenges many of the received claims concerning his actions and positions, particularly his alleged youthful mystical visions. In addition, the book features two appendices: one that sketches the early Russian reception of French positivism against which Solov’ëv reacted in the name of metaphysics and another that presents a fascinating look at the Solov’ëv family background, which produced at once intellectual as well as dysfunctional members. Presenting a rare picture of the non-Marxist intellectual scene in 19th century Russia, The Early Solov’ëv and His Quest for Metaphysics will be of interest to graduate students and researchers looking for a philosophically informed approach to this unique thinker and era.

Ideas Against Ideocracy

mystery 16, 20, 48 n.88, 54, 83, 105, 129–30, 148 mysticism 20, 48, 59–60, 66, 109–10, 150, 223, ... 48, 55–6, 153, 164 ambivalent universals and multiple 186–8 of angelism 55 of emptiness 181–93 metaphysical art 155 metaphysical ...

Ideas Against Ideocracy

This groundbreaking work by one of the world's foremost theoreticians of culture and scholars of Russian philosophy gives for the first time a systematic examination of the development of Russian philosophy during the late Soviet period. Countering the traditional view of an intellectual wilderness under the Soviet regime, Mikhail Epstein provides a comprehensive account of Russian thought of the second half of the 20th century that is highly sophisticated without losing clarity. It provides new insights into previously mostly ignored areas such as late-Soviet Russian nationalism and Eurasianism, religious thought, cosmism and esoterism, and postmodernism and conceptualism. Epstein shows how Russian philosophy has long been trapped in an intellectual prison of its own making as it sought to create its own utopia. However, he demonstrates that it is time to reappraise Russian thought, now freed from the bonds of Soviet totalitarianism and ideocracy but nevertheless dangerously engaged into new nationalist aspirations and metaphysical radicalism. We are left with not only a new and exciting interpretation of recent Russian intellectual history, but also the opportunity to rethink our own philosophical heritage.

New Queries in Aesthetics and Metaphysics

Time, Historicity, Art, Culture, Metaphysics, the Transnatural BOOK 4 Phenomenology in the World Fifty Years after the Death of Edmund Husserl Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka. Analecta Husserliana 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

New Queries in Aesthetics and Metaphysics

This collection is the final volume of a four book survey of the state of phenomenology fifty years after the death of Edmund Husserl. Its publication represents a landmark in the comprehensive treatment of contemporary phenomenology in all its vastness and richness. The diversity of the issues raised here is dazzling, but the main themes of Husserl's thought are all either explicitly treated, or else they underlie the ingenious approaches found here. Time, historicity, intentionality, eidos, meaning, possibility/reality, and teleology are the main concerns of this collection devoted to studies in aesthetics, metaphysics and literary interpretation, written by such authors as, among others, R. Cobb-Stevens, C. Moreno Marquez, J. Swiecimski, Sitansu Ray and M. Kronegger. These original studies of phenomenological aesthetics and literary theory by scholars from all parts of the world were gathered by the World Institute for Advanced Phenomenological Research and Learn ing during the year 1988/89 during its assessment of the phenomeno logical movement, fifty years after Husserl's death. IX A -T. Tymieniecka (ed.), Analecta Husserliana, Vol. XXXVII, ix.

Idealism Metaphysics and Community

19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. The Idea of Canada 127. Bellah [et al.] ... (See the dogmatic constitution on divine revelation of the ecumenical council, Vatican II, Dei Verbum, article 17; see also James V.

Idealism  Metaphysics and Community

This title was first published in 2001. Idealism, Metaphysics and Community examines the place of idealism in contemporary philosophy, and its relation to problems of metaphysics, political thought, and the study of the history of philosophy. Following an extensive introduction by the editor, and drawing on the work of the Canadian idealist, Leslie Armour, the book is divided into three main parts: Part 1 focuses on F.H.Bradley; Part 2 examines metaphysical issues and idealism, such as the realism/anti-realism debate, the relation of classical and idealist metaphysics, rational psychology, time and eternity, and the divine; Part 3 draws on idealism to address contemporary concerns in ethical theory, political philosophy, social philosophy and culture and the history of philosophy. Presenting new insights into the work of classical and contemporary authors, this book provides a better understanding of classical idealism and addresses important areas of contemporary philosophical, social and political concern.

The Symbolist Roots of Modern Art

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 enveloppait d'une atmosphère pieusement amoureuse, les silhouettes devenaient incertaines, ... 1920. Reprinted in Massimo Carrà, Metaphysical Art (New york: Praeger, 1871), 95.

The Symbolist Roots of Modern Art

With the words ?A new manifestation of art was ... expected, necessary, inevitable,? Jean Mor? announced the advent of the Symbolist movement in 1886. When Symbolist artists began experimenting in order to invent new visual languages appropriate for representing modern life in all its complexity, they set the stage for innovation in twentieth-century art. Rejecting what they perceived as the superficial descriptive quality of Impressionism, Naturalism, and Realism, Symbolist artists delved beneath the surface to express feelings, ideas, scientific processes, and universal truths. By privileging intangible concepts over perceived realities and by asserting their creative autonomy, Symbolist artists broke with the past and paved the way for the heterogeneity and penchant for risk-taking that characterizes modern art. The essays collected here, which consider artists from France to Russia and Finland to Greece, argue persuasively that Symbolist approaches to content, form, and subject helped to shape twentieth-century Modernism. Well-known figures such as Kandinsky, Khnopff, Matisse, and Munch are considered alongside lesser-known artists such as Fini, Gyzis, Koen, and Vrubel in order to demonstrate that Symbolist art did not constitute an isolated moment of wild experimentation, but rather an inspirational point of departure for twentieth-century developments.

Nietzsche s Metaphysics of the Will to Power

objections to the metaphysical and. affect, 13, 18, 19, 20, 47, 55, 59, 63, 68, 69,70, 72,78, 80, 88, 89, 142, 144, 148, 152, 154, 155, 156, 158, 176, 180, 181, 215, ... See culture: aristocratic, value: aristocratic values art.

Nietzsche s Metaphysics of the Will to Power

Nietzsche's controversial will to power thesis is convincingly rehabilitated in this compelling book. Tsarina Doyle presents a fresh interpretation of his account of nature and value, which sees him defy the dominant conception of nature in the Enlightenment and overturn Hume's distinction between facts and values. Doyle argues that Nietzsche challenges Hume indirectly through critical engagement with Kant's idealism, and that in so doing and despite some wrong turns, he establishes the possibility of objective value in response to nihilism and the causal efficacy of consciousness as a necessary condition of human autonomy. Her book will be important for scholars of Nietzsche's metaphysics, and of the history of philosophy and science more generally.