Introduction to Metaphysics

Starting with Kant and his “critical path,” metaphysics must be a science of the limits of pure reason: Our pure reason can know nothing more a priori than the conditions of possible experience. 3. For this reason, in its more positive ...

Introduction to Metaphysics

This history of metaphysics respects both the analytic and Continental schools while also transcending the theoretical limitations of each. The book provides an overview restoring the value of metaphysics to contemporary audiences.

Religion Metaphysics and the Postmodern

The aim of this chapter is to lay out Desmond's understanding of metaphysics (in part one) and to then examine it in relation to Caputo's (in part two). In part one, we will explicate Desmond's thoughts on the nature of metaphysics and ...

Religion  Metaphysics  and the Postmodern

William Desmond's original and creative work in metaphysics is attracting more and more attention from philosophers of religion. Putting Desmond in conversation with John D. Caputo, an important philosopher of religion from the Continental tradition, Christopher Ben Simpson casts new light on Desmond's complex, multifaceted, and nuanced thought. The comparative approach allows Simpson to get at the core of recent debates in the philosophy of religion. He develops a rich understanding of how ethics and religion are informed by metaphysics, and contrasts this approach to the decidedly anti-metaphysical stance in Continental philosophy. Religion, Metaphysics, and the Postmodern presents a systematic analysis of Desmond's thought as it advances work on Caputo's thinking and on the philosophy of religion.

An Introduction to General Metaphysics

Whether metaphysics is possible has been a matter of dispute since ancient times. Adapting Aristotle's words, one might say that it has been disputed for the last two thousand years, it is disputed at present, and it will be disputed ...

An Introduction to General Metaphysics

First published in 1961, An Introduction to General Metaphysics presents Gottfried Martin’s careful study of many of the passages in Plato and Aristotle which deal with metaphysical problems and in particular with the Platonic Theory of Ideas. He has traced the development of the theory both in early works and in late works such as the Parmenides and the Sophistes; and with equal care he has studied the relative passages in Aristotle’s Metaphysics. He has quoted many of these passages at length and has offered a careful account and analysis of the progress of Plato’s thought. He has also discussed in a very interesting way the main passages relative to Aristotle’s criticism of Plato’s Theory of Ideas. This book is a must read for any student of Greek Philosophy and Philosophy in general.

The Metaphysics of Self realisation and Freedom

Before turning to the analysis proper, it is important to make clear that I will not attempt to examine all of the intricacies of Green's 'metaphysics of experience or knowledge'. I think it is clear from the text ...

The Metaphysics of Self realisation and Freedom

This first part of Colin Tyler’s new critical assessment of the social and political thought of T.H. Green (1836–1882) explores the grounding that Green gives to liberal socialism. Tyler shows how, for Green, ultimately, personal self-realisation and freedom stem from the innate human drive to construct a bedrock of fundamental values and commitments that can define and give direction to the individual’s most valuable potentials and talents. This book is not only a significant contribution to British idealist scholarship. It highlights also the enduring philosophical and ethical resources of a social democratic tradition that remains one of the world’s most important social and political movements, and not least across Britain, Europe, North America, India and Australia. Dr Colin Tyler is Reader in Politics at the University of Hull and joint convenor of the Centre for British Idealism.

The Metaphysics of Powers

In presentingthe problem Iamnot targetingany powerbased metaphysic inparticular. The three theses thatgive rise totheproblem appeartoa greater orlesser extent within most accounts in whichpowers playthe primary causal role, ...

The Metaphysics of Powers

This volume is a collection of papers that advance our understanding of the metaphysics of powers — properties such as fragility and electric charge. The metaphysics of powers is a fast developing research field with fundamental questions at the forefront of current research, such as Can there be a world of only powers? What is the manifestation of a power? Are powers and their manifestations related by necessity? What are the prospects for dispositional accounts of causation? The papers focus on questions concerning the metaphysics of powers that cut across any particular subject-specific ontological domain -- whether philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, epistemology – investigating the metaphysical structure of powers, the nature of the manifestation of powers, the necessity or contingency of a power’s relation to its manifestations, and powers and causation. A number of authors also engage in discussion with Humean and neo-Humean treatments of causation, thereby making contributions to a larger metaphysical debate beyond powers. Additionally, the authors engage critically with the latest contributions to the debate on powers in the literature, thereby bringing together in a wholesome and analytical way the most recent and noteworthy theoretical developments in this research field.

Ethics of Deconstruction

of metaphysics is gathered and brought to completion. Thus, the Heideggerian notion of the end of philosophy does not mean that philosophy is finished or that we have finished philosophy; rather, the completion of metaphysics means that ...

Ethics of Deconstruction

The first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida's work, this new edition contains three new appendixes and a new preface where Critchley reflects upon the origins, motivation and reception of 'The Ethics of Deconstruction'.

Wittgenstein Issues and Debates

One can wonder whether Aristotle's physics is closer to quantum mechanics than a realist metaphysics to an antirealist metaphysics*. Finally, we have insisted on the necessity for our definition of Metaphysics to be neutral with regards ...

Wittgenstein  Issues and Debates

The work of L. Wittgenstein addresses a huge variety of topics. The spectrum ranges from mathematics to the analysis of ethical problems. These issues have generated many important philosophical discussions and the aim of this book is to examine a the broad range of philosophical problems. Michael Le Du investigates the relevance of the problems and solutions proposed by Wittgenstein in his philosophy of social sciences. Sabine Plaud explores the synoptic views vs. the primal phenomena in Wittgenstein on Goethe’s Morphology. Eric Lemaire makes several critical remarks on Wittgenstein’s anti-metaphyscial readings. Ay?egül Çakal asks what the repudiation of private language means in Wittgenstein’s Philosophy. Alejandro Tomasini Bassols looks into Wittgenstein and the myth of hinge propositions. Lars Hertzberg discusses P.M.S. Hacker’s point of view about Wittgenstein’s meaning of “concept”. Jesús Padilla Gálvez analyzes Wittgenstein’s criticism against Gödel’s project of metalogic.

Kierkegaard and the Rise of Modern Psychology

systems but also specification of what the different subdisciplines in metaphysics were related to. The benefit of this was that it became slightly clearer what psychology was supposed to be concerned with. Metaphysics during the German ...

Kierkegaard and the Rise of Modern Psychology

This book investigates the Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard's (18131855) contributions to our understanding of psychology. In Kierkegaard's historical context, psychology was challenged from both scientific and philosophical perspectives. Kierkegaard considered psychology a core discipline central to his understanding of metaphysics as well as theology.The first part examines Kierkegaard and experimental psychology, focusing on Kierkegaard's work explicitly referring to psychology. The second part considers psychology in terms of the German Enlightenment, including Kant's rejection of psychology as a science. The third part discusses how to understand Kierkegaard's psychology today, calling attention to his continuing impact on modern psychology and modern science.Kierkegaard's conception of psychology remains relevant for any discussion of the role of today's psychology. In tracing psychology's evolution after Kant and Kierkegaard, the author finds the discipline has followed two main paths. The dominant path follows Kant's ideals about science, while the other, much narrower trail, has its origin in Kierkegaard.

The Vocabulary of Philosophy Mental Moral and Metaphysical

METAPHYSICS - first principles of nature and of thought , the ultimate causes of existence and of knowledge . It considers things in their essence , independently of the particular properties or determined modes which make a difference ...

The Vocabulary of Philosophy  Mental  Moral  and Metaphysical


Consistent Profits in the Stock Market Formula Plans

"WE DEFINE METAPHYSICS that intellectual effort which aim* at discovering and capturing the ESSENCE of things: t at is, those qualities which make a thing be what it is and which a thing would not be as it is or as we believe it is.

Consistent Profits in the Stock Market Formula Plans


Mystical Theology and Continental Philosophy

Perhaps most provocative is that Marion is not interested in a merely non-metaphysical reading of Augustine, but rather in demonstrating that Augustine himself has no interest in anything resembling metaphysics.

Mystical Theology and Continental Philosophy

Exploration of the interface between mystical theology and continental philosophy is a defining feature of the current intellectual and even devotional climate. But to what extent and in what depth are these disciplines actually speaking to one another; or even speaking about the same phenomena? This book draws together original contributions by leading and emerging international scholars, delineating emerging debates in this growing and dynamic field of research, and spanning mystical and philosophical traditions from the ancient, to the medieval, modern, and contemporary. At the heart of which lies Meister Eckhart, perhaps the single most influential Christian mystic for modern times. The book is organised around significant historical and contemporary figures who speak across the intersections of philosophy and theology, offering new insights into key interlocutors such as Pseudo-Dionysius, Augustine, Isaac Luria, Eckhart, Hegel, Heidegger, Marion, Kierkegaard, Deleuze, Laruelle, and Žižek. Designed both to contribute to current trends in mystical theology and philosophy, and elicit dialogue and debate from further afield, this book speaks within an emerging space exploring the retrieval of the mystical within a post-secular context.

The Methodist Review

As there can be no physics with . ont metaphysics , nor metaphysics without physics preceding , so there can be no psychics without metapsychics , nor yet any metapsychics ( called , in this case , metaphysics ) without psychics ...

The Methodist Review


Hermann Cohen

Logic is metaphysical in the basic sense that the forms of logic are also forms of being. Logic, Cohen declares, “must not be removed from the sphere of interest of the old metaphysics” (14). Insofar as logic concerns our knowledge, ...

Hermann Cohen

This book is the first complete intellectual biography of Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) and the only work to cover all his major philosophical and Jewish writings. Frederick C. Beiser pays special attention to all phases of Cohen's intellectual development, its breaks and its continuities, throughout seven decades. The guiding goal behind Cohen's intellectual career, he argues, was the development of a radical rationalism, one committed to defending the rights of unending enquiry and unlimited criticism. Cohen's philosophy was therefore an attempt to defend and revive the Enlightenment belief in the authority of reason; his critical idealism an attempt to justify this belief and to establish a purely rational worldview. According to this interpretation, Cohen's thought is resolutely opposed to any form of irrationalism or mysticism because these would impose arbitrary and artificial limits on criticism and enquiry. It is therefore critical of those interpretations which see Cohen's philosophy as a species of proto-existentialism (Rosenzweig) or Jewish mysticism (Adelmann and Köhnke). Hermann Cohen: An Intellectual Biography attempts to unify the two sides of Cohen's thought, his philosophy and his Judaism. Maintaining that Cohen's Judaism was not a limit to his radical rationalism but a consistent development of it, Beiser contends that his religion was one of reason. He concludes that most critical interpretations have failed to appreciate the philosophical depth and sophistication of his Judaism, a religion which committed the believer to the unending search for truth and the striving to achieve the cosmopolitan ideals of reason.

The Princeton Review

phrase , of throwing any discredit upon metaphysics proper ; which term and the science which it designates both need all the good words which can be said of them in the evil days of criticism and disesteem on which they have fallen in ...

The Princeton Review


Proceedings of The Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools Annual Convention

metaphysics . It is not that the facts themselves are changed or replaced by hollow conceits , but that , viewed from the various levels , their relations to all things included in wider ranges of thought become clearer at each ascent .

Proceedings  of The  Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools Annual Convention


The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz

The Discourse on Metaphysics of 1686 is generally regarded as the first complete presentation of Leibniz's mature metaphysics. In this chapter, we trace the development of that philosophy from Leibniz's youth, through his years in Paris ...

The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz

Gottfried Leibniz was a remarkable thinker who made fundamental contributions not only to philosophy, but also to the development of modern mathematics and science. At the centre of Leibniz's philosophy stands his metaphysics, an ambitious attempt to discover the nature of reality through the use of unaided reason. This volume provides a systematic and comprehensive account of the full range of Leibniz's thought, exploring the metaphysics in detail and showing its subtle and complex relationship to his views on logic, language, physics, and theology. Other chapters examine the intellectual context of his thought and its reception in the eighteenth century. New readers and nonspecialists will find this the most accessible and comprehensive guide to Leibniz currently available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Leibniz.

The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies

Using “metaphysics” in the broader sense invites cross-cultural dialogue; using it in the narrower sense discourages it. More concretely, if we identify metaphysics with the broader domain sketched above, then anyone who offers a course ...

The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies

The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies presents a new understanding of the changing methods used to study Chinese philosophy. By identifying the various different approaches and discussing the role, and significance of philosophical methods in the Chinese tradition, this collection identifies difficulties and exciting developments for scholars of Asian philosophy. Divided into four parts, the nature of Chinese philosophical thought is illuminated by discussing historical developments, current concerns and methodological challenges. Surveying recent methodological trends, this research companion explores and evaluates the methodologies that have been applied to Chinese philosophy. From these diverse angles, an international team of experts reflect on the considerations that enter their methodological choices and indicate new research directions. The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies is an important contribution to the education of the next generation of Chinese philosophers.

French Philosophy of Technology

With Heidegger, “metaphysics” acquired a new and quite special sense, opposite to its usual meaning. For positivists ever since Comte, the progress of science had been seen as forcing the retreat of metaphysics; for Heidegger, ...

French Philosophy of Technology

Offering an overall insight into the French tradition of philosophy of technology, this volume is meant to make French-speaking contributions more accessible to the international philosophical community. The first section, “Negotiating a Cultural Heritage,” presents a number of leading 20th century philosophical figures (from Bergson and Canguilhem to Simondon, Dagognet or Ellul) and intellectual movements (from Personalism to French Cybernetics and political ecology) that help shape philosophy of technology in the Francophone area, and feed into contemporary debates (ecology of technology, politics of technology, game studies). The second section, “Coining and Reconfiguring Technoscience,” traces the genealogy of this controversial concept and discusses its meanings and relevance. A third section, “Revisiting Anthropological Categories,” focuses on the relationships of technology with the natural and the human worlds from various perspectives that include anthropotechnology, Anthropocene, technological and vital norms and temporalities. The final section, “Innovating in Ethics, Design and Aesthetics,” brings together contributions that draw on various French traditions to afford fresh insights on ethics of technology, philosophy of design, techno-aesthetics and digital studies. The contributions in this volume are vivid and rich in original approaches that can spur exchanges and debates with other philosophical traditions.

Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute Or Philosophical Society of Great Britain

We would not be suspected for a moment , by the use of this phrase , of throwing any discredit upon metaphysics proper ; which term and the science which it designates both need all the good words which can be said of them in the evil ...

Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute  Or Philosophical Society of Great Britain

Each volume includes list of members, and "objects of the institute" (except v. 31, which has no list of members). Beginning with v. 12, a list of the papers contained in preceding volumes is issued regularly with each volume.

A Map of the Divine Subtle Faculty

Metaphysical Thought The issue that will be addressed under this heading is the meaning implied in Gülen's use of such expressions as “metaphysical thought” and “universal metaphysics.” The province of the concept of metaphysics, ...

A Map of the Divine Subtle Faculty

The heart in the Islamic understanding is the expression of a human being's spiritual existence. It is a Divine gift and Divine subtle faculty bestowed upon humanity. It is a polished mirror reflecting God. Like a general, the heart commands all other bodily organs and faculties, which are its troops, Everything that comes from a human being, whether good or bad, is a product of the heart. Mehmet Y. Seker, a scholar of Sufism and tasawwuf, studies the concept of the heart in the Islamic tradition looking at how it is approached by three prominent scholars and thinkers of Islam: Ghazali, Said Nursi, and Fethullah Gulen. Being the first in English to take as its focus the human heart from an Islamic spiritual, this book comparatively analyzes classical and modern age interpretations and evaluations on the concept and adds to the rich literature of spirituality in the Islamic tradition.