This text argues that specific neurocognitive mechanisms have evolved that result in "mindreading", an ability to interpret, for the most part unconsciously, non-verbal actions. It suggests that autistic children suffer from "mindblindness" due to selective developmental
Release on 2011 | by Etsuyo Yuasa,Tista Bagchi,Katharine P. Beals
In Honor of Jerry Sadock
Author: Etsuyo Yuasa,Tista Bagchi,Katharine P. Beals
Pubpsher: John Benjamins Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book presents papers in honor of Jerry Sadock's rich legacy in pragmatics and Autolexical Grammar. Highlights of the pragmatics section include Larry Horn on almost, barely, and assertoric inertia; William Lycan on Sadock's resolution of the Performadox with truth1 and truth2; and Jay Atlas on Moore's Paradox and the truth value of propositions of belief. Highlights of the Autolexical Grammar section include Fritz Newmeyer's comparison of the minimalist, autolexical, and transformational treatments of English nominals; Barbara Abott's extension of Sadock's PRO-less syntax to a PRO-less semantics of the infinitival complements of know how; and Haj Ross's syntactic connections between semantically related English pseudoclefts. Encompassing a range of languages (Aleut, Bangla, Greenlandic, Japanese, and a home-based sign language) and extending into psycholinguistics (language acquisition, sentence processing, and autism) this volume will interest a range of readers, from theoretical linguists and philosophers of language to applied linguists and exotic language specialists.
Release on 2007-07-15 | by Barry Wright,Christopher Williams
A Resource for Trainers
Author: Barry Wright,Christopher Williams
Pubpsher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
The needs of parents and carers of children on the autism spectrum are not met by conventional parenting strategies. This resource for trainers and facilitators offers the best available knowledge and theories to help them develop an understanding of how their child perceives the world and ultimately improve their family life. The manual is divided into ten sessions that introduce a topic related to autism and Asperger Syndrome, for example, 'mindblindness' and the social world, and strategies to manage individual behaviour. During each session parents are introduced to a new topic and are invited to participate in exercises and group discussions that serve to reinforce the key messages discussed earlier. Each session closes with recommended reading and 'homework'. This manual is a valuable resource for professionals working with parents of children and young people with autism and Asperger Syndrome and is an effective complement to How to Live with Autism and Asperger Syndrome: Practical Strategies for Parents and Professionals published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers, which is referenced throughout the resource.
Release on 2004 | by Chris Williams,Barry Wright,Olive Young
Practical Strategies for Parents and Professionals
Author: Chris Williams,Barry Wright,Olive Young
Pubpsher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Category: Family & Relationships
This accessible introduction to caring for a child with autism is an ideal resource for the families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders as well as for the professionals who work with them. In clear and simple language and with many illustrations, the authors explain the nature of this condition and its variations, and tackle common problems experienced in everyday activities such as eating, sleeping and going to the toilet. They also suggest strategies for coping with aggression and tantrums, approaches to preoccupations and compulsions, and suggest ways in which to improve communication and social skills. Based on up-to-date research and using many case examples, the authors consider each problem and its causes step by step, and suggest a number of solutions.
Don't you wish relationships came with a manual? Ashley Stanford has written a user's guide to relationships that adopts a practical troubleshooting approach to resolving difficulties that will greatly appeal to the logical minds of individuals on the autism spectrum, as well as offering valuable guidance to their partners. Troubleshooting identifies problems and makes them fixable. This book presents a three-step troubleshooting process that can defuse even the trickiest relationship dilemma. Specific problem areas are covered in detail including communication, executive functioning, mindblindness, attachment, intimacy, co-habiting, and raising a family. The book offers straightforward solution-focused strategies and additional help is given in the form of bulleted lists, summaries, scripts, and example scenarios.
Release on 1998-04-30 | by Eric Schopler,Gary B. Mesibov,Linda J. Kunce
Author: Eric Schopler,Gary B. Mesibov,Linda J. Kunce
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
The precise relationship between high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome is still a subject of debate. This volume provides a general overview of the disorder and present diverse opinions on diagnosis and assessment, neuropsychological issues, treatment, and related conditions. A special section features personal essays by individuals diagnosed with autism or Asperger Syndrome. The result is a comprehensive and useful survey of the current state of the field that will be of great interest to clinicians, teachers, researchers, and parents.
The battle between religion and science, competing methods of knowing ourselves and our world, has been raging for many centuries. Now scientists themselves are looking at cognitive foundations of religion--and arriving at some surprising conclusions. Over the course of the past two decades, scholars have employed insights gleaned from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and related disciplines to illuminate the study of religion. In Why Religion is Natural and Science Is Not, Robert N. McCauley, one of the founding fathers of the cognitive science of religion, argues that our minds are better suited to religious belief than to scientific inquiry. Drawing on the latest research and illustrating his argument with commonsense examples, McCauley argues that religion has existed for many thousands of years in every society because the kinds of explanations it provides are precisely the kinds that come naturally to human minds. Science, on the other hand, is a much more recent and rare development because it reaches radical conclusions and requires a kind of abstract thinking that only arises consistently under very specific social conditions. Religion makes intuitive sense to us, while science requires a lot of work. McCauley then draws out the larger implications of these findings. The naturalness of religion, he suggests, means that science poses no real threat to it, while the unnaturalness of science puts it in a surprisingly precarious position. Rigorously argued and elegantly written, this provocative book will appeal to anyone interested in the ongoing debate between religion and science, and in the nature and workings of the human mind.
Release on 1985 | by Arthur Lester Benton,Emeritus Professor of Neurology Arthur L Benton
Selected Papers of Arthur Benton
Author: Arthur Lester Benton,Emeritus Professor of Neurology Arthur L Benton
Pubpsher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Literary Criticism
This collection of Arthur Benton's major articles spanning fifty years of work, provides an overview of his enormous contribution to neuropsychology. It covers most of the central issues in the field and combines neurological, experimental, and clinical psychometric approaches. Two papers--"Facial Recognition" and "Problems and Conceptual Issues in Neuropsychological Research in Aging and Dementia" (with A.B. Sivan)--are published here for the first time. Because of Benton's belief that solid scientific inquiry is built only upon historical understanding, the papers offer many insights into the history of neuropsychology.