Modes of Play in Eighteenth Century France

These essays remind us that the spirit of play was very much alive during the “Age of Reason,” providing ways for its practitioners to consider more “serious” themes such as free will and determinism, illusions and equivocations, or ...

Modes of Play in Eighteenth Century France

Collecting diverse critical perspectives on the topic of play—from dolls, bilboquets, and lotteries, to writing itself—this volume offers new insights into how play was used to represent and reimagine the world in eighteenth-century France. In documenting various modes of play, contributors theorize its relation to law, religion, politics, and economics. Equally important was the role of “play” in plays, and the function of theatrical performance in mirroring, and often contesting, our place in the universe. These essays remind us that the spirit of play was very much alive during the “Age of Reason,” providing ways for its practitioners to consider more “serious” themes such as free will and determinism, illusions and equivocations, or chance and inequality. Standing at the intersection of multiple intellectual avenues, this is the first comprehensive study in English devoted to the different guises of play in Enlightenment France, certain to interest curious readers across disciplinary backgrounds.

Modes of Play in Eighteenth Century France

These essays remind us that the spirit of play was very much alive during the “Age of Reason,” providing ways for its practitioners to consider more “serious” themes such as free will and determinism, illusions and equivocations, or ...

Modes of Play in Eighteenth Century France

This collection of essays brings together different critical perspectives on play in eighteenth-century France. From dolls, bilboquets, and lotteries to the ludic nature of narrative and theatrical performance, this volume offers a new outlook on how play was used to represent and reimagine the world.

Making the Marvelous

Portions of chapter 3 first appeared as “Playing with Dolls in Old Regime Fairy Tales” in Modes of Play in Eighteenth-Century France, ed. Fayçal Falaky and Reginald McGinnis, 9-23 (Lewisburg PA: Bucknell University Press, 2021).

Making the Marvelous


Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century

Examines European dress as it evolved in 18th-century France. The text looks at French dress first from an aesthetic point of view, describing in detail fashionable and everyday clothes.

Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century

Examines European dress as it evolved in 18th-century France. The text looks at French dress first from an aesthetic point of view, describing in detail fashionable and everyday clothes. It then examines the social and economic factors affecting fashion and compares styles in major European cities.

Cultural Exchange in Seventeenth Century France and England

In the eighteenth century, Steele famously attacked The Man of Mode in The Tatler and John Dennis equally famously defended the play, thus making it an issue of public concern. Etherege«s play prefigures the eighteenth century and its ...

Cultural Exchange in Seventeenth Century France and England

Gesa Stedman's ambitious new study is a comprehensive account of cross-channel cultural exchanges between seventeenth-century France and England, and includes discussion of a wide range of sources and topics. Literary texts, garden design, fashion, music, dance, food, the book market, and the theatre as well as key historical figures feature in the book. Importantly, Stedman concentrates on the connection between actual, material transfer and its symbolic representation in both visual and textual sources, investigating material exchange processes in order to shed light on the connection between actual and symbolic exchange. Individual chapters discuss exchanges instigated by mediators such as Henrietta Maria and Charles II, and textual and visual representations of cultural exchange with France in poetry, restoration comedies, fashion discourse, and in literary devices and characters. Well-written and accessible, Cultural Exchange in Seventeenth-Century France and England provides needed insight into the field of cultural exchange, and will be of interest to both literary scholars and cultural historians.

Lessing Yearbook XLIV 2017

... in der Goethezeit« ( ) have examined the epistemological importance of vision for eighteenth-century thought and ... modes of optical illusion play in eighteenth-century philosophy, medicine, natural sciences, and literature.

Lessing Yearbook XLIV 2017

Ausgehend von Faramerz Dabhoiwalas These der Existenz einer "ersten sexuellen Revolution" im 18. Jahrhundert enthält der Band Beiträge über die weibliche Tugendhaftigkeit in Luise Gottscheds "Panthea", die Sexualitätsproblematik in Lessings "Rettungen des Horaz", transkulturelle Sexualität bei Schnabel, Gellert und Willebrand, Geschlechterverhältnisse in Lessings frühen Lustspielen, Raum und Geschlecht in Lessings Familien-Dramen, die Disziplinierung sexuellen Verhaltens bei Rousseau und Wieland, die Thematisierung der Sexualität in englischen Übersetzungen von Goethes "Die Geschwister" und "Stella" sowie Casanovas sexuelle Geographie Europas.

Seducing the Eighteenth Century French Reader

Nor does Bastide rely on a vocabulary of physiognomy, prevalent throughout eighteenthcentury French literature, ... and which persists in eighteenthcentury fiction, in which participants must necessarily play a role in a society that ...

Seducing the Eighteenth Century French Reader

As he demonstrates that narratives of seduction function as a master plot for French literature in the eighteenth century, Paul Young argues that the prevalence of this trope was a reaction to a dominant cultural discourse that coded the novel and the new practice of solitary reading as dangerous, seductive practices. Situating his study in the context of paintings, educational manuals, and criticism that caution against the act of reading, Young considers both canonical and lesser-known works by authors that include Rousseau, Sade, Bastide, Laclos, Crébillon fils, and the writers of two widely read libertine novels. How these authors responded to a cultural climate that viewed literature, and especially the novel, as seductive, sheds light on the perils and pleasures of authorship, the ways in which texts interact with the larger cultural discourse, and what eighteenth-century texts tell us about the dangers of reading or writing. Ultimately, Young argues, the seduction not in the text, but by the text raises questions about the nature of pleasure in eighteenth-century French literature and culture.

Actio and Persuasion

In 18th-century France an intellectual battle was fought to raise the professional status of acting to the level of other arts involving rhetoric and expressive technique.

Actio and Persuasion

In 18th-century France an intellectual battle was fought to raise the professional status of acting to the level of other arts involving rhetoric and expressive technique. The central strategy was based on the ancient rhetorical notion of actio, a theory of gesture, attitude, and facial expression already employed in the teaching and practice of religious, forensic, and political oratory. In this lucid study, Goodden explores the belief, championed by Diderot and others, that the primary mode of persuasion is not auditory, but visual.

Popular Opera in Eighteenth Century France

People even studied this art outside France, as, for example, in London where the Morning Chronicle advertised ... Hytier, 'Decline of Military Values', 153; Michael Robinson, 'Two London Versions' shows modes of presentation there.

Popular Opera in Eighteenth Century France

A major re-orientation in understanding opera, exploring musical comedies with spoken dialogue previously excluded from historical accounts.

Sartorial Practices and Social Order in Eighteenth Century Sweden

Looking closer, there are four main modes of sartorial differentiation at play: colours, fabrics, styles, and ornaments. ... of dress for state officials in seventeenth-century France: those of form, those of fabric and those of colour.

Sartorial Practices and Social Order in Eighteenth Century Sweden

The interplay between clothes and social order in early modern societies is well known. Differences in dress and hierarchies of appearances coincided with and structured social hierarchies and notions of difference. However, clothes did not merely reproduce set social patterns. They were agents of change, actively used by individuals and groups to make claims and transgress formal boundaries. This was not least the case for the revolutionary decades of the late eighteenth century, the period in focus of this book. Unlike previous studies on sumptuary laws and other legal actions taken by governments and formal power holders, this book offers a broader and more everyday perspective on late eighteenth-century sartorial discourse. In 1773, there was a publicly announced prize competition on the advantages and disadvantages of a national dress in Sweden. Departing from the submitted replies, the study opens a window onto the sartorial world. Several fields of cultural history are brought together: social culture in terms of order, hierarchies, and notions of difference; sartorial culture with contemporary views on dress and moral aspects of sartorial practices; and visual culture in terms of sartorial means of making a difference and the emphasis on the necessity of a legible social order.

Church and Society in Eighteenth Century France

Tragedy predominated in the seventeenth century , and continued to do so with the Doctrinaires , 76 though the Jesuits ... allowing exceptions if ' graves et modestae sint personae ” , 30 in fact , in the eighteenth century , the French ...

Church and Society in Eighteenth Century France

This second volume begins with a Section on the religion of the people. The clergy offered the liturgical services, sermons, evangelistic missions, and the offices sanctifying birth, marriage, and death; distinctions are made between what they intended and how their ministrations werepopularly interpreted and incorporated into the social order. Statistical soundings concerning the extent of religious practice and the degree of conviction involved are evaluated. Further chapters deal with processions, pilgrimages, and popular practices and superstitions, with hermits andconfraternities, with the impact of reading the Bible and other edifying literature in an age of increasing literacy. Finally comes a view of the twilight world of magic and sorcery. Throughout this Section the comments of theologians and thinkers of the Enlightenment are recorded, whether incoincidence or contradiction. The next section deals with the efficacy of the confessional and the role of the casuistry of the Church in attempting to mould sexual mores, business practices, and in the world of the theatre. In the next two Sections, the role of religious issues in political affairs is detailed. An overview of the Jansenist quarrel and of the activities of the Jesuits brings in the story of the struggle between Crown and Parlement, while an extended portrayal of the life of the Protestant and Jewishcommunities leads to the history of the debate on toleration, involving the Gallican Church in political interventions and controversy. Throughout the two volumes the rising forces of anticlericalism and the tensions within the ecclesiastical establishment have been recorded, and these themes come to their climax in a final section on the role played by churchmen in the coming of the Revolution.

Church and Society in Eighteenth Century France Volume 2 The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Tragedy predominated in the seventeenth century, and continued to do so with the Doctrinaires,76 though the Jesuits ... a rider added later allowing exceptions if'graves et modestae sint personae';80 in fact, in the eighteenth century, ...

Church and Society in Eighteenth Century France  Volume 2  The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

This second volume begins with a Section on the religion of the people. The clergy offered the liturgical services, sermons, evangelistic missions, and the offices sanctifying birth, marriage, and death; distinctions are made between what they intended and how their ministrations were popularly interpreted and incorporated into the social order. Statistical soundings concerning the extent of religious practice and the degree of conviction involved are evaluated. Further chapters deal with processions, pilgrimages, and popular practices and superstitions, with hermits and confraternities, with the impact of reading the Bible and other edifying literature in an age of increasing literacy. Finally comes a view of the twilight world of magic and sorcery. Throughout this Section the comments of theologians and thinkers of the Enlightenment are recorded, whether in coincidence or contradiction. The next section deals with the efficacy of the confessional and the role of the casuistry of the Church in attempting to mould sexual mores, business practices, and in the world of the theatre. In the next two Sections, the role of religious issues in political affairs is detailed. An overview of the Jansenist quarrel and of the activities of the Jesuits brings in the story of the struggle between Crown and Parlement, while an extended portrayal of the life of the Protestant and Jewish communities leads to the history of the debate on toleration, involving the Gallican Church in political interventions and controversy. Throughout the two volumes the rising forces of anticlericalism and the tensions within the ecclesiastical establishment have been recorded, and these themes come to their climax in a final section on the role played by churchmen in the coming of the Revolution.

Papermaking in Eighteenth Century France

The fledgling journeyman already knew that his mates took their play seriously . ... of these men from Thiers spent an entertaining afternoon spraying dancers with water from a stream.46 The " modes " set the rules for this unruliness .

Papermaking in Eighteenth Century France

Eight years before the French Revolution, the paper mill at Vidalon-le-Haut was the setting for a bitter strike and successful lockout. This labor dispute, resulting from conflicts between master papermakers and skilled journeymen, ultimately benefitted the mill's owners and administrators—the Montgolfier family. They converted the 1781 lockout into an opportunity to train a new kind of worker, a malleable employee, and to fashion a new sort of workplace, a theater of technological experiment. Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805, gives us history from the workshop up, offering the most comprehensive exploration available of the historical experience of papermaking. Leonard N. Rosenband explains how paper was made, depicting the tools, techniques, raw materials, and seasonable flows of the craft, and explores the many conflicts and compromises between masters and men. Rosenband provides a compelling account of how technological change affected the papermaking industry, transforming an elaborate, established system of production. The Montgolfier archives are a rich source of information, providing records of daily output and procedures, including complex rules ranging from the precise hours of meals and prayer to matters of propriety and personal sanitation. They also provide insight into the attitudes of the Montgolfier family and their workers—what they made of their trade, their labor, and one another. This case study of the Montgolfier mill, adding details about technological innovation and shopfloor relations during a time of social unrest, enriches the current debate about the nature and impact of capitalism in France during the years leading up to the French Revolution.

Heroic Mode and Political Crisis 1660 1745

Miller's play was of great topical interest and easily applicable to 1744 London : the action opens with Mahomet ... efforts for the war with France , giving us an excellent example of how the mid - eighteenth - century theater was used ...

Heroic Mode and Political Crisis  1660 1745

This book explores a cultural language, the heroic, that remained consistently powerful through the social, political, and dynastic turbulence of the long eighteenth century. The heroic provided an accessible and vivid shorthand for the ongoing ideological debates over the nature of authority and power, the construction of an ideal masculinity, and the shape of a new. British--rather than English--national identity. An analysis of this cultural language and its different valence over time not only unpacks the overlap between aesthetic and political debate in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, but also firmly grounds the eighteenth-century's revolution in taste and manners in the ongoing ideological debates about dynastic politics and the foundations of authority. Specifically, the book traces the making and breaking of the Stuart mythology through the development of and attacks on the heroic mode from the Restoration through the aftermath of the 1745 Jacobite uprising. Elaine McGirr is a Senior Lecturer in the departments of drama and English at Royal Holloway, University of London.

Eighteenth Century French Fashion Plates in Full Color

64 Engravings from the "Galerie des Modes," 1778-1787 Stella Blum. * 9lossary - •Ro sé -SAthe Glossary.] 1 ... "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow") was extremely popular in France in the eighteenth century Amadis (17, 29).

Eighteenth Century French Fashion Plates in Full Color

The Galerie des Modes has been called the "most beautiful collection in existence on the fashions of the 18th century." Here are 64 of the finest plates, reproduced by costume historian Stella Blum.

Organists and Organ Playing in Nineteenth Century France and Belgium

modes of travel . ... in organ design , and in organ registration in the second half of the eighteenth century . ... and that organists he considered deserving had opportunities to play his instruments , sometimes for select audiences ...

Organists and Organ Playing in Nineteenth Century France and Belgium

The art of the organist in nineteenth-century France and Belgium is a rags-to-riches story full of extraordinary problems and changes. Devastated by the French Revolution, the organ profession rose from desperate circumstances to a period of remarkable brilliance. By the end of the nineteenth century, organ playing was enthusiastically applauded and had been thoroughly integrated in the musical life of Paris. This account is not just a record of stellar events and famous names: it includes failures, all-but-forgotten musicians, and unexpected encounters. In a carefully documented study that is both scholarly and engaging. Orpha Ochse traces three major aspects of the organist's art: the development of the secular recital, the organist as church musician, and the education of organists. In addition to presenting a comprehensive view of the organ profession in France and Belgium throughout the period, she offers a new perspective on nineteenth-century music in general.

Private Property Freedom and Order

Eighteenth. century. of. France. and. Rousseauan. formulation. of. private. property,. freedom, ... transformation process of the feudal mode of production play a key role in establishing bourgeoisie order a er the Fren Revolution.

Private Property  Freedom  and Order

This book looks at how the ideas of freedom, property, and order are expressed in modern social contract theories (SCTs). Drawing on the theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls, it studies how notions of freedom promulgated by these SCTs invariably legitimise and defend the private ownership of the means of production. It argues that capitalism’s impact on individual dependence and economic inequality still stems from this model, ultimately working in favour of proprietors. The author highlights the problematic nature of SCTs, which work as ideological mechanisms put forward under the guise of formal equality and formal freedom, by focusing on the historical and social context behind them. From a methodological point of view, the author presents a de-ideologization of the contractarian issue and provides insight into the political ‘layers’ within the discourse of individualism, human nature and morality shaping the outer corners of contractarian theory. An important intervention in the study of SCTs, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of political and social theory, sociology, political history, and political philosophy.

Childhood

Possibly for this very reason , the Jesuits assimilated the play of the larger society in the seventeenth century . Play was redefined as educational and incorporated in college curricula . At the end of the eighteenth century ...

Childhood

Childhood is an extremely complex and highly contested concept. It refers to a life phase as well as to the age group defined as children, but is also a cultural construction, part of the social and economic structure of communities. The key scholarship collected, introduced, and reprinted in these volumes reflects this complexity and introduces the reader to the wide variety of interpretations that have been and continue to be placed on it. It might be suggested that the push or initiative in theorizing childhood has derived from advances within sociology and anthropology. However, the future provides potential for interdisciplinary study, which this collection also reflects. The contemporary study of childhood must comprise a conjoining of disciplines: sociology; anthropology; psychology; social geography; history; philosophy; and socio-legal theory, all have something to add to the field and are represented within the collection.

Performing the everyday

The Culture of Genre in the Eighteenth Century Alden Cavanaugh ... with modish details that typify contemporary fashion prints, as in Modesjanvier 1726–1714–1725, a plate from les modes du Mercure de France from January 1726 (fig. 9).

Performing the  everyday

This interdisciplinary anthology explores the representation of everyday life across several disciplines in a century known for its interest in individual experience of the mundane as well as the heroic. Comprised of essays by established and emerging scholars of literature, art, and music history, the volume explores not merely the range of performances under the banner of the everyday, but also the meanings inherent in these attempts to create art out of the experience of the real. In this collection, the authors attempt to provide a wide-ranging picture of the many ways in which the notion of the everyday is a valuable conceptual frame through which the eighteenth century may be apprehended, as this critical term allows for issues of gender, race, and class to come into focus. Alden Cavanaugh is Associate Professor of Art History at Indiana State University.

Architecture Print Culture and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth Century France

Understanding this helps us to understand the otherwise puzzling (and often overlooked) heterogeneity of seventeenth-century French church architecture. Pierre Héliot, in a series of articles published half a century ago, ...

Architecture  Print Culture and the Public Sphere in Eighteenth Century France

This book focuses on the complex ways in which architectural practice, theory, patronage, and experience became modern with the rise of a mass public and a reconfigured public sphere between the end of the seventeenth century and the French Revolution. Presenting a fresh theoretical orientation and a large body of new primary research, this book offers a new cultural history of virtually all the major monuments of eighteenth-century Parisian architecture, with detailed analyses of the public debates that erupted around such Parisian monuments as the east facade of the Louvre, the Place Louis XV [the Place de la Concorde], and the church of Sainte-Genevieve [the Pantheon]. Depicting the passage of architecture into a mediatized public culture as a turning point, and interrogating it as a symptom of the distinctly modern configuration of individual, society, and space that emerged during this period, this study will interest readers well beyond the discipline of architectural history.