Mountain Timberlines

The Laps cleared the uppermost forest belt (mainly firewood, fences) and reduced the timberline to the steep trough walls ... many ore smelters were shut down because all forests had been cleared on the surrounding mountain slopes.

Mountain Timberlines

For more than 40 years I have been engaged in timberline research. Thus, one could suppose that writing this book should not have been too difficult. It was harder, however, than expected, and in the end I felt that more questions had arisen than could be answered within its pages. Perhaps it would have been easier to write the book 30 years ago and then leave the subject to mature. Lastly it was the late Prof. Heinz Ellenberg who had convinced me to portray a much needed and complete picture of what we know of the timberline with special respect to its great physiognomic, structural and ecological variety. The first version of this book was p- lished in the German language (Holtmeier, 2000). Nevertheless, I was very delighted when Prof. Martin Beniston encouraged me to prepare an English edition for the series ‘Advances in Global Change Research’, which guaranteed a wider circulation. Timberline is a worldwide and very heterogeneous phenomenon, which can only be presented by way of examples. My own field experience is necessarily limited to certain timberline areas, such as the Alps, northern Scandinavia, northern Finland and many high mountain ranges in the western United States and Canada. However, my own observations and the results of my and my previous collaborators research were essential for developing the concept of the book and became integrated into the picture of timberline that is presented in the following chapters.

Timberline

Mountain and Arctic Forest Frontiers Stephen F. Arno, Ramona P. Hammerly ... Lower timberlines form at the foot of the mountains south from southern Alberta , and they generally have the Rocky Mountain form of ponderosa pine ( Pinus ...

Timberline

Originally published in 1984, this is a classic in Western natural history now made available again to climbers, hikers, and other enthusiasts.

Second Conference on Mountain Meteorology

Table 1 : Average Measured Elevation of Alpine Timberline on Three Mountains Elevation of Timberline ( m ) Mountain State Lat . ( on ) . Contrary to its name , timberline is frequently found to be irregular in elevation .

Second Conference on Mountain Meteorology


Arctic and Alpine Research

Daubenmire , R. , 1954 : Alpine timberlines in the Americas and their interpretation . Butler University Botanical Studies ... Dunwiddie , P. W. , 1977 : Recent tree invasion of subalpine meadows in the Wind River Mountains , Wyoming .

Arctic and Alpine Research


Ecology

The title of the book leads one to believe that approximately equal treatment will be given to mountain and arctic timberlines , with both upper and lower montane timberlines discussed . Arno states on p .

Ecology


Trail and Timberline

The moun- which communicate a sense of peacefultains of Maine are being despoiled one by ness to the mountain men and ... high point of the Mansfield sports an extensive area above range at the summit of Mt. Washington . timberline .

Trail and Timberline


Wildlife of the Mountains

Many other factors , however , affect how high on mountain slopes trees are found . Timberline tends to be higher , for example , on sunny southerly slopes . Even on the same mountain , timberline will be lower on a slope exposed to ...

Wildlife of the Mountains

Discusses the characteristics, behavior, and interrelationships of the plants and animals that live in the world's mountain ranges.

New Zealand Journal of Botany

A synthesis Table 1 Synopsis of major features of New Zealand timberlines ... Received 25 May 1984 ; accepted 21 September 1984 Keywords timberline ; mountain beech ; coldtolerance ; subalpine shrubs ; Pinus contorta INTRODUCTION The ...

New Zealand Journal of Botany


The Epworth Herald

FRANK M. BRISTOL , D.D. mountains of the Bible , where they had been felt and beauty , what grandeur spread out toward the ... Olivet of the ascension ; the great and high mountain Timberline about his life , asked him about his wages ...

The Epworth Herald


Begr ndung und Pflege Subalpiner W lder

CLIMATIC STRESS INFLUENCING THE PHYSIOGNOMY OF TREES AT THE POLAR AND MOUNTAIN TIMBERLINE F.-K. Holtmeier Institute ... The upper and polar timberlines are the most conspicuous features within this change in plant cover in the vertical ...

Begr  ndung und Pflege Subalpiner W  lder


Choice

Mountain timberlines : ecology , patchiness , and dynamics . 2nd ed . Springer , 2009. 437p bibl index afp ISBN 9781402097041 , $ 179.00 This book is the result of a lifetime's dedication to research on mountain and polar timberlines ...

Choice


Introduction to Biogeography

In fact a dozen or so species of willow , alder , aspen and birch can account for the northern timberline around the ... The typical stunted , gnarled and dwarf stature of high mountain timberlines ( krummholz ) displays the limiting ...

Introduction to Biogeography


Syesis

However , the explanation of the mountain timberline vegetation in the cannot be climatic alone , though some of ... the meadows there are dwarf - shrub heaths at the timberlines belong to local rather than zonal vegetation . both in ...

Syesis


Ecology

Proceeding up a mountain , temperature decreases , rainfall increases , and wind velocity increases . ... Timberlines in the northern Rocky Mountains are determined by wind , according to Griggs ( 1938 ) . He observed that protected ...

Ecology


Technical Paper

At Flora Saddle silver beech is the timberline species and mountain beech does not appear for 500 to 600 ft below timberline . In the Cobb valley both species reach timberline and at Parapara Peak and in the Lead Hills mountain beech is ...

Technical Paper


The Soviet Journal of Ecology

The cooling of the climate at the end of the 20th to the beginning of the 21st centuries , predicted by climatologists and heliogeographers , should result in a lowering of the timberline in many mountain regions of the boreal zone .

The Soviet Journal of Ecology


Mount Hood

... 89 Hot Rocks, 4 Hotels, 45, I09; see Aschoffs Mountain Home, Cloud Cap Inn, Government Camp Hotel, Homestead Inn, Mount Hood Lodge, Rhododendron Inn, Summit Inn, Tawney_s, Timberline Lodge Hunchback Ridge, 65 Hunter_s Livery Stable, ...

Mount Hood


Proceedings VII Congress Boulder Denver Colorado August 14 September 19 1965

... month approximates the mountain timberlines in New Zealand and Australia . This broad correlation exists for most natural timberlines throughout the world - even in the tropics , where seasonal differ- ences are greatly reduced .

Proceedings  VII Congress  Boulder Denver  Colorado  August 14 September 19  1965


DESERTS PAST

LaMarche's detailed analysis of this situation was directed toward the dead bristlecone pines above timberline on Sheep and Campito mountains in the southern White Mountains . On Sheep Mountain , LaMarche found that dead trees extend as ...

DESERTS PAST

Traces the history of the Great Basin from twenty-five thousand years ago to the present, and looks at the area's natural history, archaelogy, and geology