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Mr Five Per Cent

Author: Jonathan Conlin
Publisher: Profile Books
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When Calouste Gulbenkian died in 1955 at the age of 86, he was the richest man in the world, known as 'Mr Five Per Cent' for his personal share of Middle East oil. The son of a wealthy Armenian merchant in Istanbul, for half a century he brokered top-level oil deals, concealing his mysterious web of business interests and contacts within a labyrinth of Asian and European cartels, and convincing governments and oil barons alike of his impartiality as an 'honest broker'. Today his name is known principally through the Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, to which his spectacular art collection and most of his vast wealth were bequeathed. Gulbenkian's private life was as labyrinthine as his business dealings. He insisted on the highest 'moral values', yet ruthlessly used his wife's charm as a hostess to further his career, and demanded complete obedience from his family, whom he monitored obsessively. As a young man he lived a champagne lifestyle, escorting actresses and showgirls, and in later life - on doctor's orders - he slept with a succession of discreetly provided young women. Meanwhile he built up a superb art collection which included Rembrandts and other treasures sold to him by Stalin from the Hermitage Museum. Published to mark the 150th anniversary of his birth, Mr Five Per Cent reveals Gulbenkian's complex and many-sided existence. Written with full access to the Gulbenkian Foundation's archives, this is the fascinating story of the man who more than anyone else helped shape the modern oil industry.


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Self Made Madness

Author: Edward W. Mitchell
Publisher: Routledge
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This multi-disciplinary book lies in the general areas of forensic psychiatry/psychology, sociology, jurisprudence, criminal law and criminology. It questions traditional assumptions about illness and mental disorder, and deals with the controversial notion that mental disorders (and possibly other 'illnesses') may be to varying extents the fault of the 'sufferer'. It examines how the law can take into account such 'culpable' notions of mental disorder in determining criminal responsibility. This culpability for the defense-causing condition (or 'responsibility for level of criminal responsibility') is called 'meta-responsibility'. The book is divided into two parts. The first section discusses theoretical issues, such as the manner in which traditional illness models relate to meta-responsibility; the insanity defence and other mental condition defences; the relationship of clinical issues such as medication non-compliance and insight to meta-responsibility and the counterfactual notion that consideration of the possible voluntary origins of mental disorder may benefit the criminal and non-criminal mentally disordered. The second section of the book presents a case vignette experiment of mock jurors, examining the effect of a 'meta-responsibility insanity test'.


Kenya National Assembly Official Record Hansard

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The official records of the proceedings of the Legislative Council of the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, the House of Representatives of the Government of Kenya and the National Assembly of the Republic of Kenya.


Gilgamesh

Author: Joan London
Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
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A New York Times Notable Book from the author of The Golden Age. “A remarkable study of a young woman’s most literal rite of passage” (Baltimore Sun). Gilgamesh is a rich, spare, and evocative novel of encounters and escapes, of friendship and love, of loss and acceptance, a debut that marked the emergence of a world-class talent. It is 1937, and the modern world is waiting to erupt. On a farm in rural Australia, seventeen-year-old Edith lives with her mother and her sister, Frances. One afternoon two men, her English cousin Leopold and his Armenian friend Aram, arrive—taking the long way home from an archaeological dig in Iraq—to captivate Edith with tales of a world far beyond the narrow horizon of her small town of Nunderup. One such story is the epic of Gilgamesh, the ancient Mesopotamian king who traveled the world in search of eternal life. Two years later, in 1939, Edith and her young son, Jim, set off on their own journey, to Soviet Armenia, where they are trapped by the outbreak of war. Rich, spare, and evocative, Gilgamesh won The Age Book of the Year Award for Fiction and was shortlisted for the Miles Franklin Literary Award. “Bold and beautiful . . . [An] astonishing saga . . . A woman as epic hero? It’s high time.” —Cathleen Medwick, O, The Oprah Magazine


Oil Policies Oil Myths

Author: Fadhil J. Chalabi
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
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There was a lot of haranguing over this I think, as Dr Chalabi took umbrage at OPEC being referred to as ‘notoriously opaque’ - this old version is still on the database and therefore on the website, the jacket blurb should read: The world of oil and OPEC (the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Companies) has often been misunderstood or seen as shrouded in mystique and myth. On the 50th anniversary of the foundation of OPEC, Fadhil Chalabi, a former ‘insider’ who spent many years at the heart of this organisation, dispels myths and invites us to discover the realities, environment and evolution of policies that have shaped OPEC and the oil industry. One of Carlos the Jackal’s OPEC hostages in 1975, the author interweaves his analysis with first-hand experiences that give authenticity to momentous events, from the time of Egypt under Nasser, Gaddafi’s Libya and Saddam’s Iraq. Crucially, Chalabi’s analysis encompasses Iraq’s oil politics and their influence on OPEC and the impact of Iran on its pricing policies, which began with the Shah’s dramatic campaign to maximise oil prices in 1973, followed by a period of volatile oil politics during Ayatollah Khomeini’s Revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath, leading to the Iraq-Iran war. Geopolitics have proved to be central to energy policies for both oil-rich and oil-needy countries. Today this garners even more attention, as the importance of the oil-rich countries of the Middle East, Africa and Latin America grows with the perennial demand for this resource. Oil Policies, Oil Myths explores the continuing importance of oil while examining the geopolitical influences that cause oil crises and price hikes and which undermine oil’s future. Chalabi’s expertise illuminates OPEC’s role in this, while showing its successes and its failures. Oil for the countries of OPEC has been pivotal in their political and economic development, but it is also a crucial tool in their diplomatic relations with the oil-consuming nations of the East and West. Notwithstanding a critique of its oil-supply management, Chalabi sees OPEC’s survival as essential. He re-appraises its fundamental role of securing the future availability of a vital global commodity and considers that the absence of OPEC would cause market mayhem, damage the world economy and our prospects for future energy supplies. This book is essential reading for those who wish to look beyond the myths of oil and of OPEC, scrutinise oil policies and an organisation that is perceived by the press as legendary for its opacity, and to understand OPEC’s dramatic impact on the global energy industry, on world politics and economics.


A Sailor on Horseback

Author: Captain Robert T. Bush
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
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A Sailor on Horseback is a memoir of a life spent on and around the sea. Beginning with a recollection of rural life in pre-war England, with World War 2 seen through the eyes of a schoolboy during the Occupation, the book spans eighty years and all the worlds oceans. The many strands of the memoir include nautical nostalgia, recalling seafaring in the immediate post-war era before the decline of the former colonial powers and the traditional shipping companies trading around the Indian Ocean coasts, and in Burmese waters before the military government became established Iran before Mossadeq and after Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf in boom times and war times happy days ashore and afloat in Australia, Canada, Mexico and the Seychelles adventurous and exciting times working for the worlds richest man yachting deluxe on a superyacht, meeting many remarkable people in some beautiful places good and not so good times in the shipping industry around the world.


Register of Debates in Congress

Author: United States. Congress
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A Line in the Sand

Author: James Barr
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
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In 1916, in the middle of the First World War, two men secretly agreed to divide the Middle East between them. Sir Mark Sykes was a visionary politician; François Georges-Picot a diplomat with a grudge. The deal they struck, which was designed to relieve tensions that threatened to engulf the Entente Cordiale, drew a line in the sand from the Mediterranean to the Persian frontier. Territory north of that stark line would go to France; land south of it, to Britain. The creation of Britain's 'mandates' of Palestine, Transjordan and Iraq, and France's in Lebanon and Syria, made the two powers uneasy neighbours for the following thirty years. Through a stellar cast of politicians, diplomats, spies and soldiers, including T. E. Lawrence, Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle, A Line in the Sand vividly tells the story of the short but crucial era when Britain and France ruled the Middle East. It explains exactly how the old antagonism between these two powers inflamed the more familiar modern rivalry between the Arabs and the Jews, and ultimately led to war between the British and French in 1941 and between the Arabs and Jews in 1948. In 1946, after many years of intrigue and espionage, Britain succeeded in ousting France from Lebanon and Syria, and hoped that, having done so, it would be able to cling on to Palestine. Using newly declassified papers from the British and French archives, James Barr brings this clandestine struggle back to life, and reveals, for the first time, the stunning way in which the French finally got their revenge.


The Priest s Woman

Author: John Stephen Ayliffe
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
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Keeping the Faith in spite of the Church: True love triumphs against the Catholic Churchs most outdated law, a gay priest is hounded by the Vaticans Secret Police, a courageous young journalist takes on Nazi Germany and exposes the Pope who aided Hitler - Composed over three decades my stories from real life are about the struggle between Faith and organised religion, its hierarchical duplicity, shameful denial and lack of justice and compassion. Id love to be a Catholic, but the Church is in the way, says Jimmy, who wants to make love not war.