The Many Lives of Calouste Gulbenkian, the World's Richest Man
Author: Jonathan Conlin
Pubpsher: Ips - Profile Books
Category: Petroleum industry and trade
When Calouste Gulbenkian died in 1955 at the age of 86, he was the richest man in the world, known as 'Mr Five Per Cent' for his personal share of Middle East oil. The son of a wealthy Armenian merchant in Istanbul, for half a century he brokered top-level oil deals, concealing his mysterious web of business interests and contacts within a labyrinth of Asian and European cartels, and convincing governments and oil barons alike of his impartiality as an 'honest broker'. Today his name is known principally through the Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, to which his spectacular art collection and most of his vast wealth were bequeathed. Gulbenkian's private life was as labyrinthine as his business dealings. He insisted on the highest 'moral values', yet ruthlessly used his wife's charm as a hostess to further his career, and demanded complete obedience from his family, whom he monitored obsessively. As a young man he lived a champagne lifestyle, escorting actresses and showgirls, and in later life - on doctor's orders - he slept with a succession of discreetly provided young women. Meanwhile he built up a superb art collection which included Rembrandts and other treasures sold to him by Stalin from the Hermitage Museum. Published to mark the 150th anniversary of his birth, Mr Five Per Cent reveals Gulbenkian's complex and many-sided existence. Written with full access to the Gulbenkian Foundation's archives, this is the fascinating story of the man who more than anyone else helped shape the modern oil industry.
This multi-disciplinary book lies in the general areas of forensic psychiatry/psychology, sociology, jurisprudence, criminal law and criminology. It questions traditional assumptions about illness and mental disorder, and deals with the controversial notion that mental disorders (and possibly other 'illnesses') may be to varying extents the fault of the 'sufferer'. It examines how the law can take into account such 'culpable' notions of mental disorder in determining criminal responsibility. This culpability for the defense-causing condition (or 'responsibility for level of criminal responsibility') is called 'meta-responsibility'. The book is divided into two parts. The first section discusses theoretical issues, such as the manner in which traditional illness models relate to meta-responsibility; the insanity defence and other mental condition defences; the relationship of clinical issues such as medication non-compliance and insight to meta-responsibility and the counterfactual notion that consideration of the possible voluntary origins of mental disorder may benefit the criminal and non-criminal mentally disordered. The second section of the book presents a case vignette experiment of mock jurors, examining the effect of a 'meta-responsibility insanity test'.
A New York Times Notable Book from the author of The Golden Age. “A remarkable study of a young woman’s most literal rite of passage” (Baltimore Sun). Gilgamesh is a rich, spare, and evocative novel of encounters and escapes, of friendship and love, of loss and acceptance, a debut that marked the emergence of a world-class talent. It is 1937, and the modern world is waiting to erupt. On a farm in rural Australia, seventeen-year-old Edith lives with her mother and her sister, Frances. One afternoon two men, her English cousin Leopold and his Armenian friend Aram, arrive—taking the long way home from an archaeological dig in Iraq—to captivate Edith with tales of a world far beyond the narrow horizon of her small town of Nunderup. One such story is the epic of Gilgamesh, the ancient Mesopotamian king who traveled the world in search of eternal life. Two years later, in 1939, Edith and her young son, Jim, set off on their own journey, to Soviet Armenia, where they are trapped by the outbreak of war. Rich, spare, and evocative, Gilgamesh won The Age Book of the Year Award for Fiction and was shortlisted for the Miles Franklin Literary Award. “Bold and beautiful . . . [An] astonishing saga . . . A woman as epic hero? It’s high time.” —Cathleen Medwick, O, The Oprah Magazine
How the Global Energy Trade Slipped from America's Grasp
Author: Marin Katusa
Pubpsher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
How the massive power shift in Russia threatens the politicaldominance of the United States There is a new cold war underway, driven by a massivegeopolitical power shift to Russia that went almost unnoticedacross the globe. In The Colder War: How the Global Energy TradeSlipped from America's Grasp, energy expert Marin Katusa takesa look at the ways the western world is losing control of theenergy market, and what can be done about it. Russia is in the midst of a rapid economic and geopoliticalrenaissance under the rule of Vladimir Putin, a tenacious KGBofficer turned modern-day tsar. Understanding his rise to powerprovides the keys to understanding the shift in the energy tradefrom Saudi Arabia to Russia. This powerful new position threatensto unravel the political dominance of the United States once andfor all. Discover how political coups, hostile takeovers, andassassinations have brought Russia to the center of the world'senergy market Follow Putin's rise to power and how it has led to an upsettingof the global balance of trade Learn how Russia toppled a generation of robber barons andpositioned itself as the most powerful force in the energymarket Study Putin's long-range plans and their potential impact onthe United States and the U.S. dollar If Putin's plans are successful, not only will Russia be able tostarve other countries of power, but the BRIC countries (Brazil,Russia, India, and China) will replace the G7 in wealth and clout.The Colder War takes a hard look at what is to come in a newglobal energy market that is certain to cause unprecedented impacton the U.S. dollar and the American way of life.