Neuroplasticity and Rehabilitation

This state-of-the-art volume explores ways in which brain-injured individuals may be helped not only to compensate for their loss of cognitive abilities, but also possibly to restore those abilities.

Neuroplasticity and Rehabilitation

Brain plasticity is the focus of a growing body of research with significant implications for neurorehabilitation. This state-of-the-art volume explores ways in which brain-injured individuals may be helped not only to compensate for their loss of cognitive abilities, but also possibly to restore those abilities. Expert contributors examine the extent to which damaged cortical regions can actually recover and resume previous functions, as well as how intact regions are recruited to take on tasks once mediated by the damaged region. Evidence-based rehabilitation approaches are reviewed for a range of impairments and clinical populations, including both children and adults.

Neurologic Rehabilitation Neuroscience and Neuroplasticity in Physical Therapy Practice

The text includes numerous tables, flow charts, illustrations, and multiple-choice board-style review questions and is enhanced by a roster of world-renowned clinical contributors.

Neurologic Rehabilitation  Neuroscience and Neuroplasticity in Physical Therapy Practice

A full-color neuroscience text that skillfully integrates neuromuscular skeletal content Covers both pediatric and adult issues Beautiful full-color presentation with numerous images Neurorehabilitation in Physical Therapy delivers comprehensive coverage of the structure and function of the human nervous system. It also discusses normal motor development and motor control, as well as common treatment techniques in physical therapy. In order to be engaging to students, cases open each chapter, with questions about those cases appearing throughout the chapter. The text includes numerous tables, flow charts, illustrations, and multiple-choice board-style review questions and is enhanced by a roster of world-renowned clinical contributors.

Neurologic Rehabilitation Neuroscience and Neuroplasticity in Physical Therapy Practice EB

The text includes numerous tables, flow charts, illustrations, and multiple-choice board-style review questions and is enhanced by a roster of world-renowned clinical contributors.

Neurologic Rehabilitation  Neuroscience and Neuroplasticity in Physical Therapy Practice  EB

A full-color neuroscience text that skillfully integrates neuromuscular skeletal content Covers both pediatric and adult issues Beautiful full-color presentation with numerous images Neurorehabilitation in Physical Therapy delivers comprehensive coverage of the structure and function of the human nervous system. It also discusses normal motor development and motor control, as well as common treatment techniques in physical therapy. In order to be engaging to students, cases open each chapter, with questions about those cases appearing throughout the chapter. The text includes numerous tables, flow charts, illustrations, and multiple-choice board-style review questions and is enhanced by a roster of world-renowned clinical contributors.

Neural Plasticity in Rehabilitation and Psychotherapy

The brain continuously adapts its structures and functions tochanges in its environment in a process called neuralplasticity. Research indicates that psychotherapy andrehabilitation are only effective when they induce such neuralplasticity.

Neural Plasticity in Rehabilitation and Psychotherapy

The brain continuously adapts its structures and functions tochanges in its environment in a process called neuralplasticity. Research indicates that psychotherapy andrehabilitation are only effective when they induce such neuralplasticity. Here, leading experts discuss the most recentresearch on training- and therapy-induced brain plasticity.

Neuroplasticity in Learning and Rehabilitation

We possess as a cognitively aware species a high degree of function localization, but we still subscribe to the notion consistent with the model that dysfunction or damage to specific regions of the brain and nervous system may result in ...

Neuroplasticity in Learning and Rehabilitation

We possess as a cognitively aware species a high degree of function localization, but we still subscribe to the notion consistent with the model that dysfunction or damage to specific regions of the brain and nervous system may result in specific damage and deficits in behavior and function of individuals. Unfortunately, that is not enough to explain the capacity for plasticity, regeneration, spontaneous recovery, and optimization in neurological terms, and certainly not in its translation in clinical rehabilitation. Among the difficulties we face in the application of rehabilitation science in practice, the need to understand how the nervous system functions is less than understanding how it recovers from dysfunction, how we can effectively evaluate function, dysfunction and recovery, and how to provide a rational basis for making economic decisions about which method or methodology to invest. A neuroanatomical conceptualization is a not an option for rehabilitation practice. It is important to understand that what we are really attempting to achieve both in rehabilitation as well as in understanding the neurological basis of cognitive and motor improvement after trauma or stroke is not which brain area controls a given cognitive function, but how efficiently brain regions cooperate with each other and how novel connectivities may develop.

The Use of Art Therapy to Assist Neuroplasticity During Rehabilitation After a Stroke

The purpose of this study is to show the benefits of using art therapy as part of a rehabilitation regime after a stroke.

The Use of Art Therapy to Assist Neuroplasticity During Rehabilitation After a Stroke

The purpose of this study is to show the benefits of using art therapy as part of a rehabilitation regime after a stroke. After experiencing a stroke, a person may be afflicted with a number of impairments that can affect speech, language, sight, movement, cognitive capabilities, and emotion. In most cases, the person who experienced the stroke will undergo speech, physical, and occupational therapies to help relearn daily tasks. While the focus of this study is on the advantages of using art therapy to reshape the brains of stroke patients during rehabilitation, there are also studies included showing how art and creativity can help the brain during development and after other kinds of injuries or illnesses. As more and more is learned about the brain's ability to change itself when confronted with outside stimuli, new research is being done on how to assist the brain in making up for lost or damaged neurons. Since this project is theoretical, the research done in this study is all literature and knowledge based, collected from scholarly articles and books. Using the process of intuitive inquiry to gather, analyze, and synthesize relevant information, the student researcher shows how art therapy can assist the recovery of damaged neural connections and create new connections in the brain to regain everyday functions after a stroke.

Highs Lows and Plateaus

Dismissing the negative connotations of plateau, this book provides hope and inspiration along the continuum of recovery.

Highs  Lows  and Plateaus

Stroke survivors, health care professionals working in rehabilitation, and anyone whose life has been affected by a stroke, will find critical information in Highs, Lows, and Plateaus. Anne Burleigh Jacobs, PT, PhD, a neuroscientist and a physical therapist with a successful track record of helping patients recover from stroke, explores complex topics in an easy-to-understand and conversational tone. Using real examples and powerful analogies, she leads readers along a path of recovery. From the initial injury, to mechanisms of recovery, to the future of rehabilitation, you will get guidance on: • recognizing the initial signs of a stroke and the importance of emergency treatment; • understanding the physical and neural processes associated with rehabilitation; • understanding the concepts of neuroplasticity that drive recovery of the brain; • providing useful resources and ideas to progress one through the stages of recovery from stroke. Dismissing the negative connotations of “plateau”, this book provides hope and inspiration along the continuum of recovery. Each step along the path is supported by basic science, concepts of neuroplasticity, and the resilience of the human spirit. Filled with illustrations, this guidebook to recovery from stroke also includes information that can be helpful to those who have suffered a traumatic brain or spinal cord injury. Dr. Jacobs is innovative and displays initiative in developing new ideas to help people with neurological disabilities. In her private practice, she was among the first in applying the concepts of neuroplasticity in therapy. Jack and Cyndy Bradley, stroke survivors

Neurological Rehabilitation

In this chapter we address the phenomena of neural plasticity, operationally defined as the ability of the central nervous system to adapt in response to changes in the environment or lesions.

Neurological Rehabilitation

In this chapter we address the phenomena of neural plasticity, operationally defined as the ability of the central nervous system to adapt in response to changes in the environment or lesions. At the cellular level, we discuss basic changes in membrane excitability, synaptic plasticity as well as structural changes in dendritic and axonal anatomy that support behavioral expressions of plasticity and functional recovery. We consider the different levels at which these changes can occur and possible links with modification of cognitive strategies, recruitment of new/different neural networks, or changes in strength of such connections or specific brain areas in charge of carrying out a particular task (i.e., movement, language, vision, hearing). The study of neuroplasticity has wide-reaching implications for understanding reorganization of action and cognition in the healthy and lesioned brain.

Stroke Rehabilitation

Focusing on new insights from neuroscience and imaging, the book explores the potential to tailor interventions to the individual based on viable brain networks.

Stroke Rehabilitation

Stroke Rehabilitation: Insights from Neuroscience and Imaging informs and challenges neurologists, rehabilitation therapists, imagers, and stroke specialists to adopt more restorative and scientific approaches to stroke rehabilitation based on new evidence from neuroscience and neuroimaging literatures. The fields of cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging are advancing rapidly and providing new insights into human behavior and learning. Similarly, improved knowledge of how the brain processes information after injury and recovers over time is providing new perspectives on what can be achieved through rehabilitation. Stroke Rehabilitation explores the potential to shape and maximize neural plastic changes in the brain after stroke from a multimodal perspective. Active skill based learning is identified as a central element of a restorative approach to rehabilitation. The evidence behind core learning principles as well as specific learning strategies that have been applied to retrain lost functions of movement, sensation, cognition and language are also discussed. Current interventions are evaluated relative to this knowledge base and examples are given of how active learning principles have been successfully applied in specific interventions. The benefits and evidence behind enriched environments is reviewed with examples of potential application in stroke rehabilitation. The capacity of adjunctive therapies, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, to modulate receptivity of the damaged brain to benefit from behavioral interventions is also discussed in the context of this multimodal approach. Focusing on new insights from neuroscience and imaging, the book explores the potential to tailor interventions to the individual based on viable brain networks.

Cognitive Rehabilitation

The notion of neuroplasticity — the brain's capacity to change and alter its
structure and function — is particularly relevant to rehabilitation and an
understanding of recovery processes , both natural and induced . Several
mechanisms ...

Cognitive Rehabilitation

This volume offers a comprehensive overview of this fast-evolving field. More than a revised edition, the text reflects recent developments in neuroscience and computer technology, coupled with changing service delivery models. Authoritative and up to date, it is an indispensable resource for anyone working with individuals with acquired cognitive impairments. This volume belongs on the desks of professionals across a wide variety of rehabilitation specialties, including neuropsychology, clinical and cognitive psychology, psychiatry, speech-language pathology, occupational therapy, neurology, and rehabilitation medicine. For student use, the book will replace its predecessor as a key text in courses on rehabilitation methods and neurogenic disorders.

Neurological Rehabilitation

Once thought to be rigidly wired, the spinal cord now is understood to display significant plastic properties, which are manifest as both physiological and structural alterations in response to changes in patterns of use, disuse, and damage ...

Neurological Rehabilitation

Once thought to be rigidly wired, the spinal cord now is understood to display significant plastic properties, which are manifest as both physiological and structural alterations in response to changes in patterns of use, disuse, and damage. Activity-dependent increases in responsiveness of spinal cord circuits are now thought to underlie or contribute importantly to the hyperalgesia that often follows neurological injuries, the physical therapy-induced improvement in walking and running seen in patients with stroke and spinal cord injury, skill acquisition in normal children, and several other phenomena. Physiological mechanisms underlying spinal cord plasticity include denervation supersensitivity, long-term potentiation, long-term depression, and habituation. Anatomical plasticity seen in the spinal cord after partial injuries includes collateral sprouting of spared axons in response to injury of neighboring axons, and dendritic remodeling in response to loss of regionally segregated synaptic inputs. A form of neuroplasticity that is seen in the peripheral nerves and in the spinal cord of some cold-blooded animals, but not in the central nervous system of birds or mammals, is axon regeneration. It is often difficult to distinguish between regeneration of injured axons and collateral sprouting of neighboring uninjured axons, but the distinction could be very important, especially in the case of complete spinal cord injuries. Several instances of treatment-induced axonal changes that were originally thought to indicate regeneration have turned out to be collateral sprouting. There is reason to suspect that the molecular mechanisms that underlie these two phenomena are different, and, if so, therapeutic approaches to enhancing them may also prove to be very different.

Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation

A resource of great immediate and future utility, Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation distills a dynamic field to aid the work of neuropsychologists, rehabilitation specialists (including physical, speech, vocational, and ...

Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation

While virtual reality (VR) has influenced fields as varied as gaming, archaeology and the visual arts, some of its most promising applications come from the health sector. Particularly encouraging are the many uses of VR in supporting the recovery of motor skills following accident or illness. Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation reviews two decades of progress and anticipates advances to come. It offers current research on the capacity of VR to evaluate, address, and reduce motor skill limitations and the use of VR to support motor and sensorimotor function, from the most basic to the most sophisticated skill levels. Expert scientists and clinicians explain how the brain organizes motor behavior, relate therapeutic objectives to client goals and differentiate among VR platforms in engaging the production of movement and balance. On the practical side, contributors demonstrate that VR complements existing therapies across various conditions such as neurodegenerative diseases, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Included among the topics: Neuroplasticity and virtual reality. Vision and perception in virtual reality. Sensorimotor recalibration in virtual environments. Rehabilitative applications using VR for residual impairments following stroke. VR reveals mechanisms of balance and locomotor impairments. Applications of VR technologies for childhood disabilities. A resource of great immediate and future utility, Virtual Reality for Physical and Motor Rehabilitation distills a dynamic field to aid the work of neuropsychologists, rehabilitation specialists (including physical, speech, vocational and occupational therapists), and neurologists.

Neurological Rehabilitation

Over the past two decades, results from neurophysiological studies in animal models and neuroimaging studies in human populations have converged along a common thread.

Neurological Rehabilitation

Over the past two decades, results from neurophysiological studies in animal models and neuroimaging studies in human populations have converged along a common thread. Neuroplasticity in the remaining, intact tissue accompanies functional recovery after brain injury. Now, virtually every new therapeutic approach in postinjury rehabilitation relies on the fundamental principles of neuroplasticity for theoretical validity. In this chapter, the basic tenets of plasticity are outlined, and the neural substrates in the cerebral cortex that may subserve recovered functions are reviewed.

Highs Lows and Plateaus

Dismissing the negative connotations of ?plateau?, this book provides hope and inspiration along the continuum of recovery.

Highs  Lows  and Plateaus

This book is a must read. It is a valuable resource for stroke survivors, anyone whose life has been affected by stroke, and health care professionals working in rehabilitation. While the focus may be on recovery from stroke, much of the information in this book could apply to traumatic brain and spinal cord injury. Written in an easy to understand, conversational tone, complex topics are simplified and made meaningful through storytelling and analogies. What inspires hope is the potential for ongoing recovery. This book walks the reader along a path of recovery: from the initial injury, to the mechanisms for recovery, to the future of rehabilitation. Dismissing the negative connotations of "plateau", this book provides hope and inspiration for continuum along the path of recovery. Each step along the path is supported by basic science, concepts of neuroplasticity, and the resilience of the human spirit.

Recovery of Function

Recovery of Function