New Generic Technologies in Developing Countries

countries can have experience with their design, adaptation and use before the
development/introduction cycle fully solidifies and excludes their interests. A key
common element here is the computer, which is a prime example of a 'generic ...

New Generic Technologies in Developing Countries

An examination of developing countries' ability to benefit from new generic technologies in the realms of information, communication, biotechnology and new materials. The book demonstrates why some developing countries have made considerable progress in absorbing the new technologies while most are still at the starting-blocks, and draws on the international donor community's experience to analyse appropriate aid policies and strategies.

Globalization of Technology

Bhagavan, M. R. (ed.) (1997) New Generic Technologies in Developing
Countries, Macmillan, London and St. Martins Press, New York. [This book
discusses the characteristics and dynamics of contemporary technological
revolutions.

Globalization of Technology

Globalization of Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. This book on Globalization of Technology provides the essential aspects and fundamentals of Issues in Technology Transfer and Technological Capability Building such as: Techno-Economic Paradigms and Latecomer Industrialization; Knowledge Networks and the Internet; Technology Transfer: Vehicles, Conditions, Spillovers, and Policy Challenges; The Social Implications of Technological Development: Industrialization and Innovation as a Collective Process. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Technology Transfer in the Developing Countries

The Federal government is seriously underinvesting in generic technology
development. The lack of generic technology generation has not gone unnoticed.
Particularly in highly competitive industries new institutions that will concentrate
on ...

Technology Transfer in the Developing Countries

The objective of this book is to present the problems and possibilities of transferring technology from the developed countries to the developing countries to raise their standard of living. It develops the conceptual issues, legal ramifications, empirical testing of mathematical models and case studies of different industries in many countries. It contains articles by distinguished scholars in the field, practitioners and government officials. It is an important supplement to the hands-on approach used by many private industries and national and international organizations. The unique feature of this book is that it is multidisciplinary and that it has a balanced combination of abstract theoretical approaches and practical considerations.

Strategic New Generic Technologies

Because of these factors , it is now recognized that radical technological change
based on IT will continue to exert far - reaching consequences on developing
countries . The insertion of developing countries into the international economy is
 ...

Strategic New Generic Technologies


Intellectual Property Biogenetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge

... Advantage in the New Global Order', The Ecologist, vol 26, no 5, pp222–228
Menon, P K B (1997) 'Development of New Generic Technologies in India', in
Bhagavan, M R (ed) New Generic Technologies in Developing Countries,
Macmillan ...

Intellectual Property  Biogenetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge

Biogenetic resources - the critical biological and chemical materials that underpin so much of medicine, both modern and traditional, agriculture, and wider economic activity in so many fields - are at the centre of heated debate regarding their use, development, and ownership, and the issues of ethics and equity that impinge on all of these factors. This book is a comprehensive examination of the key issues, institutions and ideologies in this area, presenting definitions and explanations of the fundamentals of intellectual property rights (IPRs), biogenetic resources and traditional knowledge. It uses the insights from this to build a picture of how these factors interact in practice, bringing to the surface issues such as: the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, benefit sharing from the commercial use of biodiversity, biotechnological innovation and the transfer of technology, agriculture, food security, rural development, health and international justice. Part 1 describes the relevant international IPR laws, highlights the extent to which modern commerce depends on such resources, and traces the way in which modern IPR law has evolved to accommodate this dependence. Part 2 shows how stronger IPR protection in the area of life science innovation has given rise to controversies such as 'biopiracy', 'terminator' genes and genetic uniformity. Part 3 focuses on traditional knowledge, its nature, its importance, and the applicability of IPR-style protection. Part 4 covers the international negotiation and policy-making of the WTO, WIPO and CBD and the legislative initiatives of national governments of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Finally, Part 5 focuses on two developing country case studies - of India and Kenya - assessing whether they will be able to gain economic benefit from development of their natural resources within the current regulatory system and whether this will encourage the conservation and sustainable use of the resource base. With its multidisciplinary approach and breadth of coverage, this book will appeal both to those new to the subject and to those with professional and specialist interest, including students, academics, legal practitioners, government policy-makers and the private sector.

Technology Transfer

The experience of developed countries proves that each developmental attempt
cannot be expected to lead to the promotion ... development is in reality a
complex process of structural change, heavily influenced by new generic
technologies ...

Technology Transfer

This book identifies the major factors responsible for effective transfer of information and human expertise from an advanced country or a multinational corporation to the developing world.

Lateinamerika

... R . ( Hg . ) ( 1997 ) : New Generic Technologies in Developing Countries ,
London : Macmillan Bhatnagar , Subhash C . ( Hg . ) ( 1992a ) : Information
Technology Manpower : Key Issues for Developing countries , Tata : McGraw -
Hill ders .

Lateinamerika


Journal of Economic Literature

cal dynamics and quality issues ; the economic effects of technological dynamics
; methods for evaluating processes and technologies ; and technology policy for
sustainable development ... New generic technologies in developing countries .

Journal of Economic Literature


The Globalization of Corporate R D

up entry opportunities for developing countries that have capacity in scientific and
technical education. While new ... The simultaneous development and interaction
of several new generic technologies are also complicating the environment for ...

The Globalization of Corporate R   D

This book examines the implications of new trends of globalisation in corporate research and development. It looks in particular at aspects of integration in developing countries and the impact this will have on the host countries.

The Impact of Plant Breeders Rights in Developing Countries

... early history of breeding in the countries . This confirms that the development of
plant breeding was a typical case of an international diffusion of a new generic
technology , from some more advanced countries to other less advanced ones .

The Impact of Plant Breeders  Rights in Developing Countries


Agricultural Technologies for Market led Development Opportunities in the 1990s

... been made for a continuing role of the public sector in the basic sciences
underpinning the new generic technologies. ... In some developing countries, the
problems of striking an appropriate balance between the public and private
sectors ...

Agricultural Technologies for Market led Development Opportunities in the 1990s

Argentina has reformed its public finance system and reversed years of economic decline and deficit spending. This study recommends policy options to speed the already impressive progress. These options would expand the ambitious reform program already under way. This study shows how to sustain balanced public finances over the medium term. It describes ways to sustain price stability and economic growth while providing a cushion against unexpected downturns. Also examined are ways to improve social services while reducing the size of government. Researchers discuss key reforms that could boost the fiscal surplus by as much as 1.4 percent of gross domestic product. They look at ways to build tax revenues, reduce provincial finances, and make social security more equitable. They review methods to cut defense spending and revive a moribund education system. Additional policy options offered are reforms for housing and welfare programs and pension fund investments. The study suggests ways to improve the legal framework for a stronger central bank. Also reviewed are ways to eliminate unnecessary administrative agencies and to privatize public enterprises. The government's new health insurance program is examined. This program offers universal coverage. It lets contributors choose providers and includes subsidies for those who can't pay. It also requires a minimum package of health care at a set price.

High Technologies and Developing Countries

development, generic technologies grouped around information systems are still
in their infancy (Cassiolato et al. ... In the new techno-economic paradigm users
of new technologies in the developing world are particularly important not only ...

High Technologies and Developing Countries


New Technologies and Development

An appreciation of generic technologies provides a useful perspective on the
development process in the industrialized countries and also helps in identifying
some of the obstacles faced by the developing countries in their attempts to catch
 ...

New Technologies and Development


Technology and Developing Country Agriculture

This applies in particular to the new " generic " technologies ( new materials and
information technology , biotechnology ) which are pervasive and offer great
potential for cross - fertilization . Thus , in contrast to the earlier Green Revolution
 ...

Technology and Developing Country Agriculture


Technology and Transition

Cooper (1994) addresses this question at the level of the firm and also at the
level of the world economy. ... There is, however, little in the competitive
performance of developing countries to suggest that generic technologies have
made sufficient inroads to ... Technology and New Economic Factors Economies
in transition would seek to employ technologies which can protect employment
while at the ...

Technology and Transition

The Maghreb countries had a promising start in economic growth after independence. For the most part they thrived on industrialisation by import substitution; but unfortunately this strategy left them with macroeconomic and structural imbalances which together have effectively constrained their ability to compete in the world economic system and to catch up with the rapidly changing global techno-economic circumstances. Issues relating to aspects of technology transfer to the Maghreb, strategies for technological and resource development and the integration of education and R&D systems with the productive systems of the economies in the region are discussed along with relevant cases from Mexico, China, South Korea, India and Bangladesh.

Current Literature on Science of Science

N3 Universities and the Global Knowledge N2 New Generic Technologies in
Economy Developing Countries Universities and industry , up to now Over the
last two decades , the world has been relatively separate and distinct institutional
 ...

Current Literature on Science of Science


New Technologies and Global Restructuring

Editors ' introduction The world is rapidly approaching a new fin de siècle with
similar - or worse - transitional pains as a century ... of new generic technologies ,
especially the problems and dilemmas now confronting the developing countries
.

New Technologies and Global Restructuring


Science Technology and Innovation Policy

Corporate R&D and Implications for Innovation Capability in Host Countries
Prasada Reddy INTRODUCTION ... Paradoxically, in such a situation, a new
development is taking place. ... for the local markets, but also to developing
products for the regional/global markets and generic technologies for long-term
corporate use.

Science  Technology  and Innovation Policy

Examines the impact of science and technology systems on economic and social development.

Technology Transfer to Developing Countries

The Federal government is seriously underinvesting in generic technology
development . The lack of generic technology generation has not gone unnoticed
. Particularly in highly competitive industries new institutions that will concentrate
on ...

Technology Transfer to Developing Countries


Journal of Social and Economic Development

New Generic Technologies in Developing Countries . London : Macmillan Press .
1997 . Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency . pp 340 + xii .
This is an interesting book for many reasons . First , originating from an advanced
 ...

Journal of Social and Economic Development

With reference to India.