Notable U S Ambassadors Since 1775

Spanning more than 200 years of American diplomatic history, this biographical dictionary examines the careers of 60 important U.S. ambassadors.

Notable U S  Ambassadors Since 1775

Spanning more than 200 years of American diplomatic history, this biographical dictionary examines the careers of 60 important U.S. ambassadors.

Principled Diplomacy

By focusing on U.S. policy toward the former Soviet Union and the United Nations through the years, Cathal Nolan sharply defines the central problem in policymaking---how to support principles of national security and democratic and human ...

Principled Diplomacy

This new analysis of governing ideas in U.S. foreign policy shows how they arise, are sustained and challenged both domestically and internationally, and become part of the world order. By focusing on U.S. policy toward the former Soviet Union and the United Nations through the years, Cathal Nolan sharply defines the central problem in policymaking---how to support principles of national security and democratic and human rights. This history with its outlook for the future is an important new interpretation of U.S. foreign policymaking.

The United States and Turkey s Path to Europe

Notable US Ambassadors since 1775, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997, 130–6, p. 134. “Telegram from the Embassy in Turkey to the Department of State,” 4 June 1964, in James Miller (ed.), FRUS, 1964–1968, Vol.

The United States and Turkey s Path to Europe

Turkey’s relations with the European Union is one of the most enigmatic topics in the European Studies literature. This country, kept at bay by Europeans for centuries, once came unexpectedly close to full-membership. The progress Turkey recorded in its European quest is difficult to account for with either Turkey’s performance or the positive attitude of the Europeans towards Turkey. In this book, Armağan Emre Çakır chronicles over six decades of US involvement in EU-Turkey relations. Shedding new light on the reasons, characteristics, transformation and relative importance of the US influence on Turkey-EU relations, he argues that Turkey’s quest for EU membership would not have advanced this far without the support from the United States. Çakır’s hypotheses and findings are grounded in original research that, among other things, includes interviews conducted on both sides of the Atlantic with key players, archival material and newspaper articles. The valuable insights presented in this book make for a much needed alternative history of this volatile relationship.

Black Diplomacy

In Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775 : A Biographical Dictionary , ed . Cathal J. Nolan . Westport , CT : Greenwood , 1997 , 88–93 . “ Clifton Wharton , Sr. ” In Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775 : A Biographical Dictionary , ed .

Black Diplomacy

A fascinating look at a previously ignored piece of our nation's history, Black Diplomacy covers integration of the State Department after 1945 and the subsequent appointments of Black ambassadors to Third World and African nations. In seven illuminating chapters, Krenn covers the efforts to integrate the State Department; the setbacks during the Eisenhower years; and the gains achieved during the administrations of JFK and LBJ. Not content with simply using traditional sources (federal and other governmental agency records), he gained fresh insights from the papers of the NAACP, African American newspapers, and journals of the period. He also conducted original interviews with Edward Dudley (America's first black ambassador), Richard Fox, Horace Dawson, Ronald Palmer, and Terrence Todman (never before interviewed--ambassador to six nations beginning in 1952, and an assistant secretary of state). This unique look at the period will be of interest to anyone attempting to understand both the history of the civil rights movement in the U.S. and America's Cold War relations with underdeveloped nations during the quarter century after World War II.

Black Diplomacy African Americans and the State Department 1945 69

“Clifton Wharton, Sr.” In Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. Cathal J. Nolan. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997, 365–369. Lawson, Steven F. “Civil Rights.” In Exploring the Johnson Years, ed.

Black Diplomacy  African Americans and the State Department  1945 69

This text covers integration of the State Department after 1945 and the subsequent appointments of Black ambassadors to Third World and African nations. Other topics include: the setbacks during the Eisenhower years and the gains achieved during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations.

United States History

Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775 : A Biographical Dictionary . Cathal J. Nolan , ed . Westport , CT : Greenwood Press , 1997. 430p . ISBN 0-313-29195-0 . The purpose of this biographical work is to examine the careers of 58 U.S. ...

United States History

This important work has been completely revised and expanded with the addition of online databases, Web sites and CD-ROM titles. It identifies and describes hundreds of reference books that pertain to American history; entries offer thorough annotations that are both descriptive and evaluative. Arranged topically, chapters cover U.S. history in terms of politics and government; diplomatic history and foreign affairs; military history; social, cultural, and intellectual history; regional history; and economic history. Introductory scope notes provide valuable expository information and suggested search strategies in such areas as automation, government documents, and genealogy. Includes works published through 2002.

The Age of Wars of Religion 1000 1650

Focuses on European wars of religion that were fought from the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries, various chronological and geographical historical tributaries that are in one way or another related to those wars also featured.

The Age of Wars of Religion  1000 1650

Focuses on European wars of religion that were fought from the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries, various chronological and geographical historical tributaries that are in one way or another related to those wars also featured.

FDR s Ambassadors and the Diplomacy of Crisis

23; Keith Eagles, “Laurence Adolphe Steinhardt,” in Cathal Nolan, ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997), p. 328. Stackman, “Laurence A. Steinhardt”, p. 33; David Mayers, The Ambassadors and America's ...

FDR s Ambassadors and the Diplomacy of Crisis

What effect did personality and circumstance have on US foreign policy during World War II? This incisive account of US envoys residing in the major belligerent countries – Japan, Germany, Italy, China, France, Great Britain, USSR – highlights the fascinating role played by such diplomats as Joseph Grew, William Dodd, William Bullitt, Joseph Kennedy and W. Averell Harriman. Between Hitler's 1933 ascent to power and the 1945 bombing of Nagasaki, US ambassadors sculpted formal policy – occasionally deliberately, other times inadvertently – giving shape and meaning not always intended by Franklin D. Roosevelt or predicted by his principal advisors. From appeasement to the Holocaust and the onset of the Cold War, David Mayers examines the complicated interaction between policy, as conceived in Washington, and implementation on the ground in Europe and Asia. By so doing, he also sheds needed light on the fragility, ambiguities and enduring urgency of diplomacy and its crucial function in international politics.

Dissenting Voices in America s Rise to Power

16 Ibid., p.26; David Mayers, The Ambassadors and America's Soviet Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, ... I, p.346; William Bain, ''Walter Hines Page'' in Cathal Nolan, ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775 (Westport, Conn.

Dissenting Voices in America s Rise to Power

This book offers a major rereading of US foreign policy from Thomas Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana expanse to the Korean War. This period of one hundred and fifty years saw the expansion of the United States from fragile republic to transcontinental giant. David Mayers explores the dissenting voices which accompanied this dramatic ascent, focusing on dissenters within the political and military establishment and on the recurrent patterns of dissent that have transcended particular policies and crises. The most stubborn of these sprang from anxiety over the material and political costs of empire while other strands of dissent have been rooted in ideas of exigent justice, realpolitik, and moral duties existing beyond borders. Such dissent is evident again in the contemporary world when the US occupies the position of preeminent global power. Professor Mayers's study reminds us that America's path to power was not as straightforward as it might now seem.

The History of United States Cultural Diplomacy

47–50; Krenn, “Edward R. Dudley,” in Cathal J. Nolan, ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997), pp. 88–93. Also see “Interview with Edward R. Dudley, ...

The History of United States Cultural Diplomacy

In the wake of 9/11, the United States government rediscovered the value of culture in international relations, sending cultural ambassadors around the world to promote the American way of life. This is the most recent effort to use American culture as a means to convince others that the United States is a land of freedom, equality, opportunity, and scientific and cultural achievements to match its material wealth and military prowess. In The History of United States Cultural Diplomacy Michael Krenn charts the history of the cultural diplomacy efforts from Benjamin Franklin's service as commissioner to France in the 1770s through to the present day. He explores how these efforts were sometimes inspiring, often disastrous, and nearly always controversial attempts to tell the 'truth' about America. This is the first comprehensive study of America's efforts in the field of cultural diplomacy. It reveals a dynamic conflict between those who view U.S. culture as a means to establish meaningful dialogues with the rest of the world and those who consider American art, music, theater as additional propaganda weapons.

The World Disorder

US Hegemony, Proxy Wars, Terrorism and Humanitarian Catastrophes Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira ... Available at <http://www.afsa.org/secondterm.aspx>; Cathal J. Nolan (Editor), Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical.

The World Disorder

This book offers a historical analysis of the geopolitical and geoeconomic competition between the USA and Russia, which has recently heated up again due to the eastward expansion of NATO. The analysis departs from an exploration of the USA’s foreign policy and geopolitical ambitions by illustrating the influence of Wall Street and the military-industrial complex on the country’s political decision-making. The historical review covers a wide timespan, from the Second World War and the birth of NATO, to the wars against Iraq and Afghanistan, to the rebellions that erupted in Eurasia, Northern Africa and the Middle East in the 2010’s, as well as the wars in the Ukraine and in Syria. By doing so, it reveals the influence of US neocons, the US intelligence services and the military complex on the Arab Spring, the Color Revolutions and the armed conflicts in Ukraine and Syria. Ultimately, the book depicts a new era of worldwide instability and disorder, dominated by violence and arbitrariness.

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations

Entries detail developments in international affairs, the effects of contact with major powers on the rest of the world, and political and economic impacts, and offer the author's perspective on international issues.

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations

Entries detail developments in international affairs, the effects of contact with major powers on the rest of the world, and political and economic impacts, and offer the author's perspective on international issues.

Information Sources of Political Science

These two companion works provide succinct yet informative biographies of prominent Mexican political figures. Included are presidents, cabinet secretaries, ... Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Bibliographical Dictionary.

Information Sources of Political Science

A comprehensive bibliography of American and international politics covers print and electronic materials published in English, primarily in the U.S. and U.K., with most chapters arranged by reference format, then alphabetically by title.

The American Red Cross

... (ambassador to South Vietnam); “Leaders of the American Red Cross,” ARC Museum (www.redcross.org/museum/history/leaders.asp), accessed May 11, 2012 (“continued to advise”); Cathal J. Nolan, ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: ...

The American Red Cross

In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural disasters, and the Depression, to its relief efforts of the 1930s. Marian Moser Jones illustrates the tension between the organization’s founding principles of humanity and neutrality and the political, economic, and moral pressures that sometimes caused it to favor one group at the expense of another. This expansive book narrates the stories of: • U.S. natural disasters such as the Jacksonville yellow fever epidemic of 1888, the Sea Islands hurricane of 1893, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake• crises abroad, including the 1892 Russian famine and the Armenian massacres of 1895–96• efforts to help civilians affected by the civil war in Cuba• power struggles within the American Red Cross leadership and subsequent alliances with the American government• the organization's expansion during World War I• race riots in East St. Louis, Chicago, and Tulsa between 1917 and 1921• help for African American and white Southerners after the Mississippi flood of 1927• relief projects during the Dust Bowl and after the New Deal An epilogue relates the history of the American Red Cross since the beginning of World War II and illuminates the organization's current practices as well as its international reputation. -- Manon S. Parry, University of Amsterdam

Suffrage at 100

Walter LaFeber, “The Reagan Administration and Revolutions in Central America,” Political Science Quarterly 99, no. ... See Cathal J. Nolan, ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary (Westport, CT: Greenwood ...

Suffrage at 100

Rafshoon, Bianca Rowlett, Sarah B. Rowley, Ana Stevenson, Barbara Winslow, Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, Nancy Beck Young

African Americans in U S Foreign Policy

“The Incomplete Revolution,” remarks by Ambassador Carl T. Rowan at a luncheon at the Pohjanhovi Hotel, Rovaniemi, ... see Michael L. Krenn, “Clifton R. Wharton, Sr.,” Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary, ed.

African Americans in U S  Foreign Policy

Bookended by remarks from African American diplomats Walter C. Carrington and Charles Stith, the essays in this volume use close readings of speeches, letters, historical archives, diaries, and memoirs of policymakers and newly available FBI files to confront much-neglected questions related to race and foreign relations in the United States. Why, for instance, did African Americans profess loyalty and support for the diplomatic initiatives of a nation that undermined their social, political, and economic well-being through racist policies and cultural practices? Other contributions explore African Americans' history in the diplomatic and consular services and the influential roles of cultural ambassadors like Joe Louis and Louis Armstrong. The volume concludes with an analysis of the effects on race and foreign policy in the administration of Barack Obama. Groundbreaking and critical, African Americans in U.S. Foreign Policy expands on the scope and themes of recent collections to offer the most up-to-date scholarship to students in a range of disciplines, including U.S. and African American history, Africana studies, political science, and American studies.

Ethics and Statecraft

This text offers a set of portraits of key leaders struggling with great moral issues in critical political settings.

Ethics and Statecraft

This text offers a set of portraits of key leaders struggling with great moral issues in critical political settings. The use of political biographies to illustrate the exercise of statecraft during periods of war, in peacemaking and in times of major change cuts to the heart of the role of ethics in the decision-making process and in international affairs.

Hemispheric Giants

Notable U.S. Ambassadors since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997. Paranhos, Jose Maria da Silva. "Brazil, the United States and Monroeism.” Foreign Relations of the United States, 1906.

Hemispheric Giants

This comprehensive book traces the full arc of U.S.-Brazilian bilateral relations over time. Despite the common critique of U.S. "neglect" of Brazil, Britta H. Crandall convincingly shows that the relationship has been marked by mutual, ongoing policy engagement. To be sure, different relative power positions and foreign policy traditions have limited high-level bilateral engagement. However, Crandall argues convincingly that the diminishing power disparity between the United States and Brazil is leading to closer ties in the twenty-first century—a trend that will bring about growing cooperation as well as competition in the future.

The A to Z of the Eisenhower Era

Nolan, Cathal J. Notable U. S. Ambassadors Since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1997. Notable Names in the American Theatre. Clifton, N.J.: James T. White, 1976. Olson, James Stuart.

The A to Z of the Eisenhower Era

U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower first entered into the public eye during World War II as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe. In 1952, he was elected as the 34th President of the United States and served two terms. During those terms he oversaw the cease-fire of the Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, made nuclear weapons a higher defense priority, launched the Space Race, enlarged the Social Security program, and began the Interstate Highway System. The A to Z of the Eisenhower Era examines significant individuals, organizations, and events in American political, economic, social, and cultural history during this era in American history. In addition to the hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on politics, economics, diplomacy, literature, science, sports, and popular culture, a chronology, introductory essay, and several appendixes are also included in this valuable reference.

Poland s Solidarity Movement and the Global Politics of Human Rights

Many people in America, Midge Decter complained, failed to see what human rights were – another way of stating American Cold ... ed., Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997).

Poland s Solidarity Movement and the Global Politics of Human Rights

In the historiography of human rights, the 1980s feature as little more than an afterthought to the human rights breakthrough of the previous decade. Through an examination of one of the major actors of recent human rights history – Poland's Solidarity movement – Robert Brier challenges this view. Suppressed in 1981, Poland's Solidarity movement was supported by a surprisingly diverse array of international groups: US Cold Warriors, French left-wing intellectuals, trade unionists, Amnesty International, even Chilean opponents of the Pinochet regime. By unpacking the politics and transnational discourses of these groups, Brier demonstrates how precarious the position of human rights in international politics remained well into the 1980s. More importantly, he shows that human rights were a profoundly political and highly contested language, which actors in East and West adopted to redefine their social and political identities in times of momentous cultural and intellectual change.