Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology

Technical guide to the theory and practice of seismic data processing with MATLAB algorithms for advanced students, researchers and professionals.

Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology

Technical guide to the theory and practice of seismic data processing with MATLAB algorithms for advanced students, researchers and professionals.

Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology

Exploration seismology is a complex technology that blends advanced physics, mathematics, and computation. ... Also, understanding the numerical methods behind the software requires a considerable knowledge of digital signal theory, ...

Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology

Exploration seismology uses seismic imaging to form detailed images of the Earth's interior, enabling the location of likely petroleum targets. Due to the size of seismic datasets, sophisticated numerical algorithms are required. This book provides a technical guide to the essential algorithms and computational aspects of data processing, covering the theory and methods of seismic imaging. The first part introduces an extensive online library of MATLAB® seismic data processing codes maintained by the CREWES project at the University of Calgary. Later chapters then focus on digital signal theory and relevant aspects of wave propagation and seismic modelling, followed by deconvolution and seismic migration methods. Presenting a rigorous explanation of how to construct seismic images, it provides readers with practical tools and codes to pursue research projects and analyses. It is ideal for advanced students and researchers in applied geophysics, and for practicing exploration geoscientists in the oil and gas industry.

Topics in Numerical Analysis II

Application of Finite Difference Methods to Exploration Seismology K. R. Kelly, R. M. AlfordflL S. TreitelT and R. W. Wardi Introduction The basic goal of geophysicists interested in petroleum exploration is to infer the geometry and ...

Topics in Numerical Analysis II

Topics in Numerical Analysis II contains in complete form, the papers given by the invited speakers to the Conference on Numerical Analysis held under the auspices of the National Committee for Mathematics of the Royal Irish Academy at University College, Dublin from 29th July to 2nd August, 1974. In addition, the titles of the contributed papers are listed together with the names and addresses of the authors who presented them at the conference. This book is divided into 20 chapters that present the papers in their entirety. They discuss such topics as applications of approximation theory to numerical analysis; interior regularity and local convergence of Galerkin finite element approximations for elliptic equations; and numerical estimates for the error of Gauss-Jacobi quadrature formulae. Some remarks on the unified treatment of elementary functions by microprogramming; application of finite difference methods to exploration seismology; and variable coefficient multistep methods for ordinary differential equations applied to parabolic partial differential equations are also presented. Other chapters cover realistic estimates for generic constants in multivariate pointwise approximation; matching of essential boundary conditions in the finite element method; and collocation, difference equations, and stitched function representations. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of mathematics and computer science.

Exploration Seismology

15.1.8 Numerical solution of differential equations Often, one must solve differential equations by numerical methods, generally because the equation is too complex to be solved analytically or the data are in digital form.

Exploration Seismology

This is the completely updated revision of the highly regarded book Exploration Seismology. Available now in one volume, this textbook provides a complete and systematic discussion of exploration seismology. The first part of the book looks at the history of exploration seismology and the theory - developed from the first principles of physics. All aspects of seismic acquisition are then described. The second part of the book goes on to discuss data-processing and interpretation. Applications of seismic exploration to groundwater, environmental and reservoir geophysics are also included. The book is designed to give a comprehensive up-to-date picture of the applications of seismology. Exploration Seismology's comprehensiveness makes it suitable as a text for undergraduate courses for geologists, geophysicists and engineers, as well as a guide and reference work for practising professionals.

Smart Modeling for Engineering Systems

Proceedings of the Conference 50 Years of the Development of Grid-Characteristic Method Igor B. Petrov, ... 3, 16–30 (2015) Muratov, M.V., Petrov, I.B., Kvasov, I.E.: Numerical solution of exploration seismology problems in areas of ...

Smart Modeling for Engineering Systems

This book highlights the work of several world-class researchers on smart modeling of complex systems. The contributions are grouped into the four main categories listed below. · Numerical schemes construction for the solution of partial differential equations. · Numerical methods in continuum media mechanics problems. · Mathematical modeling in aerodynamics, plasma physics, deformable body mechanics, and geological hydrocarbon exploration. · Mathematical modeling in medical applications. The book offers a valuable resource for theoreticians and application scientists and engineers, as well as postgraduate students, in the fields of computational methods, numerical experiments, parallel algorithms, deformable solid bodies, seismic stability, seismic prospecting, migration, elastic and acoustic wave investigation, gas dynamics, astrophysics, aerodynamics, fluid dynamics, turbulent flows, hypersonic flows, detonation waves, composite materials, fracture mechanics, melting of metals, mathematical economics, medicine, and biology.

Seismic Waves

Research and Analysis Masaki Kanao. Jang, U., Min, D.J., & Shin, C. 2009. Comparison of scaling methods for waveform inversion. Geophysical Prospecting, vol. ... Numerical methods of exploration seismology with algorithms in Matlab.

Seismic Waves

The importance of seismic wave research lies not only in our ability to understand and predict earthquakes and tsunamis, it also reveals information on the Earth's composition and features in much the same way as it led to the discovery of Mohorovicic's discontinuity. As our theoretical understanding of the physics behind seismic waves has grown, physical and numerical modeling have greatly advanced and now augment applied seismology for better prediction and engineering practices. This has led to some novel applications such as using artificially-induced shocks for exploration of the Earth's subsurface and seismic stimulation for increasing the productivity of oil wells. This book demonstrates the latest techniques and advances in seismic wave analysis from theoretical approach, data acquisition and interpretation, to analyses and numerical simulations, as well as research applications. A review process was conducted in cooperation with sincere support by Drs. Hiroshi Takenaka, Yoshio Murai, Jun Matsushima, and Genti Toyokuni.

Computational and Experimental Studies of Acoustic Waves

A new time-space domain high-order finite difference method for the acoustic wave equation. Journal of Computational Physics. ... Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology with Algorithms in Matlab. Calgary: Department of Geology and ...

Computational and Experimental Studies of Acoustic Waves

This book presents recent studies of acoustic wave propagation through different media including the atmosphere, Earth's subsurface, complex dusty plasmas, porous materials, and flexible structures. Mathematical models of the underlying physical phenomena are introduced and studied in detail. With its seven chapters, the book brings together important contributions from renowned international researchers to provide an excellent survey of recent computational and experimental studies of acoustic waves. The first section consists of four chapters that focus on computational studies, while the next section is composed of three chapters that center on experimental studies.

Modern Singular Spectral Based Denoising and Filtering Techniques for 2D and 3D Reflection Seismic Data

Numerical methods of exploration seismology with algorithms in Matlab. The University of Calgary Publ. McCloskey, J., Bean, C.J. and Jacob, A.W.B. (1991). Evidence for chaotic behaviour in seismic wave scattering.

Modern Singular Spectral Based Denoising and Filtering Techniques for 2D and 3D Reflection Seismic Data

This book discusses the latest advances in singular spectrum-based algorithms for seismic data processing, providing an update on recent developments in this field. Over the past few decades, researchers have extensively studied the application of the singular spectrum-based time and frequency domain eigen image methods, singular spectrum analysis (SSA) and multichannel SSA for various geophysical data. This book addresses seismic reflection signals, which represent the amalgamated signals of several unwanted signals/noises, such as ground roll, diffractions etc. Decomposition of such non-stationary and erratic field data is one of the multifaceted tasks in seismic data processing. This volume also includes comprehensive methodological and parametric descriptions, testing on appropriately generated synthetic data, as well as comparisons between time and frequency domain algorithms and their applications to the field data on 1D, 2D, 3D and 4D data sets. Lastly, it features an exclusive chapter with MATLAB coding for SSA.

Advances and Applications in Geospatial Technology and Earth Resources

In: Geophysical Research Abstracts (2006) Margrave, G.F.: Numerical methods of exploration seismology with algorithms in Matlab. CREWES Toolbox Version 1006 (2003) An Integration of Least Squares Support Vector Machines and Firefly ...

Advances and Applications in Geospatial Technology and Earth Resources

This book discusses the latest advances and applications in geospatial technologies and earth resources for mine surveying and civil engineering. It also discusses mineral resources management and assesses many techniques such as unmanned aerial vehicles/drones, ground-penetrating radar, geographic information system (GIS) and GIS-based machine learning. The book gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Geo-Spatial Technologies and Earth Resources (GTER 2017), which was co-organized by the Hanoi University of Mining and Geology (HUMG) and the International Society for Mine Surveying (ISM) and held in Hanoi, Vietnam, on October 5–6, 2017. GTER 2017 is technically co-sponsored by the Vietnam Mining Science and Technology Association (VMST), Vietnam Association of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing (VGCR), Vietnam National Coal-Mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited (VINACOMIN), and the Dong Bac Corporation (NECO). The event is intended to bring together experts, researchers, engineers, and policymakers to discuss and exchange their knowledges and experiences with modern geospatial technologies, recent advances in mining and tunneling, and the geological and earth sciences. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will appeal to scientists in the field as well as professionals interested in related technological applications.

Wireless Sensor Networks

Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology with algorithms in MATLAB, http://www.crewes.org/ResearchLinks/FreeSoftware/EduSoftware/ NMES_Margrave.pdf. Oliver, C. J., (1989). "Synthetic-aperture radar imaging", Journal of Physics D: ...

Wireless Sensor Networks

Over the past decade, there has been a prolific increase in the research, development and commercialisation of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and their associated technologies. WSNs have found application in a vast range of different domains, scenarios and disciplines. These have included healthcare, defence and security, environmental monitoring and building/structural health monitoring. However, as a result of the broad array of pertinent applications, WSN researchers have also realised the application specificity of the domain; it is incredibly difficult, if not impossible, to find an application-independent solution to most WSN problems. Hence, research into WSNs dictates the adoption of an application-centric design process. This book is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all WSN applications and deployments to date. Instead, it is a collection of state-of-the-art research papers discussing current applications and deployment experiences, but also the communication and data processing technologies that are fundamental in further developing solutions to applications. Whilst a common foundation is retained through all chapters, this book contains a broad array of often differing interpretations, configurations and limitations of WSNs, and this highlights the diversity of this ever-changing research area. The chapters have been categorised into three distinct sections: applications and case studies, communication and networking, and information and data processing. The readership of this book is intended to be postgraduate/postdoctoral researchers and professional engineers, though some of the chapters may be of relevance to interested masters level students.

Theory and Practice of Geophysical Data Inversion

Santosa's numerical solution was based on a primitive rule which needs 1arge computational time and memory. ... Excellent papers exist on Gelfand-Levitan and related methods in exploration seismology including those of Claerbout (1976), ...

Theory and Practice of Geophysical Data Inversion

The contributions to this volume cover a wide spectrum of recent developments in geophysical data inversion, including basic mathematics and general theory, numerical methods, as well as computer implementation of algorithms. Most of the papers are motivated by problems arising from geophysical research and applications both on a global scale and with respect to local geophysical surveys, underlining the increasing importance of geophysical exploration methods in various fields, such as structural geology, prospecting for mineral and energy resources, hydro geology, geotechnology, environmental protection and archaeology. The first section of the book deals with basic mathematics and general theory underlying geophysical data inversion. Papers presented here are concerned with stabilization algorithms to solve ill-posed inverse problems, sensitivity of kernel function estimations to random data errors and reduction of errors in inverse modelling of response functions by linear constraints, numerical procedures for approximating the solution to boundary value problems, accuracy and stability of inverse ill-posed problems constituted by problems of moments, and fast Fourier transforms for solving potential field problems. The second section contains papers on gravity and magnetics, dealing with the solvability of the inverse gravimetric problem for sources represented by point masses and other elementary, solution of the inverse problem in cases of nonuniformly distributed data as obtained by palaeomagnetic studies, satellite observations, and surface projections of buried archaeological targets by inverse filtering of geomagnetic data.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Margrave GF and Lamoureux MP (2018) Numerical Methods of Exploration Seismology: With Algorithms in MATLABW. Cambridge University Press. May DA and Moresi L (2008) Preconditioned iterative methods for stokes flow problems arising in ...

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Acoustical Imaging

The present technique is in fact a general numerical implementation of the original solution technique of Ewing et al ... solution technique, a few numerical examples from crustal and exploration seismology are given in Section 3. 1.

Acoustical Imaging


Advances in Geophysics

of seismic modelling methods in exploration seismology and hope the book will be useful for all the global, earthquake, and exploration seismologists. The book starts with new developments in the two most classical methods in ...

Advances in Geophysics

Significant progress in our understanding of the Earth's structure and functioning is dependent on new and original observations. However, these observations cannot be interpreted in a quantitative way without tools to model them, and developing adequate modelling methods is also a prerequisite for progress. Seismological raw data in the 21st century are mostly three-component broadband recordings, and require advanced numerical tools to be modelled, especially if lateral variations in the model are accounted for in addition to the radial stratification of the Earth. Considerable progress has been made concerning modelling of elastic waves in laterally heterogeneous structures in the last decades, taking advantage of the development of computer power. The number of articles related to new developments of diverse methods is enormous and it can be very difficult for newcomers to get an overview of the different methods available, and to be able to find which method is most appropriate for his or her applications. This book aims at giving introductions and basic reviews of the modelling methods for elastic waves in laterally heterogeneous structures which are most commonly used in contemporary seismology, or may have great potential for the future.

Smart Modelling for Engineering Systems

Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Methods in Continuum Mechanics (CMCM 2021), ... 16.5 Conclusions The approach to solve the inverse exploration seismology of fracture detection problems with the use of ...

Smart Modelling for Engineering Systems

This book is a collection of research papers selected for presentation at the International Conference on Smart Computational Methods in Continuum Mechanics 2021, organized by Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Institute for Computer Aided Design of Russian Academy of Sciences. The work is presented in two volumes. The primary objective of the book is to report the state-of-the-art on smart computational paradigms in continuum mechanics and explore the use of artificial intelligence paradigms such as neural nets and machine learning for improving the performance of the designed engineering systems. The book includes up-to-date smart computational methods which are used to solve problems in continuum mechanics, engineering, seismic prospecting, non-destructive testing, and so on. The main features of the book are the research papers on the application of novel smart methods including neural nets and machine learning, computational algorithms, smart software systems, and high-performance computer systems for solving complex engineering problems. The case studies pertaining to the real-world applications in the above fields are included. The book presents a collection of best research papers in English language from some of the world leaders in the field of smart system modelling and design of engineering systems.

Numerical Modeling of Seismic Wave Propagation

Modeling of seismic wave propagation plays a key role in almost every aspect of exploration seismology. Fundamentally, it provides us with a means of understand— ing the character of recorded seismic data.

Numerical Modeling of Seismic Wave Propagation


Problems in Exploration Seismology and Their Solutions

Solution This problem must be solved by trial-and-error methods, either graphical or numerical. We have chosen the latter, because it is easier, quicker, and more accurate than graphical methods. 4 . 0 k m / s 3 . 0 k m / s Source 2 .

Problems in Exploration Seismology and Their Solutions


Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

R.E. Sheriff and L.P. Geldart (1995) Exploration Seismology. ... J.F. Thompson and Z.U.A. Warsi (1982) Boundary-fitted coordinate systems for numerical solution of partial differential equations - a review. J. Comput. Phys. 47, 1–108.

Mathematical Methods and Modelling in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Hydrocarbon exploration and production incorporate great technology challenges for the oil and gas industry. In order to meet the world's future demand for oil and gas, further technological advance is needed, which in turn requires research across multiple disciplines, including mathematics, geophysics, geology, petroleum engineering, signal processing, and computer science. This book addresses important aspects and fundamental concepts in hydrocarbon exploration and production. Moreover, new developments and recent advances in the relevant research areas are discussed, whereby special emphasis is placed on mathematical methods and modelling. The book reflects the multi-disciplinary character of the hydrocarbon production workflow, ranging from seismic data imaging, seismic analysis and interpretation and geological model building, to numerical reservoir simulation. Various challenges concerning the production workflow are discussed in detail. The thirteen chapters of this joint work, authored by international experts from academic and industrial institutions, include survey papers of expository character as well as original research articles. Large parts of the material presented in this book were developed between November 2000 and April 2004 through the European research and training network NetAGES, "Network for Automated Geometry Extraction from Seismic". The new methods described here are currently being implemented as software tools at Schlumberger Stavanger Research, one of the world's largest service providers to the oil industry.

Static Corrections for Seismic Reflection Surveys

Sheriff, R. E., and Geldart, L. P., 1995, Exploration seismology: Cambridge Univ. Press. Sherwood, J., Chen, K. C., and Wood, M., 1986a, ... Stanton, R. G., 1961, Numerical methods for science and engineering: Prentice-Hall, ...

Static Corrections for Seismic Reflection Surveys

This reference manual is designed to enable more geophysicists to appreciate static corrections, especially their limitations, their relationship with near-surface geology, and their impact on the quality of final interpreted sections. The book is addressed to those involved in data acquisition (datum static corrections), data processing (datum static and residual static corrections), and interpretation (the impact that unresolved static corrections, especially the long-wavelength or low-spatial-frequency component, have on the interpretation of the final section). Simple explanations of the underlying principles are included in an attempt to remove some of the mystique of static corrections. The principles involved are illustrated with simple models; these are supplemented with many data examples. This book details differences in approaches that must be considered among 2D, 3D, and crooked-line recordings as well as between P-wave and S-wave surveys. Static corrections are shown to be a simplified yet practical approach to modeling the effects of the near surface where a more correct wavefield or raypath-modeled method may not be efficiently undertaken. Chapters cover near-surface topography and geology; computation of datum static corrections; uphole surveys; refraction surveys; static corrections-limitations and effect on seismic data processes; residual static corrections; and interpretation aspects. An extensive index and a large list of references are included.

Issues in Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application 2011 Edition

“We have drawn connections between imaging in exploration seismology, adjoint methods, and emerging finite-frequency ... “Modern numerical methods and computers have facilitated the accurate and efficient simulation of 3D acoustic, ...

Issues in Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application  2011 Edition

Issues in Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biophysics and Geophysics Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.