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Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition

Author: Lynnette R. Ferguson
Publisher: CRC Press
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While functional foods have become a reasonably well-established concept, personalized nutrition is still treated with skepticism by many. The recognition that people would have different nutrient requirements, or perceive foods in different ways, raises several concerns—some real, some not so real. Nutrigenomics and Nutrigenetics in Functional Foods and Personalized Nutrition addresses what is needed to bring nutrigenomics, nutrigenetics, and their associated technologies to market in a truly impactful way. Edited by Lynnette R. Ferguson, a well-known and internationally respected researcher, the book covers a wide range of issues, from the purely scientific to ethical, consumer-driven, and public health aspects. It takes a close look at gene–diet interactions and explores the ways in which studies on nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics can help modulate disease risk in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease. Topics include regulatory challenges, genetic testing for consumers, data mining, transcriptomic analysis, and the role of science and health professionals in the commercialization of nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. The book also examines industry–academia partnerships as a nexus between the science and its commercialization by the food industry. These partnerships will be an important determinant of what value the technologies bring, not only to the market but to the wider health and well-being of society. Exploring how nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics can help modulate disease risk, this timely book brings together stimulating, well-thought-out perspectives from established and emerging researchers. It provides valuable information on a subject that is becoming increasingly important for nutritionists, dieticians, and clinical professionals, as well as for the food industry and research community.


Functional Food and Human Health

Author: Vibha Rani
Publisher: Springer
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Global health and the increasing incidence of various diseases are a cause for concern, and doctors and scientists reason that the diet, food habits and lifestyle are contributing factors. Processed food has reduced the nutritional value of our diet, and although supplementing foods with various additives is considered an alternative, the long-term impact of this is not known. Many laboratories around the world are working to identify various nutritional components in our daily food and their effect on human health. These have been classified as Nutraceuticals or functional food, and they may have preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of pathologies associated with modern dietary habits and lifestyles. This book addresses various aspects of this issue, revitalizing the discussion and consolidating the latest research on nutritional and functional food and their effects in in-vitro, in-vivo and human clinical studies.


Personalized Nutrition

Author: Artemis P. Simopoulos
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
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Awareness of the influence of our genetic variation to dietary response (nutrigenetics) and how nutrients may affect gene expression (nutrigenomics) is prompting a revolution in the field of nutrition. Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics provide powerful approaches to unravel the complex relationships among nutritional molecules, genetic variants and the biological system. This publication contains selected papers from the '3rd Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics' held in Bethesda, Md., in October 2009. The contributions address frontiers in nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics, epigenetics, transcriptomics as well as non-coding RNAs and posttranslational gene regulations in various diseases and conditions. In addition to scientific studies, the challenges and opportunities facing governments, academia and the industry are included. Everyone interested in the future of personalized medicine and nutrition or agriculture, as well as researchers in academia, government and industry will find this publication of the utmost interest for their work.


Genomics Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Author: Debasis Bagchi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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The nutraceutical and functional food field is rapidly growing in diverse sectors, including academic, commercial and government. This has brought a corresponding shift in research focus and in public awareness. Understanding the relevance of the scientific principles in determining the safety and effectiveness of functional foods and nutraceuticals is increasingly important. It is becoming increasingly evident that genomic research technologies will be used in the coming years and there is a need to provide resources that will facilitate this growth. This book incorporates the most recent advances in the three major sectors of the field within one volume. Genomics, proteomics, and metobolomics represent three major scientific research areas that contribute to nutraceutical and functional food research for studies of effectiveness and safety.


Nutrition and Genomics

Author: David Castle
Publisher: Academic Press
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Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology


Science Society and the Supermarket

Author: David Castle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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The new science of nutrigenomics and its ethical and societal challenges Gene-diet interactions--which underlie relatively benign lactose intolerance to life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular disease--have long been known. But until now, scientists lacked the tools to fully understand the underlying mechanisms that cause these conditions. In recent years, however, strides in human genomics and the nutritional sciences have allowed for the advancement of a new science--dubbed nutrigenomics. Although this science may lead to personalized nutrition and dietary recommendations that can mitigate, prevent, or cure sickness, current oversight mechanisms and regulations for emerging direct-to-public nutrigenomic tests are still in their infancy. Science, Society, and the Supermarket: The Opportunities and Challenges of Nutrigenomics discusses the many ethical, legal, and social challenges presented by nutrigenomics. Concerning itself with the basic uses of nutrigenomic research as well as its clinical and commercial aspects, this text sheds light on such issues as: * Opportunities and challenges for nutrigenomics * The science of nutrigenomics * The ethics of nutrigenomic tests and information both in a clinical setting and by private third parties * Alternatives for nutrigenomics service delivery * Nutrigenomics and the regulation of health claims for foods and drugs * Equity and access to nutrigenomics in industrialized and developing countries * Intellectual property issues By taking a proactive bioethical stance on the subject, Science, Society, and the Supermarket offers a thorough and timely analysis on both the benefits and risks of nutrigenomics. Along with a thought-provoking examination of the issues, this book provides ethical guidelines and recommendations for further study in policy and regulatory development.


Louisiana Agriculture

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World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics

Author: Geoffrey Howard Bourne
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For the first time, international scientists describe the advances in genetics and nutrition by combining methods of molecular biology with those of functional genetics, also known as systems biology. This book provides the latest data on genetic variation and dietary response, nutrients and gene expression, and the contribution molecular biology has given to systems biology. It also includes a comprehensive critique of genetic association studies in defining the risk of chronic diseases and concludes that molecular diagnostic tests will eventually affect every area of health care from individual risk prediction, early diagnosis of disease, and determination of optimal treatment regimens, to monitoring treatment effectiveness. The appendix contains an extensive glossary of the newly emerging terminology, as well as recommendations for genetic screening. This publication is an essential tool for the future work of all physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, anthropologists, food technologists, policy makers, ethicists and educators.


Nutrition and Metabolism

Author: Susan A. Lanham-New
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Nutrition and Metabolism Second Edition Edited by Susan A Lanham-New, Ian A Macdonald and Helen M Roche EditionIn this second edition of the second title in the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook Series, Nutrition and Metabolism has been revised and updated to meet the needs of the contemporary student. Groundbreaking in their scope and approach, the titles in the series: Provide students with the required scientific basics of nutrition in the context of a systems and health approach Enable teachers and students to explore the core principles of nutrition, to apply these throughout their training, and to foster critical thinking at all times. Throughout, key areas of knowledge are identified Are fully peer-reviewed, to ensure completeness and clarity of content, as well as to ensure that each book takes a global perspective Nutrition and Metabolism is an essential purchase for students of nutrition and dietetics, and also for those students who major in other subjects that have a nutrition component, such as food science, medicine, pharmacy and nursing. Professionals in nutrition, dietetics, food science, medicine, health sciences and many related areas will also find much of great value within its covers.


Nutritionism

Author: Gyorgy Scrinis
Publisher: Columbia University Press
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Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.