Operation-linebacker-ii-1972 Free Download eBook in PDF and EPUB. You can find writing review for Operation-linebacker-ii-1972 and get all the book for free.


Operation Linebacker II 1972

Author: Marshall Michel III
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF
Size: 28,98 MB
Download: 989
Read Online: 1221

Download


After the failed April 1972 invasion of South Vietnam and the heavy US tactical bombing raids in the Hanoi area, the North Vietnamese agreed to return to the Paris peace talks, yet very quickly these negotiations stalled. In an attempt to end the war quickly and 'persuade' the North Vietnamese to return to the negotiating table, President Nixon ordered the Air Force to send the US' ultimate conventional weapon, the B-52 bomber, against their capital, Hanoi. Bristling with the latest Soviet air defence missiles, it was the most heavily defended target in Vietnam. Taking place in late December, this campaign was soon dubbed the 'Christmas Bombings'. Using specially commissioned artwork and maps, ex-USAF fighter colonel Marshall Michel describes Linebacker II, the climax of the air war over Vietnam, and history's only example of how America's best Cold War bombers performed against contemporary Soviet air defences.


Vietnam s Final Air Campaign

Author: Stephen Emerson
Publisher: Pen & Sword Military
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, Kindle
Size: 10,34 MB
Download: 958
Read Online: 381

Download


On March 30, 1972 some 30,000 North Vietnamese troops along with tanks and heavy artillery surged across the demilitarized zone into South Vietnam in the opening round of Hanoi's Easter Offensive. By early May South Vietnamese forces were on the ropes and faltering. Without the support of U.S. combat troops - who were in their final stage of withdrawing from the country - the Saigon government was in danger of total collapse and with it any American hope of a negotiated settlement to the war. In response, President Richard Nixon called for an aggressive, sustained bombardment of North Vietnam. Code-named Operation Linebacker I, the interdiction effort sought to stem the flow of men and material southward, as well as sever all outside supply lines in the first new bombing of the North Vietnamese heartland in nearly four years. To meet the American air armada, North Vietnamese MiG fighters took to the skies and surface-to-missiles and anti-aircraft fire filled the air from May to October over Hanoi and Haiphong.With the failure of its Easter Offensive to achieve military victory, Hanoi reluctantly returned to the negotiating table in Paris. However, as the peace talks teetered on the edge of collapse in mid-December 1972, Nixon played his trump card: Operation Linebacker II. The resulting twelve-day Christmas bombing campaign from 18-30 December unleashed the full wrath of American air power. More than 2,200 attack sorties, including 724 B-52 sorties alone, were flown by Air Force and Navy aircraft delivering 15,287 tons of bombs that laid waste to the North Vietnamese capital. Railyards, military storage depots, power stations, and bridges, as well as radar and communication sites, airfields, and anti-aircraft defenses were pummelled day and night. Linebacker II would prove to be decisive: a ceasefire agreement was signed on 23 January 1973.


Bombing Campaign North Vietnam

Author: Stephen Emerson
Publisher:
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Size: 11,88 MB
Download: 762
Read Online: 177

Download





Library of Congress Subject Headings

Author: Library of Congress
Publisher:
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF
Size: 25,97 MB
Download: 121
Read Online: 679

Download





Introduction to the United States Air Force

Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, Mobi
Size: 20,74 MB
Download: 920
Read Online: 271

Download





Hanoi s War

Author: Lien-Hang T. Nguyen
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, ePub, Docs
Size: 29,63 MB
Download: 961
Read Online: 370

Download


While most historians of the Vietnam War focus on the origins of U.S. involvement and the Americanization of the conflict, Lien-Hang T. Nguyen examines the international context in which North Vietnamese leaders pursued the war and American intervention ended. This riveting narrative takes the reader from the marshy swamps of the Mekong Delta to the bomb-saturated Red River Delta, from the corridors of power in Hanoi and Saigon to the Nixon White House, and from the peace negotiations in Paris to high-level meetings in Beijing and Moscow, all to reveal that peace never had a chance in Vietnam. Hanoi's War renders transparent the internal workings of America's most elusive enemy during the Cold War and shows that the war fought during the peace negotiations was bloodier and much more wide ranging than it had been previously. Using never-before-seen archival materials from the Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as materials from other archives around the world, Nguyen explores the politics of war-making and peace-making not only from the North Vietnamese perspective but also from that of South Vietnam, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States, presenting a uniquely international portrait.


Air War Over North Vietnam

Author: Stephen Emerson
Publisher: Pen & Sword Books
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, Docs
Size: 23,98 MB
Download: 322
Read Online: 665

Download


In early 1965 the United States unleashed the largest sustained aerial bombing campaign since World War II, against North Vietnam. Through an ever escalating onslaught of destruction, Operation Rolling Thunder intended to signal America's unwavering commitment to its South Vietnamese ally in the face of continued North Vietnamese aggression, break Hanoi's political will to prosecute the war, and bring about a negotiated settlement to the conflict. It was not to be. Against the backdrop of the Cold War and fears of widening the conflict into a global confrontation, Washington policy makers micromanaged and mismanaged the air campaign and increasingly muddled strategic objectives and operational methods that ultimately sowed the seeds of failure, despite the heroic sacrifices by U.S. Air Force and Navy pilots and crews Despite flying some 306,000 combat sorties and dropping 864,000 tons of ordnance on North Vietnam - 42 per cent more than that used in the Pacific theater during World War II - Operation Rolling Thunder failed to drive Hanoi decisively to the negotiating table and end the war. That would take another four years and another air campaign. But by building on the hard earned political and military lessons of the past, the Nixon Administration and American military commanders would get another chance to prove themselves when they implemented operations Linebacker I and II in May and December 1972\. And this time the results would be vastly different.


Vietnam War

Author: James H. Willbanks
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, Mobi
Size: 29,36 MB
Download: 612
Read Online: 616

Download


The Vietnam War was one of America's longest, bloodiest, and most controversial wars. This volume examines the complexities of this protracted conflict and explains why the lessons learned in Vietnam are still highly relevant today. * More than 45 contributors, including Robert K. Brigham, Cecil B. Currey, Arnold R. Isaacs, Lewis Sorley, Spencer C. Tucker, and David T. Zabecki * Introductory essays provide a broad overview of the Vietnam War and help readers understand the causes and consequences of the conflict * Maps depicting South Vietnam, infiltration routes, and key battles


Who Are Those Guys

Author: Thomas Mangan
Publisher: AuthorHouse
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, ePub, Docs
Size: 16,38 MB
Download: 501
Read Online: 187

Download


Who Are Those Guys can be used as a handbook for people who don’t know anyone whose name is on the Wall, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. It is also an excellent resource for schoolchildren who visit the Wall during a class trip to Washington. Walking along the Wall looking for the name of someone you know is a totally different experience from just walking along the Wall. Before you go to the Wall, or the Travelling Wall, look through the stories in Who Are Those Guys until someone’s name, story, place of residence, or birthday catches your attention. Who Are Those Guys gives you the opportunity to learn something about someone whose name is on the Wall, so that when you walk along the Wall, you will be looking for the name of someone you know, instead of just walking along the Wall.


Yankee Air Pirates

Author: C.K. McCusker
Publisher:
Language:
Number of Pages:
Format Type: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Size: 27,85 MB
Download: 354
Read Online: 510

Download


In the winter of 1972, President Nixon ordered Operation Linebacker II, a massive aerial bombing campaign designed to end the war. The primary targets were located in Hanoi and Haiphong, North Vietnam, which were the most heavily defended cities in the history of aerial warfare. Yankee Air Pirates tells the story of this campaign through the eyes of Spike, Bulldog, D-Kid, and the many other crewdogs (as B-52 crew members referred to themselves) who flew the massive Stratofortress on these dangerous missions. Who were these crewdogs? In the air, they were serious professionals. They were wise beyond thheir years, educated by experiences that most will never know. On the ground, they were rowdy, undisciplined, hard-drinking misfits. They were heroes at a time when many at home refused to recognize their heroism, and they were patriots when "patriotism" was a bad word in America. Most importantly, they were eager to do everything they could, including risking their lives, to end the war and free the prisoners so everyone could go home to their families and friends--Back cover.