Optical Methods in Experimental Solid Mechanics

The book covers the theories and physics of advanced new optical measuring methods and problems of experimental performance, recent achievements in the basic interferometric methods holography, speckle-interferometry, shearography as well ...

Optical Methods in Experimental Solid Mechanics

The book covers the theories and physics of advanced new optical measuring methods and problems of experimental performance, recent achievements in the basic interferometric methods holography, speckle-interferometry, shearography as well as linear/non-linear photoelasticity and photoviscoelasticity, Moiré- and grid-techniques. It deals with theory and application of digital image processing, methods of data recording, data processing and -visualisation, with mathematical/numerical procedures for final evaluation of digitised measured data and the principle of hybrid techniques. It introduces into the new perceptions of methods in experimental solid mechanics and it should encourage scientists to deal intensively with the theories for further developments, and enables practitioners, to understand theory and physics of the new achievements at least and to apply the methods in research als well as in developments in practice.

Experimental Mechanics of Solids

This comprehensive book forms an invaluable resource for graduate students and is also a point of reference for researchers and practitioners in structural and materials engineering.

Experimental Mechanics of Solids

Experimental solid mechanics is the study of materials to determine their physical properties. This study might include performing a stress analysis or measuring the extent of displacement, shape, strain and stress which a material suffers under controlled conditions. In the last few years there have been remarkable developments in experimental techniques that measure shape, displacement and strains and these sorts of experiments are increasingly conducted using computational techniques. Experimental Mechanics of Solids is a comprehensive introduction to the topics, technologies and methods of experimental mechanics of solids. It begins by establishing the fundamentals of continuum mechanics, explaining key areas such as the equations used, stresses and strains, and two and three dimensional problems. Having laid down the foundations of the topic, the book then moves on to look at specific techniques and technologies with emphasis on the most recent developments such as optics and image processing. Most of the current computational methods, as well as practical ones, are included to ensure that the book provides information essential to the reader in practical or research applications. Key features: Presents widely used and accepted methodologies that are based on research and development work of the lead author Systematically works through the topics and theories of experimental mechanics including detailed treatments of the Moire, Speckle and holographic optical methods Includes illustrations and diagrams to illuminate the topic clearly for the reader Provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic, and also acts as a quick reference guide This comprehensive book forms an invaluable resource for graduate students and is also a point of reference for researchers and practitioners in structural and materials engineering.

Interference optical Methods of Solid Mechanics

The book describes the theory, efficient scope of application in the every-day practice and the problems of further development of these techniques.

Interference optical Methods of Solid Mechanics

This reference tutorial contains modern experimental approaches to analysis of strain-stress distribution based on interference-optical methods of registration of strain or displacement fields, including coherent-optical techniques (holographic interferometry, speckle photography, electronic digital speckle interferometry techniques) and photoelastic methods as well as the shadow optical method of caustic. The book describes the theory, efficient scope of application in the every-day practice and the problems of further development of these techniques. Much attention is paid to new and promising advanced developments in the field of observation and computational methods for study of residual stress, determination of fracture mechanics parameters and material deformation characteristics. The content corresponds to the course of lectures delivered by the author at the N.E. Bauman Moscow State Technical University. It is intended for technical university students, research engineers and postgraduate students who are doing analysis of strain-stress state and strength of structural elements.

Optical Methods for Solid Mechanics

With its coverage of topics also relevant for industry, this text is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and engineers involved in nondestructive testing for acoustics, mechanics, medicine, diagnosis on artwork and construction, and ...

Optical Methods for Solid Mechanics

Unique within the field for being written in a tutorial style, this textbook adopts a step-by-step approach to the background needed for understanding a wide range of full-field optical measurement techniques in solid mechanics. This method familiarizes readers with the essentials of imaging and full-field optical measurement techniques, helping them to identify the appropriate techniques and in assessing measurement systems. In addition, readers learn the appropriate rules of thumb as a guide to better experimental performance from the applied techniques. Rather than presenting an exhaustive overview on the subject, each chapter provides a concise introduction to the concepts and principles, integrates solved problems within the text, summarizes the essence at the end, and includes unsolved problems. With its coverage of topics also relevant for industry, this text is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and engineers involved in non-destructive testing for acoustics, mechanics, medicine, diagnosis on artwork and construction, and civil engineering.

Experimental Mechanics

The book presents in a clear, simple, straightforward, novel and unified manner the most used methods of experimental mechanics of solids for the determination of displacements, strains and stresses.

Experimental Mechanics

The book presents in a clear, simple, straightforward, novel and unified manner the most used methods of experimental mechanics of solids for the determination of displacements, strains and stresses. Emphasis is given on the principles of operation of the various methods, not in their applications to engineering problems. The book is divided into sixteen chapters which include strain gages, basic optics, geometric and interferometric moiré, optical methods (photoelasticity, interferometry, holography, caustics, speckle methods, digital image correlation), thermoelastic stress analysis, indentation, optical fibers, nondestructive testing, and residual stresses. The book will be used not only as a learning tool, but as a basis on which the researcher, the engineer, the experimentalist, the student can develop their new own ideas to promote research in experimental mechanics of solids.

Optical Methods in Dynamics of Fluids and Solids

The General Assembly of the International Union of Theoreti cal and Applied Mechanics decided in Cambridge, United King dom, in 1982 to arrange the Symposium on Optical Methods in the Dynamics of Fluids and Solids.

Optical Methods in Dynamics of Fluids and Solids

The General Assembly of the International Union of Theoreti cal and Applied Mechanics decided in Cambridge, United King dom, in 1982 to arrange the Symposium on Optical Methods in the Dynamics of Fluids and Solids. This decision was stimu lated by the fact that optical diagnostic methods are a more and more important tool in experimental mechanics. In contrast to the foregoing Symposium in Poitiers. 1976, which was devoted exclusively to optical methods in the me chanics of solids, it was a fruitful idea to bring together during the present Symposium scientists engaged in optical methods in the dynamics of all phases. It was proposed by the International Scientific Committee of the Symposium that contributions in experimental fluid dynamics should deal with transition from laminar to turbu lent flow, compressible fluid flow including high temperatu re flow, non-equilibrium phenomena in fluid dynamics and the interaction of fluid flow with solid boundaries and bodies. As regard. the mechanics of solids, the contributions should deal with the application of optical methods in the wave propagation in shock loaded bodies, in phenomena connected with the fracture mechanism, in nonstationary Vibrations of elements and parts of systems and in nonstationary strains in structures. The International Scientific Committee preferred to avoid invited lectures and in cooperation with the National Com mittees of IUTAM called for contribution from individual countries.

IUTAM Symposium on Advanced Optical Methods and Applications in Solid Mechanics

First, for nearly 20 years no Symposium devoted to optical methods in solids had been organized. Second, recent advances in digital image processing provided many new applications which are described in the following.

IUTAM Symposium on Advanced Optical Methods and Applications in Solid Mechanics

The request to organize under its patronage at Poitiers in 1998 a Symposium entitled “Advanced Optical Methods and Applications in Solid Mechanics” by the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (I.U.T.A.M.) was well received for the following two reasons. First, for nearly 20 years no Symposium devoted to optical methods in solids had been organized. Second, recent advances in digital image processing provided many new applications which are described in the following. We have the honour to present here the proceedings of this Symposium. st th The Symposium took place from august 31 to September 4 at the Institut International de la Prospective in Futuroscope near Poitiers. A significant number of internationally renowned specialists had expressed their wish to participate in this meeting. The Scientific Committee proposed 16 general conferences and selected 33 regular lectures and 17 poster presentations. Papers corresponding to posters are not differentiated in the proceedings from those that were presented orally. It is worth noting that a total of 80 participants, representing 16 countries, registered for this symposium.. The Scientific Committee deserves praise for attracting a significant number of young scientists, both as authors and as participants. Let us add our warm acknowledgements to Professor J.W. Dally and to Professor A.S. Kobayashi who, throughout the symposium preparation time, brought us valuable help.

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics Volume 3

Sciammarella CA, Lamberti L (2014) Basic models supporting experimental mechanics of deformations, geometrical representations, connections among different techniques. To appear in Meccanica, Special Issue on “Experimental Solid ...

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics  Volume 3

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas: · Advanced optical methods for frontier applications · Advanced optical interferometry · Optical measurement systems using polarized light · Optical methods for advanced manufacturing · Digital image correlation · Optical methods at the micro/nano-scale · Three-dimensional imaging and volumetric correlation · Imaging methods for thermomechanics applications · Opto-acoustical methods in experimental mechanics · Optical measurements in challenging environments · Optical methods for inverse problems · Advances in optical methods

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics Volume 3

In: Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, vol. 6, pp. 837–843 (2011) Furgiuele, F.M., Pagnotta, L., Poggialini, A.: Measuring residual stresses by hole-drilling and coherent optics techniques: a ...

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics  Volume 3

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3 of the Proceedings of the 2017 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics

Written and compiled by internationally renowned experts in the field, this book is a timely, updated reference for both practitioners and researchers in science and engineering.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics

As a reference book, the Springer Handbook provides a comprehensive exposition of the techniques and tools of experimental mechanics. An informative introduction to each topic is provided, which advises the reader on suitable techniques for practical applications. New topics include biological materials, MEMS and NEMS, nanoindentation, digital photomechanics, photoacoustic characterization, and atomic force microscopy in experimental solid mechanics. Written and compiled by internationally renowned experts in the field, this book is a timely, updated reference for both practitioners and researchers in science and engineering.

Handbook of Optical Metrology

Optical. Methods. in. Solid. Mechanics. Anand. Asundi. CONTENTS 23.1 Introduction. ... 538 23.4.3 Low Birefringence Polariscope Based on Liquid Crystal Polarization Rotator.........539 23.4.4 Experimental Results.

Handbook of Optical Metrology

The field of optical metrology offers a wealth of both practical and theoretical accomplishments, and can cite any number of academic papers recording such. However, while several books covering specific areas of optical metrology do exist, until the pages herein were researched, written, and compiled, the field lacked for a comprehensive handbook, one providing an overview of optical metrology that covers practical applications as well as fundamentals. Carefully designed to make information accessible to beginners without sacrificing academic rigor, the Handbook of Optical Metrology: Principles and Applications discusses fundamental principles and techniques before exploring practical applications. With contributions from veterans in the field, as well as from up-and-coming researchers, the Handbook offers 30 substantial and well-referenced chapters. In addition to the introductory matter, forward-thinking descriptions are included in every chapter that make this a valuable reference for all those involved with optical metrology.

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics Volume 3

Proceedings of the 2016 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics Sanichiro Yoshida, ... Keywords Sampling moire ́ method • Optical method • Strain measurement • Elastic-plastic deformation • Material evaluation ...

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics  Volume 3

Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3 of the Proceedings of the 2016 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of ten from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas: Advances in Digital Image Correlation Challenging Applications of DIC Uncertainty Analysis & Improvements to DIC Accuracy Photoelasticity, Interferometry, & Moire Methods Applications of Stereovision Inverse Methods at High Strain Rates Inverse Methods in Plasticity

Advancements in Optical Methods Digital Image Correlation in Experimental Mechanics Volume 3

Proceedings of the 2019 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics Ming-Tzer Lin, Cesar Sciammarella, ... Identification and validation of increasingly complex mechanical models is a major concern in experimental solid ...

Advancements in Optical Methods   Digital Image Correlation in Experimental Mechanics  Volume 3

Advancement of Optical Methods & Digital Image Correlation in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of optical methods ranging from traditional photoelasticity and interferometry to more recent DIC and DVC techniques, and includes papers in the following general technical research areas: DIC Methods & Its Applications Photoelsticity and Interferometry ApplicationsMicro-Optics and Microscopic SystemsMultiscale and New Developments in Optical MethodsDIC and its Applications for Inverse Problems

Experimental Mechanics of Solids and Structures

This book presents the classical tools in the experimental approach to mechanical engineering, as well as the methods that have revolutionized the field over the past 20 years: photomechanics, signal processing, statistical data analysis, ...

Experimental Mechanics of Solids and Structures

From the characterization of materials to accelerated life testing, experimentation with solids and structures is present in all stages of the design of mechanical devices. Sometimes only an experimental model can bring the necessary elements for understanding, the physics under study just being too complex for an efficient numerical model. This book presents the classical tools in the experimental approach to mechanical engineering, as well as the methods that have revolutionized the field over the past 20 years: photomechanics, signal processing, statistical data analysis, design of experiments, uncertainty analysis, etc. Experimental Mechanics of Solids and Structures also replaces mechanical testing in a larger context: firstly, that of the experimental model, with its own hypotheses; then that of the knowledge acquisition process, which is structured and robust; finally, that of a reliable analysis of the results obtained, in a context where uncertainty could be important.

Optical Inspection of Microsystems

Kreis, T., Digital holographic interference-phase measurement using the Fourier-transform method, Journal of the Optical ... in Laermann, K.-H., Ed., Optical Methods in Experimental Solid Mechanics, Springer-Verlag, Wien, 2000, pp.

Optical Inspection of Microsystems

Where conventional testing and inspection techniques fail at the micro-scale, optical techniques provide a fast, robust, and relatively inexpensive alternative for investigating the properties and quality of microsystems. Speed, reliability, and cost are critical factors in the continued scale-up of microsystems technology across many industries, and optical techniques are in a unique position to satisfy modern commercial and industrial demands. Optical Inspection of Microsystems is the first comprehensive, up-to-date survey of the most important and widely used full-field optical metrology and inspection technologies. Under the guidance of accomplished researcher Wolfgang Osten, expert contributors from industrial and academic institutions around the world share their expertise and experience with techniques such as image correlation, light scattering, scanning probe microscopy, confocal microscopy, fringe projection, grid and moiré techniques, interference microscopy, laser Doppler vibrometry, holography, speckle metrology, and spectroscopy. They also examine modern approaches to data acquisition and processing. The book emphasizes the evaluation of various properties to increase reliability and promote a consistent approach to optical testing. Numerous practical examples and illustrations reinforce the concepts. Supplying advanced tools for microsystem manufacturing and characterization, Optical Inspection of Microsystems enables you to reach toward a higher level of quality and reliability in modern micro-scale applications.

Experimental Mechanics

In: Orr JF, Shelton JC (eds) Optical measurement methods in biomechanics. ... In: Sharpe WN Jr (ed) Handbook of experimental solid mechanics. ... Sciammarella CA, Sciammarella FM (2012) Experimental mechanics of solids.

Experimental Mechanics

The book presents in a clear, simple, straightforward, novel and unified manner the most used methods of experimental mechanics of solids for the determination of displacements, strains and stresses. Emphasis is given on the principles of operation of the various methods, not in their applications to engineering problems. The book is divided into sixteen chapters which include strain gages, basic optics, geometric and interferometric moiré, optical methods (photoelasticity, interferometry, holography, caustics, speckle methods, digital image correlation), thermoelastic stress analysis, indentation, optical fibers, nondestructive testing, and residual stresses. The book will be used not only as a learning tool, but as a basis on which the researcher, the engineer, the experimentalist, the student can develop their new own ideas to promote research in experimental mechanics of solids.

Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods

(2000) “Photomechanics,” Topics Appl. Phys. 77. Spinger-Verlag: Berlin. Sharpe, W. (ed.) (2008) Handbook of experimental Solid Mechanics. Springer: New York. Sihori, R. (2009) Optical Methods of Measurement: Whole Field Techniques, ...

Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods

"This comprehensive collection of practical residual stress measurement techniques is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields. It provides the reader with the information needed to understand key concepts and to make informed technical decisions. Fully illustrated throughout, each chapter is written by invited specialists and presents chapters on hole-drilling and ring-coring, deep hole drilling, slitting, contour method measurements, X-ray/synchrotron/neutron diffraction, ultrasonics, Barkhausen noise and optical measurement techniques"--

Experimental Mechanics of Solids

K ̈ugel, F.M. (2000) Precise and Robust Phase measurement algorithms, in IUTAM Symposium on Advanced Optical Methods and Applications to Solid Mechanics (ed. A. Lagarde), Kluger Academic Publishers. Sciammarella, C.A. (1960) Theoretical ...

Experimental Mechanics of Solids

Experimental solid mechanics is the study of materials to determine their physical properties. This study might include performing a stress analysis or measuring the extent of displacement, shape, strain and stress which a material suffers under controlled conditions. In the last few years there have been remarkable developments in experimental techniques that measure shape, displacement and strains and these sorts of experiments are increasingly conducted using computational techniques. "Experimental Mechanics of Solids" is a comprehensive introduction to the topics, technologies and methods of experimental mechanics of solids. It begins by establishing the fundamentals of continuum mechanics, explaining key areas such as the equations used, stresses and strains, and two and three dimensional problems. Having laid down the foundations of the topic, the book then moves on to look at specific techniques and technologies with emphasis on the most recent developments such as optics and image processing. Most of the current computational methods, as well as practical ones, are included to ensure that the book provides information essential to the reader in practical or research applications. Key features: Presents widely used and accepted methodologies that are based on research and development work of the lead author Systematically works through the topics and theories of experimental mechanics including detailed treatments of the Moire, Speckle and holographic optical methods Includes illustrations and diagrams to illuminate the topic clearly for the reader Provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic, and also acts as a quick reference guide Accompanied by a website www.wiley.com/go/sciammarella hosting problems and solutions. This comprehensive book forms an invaluable resource for graduate students and is also a point of reference for researchers and practitioners in structural and materials engineering.

Digital Photoelasticity

... Mech 27(3):329–343 Voloshin AS, Burger CP (1984) Half fringe photoelasticity for orthotropic materials. Fibre Science and Technology 21(4):341–351 Burger CP (1988) New approach to optical methods in experimental solid mechanics ...

Digital Photoelasticity

A straightforward introduction to basic concepts and methodologies for digital photoelasticity, providing a foundation on which future researchers and students can develop their own ideas. The book thus promotes research into the formulation of problems in digital photoelasticity and the application of these techniques to industries. In one volume it provides data acquisition by DIP techniques, its analysis by statistical techniques, and its presentation by computer graphics plus the use of rapid prototyping technologies to speed up the entire process. The book not only presents the various techniques but also provides the relevant time-tested software codes. Exercises designed to support and extend the treatment are found at the end of each chapter.