OSCE Yearbook 2018

Die 24.

OSCE Yearbook 2018

Die 24. Ausgabe des OSCE Yearbook beginnt mit vier Beiträgen, die aktuelle Entwicklungen in der europäischen Sicherheit und gegenwärtige politische Trends im Schatten der Ukrainekrise beschreiben, die Politik der USA gegenüber Russland analysieren und nach der Fähigkeit der OSZE zur Anpassung an die veränderten Bedingungen durch grundlegende Reformen fragen. Der Themenschwerpunkt ist 2018 dem Westbalkan/Südosteuropa gewidmet und enthält Beiträge u.a. zu den EU-Beitrittsperspektiven Albaniens und Serbiens, zur Rolle der UNTAES in Kroatien, zum Abkommen zwischen Athen und Skopje, zum noch immer umstrittenen Status des Kosovo sowie zur Rolle der EU bei der Bewältigung von Problemen infolge wiedererstarkender autoritärer Tendenzen und zunehmender Migration in der Region. Im Kapitel "Konfliktprävention und Streitbeilegung" wird 2018 erstmals speziell über die Arbeit der Human Dimension Unit der OSZE-Sonderbeobachtermission in der Ukraine berichtet. Weitere Beiträge befassen sich mit dem Langzeitkonflikt in Transnistrien, dem Engagement der OSZE im Bereich Insider-Mediation sowie mit statusneutralen Ansätzen zur Lösung der Konflikte in der Ostukraine und in Transnistrien. Mit Blick auf die "drei Dimensionen umfassender Sicherheit" wird u.a. ein Erfolgsmodell für die Integration von Flüchtlingen in Italien vorgestellt. Darüber hinaus werden Strategien zur Bekämpfung des Menschenhandels im Kontext von Flucht und Migration, Ansätze zur Verhinderung religiöser Radikalisierung in Zentralasien sowie das Konzept der bürgernahen Polizeiarbeit als Schlüsselelement bei der Verbrechensbekämpfung erörtert. Ein abschließender Beitrag zeigt auf, wie die OSZE die Kapazitäten staatlicher und nichtstaatlicher Akteure zur Bewältigung transnationaler Bedrohungen stärken kann. Wie stets enthält das OSZE-Jahrbuch einen umfangreichen Anhang mit Daten und Fakten zu den 57 Teilnehmerstaaten und einer aktuellen Literaturauswahl.

OSCE Yearbook Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe OSCE OSCE Yearbook 2018

OSCE Yearbook  Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe  OSCE   OSCE Yearbook 2018


OSCE Yearbook 2019

Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of ... DOC/1/18, 7 December 2018, available at: https:// www.osce.org/chairmanship/405917.

OSCE Yearbook 2019

Als weltweit größte regionale Abmachung nach Kapitel VIII der UN-Charta trägt die OSZE durch regionale Konfliktverhütung und Krisenbewältigung auch zur globalen Sicherheit bei. In seinem Eröffnungsbeitrag setzt sich OSZE-Generalsekretär Thomas Greminger mit der Frage auseinander, wie die OSZE auch einen Beitrag zur Erreichung der 17 Ziele der Vereinten Nationen für nachhaltige Entwicklung insgesamt leisten kann. Das OSZE-Jahrbuch 2019 enthält außerdem Beiträge über die innenpolitischen Entwicklungen u.a. in Armenien und Kasachstan, das Konfliktmanagement der OSZE im Südkaukasus sowie die Arbeit der OSZE-Sonderbeobachtermission in der Ukraine. Die Überwachung der Versammlungsfreiheit durch das OSZE-Büro für demokratische Institutionen und Menschenrechte und der Zusammenhang zwischen Klimawandel und Sicherheit sind ebenso Thema wie die Integration heterogener Gesellschaften als Mittel der Konfliktprävention. Daten und Fakten zu den 57 Teilnehmerstaaten sowie eine aktuelle Literaturauswahl runden den Band ab.

United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2018 Part II

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction Throughout 2018, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) continued to assist participating States in ...

United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2018  Part II

The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, volume 43 (Part II): 2018, with a foreword by the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, summarizes developments and trends in 2018 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels; reviews the activity of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission; and contains a handy timeline of highlights of multilateral disarmament in 2018.

United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2018

In addition, OSCE helped 12 participating States in 2018 to fulfil their commitments related to small arms, light weapons and stockpiles of conventional ammunition by mobilizing financial resources and developing and implementing ...

United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2018

The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, volume 43 (Part II): 2018, with a foreword by the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, summarizes developments and trends in 2018 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels; reviews the activity of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission; and contains a handy timeline of highlights of multilateral disarmament in 2018.

OSCE Yearbook 2017

Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg / IFSH. Engagement with Afghanistan The Organization's engagement with Afghanistan ...

OSCE Yearbook 2017

Die Aufgaben und Aktivitäten der Organisation für Sicherheit und Zusammenarbeit in Europa von der Konfliktverhütung und Krisenbewältigung über die Förderung von Demokratie und Menschenrechten bis zu regionaler Rüstungskontrolle – wissenschaftliche Analysen und Berichte aus der politischen und diplomatischen Praxis.

Insight Turkey 2018 Winter 2018 Vol 20 No 1

“Report of the Co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group to the OSCE Ministerial Council,” (December 30, 2004), retrieved November 8, ... “Nagorno-Karabakh: Ever Closer to a Settlement, Step-by-Step,” OSCE Yearbook 2009, (Nomos, 2010), pp.

Insight Turkey 2018         Winter 2018  Vol  20  No 1

Today, the world system is in a transition and experiencing a deep international crisis. The U.S. has begun to oppose the basic international institutions such as the United Nations and its subsidiary organs and specialized agencies, even though most of these were established with American motivation. The hegemon state, the U.S., has been alienating most of its partners and even allies. The U.S. governments have begun to focus on the national setting and to underestimate the international one; to favor unilateral policies over multilateral ones. The presidency of Donald Trump has expedited this process. American rejection of providing global public goods such as international security and free trade has led to a systemic crisis. The relative decline of American power coincides with the persistent rise of China. Those who claim that the days of Pax-Americana are numbered assert that the rise of China will determine the future of the world system. China has begun to expand its influence worldwide. For this purpose it has established alternative political and economic international institutions such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Furthermore, China leads the establishment of some other international organizations as well. BRICS is only one of these formations challenging the political hegemony of the West, led by the U.S. One of the most promising Chinese projects is the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Project, aspiring to connect the East (China) to the West (the world markets). It is expected that, on its completion, the OBOR Project will take China to the center of the world economy and politics. China has been the fastest growing economy in the world for the last thirty years. Its share of the world trade has increased dramatically, recording the highest share in world exports for several years. China has been enjoying economic transactions with all major international actors with more than 200 partners in exports and imports. However, in terms of per capita income China still lags behind the advanced Western countries. Furthermore, according to the calculations made by the World Bank and IMF, Chinese per capita income is still lower than the world average. China recently began to invest in the political and military sphere in the non-Western world. It has military bases in its near abroad and in the African continent. That is, Chinese economic influence and technological leadership is supported by its political and military power. In spite of the increase in Chinese military and political might, it is careful not to challenge the U.S. and the West. There are several reasons for this policy. First of all, China is aware of its vulnerabilities. It suffers some economic and political inconsistencies and weaknesses. For instance, it has to fortify its regional dominance first in the South China Sea and achieve its longtime one-China policy as a precondition for a possible global hegemony. Second, China wants to win the global rivalry without resorting to war with the current hegemon. Therefore, Chinese leaders refrain from opposing the American hegemony politically. Even though it has introduced some international institutions, the Chinese leadership does not propose a political and diplomatic alternative to the West. It will take time for China to offer a full-scale global leadership alternative to the world, since the global hegemony requires not only economic and military power but also values and norms for cultural hegemony. Lastly, China is not ready to take the global responsibility, since it brings high costs. As long as the current American hegemony works in favor of China, there is no need for China to change the course of its development. In the light of these developments, this issue of Insight Turkey focuses on some of the most important topics related to China’s persistent rise in the international system. More specifically, this issue postulates on how to read and understand China’s policies towards global powers, i.e. the U.S. and Russia, and regional powers, i.e. India and Turkey. Africa has once again returned to the attention of the global powers after being left for many years in the shadow of western politics. In recent years, Africa has become the center of China’s public, economic and military diplomacy. As it may be expected, China’s investments in Africa are not totally ‘welcomed’ by the U.S. Earl Conteh-Morgan in his commentary focuses on the strategic rivalry between China and the U.S. in Africa. Conteh-Morgan argues that their rivalry has progressed from mild to intense, with both powers increasing their activities on the continent and decreasing Africa’s erstwhile marginalization. Another rivalry that shapes China’s foreign policies in the region is that with India. Especially, since the Doklam Plateau incident in mid-2017, the expectation of a possible tension between the two regional powers is ever present. Taking this into consideration Bruno Maçães, in his commentary, ponders the economic and strategic rivalry between China and India along with a number of dimensions: infrastructure, border disputes, sea power, and trade.

Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security

Østhagen, Andreas; Levi Sharp, Gregory; Sigurd Hilde, Paal (2018): At Opposite Poles: Canada's and Norway's Approaches to ... In Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (Ed.): OSCE Yearbook 2017.

Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security

The Routledge Handbook of Arctic Security offers a comprehensive examination of security in the region, encompassing both state-based and militarized notions of security, as well as broader security perspectives reflecting debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies. Since the turn of the century, the Arctic has increasingly been in the global spotlight, resulting in the often invoked idea of “Arctic exceptionalism” being questioned. At the same time, the unconventional political power which the Arctic’s Indigenous peoples hold calls into question conventional ideas about geopolitics and security. This handbook examines security in this region, revealing contestations and complementarities between narrower, state-based and/or militarized notions of security and broader security perspectives reflecting concerns and debates about changes in climate, environment, economies, and societies. The volume is split into five thematic parts: • Theorizing Arctic Security • The Arctic Powers • Security in the Arctic through Governance • Non-Arctic States, Regional and International Organizations • People, States, and Security. This book will be of great interest to students of Arctic politics, global governance, geography, security studies, and International Relations.

The Macedonian Question and the Macedonians

... Biljana Vankovska, 'A Diplomatic Fairytale or Geopolitics as Usual: A Critical Perspective on the Agreement between Athens and Skopje', Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy, University of Hamburg, OSCE Yearbook 2018, No.

The Macedonian Question and the Macedonians

This book is a comprehensive and dispassionate analysis of the intriguing Macedonian Question from 1878 until 1949 and of the Macedonians (and of their neighbours) from the 1890s until today, with the two themes intertwining. The Macedonian Question was an offshoot of the wider Eastern Question – i.e., the fate of the European remnants of the Ottoman Empire once it dissolved. The initial protagonists of the Macedonian Question were Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia, and a Slav-speaking population inhabiting geographical Macedonia in search of its destiny, the largest segment of which ended up creating a new nation, comprising the Macedonians, something unacceptable to its three neighbours. Alexis Heraclides analyses the shifting sands of the Macedonian Question and of the gradual rise of Macedonian nationhood, with special emphasis on the Greek, Bulgarian and Serbian claims to Macedonia (1870s–1919); the birth and vicissitudes of the most famous Macedonian revolutionary organization, the VM(O)RO, and of other organizations (1893–1940); the appearance and gradual establishment of the Macedonian nation from the 1890s until 1945; Titos’s crucial role in Macedonian nationhood-cum-federal status; the Greek-Macedonian name dispute (1991–2018), including the ‘skeletons in the cupboard’ – the deep-seated reasons rendering the clash intractable for decades; the final Greek-Macedonian settlement (the 2018 Prespa Agreement); the Bulgarian-Macedonian dispute (1950–today) and its ephemeral settlement in 2017; the issue of the Macedonian language; and the Macedonian national historical narrative. The author also addresses questions around who the ancient Macedonians were and the fascination with Alexander the Great. This monograph will be an essential resource for scholars working on Macedonian history, Balkan politics and conflict resolution.

Parliamentarization of International Governmental Organizations

In: IFSH (ed) OSCE yearbook 2006. Nomos, Glashütte, p 251 ff Manton E (2006) The ... Accessed 11 Sept 2018 Moser C (2019) Conceptualising accountability in the legal and institutional framework of the OSCE. In: Steinbrück PM, Moser C, ...

Parliamentarization of International Governmental Organizations

This book offers a general framework for a better understanding of the differences and similarities between the institutional rules of intergovernmental organizations that include parliamentary elements, and analyzes the role of various types of international parliamentary assemblies in the system of global governance, as well as insights into the process known as “parliamentarization of international organizations.” Firstly, it presents a case study of various types of international parliamentary assemblies, which is then used to analyze the law of particular international organizations that include parliamentary assemblies or relate to them. Secondly, the book compares two parliamentary assemblies of international organizations – the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE PA) and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) – in terms of structure, powers, and relations with their IGOs. It also investigates the activities of assemblies and their cooperations for the purpose to explore the positive effects of the work of international parliamentary assemblies and their potential for having an impact at the national level. Lastly, the book analyzes the tangible and desirable powers of international assemblies by comparing examples of existing international parliamentary assemblies with the UN Parliamentary Assembly project. Based on that, the author compiles a list of essential requirements and principles for effective international parliamentary assemblies.

Unrecognized Entities

OSCE Yearbook 2017 (Nomos, 2018), at 184 and 199. See for example the Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Manfred Nowak. Mission to the Republic of Moldova”, ...

Unrecognized Entities

The book comprehensively discusses legal and political issues of non-recognized entities in the context of international and European Law, combining perspectives of international and European law with those of the non-recognized entities themselves.

The Routledge Handbook of EU Russia Relations

Bailes, A., Haine, J.-Y. and Lachowski, Z. (2008) 'Reflections on the OSCE–EU relationship', in OSCE Yearbook 2008, ... China Military (2018) 'SCO “Peace Mission 2018” anti-terrorism exercise kicks off in Russia', August, ...

The Routledge Handbook of EU   Russia Relations

The Routledge Handbook of EU-Russia Relations offers a comprehensive overview of the changing dynamics in relations between the EU and Russia provided by leading experts in the field. Coherently organised into seven parts, the book provides a structure through which EU-Russia relations can be studied in a comprehensive yet manageable fashion. It provides readers with the tools to deliver critical analysis of this sometimes volatile and polarising relationship, so new events and facts can be conceptualised in an objective and critical manner. Informed by high-quality academic research and key bilateral data/statistics, it further brings scope, balance and depth, with chapters contributed by a range of experts from the EU, Russia and beyond. Chapters deal with a wide range of policy areas and issues that are highly topical and fundamental to understanding the continuing development of EU-Russia relations, such as political and security relations, economic relations, social relations and regional and global governance. The Routledge Handbook of EU-Russia Relations aims to promote dialogue between the different research agendas in EU-Russia relations, as well as between Russian and Western scholars and, hopefully, also between civil societies. As such, it will be an essential reference for scholars, students, researchers, policymakers and journalists interested and working in the fields of Russian politics/studies, EU studies/politics, European politics/studies, post-Communist/post-Soviet politics and international relations. The Routledge Handbook of EU-Russia Relations is part of a mini-series Europe in the World Handbooks examining EU-regional relations established by Professor Wei Shen.

Germany s Role in European Russia Policy

in OSCE Yearbook 2011: Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), ... (2018) https://events.uta.fi/experiencesandopportunities2018/wp-content/uploads/ sites/51/2018/11/Wolff_The-OSCE-in- ...

Germany   s Role in European Russia Policy

This book contributes to the debate about a new German power in Europe with an analysis of Germany’s role in European Russia policy. It provides an up-to-date account of Germany’s “Ostpolitik” and how Germany has influenced EU-Russia relations since the Eastern enlargement in 2004 - partly along, partly against the interests and preferences of new member states. The volume combines a rich empirical analysis of Russia policy with a theory-based perspective on Germany’s power and influence in the EU. The findings demonstrate that despite Germany’s central role, exercising power within the EU is dependent on legitimacy and acceptance by other member states.

Incomplete Secession after Unresolved Conflicts

... Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg, ed., OSCE Yearbook. ... id=279 (Accessed: 29 September 2018) Lemay-Hébert, N. (2008) 'The “frozen conflict” that turned hot: conflicting state building ...

Incomplete Secession after Unresolved Conflicts

This book analyses cases of incomplete secession after separatist wars and what this means for relations between central governments and de facto states. The work explores the interplay between violence and power by examining the micro-dynamics inherent in the process of escalation between separatists and central governments. These dynamics affect not only the security interactions between these entities, but also the character of political and governance relations that are built in the aftermath of secessionist war. The book provides comprehensive analyses of the evolution of post-conflict relations between the Republic of Moldova and Transnistria and between Georgia and South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Beyond these empirical and conceptual examples, the book contributes to a key debate in International Relations that addresses the relationship between democratisation, nationalism and violence, and its applicability to the study of escalation in the post-Soviet space. This book will be of much interest to students of secession, statehood, conflict studies, democratisation, post-Soviet politics and International Relations in general.

International Perspectives on Democratization and Peace

In OSCE Yearbook 2015 (pp. 23–34). Hamburg: Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at ... (2018). SIPRI Yearbook 2018: Armaments, disarmaments and international security. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Williams, P. (2008).

International Perspectives on Democratization and Peace

This book examines the concept of peace and the relevance of historical and contextual factors that contribute to peaceful coexistence of people, and dives into a deep examination of how democracy furthers peace especially in conflict prone countries. Seven case studies illustrate the impact of democratization on transformation and prevention.

Russian Imperialism Revisited

OSCE Yearbook 2011. Baden-Baden, 2012, pp. 137–150. Nezavisimaya gazeta (1992a). 21 May, p. 1. ... Available at: www.osce.org/moldova/42307?download=true [accessed 20 July 2018]. OSCE (1996). Lisbon Document 1996, 3 December.

Russian Imperialism Revisited

This book examines the nature of Russia’s relations with the former Soviet states (FSS), in particular with countries which formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, in order to assess whether there has been a resurgence of Russian imperialism since the collapse of the USSR. The book sets out to determine whether Russian leaders have attempted to restore a sphere of influence over the former Soviet republics or whether Russia’s policies reflect a genuine desire to establish normal state-to-state relations with the new states. It adopts a comprehensive approach, analysing Russia’s policies towards the FSS across a broad range of areas: energy, trade and investment; military assistance, security provision and peacekeeping; conflict management, political support, and alliance formation. While not denying the Kremlin’s assertive role in the FSS, this book challenges the assumption that Russia has always intended to restore a sphere of influence over its ‘Near Abroad’. Rather, it argues that Russia’s policies are much more complex, multi-faceted, and often more incoherent than is often assumed. In essence, Russia's actions generally reflect a combination of legitimate state interests, enduring Soviet legacies, and genuine concerns over events unfolding along Russia’s borders. This book also shows that, at times, Great-Power nostalgia and a real difficulty with discarding Russia’s imperial legacy shapes Russia’s behaviour towards the FSS. This book will be of great interest to students of Russian politics and foreign policy, east European politics, and International Relations in general.

Inter organizational Relations in International Security

OSCE (2010) Astana Commemorative Declaration Towards a Security Community, December 3. Available at: www.osce.org/mc/74985?download=true (accessed: April 21, 2018). OSCE (2013) Factsheet: ... OSCE Yearbook 2009. Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp.

Inter organizational Relations in International Security

This book examines the politics of the relationships between multilateral organizations that have come to play a major role in contemporary efforts to manage international security. Drawing on concepts developed in Organizational Studies, the book starts from the assumption that inter-organizational relationships are the product of contested politics. Politics that may be either more cooperative or more competitive, but which always contains elements of both. This volume focuses on inter-organizational relations emanating from, through and towards the regional scale. The proliferation in the number of regional multilateral organizations in recent decades and their growing claims to represent effective and legitimate frameworks to address security threats and issues has been widely noted. The book is organized into four sections, covering all aspects of the inter-organizational relationships in which regional multilateral organizations are involved: global-regional, intra-regional, inter-regional, and multi-scalar. Each chapter addresses a distinct case study of inter-organizational relations (bilateral, trilateral or wider network), and examines the politics shaping these relations. This book will be of much interest to students of international security, international organizations, global governance and area studies, more generally.

The Legal Framework of the OSCE

69 Next to a handful of articles on legal status issues published in the OSCE Yearbook, the only comprehensive legal analysis of the matter is contained in an unpublished doctoral thesis by Hélène Cadet, entitled ʻLe statut juridique de ...

The Legal Framework of the OSCE

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the world's largest regional security organisation, possesses most of the attributes traditionally ascribed to an international organisation, but lacks a constitutive treaty and an established international legal personality. Moreover, OSCE decisions are considered mere political commitments and thus not legally binding. As such, it seems to correspond to the general zeitgeist, in which new, less formal actors and forms of international cooperation gain prominence, while traditional actors and instruments of international law are in stagnation. However, an increasing number of voices - including the OSCE participating states - have been advocating for more formal and autonomous OSCE institutional structures, for international legal personality, or even for the adoption of a constitutive treaty. The book analyses why and how these demands have emerged, critically analyses the reform proposals and provides new arguments for revisiting the OSCE legal framework.

The Euro Atlantic Security System in the 21st Century

It is worth remembering that the OSCE is one of the oldest organizations promoting democratic norms and values, and that this is important in the current situation ... Accessed on January 27, 2018. ... OSCE Yearbook 2009, 15, 77–98.

The Euro Atlantic Security System in the 21st Century

This book examines the evolution of the Euro-Atlantic security system, from cooperation to rivalry and crisis, since the beginning of the 21st century. By highlighting the causes, manifestations and international consequences of this evolution, the author describes a stage of crisis in the security system, characterized by increasing rivalry for spheres of influence, militarization of policies and the suspension of cooperation due to the growing divergence between the interests of the West – now including the Central European states – and Russia, leading to a subsequent reconfiguration of the world order. Adopting a neo-realistic approach, the author demonstrates that members of the Euro-Atlantic security system, irrespective of the values they claim to hold, are guided in their actions on the international stage by clearly defined interests. The first part of the book analyses the nature of the Euro-Atlantic security system, while the second part illustrates the limited success of Euro-Atlantic collaboration, for example in combating terrorism. Lastly, the third part discusses the consequences of the crisis, such as the conflict in Ukraine, and prospects for the future evolution of the Euro-Atlantic security system.

Balkan Yearbook of European and International Law 2020

In: IFSH (ed) OSCE Yearbook 1998. Baden-Baden, pp 327–346 Fakiolas ET, ... 2019-05 Keil S (2018) The business of state capture and the rise of authoritarianism in Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Southeast Eur 38(1):87–111 ...

Balkan Yearbook of European and International Law 2020

The second volume of the Balkan Yearbook of European and International Law (BYEIL) focuses on the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), which was signed 40 years ago. The contributions analyse a broad range of aspects and reflect the latest developments; those in the permanent sections on European Law and International Law explore contemporary challenges in public and private law disciplines, offering fresh new perspectives on established concepts.