Pandita Ramabai s American Encounter

The Peoples of the United States (1889) Pandita Ramabai. gether three narratives — about the USA , England , and India - written with multiple objectives . The principal theme is a multilayered account of the USA imbued with Ramabai's ...

Pandita Ramabai s American Encounter

"... [A] rare and remarkable insight into an Indian woman's take on American culture in the 19th century, refracted through her own experiences with British colonialism, Indian nationalism, and Christian culture on no less than three continents.... a fabulous resource for undergraduate teaching." -- Antoinette Burton In the 1880s, Pandita Ramabai traveled from India to England and then to the U.S., where she spent three years immersed in the milieu of progressive social reform movements of the day. Born into a Brahmin family and widowed while still young, she converted to Christianity while in England. In India, she was an activist for the education of women and the improvement of the status of widows. Abroad, she was iconized as a champion of the "oppressed Hindu woman." The Peoples of the United States is Ramabai's comprehensive description of American life, ranging from government to economy, education to domestic activity. As an account of a Western society by an Indian woman and a feminist, it reverses the established equation of male, Orientalist travel narratives. First published in Marathi in 1889, it is offered here in an elegant and engaging English translation by Meera Kosambi, who also provides a critical introduction and extensive annotations.

Pandita Ramabai

A slightly revised version is published as 'Motherhood in the East-West Encounter: Pandita Ramabai's Negotiations' in Crossing Thresholds: Feminist Essays in Social History, Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2007, pp. 311–35.

Pandita Ramabai

This book looks at the life of Pandita Ramabai, one of the major social reformers of 19th-century India. Her unique life trajectory spanned across a pan-Indian, orthodox Hindu mould to being part of Brahmo Samaj and Prarthana Samaj, and further to Christianity. At the age of 30 she had travelled widely within India and across the world, from USA and UK in the West to Japan in the Far East. She reported these fascinating journeys to international friends and fellow Maharashtrians in both English and Marathi. Fighting conservatism and marginalization she set up several projects to empower women, notably, the Sharada Sadan in Mumbai and the Mukti Mission in Kedgaon near Pune in Maharashtra. This work locates Pandita Ramabai within her liminal social milieu and discursive networks during various phases of her life, and traces her diverse ideological routes along with her critical writings, some of which have been retrieved and/or presented in English translation here for the first time, including The High-Caste Hindu Woman and the newly discovered Voyage to England. Offering a comprehensive insight into aspects of 19th-century Indian society — religion and reform, women’s rights and feminism, social movements, poverty, and colonialism — this book will greatly interest researchers and students of South Asian history, sociology, and gender studies.

Pandita Ramabai Through Her Own Words

Selected Works Ramabai Sarasvati (Pandita) Meera Kosambi. the Madras Presidency reached its climax in the years 1876-77, but it began at least three years before that time. I was in my teens then and so thoroughly ignorant of the ...

Pandita Ramabai Through Her Own Words

Pandita Ramabai (1858-1922) is a key figure in the social reform movement underway in western India. Following an orthodox Hindu childhood steeped in Sanskrit, she eventually converted to Christianity during a stay in England and later became deeply involved in a feminist campaign in the US to raise funds for residential schools for widows in India. She was an influential public lecturer, campaigner, and writer. This book collects a wide range of her writings, both in English and translated from the Marathi, and it will prove an invaluable resource for women's studies, women's history, and sociology.

Women and Social Reform in Modern India

Pandita Ramabai, The High-Caste Hindu Woman (Philadelphia: Press of the J.B. Rogers Printing, 1988), p. 103. See also Meera Kosambi, 'Women, Emancipation, and Equality: Pandita Ramabai's Contribution to Women's Cause', Economic and ...

Women and Social Reform in Modern India

Contributed articles on social reforms and status of women in 19th and 20th century India.

R ume des Selbst

Berkeley usw. 2003 . 7 Vgl . ebd . PANDITA RAMABAI , Pandita Ramabai Yancha Englandcha Pravas ( Reisebericht in der Marathi - Sprache ] . Bombay 1883 ( -1988 ) ; PANDITA RAMABAI , The Cry of Indian ...

R  ume des Selbst


Women in Modern India

PANDITA RAMABAI - Pandita Ramabai was truly remarkable as a pioneer in women's education and rebel champion of women's rights . Her father supervised her education and allowed her to remain unmarried . When her father and mother died ...

Women in Modern India

In a compelling study of Indian women, Geraldine Forbes considers their recent history from the nineteenth century under colonial rule to the twentieth century after Independence. She begins with the reform movement, established by men to educate women, and demonstrates how education changed women's lives enabling them to take part in public life. Through their own accounts of their lives and activities, she documents the formation of their organisations, their participation in the struggle for freedom, their role in the colonial economy and the development of the women's movement in India since 1947.

The Emergence of Feminism in India 1850 1920

59 Pandita Ramabai, Indian Religion, p. 115. 60 Vivekananda's lectures reported in Salem Evening News, 29 August 1893. From Marie Louise Burke, Swami Vivekananda in America: New Discoveries (Calcutta: Advaita Ashram, 1958), p. 32.

The Emergence of Feminism in India  1850 1920

Grounded in a variety of rich and diverse source materials such as periodicals meant for women and edited by women, song and cookbooks, book reviews and court records, the author of this pioneering study mobilises claims for the existence of an Indian feminism in the nineteenth century. Anagol traces the ways in which Indian women engaged with the power structures-both colonialist and patriarchical-which sought to define them. Through her analysis of Indian male reactions to movements of assertion by women, Anagol shows that the development of feminist consciousness in India from the late nineteenth century to the coming of Gandhi was not one of uninterrupted unilinear progression. The book illustrates the ways in which such movements were based upon a consciousness of the inequalities in gender relations and highlights the determination of an emerging female intelligentsia to remedy it. The author's innovative study of women and crime challenges the notion of passivity by uncovering instances of individual resistance in the domestic sphere. Her study of women's perspectives and participation in the Age of Consent Bill debates clearly demonstrates how the rebellion of wives and their assertion in the colonial courts had resulted in male reaction to reform rather than the current historiographical claims that it was a response purely to threats posed by 'colonial masculinity'. Anagol's investigation of the growth of the women's press, their writings and participation in the wider vernacular press highlights the relationship between symbolic or 'hidden' resistance and open assertion by women.

A History of Christian Conversion

Letters and Correspondence of Pandita Ramabai, 428. Ramabai, “Testimony of Our Inexhaustible Treasure,” 306. Letters and Correspondence of Pandita Ramabai,429. Sengupta, Pandita Ramabai Saraswati,97. Pandita Ramabai, Stri Dharma Niti, ...

A History of Christian Conversion

Conversion has played a central role in the history of Christianity. In this first in-depth and wide-ranging narrative history, David Kling examines the dynamic of turning to the Christian faith by individuals, families, and people groups. Global in reach, the narrative progresses from early Christian beginnings in the Roman world to Christianity's expansion into Europe, the Americas, China, India, and Africa. Conversion is often associated with a particular strand of modern Christianity (evangelical) and a particular type of experience (sudden, overwhelming). However, when examined over two millennia, it emerges as a phenomenon far more complex than any one-dimensional profile would suggest. No single, unitary paradigm defines conversion and no easily explicable process accounts for why people convert to Christianity. Rather, a multiplicity of factors-historical, personal, social, geographical, theological, psychological, and cultural-shape the converting process. A History of Christian Conversion not only narrates the conversions of select individuals and peoples, it also engages current theories and models to explain conversion, and examines recurring themes in the conversion process: divine presence, gender and the body, agency and motivation, testimony and memory, group- and self-identity, "authentic" and "nominal" conversion, and modes of communication. Accessible to scholars, students, and those with a general interest in conversion, Kling's book is the most satisfying and comprehensive account of conversion in Christian history to date; this major work will become a standard must-read in conversion studies.

The Spirit of Atonement

10 Ram Bapat, “Pandita Ramabai: Faith and Reason in the Shadow of the East and West,” in Representing Hinduism: The ... see Meera Kosambi, “Introduction: Situating Pandita Ramabai's American Encounter,” in Pandita Ramabai's American ...

The Spirit of Atonement

Steven M. Studebaker proposes a Pentecostal approach to a major Christian doctrine, the atonement. The book moves Pentecostal theology of the atonement from a primarily Christocentric and crucicentric register to one that articulates the pneumatological and holistic nature of Pentecostal praxis. Studebaker examines the irony of Classical Pentecostalism relying on the Christocentrism of Protestantism evangelical atonement theology to articulate its experience of the Holy Spirit, as well as the Pneumatological nature of Pentecostal praxis. He then develops a Pentecostal theology of atonement based on the biblical narrative of the Spirit of Pentecost and returns to re-imagine an expanded vision of Pentecostal praxis based on the theological formation of the biblical narrative. The result is a Pentecostal atonement theology that shows the integrated nature of pneumatology, creation and Christology in the biblical narrative of redemption. It gives theological expression to not only the pneumatological nature of Pentecostal praxis, but also the fundamental role of the Holy Spirit in the biblical narrative of redemption. The book challenges popular western atonement theologies to re-think their Christocentrism and crucicentrism as well as their atomistic tendency to separate soteriology into objective (Christological) and subjective (pneumatolgical) categories.

Women Writing in India 600 B C to the early twentieth century

Pandita Ramabai Saraswati ( 1858-1922 ) English She was , in the words of a well - known scholar and humanist , " the greatest woman produced by modern India and one of the greatest Indians in all history ...

Women Writing in India  600 B C  to the early twentieth century

This collection of works by women Indian writers touches on such areas as feminism, Indic culture and society, and Indic history

Pandita Ramabai

Ramabai always made an impact on her audience . Ramabai Ranade , wife of Justice M. G. Ranade writes at length in her Memoirs about Pandita Ramabai's beautiful and melodious narration of the versified Puranas recited to tunes , which ...

Pandita Ramabai


Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers

564 Ramabai, Pandita Saraswati 565 566. petus to the defeat of those elements that are conservative and antirevolutionary. As the wife of a high-profile politician, Rah- navard tried to make use of her position to call for women to be ...

Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers

"This valuable contribution to women's studies includes the stories of more than 400 women from 64 countries and brings into the limelight many forgotten movements and personalities that have had major impacts on history. Readers will be inspired by the fascinating biographies."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2002.

At the Heart of the Empire

For accounts of Ramabai in America , see Jayawardena , White Woman's Other Burden , chapter 3 ; Bapat , " Pandita ... For objections raised against Ramabai's proposed travel to England , see Kosambi , Pandita Ramabai's Feminist and ...

At the Heart of the Empire

Antoinette Burton focuses on the experiences of three Victorian travelers in Britain to illustrate how "Englishness" was made and remade in relation to imperialism. The accounts left by these three sojourners—all prominent, educated Indians—represent complex, critical ethnographies of "native" metropolitan society and offer revealing glimpses of what it was like to be a colonial subject in fin-de-siècle Britain. Burton's innovative interpretation of the travelers' testimonies shatters the myth of Britain's insularity from its own construction of empire and shows that it was instead a terrain open to continual contest and refiguration. Burton's three subjects felt the influence of imperial power keenly during even the most everyday encounters in Britain. Pandita Ramabai arrived in London in 1883 seeking a medical education and left in 1886, having resisted the Anglican Church's attempts to make her an evangelical missionary. Cornelia Sorabji went to Oxford to study law and became the first Indian woman to be called to the Bar. Behramji Malabari sought help for his Indian reform projects in England, and subjected London to colonial scrutiny in the process. Their experiences form the basis of this wide-ranging, clearly written, and imaginative investigation of diasporic movement in the colonial metropolis.

Embodied Violence

99 Pandita Ramabai , Testimony , op . cit . , p . 22 ; Sister Geraldine , The Letters and Correspondence of Pandita Ramabai ( Bombay : Maharashtra State Board for Literature and Culture , 1977 ) , pp . 17-18 .

Embodied Violence

Embodied Violence is a major investigation into the myriad of ways in which societies play out the struggle for cultural identity on women's bodies. Focusing on communal violence, it explores how such violence reconfigures women's experiences, facilitates the formation of particular identities and the dissemination of specific ideologies and how it positions women vis-a-vis their communities as well as the State. A distinguished cast of contributors explores the relationship between ideals of motherhood, tradition, community and racial purity, and uncovers the ways in which women's bodies become the recording surface of repressive cultural practices and symbolic humiliations.

Opium s Long Shadow

On Ramabai's resistance to becoming a missionary in England: Antoinette Burton, At the Heart of Empire: Indians and the Colonial Encounter in LateVictorian Britain (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), 72–109. 5. Pandita ...

Opium   s Long Shadow

In 1920 the League of Nations Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Opium and Other Dangerous Drugs captured eight decades of political turmoil over opium trafficking. Steffen Rimner shows how local protests crossed imperial, national, and colonial boundaries to harness naming and shaming in international politics—a deterrent that continues today.

Ideals Images and Real Lives

4 Women , Emancipation and Equality Pandita Ramabai's Contribution to Women's Cause Meera Kosambi FROM the vantage point of the late twentieth century , the movement for women's emancipation in nineteenth century Maharashtra ( as ...

Ideals  Images  and Real Lives

Women studies as a distinct field emerged in India in the mid-seventies. But preoccupation with the position of women dates back to more than a century and a half. By the use of methods of history, literary criticism and analysis of discourse, this volume seeks not only to illustrate the broadening of the sphere of women studies in India in recent years, but also to point to the need for relating ideas about women and gender relations to the social and economic forces that shape history.

Pandita Ramabai

Pandita Ramabai , a Pilgrim Ramabai's father , Anant Shastri Dongre , was far ahead of his times in his firm belief in the education of women . He suffered persecution for teaching his wife not only to read and write , which was against ...

Pandita Ramabai


Outside the Fold

Ram Bapat , “ Pandita Ramabai : Faith and Reason in the Shadow of the East and West , ” in Representing Hinduism : The Construction of Religious Traditions and National Identity , edited by Vasudha Dalmia and H. von Stietencron ( Delhi ...

Outside the Fold

Outside the Fold is a radical reexamination of religious conversion. Gauri Viswanathan skillfully argues that conversion is an interpretive act that belongs in the realm of cultural criticism. To that end, this work examines key moments in colonial and postcolonial history to show how conversion questions the limitations of secular ideologies, particularly the discourse of rights central to both the British empire and the British nation-state. Implicit in such questioning is an attempt to construct an alternative epistemological and ethical foundation of national community. Viswanathan grounds her study in an examination of two simultaneous and, she asserts, linked events: the legal emancipation of religious minorities in England and the acculturation of colonial subjects to British rule. The author views these two apparently disparate events as part of a common pattern of national consolidation that produced the English state. She seeks to explain why resistance, in both cases, frequently took the form of religious conversion, especially to "minority" or alternative religions. Confronting the general characterization of conversion as assimilative and annihilating of identity, Viswanathan demonstrates that a willful change of religion can be seen instead as an act of opposition. Outside the Fold concludes that, as a form of cultural crossing, conversion comes to represent a vital release into difference. Through the figure of the convert, Viswanathan addresses the vexing question of the role of belief and minority discourse in modern society. She establishes new points of contact between the convert as religious dissenter and as colonial subject. This convergence provides a transcultural perspective not otherwise visible in literary and historical texts. It allows for radically new readings of significant figures as diverse as John Henry Newman, Pandita Ramabai, Annie Besant, and B. R. Ambedkar, as well as close studies of court cases, census reports, and popular English fiction. These varying texts illuminate the means by which discourses of religious identity are produced, contained, or opposed by the languages of law, reason, and classificatory knowledge. Outside the Fold is a challenging, provocative contribution to the multidisciplinary field of cultural studies.

To the Ends of the Earth

Lang, History and Diaries, 216–20; Orr, Southern Asia, 61–63; Edith L. Blumhofer, “Consuming Fire: Pandita Ramabai and the Early Pentecostal Impulse,” in Roger E. Hedlund, Sebastian Kim, & Rajkumar Boaz Johnson (eds.) ...

To the Ends of the Earth

No branch of Christianity has grown more rapidly than Pentecostalism, especially in the southern hemisphere. There are over 100 million Pentecostals in Africa. In Latin America, Pentecostalism now vies with Catholicism for the soul of the continent, and some of the largest pentecostal congregations in the world are in South Korea. In To the Ends of the Earth, Allan Heaton Anderson explores the historical and theological factors behind the phenomenal growth of global Pentecostalism. Anderson argues that its spread is so dramatic because it is an "ends of the earth" movement--pentecostals believe that they are called to be witnesses for Jesus Christ to the furthest reaches of the globe. His wide-ranging account examines such topics as the Azusa Street revival in Los Angeles, the role of the first missionaries in China, India, and Africa, Pentecostalism's incredible diversity due to its deep local roots, and the central role of women in the movement. He describes more recent developments such as the creation of new independent churches, megachurches, and the "health and wealth" gospel, and he explores the increasing involvement of pentecostals in public and political affairs across the globe. Why is this movement so popular? Anderson points to such features as the emphasis on the Spirit, the "born-again" experience, incessant evangelism, healing and deliverance, cultural flexibility, a place-to-feel-at-home, religious continuity, an egalitarian community, and meeting material needs--all of which contribute to Pentecostalism's remarkable appeal. Exploring more than a century of history and ranging across most of the globe, Anderson illuminates the spectacular rise of global Pentecostalism and shows how it changed the face of Christianity worldwide.

Interpreting Contemporary Christianity

Ramabai broke caste to marry Bipin Behari Medhavi, a lawyer and member of the theistic reformist sect,the Brahmo Samaj. ... Pandita Ramabai, A Testimony of Our Inexhaustible Treasure (Kedgaon, India: Mukti Mission Press, 1907), ...

Interpreting Contemporary Christianity

In this multidisciplinary interpretation of world Christianity and the changing shape of the global religious landscape, scholars consider the complex dynamics shaping Christianity's recent expansion in all parts of the globe. They view the explanations of homogenization or American cultural influence as being necessarily limited and point to the far more varied intersections of external influence and indigenous appropriation. The geographical coverage and the voices from various corners of the globe exemplify the shift of Christianity's center of gravity away from the northern hemisphere. New voices, new methods, and new perspectives emerge here. Contributors: Afe Adogame Edith L. Blumhofer Joel Carpenter Paul Freston Anthony dela Fuente Jehu J. Hanciles Brian M. Howell Ogbu U. Kalu Sebastian C. H. Kim Philomena Njeri Mwaura John Parratt Dana L. Robert Brian Stanley Diane Stinton Feiya Tao Kevin Xiyi Yao